Mexico’s Magic Mushroom Tourism Industry

The term ‘cannabis tourism’ denotes a well-known concept. People travel to destinations where they can specifically take part in cannabis consumption activities. Cannabis is not the only drug that drives tourism though, as Mexico’s burgeoning magic mushroom tourism industry implies. Yes, Mexico is known for cartels and tequila, mariachi and sombreros. And now magic mushrooms too. Psychedelic tourism is definitely on the rise.

Of all the psychedelics, THC is still the most popular one. For THC users who have a problem with the anxiety or experience paranoia, the alternate delta-8 THC might be preferable. If you think you could benefit from this altered version of THC, take a look at our awesome delta-8 THC deals, and try it out for yourself.

Maria Sabina and Oaxaca mushrooms

Different parts of Mexico are known for different things. Like the town of Tequila, which is the actual birthplace of one of the most popular liquors throughout the world. As it happens, the state of Oaxaca, Mexico is known for its very own thing, as the main point of Mexico’s magic mushroom tourism industry. The Oaxaca highlands area, like San Jose del Pacifico, is specifically known for magic mushrooms and the related tourism, particularly between July and October.

Travelers come to Oaxaca for mushrooms, both from within Mexico, and from all over the world. Magic mushrooms were first discovered in Mexico by Spanish friars, during the time that Mexico was being colonized. Oaxaca mushrooms (or ‘hongos’ in Spanish) were brought into prominence in this area by witch doctor – or Mazatec curandera – Maria Sabina, who used them in her work.

She worked with many rich and powerful people who wanted the benefits of the mushrooms. She became well-known to the public in 1955 when the article ‘Seeking the Magic Mushroom’ written by R Gordon Wasson, the vice-president of JP Morgan, was published. It was this semi-stardom that made her, and her mushrooms, known to Timothy Leary, the Harvard psychologist who went on to become a leading advocate for psychedelics.

Mexican magic mushrooms

Timothy Leary wasn’t the only well-known name to have been inspired by Maria Sabina. In the 1960’s – the era of the hippie, psychedelics were rather big for both individual use, and in celebrity culture. That general area of Oaxaca was visited in this decade by members of the Beatles, the Rolling Stones, Jim Morrison of the Doors, and Bob Dylan, all to take psychedelic mushrooms.

These mushrooms are a big part of local Zapotec culture, and are used for religious and traditional purposes. Law enforcement tends to ignore these uses by indigenous cultures, even though the mushrooms are illegal. In the Zapotec culture, children as young as six-years-old can consume mushrooms as part of their rituals. In fact, the current influx of tourists has done much to disrupt local culture in the area, and has worked to drive a large magic mushroom scam market as well.

Mexico’s magic mushroom tourism industry has brought so many people to Oaxaca, and places like San Jose del Pacifico, and Huautla de Jimenez, where Maria Sabina used to operate from, that tourists getting off the buses in some of these areas can expect to be met by children, waiting to take them to where they can find mushrooms.

What are magic mushrooms? And what are psychedelics?

Magic mushrooms are a grouping of fungi that can grow wild, or be cultivated. Mushrooms with this designation contain psilocybin as a primary psychoactive compound, though many mushrooms contain other psychoactive compounds as well, like Psilocin. Examples of mushrooms in this category include: Psilocybe (the most well-known), Panaeolus, and Conocybe. Mushrooms are often purchased dried out, but can be consumed raw as well. Mushroom trips generally last around six hours.

Both psilocybin and psilocin are hallucinogenic compounds that are both serotonergic, or acting on serotonin receptors in the brain. Magic mushrooms are known for promoting feelings of euphoria, altered mood and perception, distortion in time and reality, heightened feelings of connection between people, intensified feelings of spirituality, and an increased level of introspection.

Psychedelics, the class of drugs that psilocybin and psilocin are known as, is a subset of hallucinogenic drugs, which itself is a subset of psychoactive drugs. Psychedelics are known generally for causing the kinds of effects experienced through magic mushrooms, with altered perception, cognition, and mood, euphoria, spirituality, connectedness, and the rest. Very infrequently are psychedelics associated with unwanted effects and bad trips if dosing is done correctly, but negative effects like increased heart rate, anxiety, sweating, and nausea, are possible.

Mexico's magic mushroom tourism

Recently there has been a renewed interest in psychedelic testing. This is a general continuation of what was started in the mid 1900’s with LSD and psychedelic-assisted therapy, in which the patient is given a psychedelic drug, and then guided through the experience by a professional, who can help the patient use the drug to mentally work out their issues.

Legality of magic mushrooms

Mushrooms are interesting because they fall into a legal loophole in many places of the world. The magic mushroom loophole goes like this: the active psychedelic compounds found in mushrooms, like psilocybin and psilocin, are schedule I drugs according to the Convention on Psychotropic Substances, a UN international drug scheduling treaty meant to police the use, production, and sale of different substances throughout the world. Many countries, like the US, also have drug scheduling laws of their own, and many put these compounds in schedule I of local legislation.

What creates the loophole with magic mushrooms, is that the mushrooms themselves are perfectly legal, and under no global treaty regulation. Under international law, its legal to have the mushrooms, but the compounds inside are illegal. Plus, many places (like Mexico) make designations about how the mushroom is grown, to determine legality.

It’s just like the industrial hemp loophole, which allows industrial hemp to be grown in places where cannabis consumption is illegal, thereby giving residents a way to consume hemp outside of the law. This same loophole also covers products like delta-8 THC, which can be sourced from the *legal THC in hemp plants, thereby creating a compound that is technically illegal according to what it is, but produced completely legally, and not actually mentioned by name in the law.

Putting these drugs in schedule I of drug legislation implies that the compounds are dangerous, addictive, and with no medical benefit. A line like this starts to sound sillier and sillier as it keeps being applied to substances that are so clearly not in that category. And it brings up the question of how we’re supposed to be protected by such laws, and the people who put them in place.

In 2001, this loophole was made all the more clear on a global level, when the (INCB) International Narcotics Control Board (the independent organization that monitors how UN international drug treaties are implemented) secretary of the board, Herbert Schaepe, made the following statement in answer to a question by the Dutch Ministry of Health:

“As a matter of international law, no plants (natural material) containing psilocine and psilocybin are at present controlled under the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971. Consequently, preparations made of these plants are not under international control and, therefore, not subject of the articles of the 1971 Convention.”

Is Mexico’s magic mushroom tourism industry illegal?

Magic Mushrooms Mexico

When it comes to Mexico, the 1984 Ley General de Salud outlaws both psilocybin and psilocin, and even goes farther than the US, specifically mentioning psilocybin-containing fungi as a whole, to be illegal. The law even calls out a few specific species like: Psilocybe Mexicana, and Psilocybe cubensis. Native cultures using mushrooms are not held to enforcement of this law, and wild-growing mushrooms are actually legal!

What is very strange, is that when Mexico signed an amendment to the General Law on Health and the Federal Penal Code in 2009, that both LSD and MDMA were included in the list of drugs that were decriminalized, but magic mushrooms and their compounds, were not. This could, perhaps, be related to the ability for self-cultivation with mushrooms. The idea of decriminalized mushrooms might be a little scarier to big business. After all, once it becomes like cannabis, where personal-cultivation is a regular thing, it will be harder for biotech and pharmaceutical companies to control the industry.

And how likely is a pharmaceutical industry for magic mushrooms? Considering they are already used in tons of places, and that the US’s FDA named magic mushrooms as a ‘breakthrough therapy’ for major depression in 2009, it looks like there certainly will be.

According to the FDA, this “designation is for a drug that treats a serious or life-threatening condition and preliminary clinical evidence indicates that the drug may demonstrate substantial improvement on a clinically significant endpoint(s) over available therapies.” This is literally meant to quicken the development of products. If the FDA is pushing this hard for magic mushroom products, it’s a good bet there’s an industry waiting to erupt, and a full legalization might not happen until that time.

Experience Mexico’s magic mushroom tourism industry

If you’re looking to take advantage of Mexico’s magic mushroom tourism, you’ll probably want to head to San Jose Del Pacifico, which is a three hour drive from Oaxaca city, and about 3.5 hours from the Pacific coast. If you simply make it there, you probably won’t have to look too hard, since, as mentioned, the area caters to this tourism. In fact, it’s quite possible that the attendant at your hostel or hotel might ask you if you’re interested. One mushroom trip should cost about $200-250 pesos, but this could vary between locations.

Of course, if you’d rather find them yourself, you can do that too. Just be wary since picking the wrong mushroom could mean a pretty nasty death. If you want to pick them yourself, head to that region between July and October, which is the rainy season. Heading between June and August will likely net the best results.

For those who like things more planned out, there are plenty of magic mushroom retreats like this Buena Vida psilocybin retreat, where participants can take part in a controlled ritual ceremony. Retreats can be found all over the country, as Oaxaca, often considered the capital for magic mushrooms, is not the only location for tourism. Retreats exist in the Mayan Jungle, through Bluaya. Or Life Synergy Retreat which offers retreats in Playa del Carmen, and Tulipanes.

magic mushroom retreat

Conclusion

The general illegality of the compounds within magic mushrooms, and the mushrooms themselves, make the legality of magic mushroom tourism questionable in Mexico. However, it seems to be acceptable for ceremonial use, and when found in the wild. The latter is very important here, because it means if the mushrooms are not being officially cultivated – by you or a company – they’re actually perfectly legal.

In that sense, anyone can legally walk into the woods at any time, and legally pick and use magic mushrooms. Any retreat that incorporates these aspects of the law, can operate perfectly legally. As the general world of psychedelic tourism grows, Mexico is sure to see even more people come through, to trip on its mushrooms.

Hi and welcome to CBDtesters.co, the top spot for all the latest cannabis-related news from around the globe. Check in with us daily so you’re always on top of the ever-changing world of legal marijuana, and sign up to our newsletter so you never miss a thing.

Resources

Delta-8 THC Delivery Methods: Best Way to Get It in You
How to Invest in Multi-Billion Dollar Medical Psychedelics Industry

Are CBD-Infused Beverages The Next Big Thing?
The New Rise of Medical Psychedelics
What is DELTA 8 THC (FAQ: Great resource to learn about DELTA 8THC)

Mexico Delayed Cannabis Bill Again
Delta-8 THC and Athletics – Why the Two Go Together
The CBD Flowers Weekly newsletter (your top resource for all things smokable hemp flowers). Nature’s Magic – The Health Benefits of Psilocybin Mushrooms
Florida Bill Aims to Legalize Medical Magic Mushrooms

The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter (All you need to know about Delta 8 thc) and the Best Delta 8 THC Deals. Desert Tripping – A Closer Look at Peyote: Spiritual, Medicinal, & Controversial
Kiss the Psychedelic Toads to Treat Mental Illness Delta-8 THC Contaminated Products, or Just Bad Press? Delta 8 Syringes, the Best Vape Ban Workaround
Ayahuasca In the Fight Against Drug Addiction MDMA – The New Way to Treat PTSD
Welcome to the World’s 1st DMT Trials into Depression

Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a medical professional, I have no formal legal education, and I’ve never been to business school. All information in my articles is sourced from other places, which are always referenced, and all opinions stated are mine, and are made clear to be mine. I am not giving anyone advise of any kind, in any capacity. I am more than happy to discuss topics, but should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a professional in the relevant field for more information.

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Reminiscing about 420 Vancouver: A Flashback Word Game

420 Vancouver 2021 is upon us and the party is happening at home. This isn’t a big shock because after all, we stoners are a responsible bunch. Smoking weed can get you coughing; plus, if you can get baked enough to mess up the rotation, you’ll get baked enough to pass a joint when you […]

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New York Cannabis Licensing, Part 2: The Application Process

Finally, the post that all prospective New York cannabis applicants have been waiting for: an explanation of the Marijuana Regulation and Taxation Act’s (MRTA) license application process.

We ask you to curb your enthusiasm: while the MRTA provides a framework for the license application process, the actual license application (including the license fee) will be created by the Cannabis Control Board (CCB). When? Hopefully in the next few months. The MRTA requires the CCB to deliver its first annual report by January 1, 2023, which means that the MRTA contemplates cannabis sales in 2022.

Instead of walking through the relevant provisions section by section, we thought it would be helpful to answer the questions every prospective applicant has already asked. Here they are:

Where can I obtain a license application?

From the Office of Cannabis Management (OCM). Eventually. As we have repeatedly stressed, the CCB will be creating the rules and regulations for adult use licenses, including the form of the license application. The OCM will be responsible for administering the application process.

What information will be required for a license application?

The MRTA requires the following information to be included as part of the application created by the CCB (as well as anything else the CCB comes up with):

  • Information about the applicant’s identity, including racial and ethnic diversity. Although not expressly discussed, we assume this includes information about anyone who has an ownership interest in the applicant if the applicant is an entity (which we strongly recommend for just about any licensee).
  • Ownership and investment information for entity applicants, including a detailed explanation of the applicant’s corporate structure.
  • Evidence of good moral character, which we presume is clearing the criminal background check as required in the MRTA’s general provisions article.
  • Fingerprints for the applicant (principals, officers, directors, etc. if an entity).
  • Information about the premises that will be licensed.
  • Financial statements for the applicant.

Is there a license fee?

The license application will require a check for the license fee, so it is safe to say that a license fee will be required. But we don’t know what the license fee will be across the different license types.

The license fee will be set by the CCB. Interestingly, the MRTA provides that the license fee may be based on cultivation and/or production volume, implicitly contemplating a sliding scale for license fees.

Another fun inclusion: the CCB also has the right to charge a biennial license fee (after the initial license is issued), which would be based on the amount of cannabis cultivated, processed, distributed and/or dispensed by the licensee (as applicable) or gross annual receipts of the licensee for the previous license period.

What are the selection criteria?

At a minimum, plus anything else the CCB adds as part of issuing the industry rules and regulations:

  • Whether the applicant is a social and economic equity applicant.
  • The applicant’s ability to demonstrate effective controls against the illegal diversion of cannabis.
  • The applicant’s ability to comply with applicable state laws and regulations.
  • The applicant’s and its officers’ ability to properly carry on the activities for which a license is sought, including with assistance from the social and economic equity and incubator program, if applicable.
  • Whether the applicant possesses or has leased sufficient land, buildings, and equipment to carry on the activities described in the application or has a plan to do so if qualifying as a social and economic equity applicant.
  • If a non-social and economic equity applicant, whether such applicant sets out a plan for benefiting communities and people disproportionately impacted by the enforcement of cannabis laws.
  • Whether it is in the public interest that the applicant be granted a license.
  • Whether the applicant and its managing officers are of good moral character and do not have ownership or controlling interests in more licenses or permits than allowed by the MRTA.
  • Whether the applicant has entered into a collective bargaining agreement.
  • The applicant’s plan for contributing to communities and people disproportionately harmed by enforcement of cannabis laws.
  • For adult-use cultivator or processor applicants, the environmental and energy impact of the facility to be licensed.

Who evaluates license applications?

The OCM performs the initial evaluation of every application and submits its recommendation to the CCB. If the CCB is not satisfied with an application, the CCB’s executive director is required to notify the applicant of the specific reasons for the denial. An administrative appeal process has not been released, but the MRTA’s general provisions contemplate that a denied applicant can appeal through an Article 78 proceeding.

How long is the license term?

All initial licenses will be for 2 years.

Can a license be renewed?

It can, upon submitting a renewal application to the OCM and paying a renewal fee.  Renewal applications will be issued at least 90 days prior to the expiration of the existing license.

Beyond requiring information that we expect will be consistent with the initial license application, renewal applicants will also have to:

  • Submit documentation of the racial, ethnic and gender diversity of the licensee’s owners and employees prior to a license being renewed.
  • Provide evidence that the licensee has executed their plan for benefiting communities and people disproportionately impacted by cannabis law enforcement as detailed in the licensee’s initial application.
  • Maintain a labor peace agreement with a bona-fide labor organization (maintaining such an agreement is a material condition of licensure).

Can a license be transferred?

Yes, but not without the CCB’s approval.  Transfers and any changes in the underlying license information, such as changes in ownership, substantial changes to the licensee’s corporate structure, and changing the licensed locations, require CCB approval. Changes without CCB approval constitute grounds for suspension, revocation or cancellation of a license.

The broad takeaway from the MRTA’s adult-use licensing provisions is that applicants will need to have a lot of bases covered prior to submitting an application. As we all eagerly await the CCB’s issuance of its rules and regulations, we here at the Canna Law Blog will continue our series on the MRTA and provide regular updates on developments in New York’s cannabis industry. Stay tuned!

The post New York Cannabis Licensing, Part 2: The Application Process appeared first on Harris Bricken.

Strain Review: God’s Gift

A longtime hitter in West Coast dispensaries, God’s Gift is an homage to when purple was king and people were trying to figure out how many different purple cuts we could get.

The story of God’s Gift definitely started a bit with the particular genetic line we’ll cover here. From California’s Emerald Triangle, to Los Angeles, to everywhere in between, growers have named various strains “God’s Gift.” So narrowing the exact lineage of a cross of two of the top five strains of the past 20 years can be tricky. Various versions of Kush and Purple have resulted in many great strains, like the Cup-winning Purple Kush lost in 2011’s DEA raid on Oaksterdam University. But without a doubt, BC Bud Depot and Scorpion Crews’ incarnation of God’s Gift is most associated with the name.

Both original parents selected by BC Bud Depot were part of a partnership with Scorpion Crew, based out of Orange County. The OG selected for this incarnation of God’s Gift was a fabled OGbx4 cut, meaning it resulted from the fourth stabilized generation of OG Kush being back crossed with the original. This version of OG is believed by some to be the parental line behind San Fernando Valley OG Kush in particular, widely considered amongst the best versions of SoCal’s signature strain.

As for the purple strain’s source, Scorpion Crew reports sourcing it at a long-forgotten Bay Area concert, where they smoked with a master cultivator, and received a cut of his Purps. This was at a time when the Bay Area was awash in elite Purples like legendary Mendo Cream.

After a year in development, the collaboration produced what has to be one the top pairings of OG x GDP ever done. It in turn, ended up winning Canada’s prestigious BioCup, and a legend was born.

Today, you can still find elite cuts of the strain, as well as God’s Gift extracts. The strain’s long trichomes and rich oil content make for beautiful kief, dry sift, and bubble hash. Petro-solvent extraction is often less ideal, as Purples tend to do poorly as shatters, but can be good in budder or wax form.

Look

God’s Gift will be a bit denser than many of its Purple sisters. Much of the time it will be represented by trichome-soaked popcorn bud from the heavy branching, but the colas are absolutely to die for. The visual of the final weeks of the flowering period is gorgeous on strains with this kind of deep purple.

Smell

God’s Gift has an aroma that’s fairly unique in the purple world. The pine scent of the pinene isn’t quite as strong as a Purple Kush (Hindu Kush x Purple Afghani), but that’s about the only one. While your nose is being tickled by the kushiness, the robust grape flavor of myrcene will fill your sinuses assuming the grow and cure are pulled off right.

Feel

Dense, and resinous yet giving in a grinder. Really nicely dried and cured God’s Gift will have a little give in it, unlike more modern Purps crosses — which can feel like fused rocks.

Taste

Flavor was just as important as potency in the Golden Age of Purple, and any good version of God’s Gift will bring you back to the good old days. Expect a pinch of scratchiness you’d want to see in any good Kush with a fruity sweet overtone that isn’t quite as purple-tasting as a good Erkle, but you won’t need to be an expert to grow it.

Effect

It isn’t complete couchlock, but it’s best to keep moving and grooving. God’s Gift will make it very easy to relax and melt a few hours away if that’s what you’re looking for. OG and Purple blends in general are always a bit more functional than your standard Erkle crosses. This leads to much of the deep narcotic effects of the myrcene interacting with the THC, without the heavy eyelids.

Condition

Indica hybrids like God’s Gift have been found to be effective for various conditions including nausea, insomnia, and a variety of anxiety disorders. God’s Gift will act as an excellent gatekeeper for those entering the world of high end indicas. Folks using God’s Gift on a daily basis while functioning in society are often using it as a treatment for chronic pain conditions.

Fast Facts

Breeder: BC Bud Depot / Scorpion Crew

Type: Indica-hybrid

Genetics: OG Kush bx4 X GDP

Flowering time: 56-63 days indoors

Originally published in the print edition of Cannabis Now.

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The Marijuana Conspiracy and the Strangest Experiment in Modern History

What do you get when you combine the progressive atmosphere of the 1970s, clashing cultural views and restrictions imposed on women, and an extensive and very secretive government study on cannabis with results that mysteriously vanished? You get one hell of a marijuana conspiracy, that’s what.

Who doesn’t love a good conspiracy theory right? I mean, the entire history of marijuana in the western world is shrouded in conspiracy. A healing plant, one that can possibly heal cancer, with no real side effects… and it’s banned for decades all to fulfil the agendas of some greedy politicians and business owners. Nothing really screams machination louder than that.

Even in stoner legends we hear the tales of “secret government facilities” running experiments on unsuspecting potheads. You know, the stories of your old college roommate’s second cousin who participated in the one, he was locked in a room decked out with psychedelic décor while nerdy scientists watched him smoke unbelievably dank government super-weed. He went home stoned, thousands of dollars richer, and with a seriously interesting story to tell during the next smoke sesh.

On the surface, the real-life version of these government funded cannabis studies weren’t much different. Participants were housed in a research facility that was arranged to feel somewhat leisurely, and they got paid good money to smoke extremely potent government pot. But what exactly was going on behind the scenes? Surely they weren’t just lounging around, watching movies, eating snacks, and smoking good weed for months on end? What was the objective here? What was the Canadian government trying to accomplish and learn with these studies? To this day, the answers to these and many other questions remain uncertain.

As study participant Sharon Purdy mentions, “It was such an upside-down set of circumstances. Here you were under the best medical supervision available with the best pot available, kind of, doing something illegal legally.”

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About the Movie

The movie, titled The Marijuana Conspiracy – set to debut for streaming on 4/20, tells the story of this dubious study from the perspective of the women involved in it. The idea for the film came from none other than a study participant herself, Doreen Brown. Many years after the experiment ended, Brown starting sharing her story more publicly which eventually led to a full investigative report conducted by Diana Zlomislic from the Toronto Star in 2013.

Watch The Marijuana Conspiracy – Streaming April 20, 2021!

The film uncovers the motivations of those involved in conducting the experiment such as the funders, designers, and implementers; as well as the experiences and backgrounds of the test subjects. Although some aspects are clearly dramatized and some of the characters’ backstories are fictionalized, the overall narrative stays pretty close to the line of truth.

Most importantly, the film discusses how researchers collected a “mountain of data” but never publicly released a single finding. Even now, the extent of what was uncovered during that 4 month period is still a big mystery. So, if you plan on watching any movies this year for 4/20, make sure to add The Marijuana Conspiracy to your list.

A Bit of Canada’s History with Cannabis

In the 1970s, the entire western world was at odds when it came to cannabis legislation. On one side were conservatives who argued that cannabis was the downfall of society, poisoning our youth and turning them in to lazy, impulsive losers. On the other side, and the side that we all personally align with here, were progressive thinkers who believed the plant was not only harmless, but held medicinal value and should be legalized for all to use.

For the most part, if you were pushing for cannabis legalization back then, you were on the fringe. No mainstream media outlets or politicians were inclined to be very vocal on the subject, unless of course, they were discussing the dangers of cannabis and their various ‘reasons’ for keeping it prohibited. To give you a quick example of what I mean, the Commission of Inquiry into the Non-Medical Use of Drugs released a report in the late 60s finding no evidence of the gateway drug theory that experimentation with soft drugs like pot inevitably leads to harder drug use, like meth and heroin.

The release of these results was met with some serious hostility, with members of some medical and political circles claiming that decriminalization and legalization of marijuana “would be tantamount to legalizing ignorance.”

Ironic how they chose the word “ignorance”, isn’t it?

It’s clear that cannabis was a threat of some sort to the powers that be, and governments were dealing with this plant in different ways. In the U.S., President Nixon dedicated $15 million to hire a small army of lawyers that would prosecute dealers and users nationwide. In Canada, Prime Minister Trudeau (the current prime minister’s father) launched a royal commission to investigate and study the effects of this plant. The thought was that, through enough research, they could definitively prove that this plant was unsafe and thus, should remain illegal.

“To make a sound decision, it is necessary to have valid information respecting the effects of the drug on health and social functioning,” wrote British psychologist C.G. Miles in a preliminary report on cannabis research. Miles is the mastermind behind the experiments that followed. In 1970, he launched his first study by recruiting six unemployed male volunteers to build wooden stools while smoking increasingly potent cannabis strains for 70 days straight – no leaving the facility and no communication with the outside world.

The purpose was to see if cannabis affected productivity. Would the men be motivated to continue building those stools for $2 apiece the more stoned they got? As it turned out, cannabis had very little to do with it. The men remained productive, regardless of weed consumption, until they unexpectedly went on strike and demanded higher wages. Once the pay was increased to $2.75 per stool, their output was right back on track.

“Evidence shows that the inability or unwillingness to earn following high cannabis consumption can be overcome by an economic incentive,” Miles wrote. Interesting findings, but how reliable were they? Miles couldn’t say for sure, but he convinced his superiors to let him investigate this phenomenon further through a series of longer and more in depth research projects.

A Social Taboo: Women and Cannabis

At that time, there was almost no clinical research examining the effects of cannabis on females and even to this day it remains a topic rife with questions and concerns. A 1972 report on cannabis by the Le Dain Commission highlighted the lack of scientific data in this field. The question of how cannabis effects women was also at the top of Miles’ list, as he mentioned in a preliminary report to Ontario’s Ministry of Health.

“The necessity for repeating this experiment with women is occasioned by the almost complete lack of information about the behaviour of females under even acute cannabis intoxication.”

Watch The Marijuana Conspiracy – Streaming April 20, 2021!

The idea of women smoking weed has always been a bit of a social taboo. Even in today’s progressive pro-pot society, men have always dominated and monopolized the cannabis scene. Historically, it has always been more accepted, and even encouraged, for men to take risks. We was women have always faced a much harsher cultural restrictions than men, from the clothes that are deemed “appropriate” for us, to the number of sexual partners we’re allowed to have, and yes, even the things we consume.

Anything even mildly intoxicating was off limits, because our delicate little minds simply couldn’t handle a few puffs a joint without going off the deep end, right? Check out this quote from a British professor of psychiatry at the University of London:

“A young Englishwoman on one occasion smoked two-thirds of a home-made hashish cigarette which had not upset her husband; she promptly developed gross incoordination of the hands, astasia (inability to stand or walk), rapid pulse and dyspnoea (shortness of breath).”

Ouch. She didn’t even finish the joint and completely lost it… but hey, at least she didn’t upset her husband right? Undeniably sexist but unfortunately, a sign of the times. Did marijuana really turn women into fragile, unproductive burdens on society who had absolutely no control over themselves? Miles was about to find out.

The Winter of 1972

On January 31, 1972, Miles and his team recruited 20 young women ages 18-25 to take part in “one of the weirdest experiments in Canada’s history.” For 98 uninterrupted days, the women were held up in a Toronto-area hospital just north of Chinatown. Ten of the women – the experimental group – smoked increasingly potent cannabis strains daily and the other half – the control group – were there simply for observation. The two groups were housed in different parts of the hospital.

Watch The Marijuana Conspiracy – Streaming April 20, 2021!

For the experimental group, their brains, hearts, kidneys, livers, blood and urine were analyzed multiple times per day while a team of nurses kept records of their moods and behavior 24/7. Although the control group was not required to smoke, they were allowed to, and both groups could purchase as many mild joints as they wanted for 50 cents apiece at a store that also sold alcohol, junk food, cigarettes, magazines and some toiletries and accessories.

The basis of this study was a sort of micro-economy in which the women were required to cover all of the expenses (expect bed and water) for the duration of their stay. They earned money the same way the men did in the study two years prior, via the production of small goods.

They worked on Guatemalan back-strap looms, which, if you’re unfamiliar with them, are primitive wooden devices used for weaving textiles and fabrics. The women were weaving colorful, wool belts with knotted tassels that had to meet a couple quality standards – they needed to contain two colors and measure exactly 132 centimeters in length. At first, it could take each woman up to 8 hours to create one belt, but eventually that time was cut down dramatically. The women earned $2.50 per belt that passed inspection.    

Extreme Isolation

“The first month or so was the best part—getting high, having fun, and making friendships with the other women,” recalled Doreen Brown. “There were no worries about ‘normal’ life, like working at a job I didn’t enjoy, paying rent, or supporting myself in general. It was an escape.”

However, as time went on, much of the lighthearted fun quickly faded. As the “experimental government super-weed” continued to get more potent and the isolation started to wear on them, the women’s mental health began to deteriorate. Communication with the outside world was only permitted via writing and they weren’t allowed to step out of the hospital for the entire 98 days. Some equated it to “psychological torture” and a few from the experimental group refused to continue past the halfway mark.

“The isolation, I found it very hard,” Brown recalls in an interview with the Toronto Star. “I’d be looking out the windows thinking, ‘I’d love to go out for a walk just to get out of here.’ It probably — even though I was with these nine other women — increased my loneliness.”

Watch The Marijuana Conspiracy – Streaming April 20, 2021!

“I saw a few people get kind of unhinged,” Purdy says. “It gradually built up in our systems so that your peripheral vision was shot. There were things flashing through the air that weren’t there. It felt like you had an iron lung. Not coughing. I just mean you felt heavy. It definitely had a build-up effect.” The isolation also took its toll on the non-smoking group. Marcia Smith’s roommate, a woman named Misty who was part of the control group, also quit the experiment just before it ended.

“She withdrew,” Smith recalls. “She went into a cocoon. She broke down “There were few protections in place for the young test subjects in 1972. Today, researchers who receive government funding must abide by a stricter code of conduct.

“You cannot go and take people and lock them up in an artificial environment and pretend these are real-life conditions,” says Benedikt Fischer, a professor in the faculty of health sciences at B.C.’s Simon Fraser University. “The ethical standards and scrutiny has changed dramatically.”

Everyone and Everything “Seemed to Vanish”

To this day, the extent of what researchers discovered during those 98 days remains unknown because the data from the study was never released – not publicly, and not even to the participants. By the time the women left that facility, they were broken, isolated, confused, and covered in so many track marks from blood testing that doctors had to give them notes to prove they participated in a study and were not drug addicts.

They were paid thousands of dollars to essentially smoke extra strong weed and make accessories for months on end, all funded and controlled by the federal government, but strangely, the results were buried and even many of the people who conducted the research seemed to “vanish”, according to participants and reporters.

 “I want to know, I want to know,” says Brown. “The dosages. What they found psychologically, physically. I feel ripped off, taken advantage of. It’s just like it didn’t happen. I feel like, yeah, you gave three months of your life for what? Were the results that horrible that they didn’t give them to us? You wonder. I think they might have supported legalizing marijuana. That’s why they didn’t come out. I don’t know. It leaves you with a lot of questions.”

She’s not the only one who believes that. According to the Toronto Star, some of the study’s documents eventually landed in the hands of an economist at Texas A&M University. After analyzing the data, he confirmed that “despite smoking a lot of high-grade cannabis under fairly dystopian circumstances the women in the mandatory weed group remained perfectly rational and worked their butts off.” Yes, he actually said, “worked their butts off”.

The results were politically inconvenient because they showed cannabis in a favorable light, and some suggest the study wasn’t a “study” at all, but rather expected to function as some kind of smear campaign against cannabis legalization, masked as clinical research. One of the main themes of the film, The Marijuana Conspiracy, is the idea that the entire project was actually a conspiracy.

Over the next few decades, the women involved in the study made several attempts to get more information from the Addiction Research Foundation on what happened to them during those few months in 1972. Unfortunately, all to no avail. In 2009, C.G. Miles passed away, so that door was shut and locked, but one of the junior researchers on the project, Dr. Galfrid Congreve, confirmed that his team did actually “product mountains of data”, although he also, did not elaborate any further.

Watch The Marijuana Conspiracy – Streaming April 20, 2021!

Final Thoughts

Conspiracy theories and marijuana go hand in hand, but this one is more than just off-the-wall stoner lore… this really happened and because the results of the study didn’t align with the government’s anti-cannabis sentiments at the time, they promptly swept everything under the rug, in hopes that no one would ever find out stoners can be productive members of society.

If you want to watch this movie, you can stream it on Fandango Now or AppleTV, this April 20th. And don’t forget to subscribe to The CBD Flowers Weekly Newsletter for more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers and other products.

The post The Marijuana Conspiracy and the Strangest Experiment in Modern History appeared first on CBD Testers.

Business owner attempts to overturn Quebec’s cannabis accessory ban

Quebec‘s sweeping ban on the sale of cannabis products was challenged in the Provincial Supreme Court last Thursday. Quebec’s cannabis accessory ban came into effect post-legalization and it’s been hurting small businesses ever since. Unless you are a provincial retailer, it is illegal to sell anything deemed to be a cannabis accessory, including lighters, shirts, […]

The post Business owner attempts to overturn Quebec’s cannabis accessory ban appeared first on Latest Cannabis News Today – Headlines, Videos & Stocks.

Hemp Trademarks and the Perils of Generic Terms: PanXchange v. New Leaf Data Services

Two companies that provide data to the hemp industry are embroiled in a trademark dispute. New Leaf Data Services (“New Leaf”) sued PanXchange in Connecticut federal court, alleging that PanXchange’s offer of services under marks such as PANXCHANGE® HEMP BENCHMARKS constitutes infringement of New Leaf’s supplemental trademark registration, HEMP BENCHMARKS (Reg. No. 5079914). The case was eventually been transferred to Colorado.

In its answer to New Leaf’s complaint, PanXchange stated that the HEMP BENCHMARKS trademark is generic. PanXchange noted that Merriam-Webster defines “benchmarks” as “something that serves as a standard by which others may be measured or judged.” As a result, PanXchange claims, “the phrase ‘hemp benchmarks’ is not capable of distinguishing New Leaf’s services.” Consequently, PanXchange is asking the court to cancel’s New Leaf’s registration.

The use of the term “capable” is important, as a supplemental registration only requires that a trademark be capable of distinguishing an applicant’s goods or services. It does not require that the trademark actually distinguish said goods or services.

At heart, this case is about trademark basics, with the hemp connection being largely incidental. Nonetheless, the holding could have implications for other companies in the hemp and cannabis space.

If the court agrees with PanXchange and finds that “hemp benchmarks” is a generic phrase, it could lead companies to push the envelope when it comes to marks following the same basic formula (such as CANNABIS BENCHMARKS, for which New Leaf also has a supplemental registration). By contrast, if the court upholds New Leaf’s claim, we could see an uptick in applications for such marks.

What do you think? Should “hemp benchmarks” be considered a generic term like “oranges” or “computers?” Give us your thoughts in the comments section. And if you are a new or growing cannabis business, give some serious thought to your branding. Aside from federal law issues, a generic or descriptive name will always be hard to protect and may create headaches for your cannabis business.

 

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8 new weed products you should try from PLUS, Houseplant, High Life Farms, and more

With so many great cannabis brands releasing exciting new products in new markets, it can be hard to keep track of every release. So we’re rounding up a few significant releases. This week, we look at releases by PLUS, Houseplant, High Life Farms, and a food truck event at Veritas. 

PLUS: Limited Edition Hash Gummies

Popular edibles brand PLUS is hopping on the hash train this 4/20 with their limited edition gummies infused with ice water hash and containing 10 milligrams of THC per sweet. Collaborating with Italian cannabis brand, Biscotti, the gummies harbor notes of orange blossoms and are made with the MAC strain. Bonus: these delicious treats are dusted with edible gold sparkles, so you’ll feel like a million bucks when digging in. 

And not only is PLUS releasing some new candy to commemorate our favorite holiday, but they’re also doing a virtual Waking + Baking cooking class and dance party on 4/18. You can expect to make yummy scones with an infused orange marmalade (using their new hash gummies) and dancing to disco curated by LA DJ Masha, which will also be judged with prizes.

Available: California and Nevada


High Life Farms: Infused Chocolate Nuggies 

Chocolate lovers, listen up: High Life Farms has come out with creamy THC-infused chocolate, pretzel, and peanut butter candy that’s lightly dusted with salt for the perfect combination of salty and sweet. These damn good “Nuggies” harbor 10 milligrams of THC per chocolate treat. Keep your eyes open for more flavors rolling out throughout 2021. 

Available: Michigan


Houseplant: Signature strains available at retail locations

On April 15, Houseplant will launch in select dispensaries throughout California with three signature strains: Diablo Wind (sativa), Pancake Ice (sativa), and Pink Moon (indica). In total, Seth Rogen’s new brand will appear in 17 retailers, giving consumers in San Diego, Orange County, Santa Barbara, San Francisco, and other cities the opportunity to enjoy these new signature strains. You’ll be able to find them for a “Suggested Retail Price” of $60.00 per eighth. 

Available: California

Platinum Vape: Sourz Cannabis-Infused Gummy Coins

This 4/20, Platinum Vape is releasing a line of their mouthwatering Sourz Cannabis-Infused Gummy Coins. For the sour candy fans, each bag contains ten pieces individually packed with 10 milligrams of THC, and comes in three bright flavors: Hybrid Watermelon, Indica Blueberry Slushie, and Sativa Tropical Punch. 

Available: California


Insane Brand and Big Pete’s: Infused Churro Cookie launch

Insane Brand, founded by legendary hip hop artist B-Real, and California edibles brand Big Pete’s, announced the launch of their Insane Churro collaboration. Available at all Dr. Greenthumb locations, each soft, buttery cookie is infused with 10 milligrams of THC from Fire Cut OG cannabis and is sprinkled with aromatic cinnamon. 

To celebrate the launch, B-Real will be making guest appearances on Tuesday, April 20, at Dr. Greenthumb’s Sylmar location from 11 a.m. – 1 p.m. PST and the DTLA location where they will have goodie bags for the first 1000 customers and 15 giveaways with items worth $2,500 per giveaway. Representatives from Big Pete’s will also be handing out freshly baked non-medicated churro samples for store patrons to enjoy — first come, first serve.

Available: California


22Red: Introduction of LA Punk strain and Shavo appearances

Layers of sweet berry, citrus, and grape co-mingle in the mouth after one decadent draw of LA Punk. This indica-dominant hybrid from Shavo’s popular cannabis brand delivers high potency and zen-like sedative effects. 

To celebrate 4/20 and the debut of this new strain, Shavo himself will be making LA dispensary appearances. Check the schedule below.

Shavo 4/20 Store Visits:

Bonus: Shavo’s store appearance will also include gift bags with the purchase of any 22Red product and will contain a t-shirt, lighter, stickers, and one gram of flower.

Available: California


Nugg Club: 4/20 code deals

If you don’t have a Nugg Club subscription yet, then try it with a discount code that will make the usual $99 box $42 — that’s 57% off with code HIGH420. The code will work for the entire month of April to commemorate 4/20.

Available: California

TasteBudz: Launch of ebb — THC dissolvable powder

Colorado edibles company, TasteBudz, announced the launch of ebb, a fast-acting THC dissolvable powder using nano-encapsulating technology. This water-soluble product has a 15-minute onset time and 10 milligrams of THC per serving, offering a unique experience relative to the typical “edible high” and no need for smoke or combustion. You can find ebb in four varieties: Electrolyte-Enhanced Wildberry, Immunity Support Orange Mango, Pink Lemonade, and Pure, a flavorless option.

Available: Colorado


Veritas Fine Cannabis: 4/20 taco truck events 

Veritas Fine Cannabis is running a statewide food truck event this 4/20 where they are paying for local food trucks to show up at 20 dispensaries across Colorado to dish out free food.

Every customer who purchases a Veritas, Olio, or Cookies product at any of these shops listed below — during their serving times — will receive a voucher for a meal paid for by Veritas at the food truck outside: 

Denver

Colorado Springs

Pueblo

Trinidad

Vail

Boulder

Fort Collins

Available: Colorado

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