Trusting Today’s Cannabis Industry? Mislabeled Products, Delta 6a10a, and more

My deep dive into yet another THC, delta 6a10a tetrahydrocannabinol, all began with a brief conversation among friends regarding some advertisements they saw; they were wondering what this cannabinoid is if what the companies are saying about it are correct. For the record, it’s a synthetic cannabinoid that has been completely misrepresented by some of the people selling it, the exact people who should know what compounds are in the products they’re pushing.   

That being said, you’re likely to see a short-term influx of products containing delta 6a10a THC hitting the store shelves and online retailers; especially if you live in a state without a legal recreational market, as this is where you’ll be more apt to see all the alternative cannabinoids.  

Cannabis science has come a really long way since the initial discovery of individual cannabinoids back in the 1940s. To this day we continue to uncover new and exciting things about this incredible plant. Remember to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter all the latest news and industry stories, as well as exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


What is Delta 6a10a THC? 

Delta 6a10a, also known as Delta-3 THC, is a synthetic isomer of delta-9 THC that was developed in 1947, along with some other similar compounds, to establish different versions of THC that could be used to avoid patent problems and issues with shelf life and stability. 

Other chemical names for delta-6a10a THC include: Δ3 -Tetrahydrocannabinol2 (B), Δ6a,10a-Tetrahydrocannabinol2(A), EA 1477, Δ3 -Tetrahydrocannabinol2(B), and Δ6a,10a-tetrahydrocannabinol2(A). Contrary to what some companies are saying, delta-6a10a is not the same as delta-10 THC. Delta 6a10a products are often mislabeled as another form of delta 10 or delta 6 – neither of which is accurate. Whether this is due to incorrect lab testing results, incompetence on the company’s part, or intentional false advertising, that remains to be answered.  

As devoid of sense as this situation is, the main thing to focus on is that, if you do feel like you want to give delta 6a10a THC a try, at the very least, don’t buy it from a company that it’s promoting it as delta 10, delta 6, or anything other than the chemical names I listed above. Delta 10 THC is a synthetic crystalline compound formed when certain chemical catalysts are applied to delta 9 THC, moving the double bond over to the 10th carbon chain. Delta 6, another synthetic isomer, is quite potent but not yet being used in products and is not the same thing as delta 6a10a. 

What exactly is going on with all these different cannabinoids? 

If you do a lot of online shopping, or have noticed the new selection of products at smoke shops, head shops, gas stations, and so on, you’ve seen that there are A LOT of cannabinoids available to consumers now… almost too many to keep track of at this point. In just a single product you can find combinations of 3 or more cannabinoids like delta-10, delta-8, and THC-O, for example. Or delta-8, delta-9, delta-10, and CBG, is another popular combination that I have seen.  

According to recent surveys, nearly half of all cannabis consumers prefer to use products that contain cannabinoid blends, and that number is expected to grow. Knowing what we know about the entourage effect and how different plant compounds work together synergistically to provide the highest level of benefits, it’s no surprise that people are excited to try new combinations of cannabinoids and terpenes.  

Delta-9 THC is still by far the most popular, it’s the backbone of the entire cannabis industry. But, in its absence, people are turning to alternative forms of THC to get the job done, sometimes individually and sometimes many of them combined. Some of these THCs, like THCV and THCP, are found in trace amounts in the cannabis plant, but most of them are synthetic isomers.  

Are they natural or synthetic? 

This is an interesting question, and one with a double-edged answer. Let’s start by breaking down what exactly each type of cannabinoid is. The term ‘natural cannabinoids’, or phytocannabinoids, refers to all the cannabinoids that can be isolated from the cannabis plant. Research has found that the cannabis plant produces between 113 cannabinoids and about 300 non-cannabinoid chemicals, and the most abundant are CBD (cannabidiol) and delta-9 THC.  

Now, the definition of synthetic cannabinoids is where things branch off a bit. Synthetic cannabinoids are compounds that either, do not exist in nature and must be created in a lab, like THC-O; or, a synthetic may also be a cannabinoid that does exist in nature, but in such minimal amounts that in order to manufacture enough for it to be used in consumer products, it must still be synthesized in a lab.  

Whether or not a cannabinoid that does actually exist in the plant but needs to be synthetically produced, should still be classified as a full-on synthetic, is up for debate and causing both legal and practical confusion for businesses and consumers alike. Delta-8 immediately comes to mind, and all the complications surrounding legality and the uncertainty among consumers, many of whom are not sure if what they’re consuming is even natural or synthetic.  

To clarify, all these synthetic cannabinoids are regulated under the Federal Analogues Act, and thus are not federally legal, regardless if they’re found naturally in cannabis plants. And because all these compounds are completely prohibited, they are unregulated in the markets in which they are sold, another fact that may come as a surprise to many consumers.  

All this is not to say that synthetics are inherently bad. If they’re safe and produced by an experienced professional, they can be fun and certainly have their place in both medicinal and recreational settings. But you’re definitely not going to get the same kind of high or experience with these products as you would with the real thing. If you know what to expect, you won’t be disappointed though.  

Fake lab tests and mislabeled products  

Now, back to the subject of mislabeled products and incorrect or completely falsified labs and COAs (certificates of analysis). There’s a narrative being played out in the media that, because of the 2018 Farm Bill provisions, any cannabis product that contains less than 0.3 percent delta 9 THC is legal, regardless of what else is in it. When it comes to minor cannabinoids, THC isomers, cannabinoid analogues, and so forth, most of them are actually illegal, regulated under the Federal Analogues Act (as mentioned above). 

Obviously, pointing out the legality of a product, if it’s not legal at all, is not the best business strategy. So, to be able to continue pushing said products, the story is perpetuated that they are permissible by some type of legal loophole, when that is not the case. Since these products are illegal and there are no standards in place to regulate them, a growing number of companies are resorting to some unscrupulous means to provide “lab results” in an attempt to validate their black market products.  

Real, legitimate lab testing is the backbone of any cannabis market. All the products sold at licensed dispensaries are required to undergo testing from a state-accredited facility to confirm levels of cannabinoids and terpenes; as well as test for heavy metals, mycotoxins, residual pesticides, microbials, and any other unwanted contaminants. Overall, the main purpose of lab testing is to guarantee compliance with whatever state protocols are in place to govern the sale of cannabis products.  

Every test requires certain procedures, different equipment, and needs to be performed by a licensed and trained specialist. Not only do these lab technicians need to be knowledgeable in their field, but they should be familiar with state and local testing regulations, as they are constantly changing. Most labs are third party companies that are accredited through a state program. All labs have specific tests they are required to perform and guidelines they must abide to, but there are no universal standards in place. 

As foolproof as this sounds, there are ways for companies to get around it. I mean, where there is money to be made, corruption will breed. One way this happens is by companies and growers only sending in samples of their best products in for testing, while lower quality, untested batches of the same product get listed for sale. Another strategy is referred to as “lab shopping” – a shady practice in which cultivators and manufacturers send their products to labs that have a reputation for inflating potency numbers and overlooking contaminants that would cause the product to fail purity tests at more reputable facilities. 

Dylan Hirsch, executive vice president of Diagnostic Lab Corporation says that “Many of the labs will sometimes say they can get better results. It can be so subjective for results on THC.” Dr. Donald Land and Dr. Reggie Gaudino, two of the scientists in charge of running Berkeley’s Steep Hill Labs, one of the nation’s largest testing companies, echoed these statements. Both mentioned that their company is asked to boost potency number on a regular basis. “In almost every state we operate in we have someone approach us and say, ‘Hey, what would it take to get these numbers changed?’” Gaudino said. 

Taking things to another level, some companies have altered or completely faked their products’ lab “results”, as per a recent investigation conducted by CBD Oracle, a website that reviews “hemp-derived” products. For example, they sent in 51 different delta 8 THC products to FESA licensed labs in Southern California. They found that, “delta-8 product manufacturers routinely mislabel their gummies, vaporizer cartridges, and other products.” In total, 77 percent of products failed testing.  

Final thoughts 

Whether you’re shopping for delta 8, THC-O, regular weed, or even delta 6a10a THC, it’s imperative that you do as much research as possible. You’ll be inhaling these compounds straight into your lungs, so you want to make sure that they’re as clean and safe as possible. Don’t blindly trust the companies selling to you, because obviously they’re more concerned with their bottom dollar than your health. I’m not saying to avoid these products entirely, because some of them can be perfectly fine, but make sure to as informed as possible before rushing to try the newest flavor-of-the-month cannabinoid.  

As far as delta 6a10 THC is concerned, no one really knows enough about it to say with 100 percent certainty that these products are safe. I’m sure the compound itself is perfectly fine, if it’s manufactured by a trained professional that is. But if you’re buying stuff from companies who are completely misrepresenting this cannabinoid, it’s hard to say what else is not on-the-level there.  

Hello and welcome! Thanks for stopping by CBDtesters.co, your #1 web source for cannabis and psychedelics-related news, offering the most interesting stories of today. Join us frequently to stay on-top of the quickly-moving world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and remember to check out The THC Weekly Newsletterto ensure you’re never late on getting a story.

Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Trusting Today’s Cannabis Industry? Mislabeled Products, Delta 6a10a, and more appeared first on CBD Testers.

How Many THCs Are There… and Which One Is the Strongest?

By now we’re all relatively familiar with Delta-9 THC, how it functions in the body and affects our minds. At a base level, most consumers know that THC is the predominant psychoactive compound in cannabis – it’s the reason pot gets us high. What is less commonly known, is how many THCs there really are. In this article, we’ll be covering 15 different tetrahydrocannabinol compounds, simply because there is research available on them. There are, however, even more THCs than that.  

Cannabis science has come a really long way since the initial discovery of cannabinoids back in the 1940s. I mean, who knew there were so many different THCs to choose from? To this day we continue to uncover new and exciting things about this incredible plant. Remember to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter all the latest news and industry stories, as well as exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


THCA – Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid 

For the sake of explaining things chronologically, we’ll start at the very beginning by looking at THC in its most natural form: THCA, or Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid. Simply put, THCA is the type of THC found in raw cannabis plants. So, when you walk into a dispensary and start looking at different bud samples and see how much THC is in each one, what you’re actually looking at is the levels of THCA. Once heat is applied, THCA loses its carboxyl acid group and becomes just THC. This process is aptly known as decarboxylation. 

THCA is found virtually everywhere in the plant, including the stems, leaves, and flowers. On its own, it has very minimal psychoactive effects. Some people enjoy chewing on the leaves and stems, which can produce some relaxing feelings, but don’t expect too much more. The mind-altering effects come into play after decarboxylation, as THCA is just a precursor to all the other tetrahydrocannabinols. 

This compound is believed to have a wide array of therapeutic applications and can even fall into the category of nutritional and dietary supplements. THCA benefits can be utilized via eating, blending, or juicing the raw cannabis plant matter along with other superfoods, like berries, kale, and avocados. 

Delta 3 to 7

In chemistry, “delta” refers to the location of the double bond on a molecule’s carbon chain. In the case of THC, we have many different variations. With delta-9 THC, the double bond is on the 9th carbon chain. Move that bond over one spot to the 8th chain, and now we have delta-8 THC. Keep moving that double bond and you get a variety of different delta THCs.  

Delta-3 THC, delta-4 THC, delta-6 THC, and delta-7 THC are all synthetic isomers of THC, developed between the 1940 and 1970s to establish different versions of THC that could be used to avoid patent problems and issues with shelf life and stability. I have not been able to find any mention of a delta-5 THC anywhere.  

Although some minimal research into these compounds does exist, it’s not much and not anything very substantial. It’s generally believed that these synthetic isomers are not as potent as delta-9 THC, although that is not always applicable. The only worthwhile research I was able to find here was regarding delta-6 THC, and its potency in the human brain. This study from 1980 discusses how several cannabinoids can cause brief, cataleptic episodes.  

Catalepsy is a disorder characterized by the body’s inability to move or respond to external stimuli. Body stiffness and muscle rigidity is common. During this study, delta 6 was not found to be heavily correlated with catalepsy, however, it was noted as being one of the most potent cannabinoids with the most powerful effects on the brain.  

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Delta 8, 9, and 10  

When people think of “THC”, Delta 9 is what they’re thinking of. Delta 9 THC is the main psychoactive compound in the cannabis plant. For decades, Delta 9 has been at the heart of prohibition efforts because lawmakers were to intently focused on its mind-altering properties while completely dismissing all its many possible uses in the health and wellness sectors. 

As delta 9 ages, a significant portion oxidizes and “degrades”. Most of it turns into CBN (cannabinol), while a small amount turns into Delta 8 and possibly, other trace cannabinoids and compounds. As a result of this chemical process, Delta 8 THC remains stable when exposed to air, meaning it could have more potential medical applications than delta 9, although Delta 8 is somewhat less potent. In cannabis plants, delta 8 is only present in trace amounts, so in most of the products you find online or in stores, the delta-8 THC is actually a synthetic converted from CBD, not a plant-extracted compound.  

Then we have delta-10 THC. D10 is a completely synthetic cannabinoid that was discovered on accident. As with many of the nation’s cannabis trends, delta-10 THC started in California too. An Adelanto-based company, Fusion Farms, bought some outdoor flower to manufacture concentrates. As many already know, California is subject to very large, nearly annual wildfires; and unbeknownst to Fusion Farms, the biomass they purchased was contaminated with fire retardant. Since they were unaware of the contamination, they continued with the extraction as planned but after the distillation process, unusual crystals began to form. These crystals were similar to THC, slightly different from any previously identified cannabinoid. And thus, it was dubbed delta-10 THC.  

The best deals on hemp-derived Delta-9 THC

11-hydroxy-THC 

With the growing popularity of edibles, 11-hydroxy-THC is an important comound to cover. 11-hydroxy-THC is not a cannabinoid per se, but a metabolite created by our bodies when we consume THC in certain ways. When you eat plant-based THCs, such as delta-8 or delta-9 THC, the body breaks it down and metabolizes it via the liver. 11-hydroxy-THC is the resulting metabolite of the other tetrahydrocannabinols, and it’s much more potent. This is why delta-8 THC edibles are just as strong as delta-9 edibles, but the same can’t be said for flowers or vape products. 

This process is known as first pass metabolism, and it’s the reason why ingesting cannabis products orally has much more intense and long-lasting effects compared to smoking. So, if you’ve been wondering why edibles get you beyond baked, this why. If you’re anything like me and many other cannabis users I’ve spoken to, edibles hit different than smoking. Even though it takes a while to feel anything, once they kick in, I’m laid out on the couch almost every time. I feel more stoned, I’m laughing at everything, and eventually, I get super tired. This seems to be commonplace when it comes to edibles; but why exactly do they differ so much from smoking, from a scientific standpoint? 

It comes down to two factors: the drug-metabolizing enzymes in your GI tract, and blood flow to the liver. When you first eat a cannabis edible, various enzymes in the GI tract begin digesting the food. From that point, blood flow from the GI tract goes through the liver where all these enzymes are metabolized, then the blood continues to general circulation. When the metabolites are formed, that’s when you get the effects of 11-hydroxy-THC. 

However, when you smoke cannabis, THC is absorbed through the lungs and distributed directly into the bloodstream. The active compounds make their way to the brain where they interact with the CB receptors that are part of the endocannabinoid system. In this scenario, you are feeling the effects of the phytocannabinoids themselves, rather than the compound formed during metabolism. 

THCV, THCP, and THCO 

THCV, or tetrahydrocannabivarin, THCV is a naturally occurring analog of THC. THCV comes from the precursor cannabinoid CBGVA, which breaks down to into THCVA (tetrahydrocannabivarinic acid), which then is decarboxylated to form THCV. What’s interesting about THCV is the way that it interacts with our endocannabinoid system, and the subsequent effects it has on appetite and weight.  

THCV is a CB1 receptor antagonist, which is the reason THCV is known to suppress appetite, whereas delta-9 THC is a CB1 agonist, promoting hunger (or munchies). This theory has been tested pretty extensively on mice, although human trials are lacking. Either way, this could be a possible breakthrough treatment for diabetes and other dietary and weight-related health conditions.  

THCP, on the other hand, is a special type of THC analog called a homolog. A homolog is a molecule belonging to a series of compounds that differ from each other by a repeating unit. In this scenario, the repeating unit is the alkyl side chain. Delta 9 THC has a 5-term alkyl side chain, which means that it contains 5 total carbon atoms. THCP has an elongated 7-term chain. 

Best THC-V Products

And finally, let’s take a look at THC-O-Acetate, which is referred to as an acetate ester of delta-9 THC. Let’s cover what exactly that means. We know that delta-9 THC is created as a result of the decarboxylation of THCA, but there are different ways that decarboxylation can occur. Summarized, an acetate ester is a byproduct of a certain type of decarboxylation called LTA decarboxylation, a process that is very different from the standard method of heat/light induced decarboxylation.  

LTA decarboxylation uses a very toxic compound known as lead tetraacetate to promote oxidation to create oxidative decarboxylation, resulting in acetate ester. Acetate ester is not a naturally occurring compound and can only be produced using some sort of chemical catalyst. As such, THC-O-Acetate is a synthetic analogue of delta-9 THC. Although it’s gaining popularity, especially in vape products, it’s important to know that this is NOT a compound in any capacity in the cannabis plant.  

Recently Discovered – THCh and THCB 

Tetrahydrocannabihexol – Delta 9 Tetrahydrocannabihexol (THCh, Δ9-THCh or n-Hexyl-Δ9-THC), along with is cannabidihexol (CBDh), are phytocannabinoids that were discovered in 2020 by the same group of Italian researchers who first isolated THCP and CBDP (tetrahydrocannabiphorol and cannabidiphorol). In short, THCh is a hexyl homolog of delta 9 THC. THCh carries a n-hexyl side chain rather than alkyl like most THCs.  

These are the first hexyl derivatives of cannabinoids that have been discovered thus far. The definition of a hexyl group is “an irregular, saturated radical compound of hydrogen and carbon, derived from hexane.” Often this is the result of the loss of one or more hydrogen atoms. 

The situation with tetrahydrocannabutol is quite similar. It’s a homolog of delta-9 THC with the main difference being a butyl side chain replacing the alkyl chain. There is virtually no information available on this cannabinoid, other than the discovery that it has an affinity for both CB receptors, comparable to that of delta-9 THC.  

So, which THC is the strongest? 

The answer to that is a bit complex, but here it goes. When it comes to the “strongest” THC, it depends, to an extent, what product types and consumption methods you’re most interested in. To elaborate on that further, if you’re looking for strongest smokable type of THC, then THC-O will likely be your best bet. The downside, for me anyway, is that it’s completely synthetic.  

If you’re looking for something naturally-occurring, then THCP is said to be extremely potent. Unfortunately, it’s a trace cannabinoid so you won’t find large amounts of it in raw flowers. To utilize this compound, you’ll need to find concentrates, vape products, and other extracts that contain it.  

Realistically, 11-hydroxy-THC is probably the most potent form of THC, but obviously you won’t find this specific compound in any products because it’s a metabolite formed when we eat THC products, not a true phytocannabinoid. And if you’re not a person who like to use edibles, then you’re not getting any 11-hydroxy-THC anyway.  

For me personally, I get the best effects from delta-9 THC products. Despite the belief that THCP and THC-O are stronger, I personally have not noticed being any higher when using products containing these compounds. Call me a purist, but I still get the highest off good, old-fashioned, high-quality flowers (and live resin concentrates).  

Conclusion

When it comes to cannabinoids in today’s market, variety is certainly not lacking. Although many of these THCs are not yet available commercially or pharmaceutically, it’s exciting to know how many different versions of this psychoactive compound are being discovered, and how slight chemical variations can lead to some interesting differences in effects and benefits.

Hello and welcome! Thanks for stopping by CBDtesters.co, your #1 web source for cannabis and psychedelics-related news, offering the most interesting stories of today. Join us frequently to stay on-top of the quickly-moving world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and remember to check out The THC Weekly Newsletterto ensure you’re never late on getting a story.

While not THC, HHC is also a very interesting psychoactive cannabinoid

Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post How Many THCs Are There… and Which One Is the Strongest? appeared first on CBD Testers.

What is the Difference Between THC and THCA?

Cannabis is a complex and wonderful plant. It can be smoked, eaten, drank and even absorbed through the skin. With cannabis laws around the world becoming increasingly lenient, cannabis is becoming more popular and widely understood. After a century of ignoring and demonizing, research is, at last, being focused towards cannabis and all the elements of it.

However, when it comes to common knowledge, there are still some questions that need to be answered and explained. Therefore, today we’ll be looking at two cannabinoids within the cannabis plant: THC and THCA. What are they? How are they linked? And what are the differences between them? Although they may sound similar, there is lots to separate these two. 

When it comes toto medicinal cannabis, alternative cannabinoids are the way of the future. Check out our newsletter, The Delta 8 Weekly, to learn more about these incredible compounds as well as gain access to exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Cannabis

The cannabis plant is a complex and wonderful living organism. It has around 400 compounds and 100 cannabinoids. Each of these cannabinoids adds to the aromas and effects of cannabis. The cannabis plant can be used recreationally, medically and even for materials – like hemp. The history of this plant is a long one, and it’s thought to have first grown in central Asia or Japan. It’s hard to know for sure. Through imperialism, globalization and warfare, cannabis eventually found itself in all areas of the world. Now, it’s a drug that is very easy to get a hold of wherever you are. However, it’s far from being legal everywhere.

Cannabinoids 

So what are cannabinoids? 

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis sativa plant”

Whilst there are around 400 compounds within the cannabis plant, only around 100 of those are labeled as cannabinoids. The two most commonly spoken about cannabinoids are THC and CBD, but as research goes into the medical benefit and the recreational potential of cannabis, more are being brought to the conversation. For example, THCA, CBDA, CBN, and THCV. Some cannabinoids are psychoactive substances, which means they alter the state of the mind, whilst others are not. However, they all have differing effects on the body or mind. Each cannabinoid affects the endocannabinoids system in its own individual way. 

​​”The endocannabinoid system is a unique communications system found in the brain and body that affects many important functions… Together, these parts work to regulate a number of activities, including mood, memory, sleep and appetite”

The cannabinoid will interact with the receptors and alter the things they control; including mood, appetite, senses and much more. Scientists have realised that the different combinations of cannabinoids can have extremely different effects. Let’s take a look into some of the cannabinoids and their effects. 

CBD

CBD is cannabinoid with the cannabis plant that is not psychoactive. This means that it does not alter the state of the mind. In fact, it’s perhaps this reason that has meant that CBD is one of the least controversial cannabinoids out there. It’s legal in the majority of countries around the world and CBD products are very easy to purchase. However, that’s not to say that CBD doesn’t have any effects, it does. CBD is thought to help with: 

  • Chronic pain
  • Anxiety
  • Sleep deprivation
  • Depression
  • PTSD
  • Relaxation
  • Focus

THC

THC is also a very commonly-spoken about cannabinoid. However, THC is a psychoactive substance. Which means it does alter the state of the mind. It’s this cannabinoid that is responsible for giving the well-known ‘high’ effect that is so often spoken about. THC is linked with recreational use and is therefore illegal in many countries. However, THC has been proved to have medicinal benefits. There are signs that it can help with the symptoms of tourettes and epilepsy. In addition, THC has been known to make the user feel:

  • Euphoria
  • Sensory enhancement
  • Inspiration
  • Giggliness
  • Mind-opening

What is THCA?

So, now you know what THC is and what CBD is, the question is: what is THCA? Well, in want of a better phrase, the proof is in the name. THCA is essentially THC, before it is involved in the process of decarboxylation. To put it in simpler terms, THCA is THC before it is heated. So what does this mean? Let’s dig deeper. Decarboxylation is the process of heating THCA, and when this happens the chemical reaction causes THC to exist. When the process occurs, the THCA loses up to 50% of its mass, meaning the amount of THC that is left over is far less than the amount of THCA that was there before. However, the reason why this process happens is because THCA is not a psychoactive substance whereas, of course, THC is. Therefore, decarboxylation is unlocking the recreational wonders of THC. Have you ever tried eating a dry piece of cannabis bud and wondered why you didn’t feel anything? Well this is why. It wasn’t heated. Decarboxylation happens when a joint is lit, when a weed vaporizer is turned on, or when cannabis buds are cooked in the oven before being placed in a brownie mix. 

Benefits of THCA

However, that’s not to say that THCA is an irrelevant substance. It isn’t just the annoying stepping stone before people can get their hands on the beloved and more interesting THC. The truth is, research is now being done into the medical benefits of THCA. Crescolabs writes:

“Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) is the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. The health benefits provided by THCA are most well absorbed by the body through a raw method of consumption such as cannabis juicing.”

THCA is thought to be a neuroprotectant, which means it can protect the nerve cells of the brain, which results in limiting the likelihood of certain diseases. These include:

  • Alzheimers
  • Parkinsons
  • Brain inflammation
  • Arthritis 
  • Seizures
  • Anorexia

What is the Difference Between THC and THCA?

As you’ve read, the real difference between THC and THCA is the fact that THCA is THC before it’s heated and becomes a psychoactive substance. So other than the fact that THCA doesn’t get you high, what are the other big differences?

Legality

The first difference between the two cannabinoids could be the legality. The truth is that in the majority of the world, THC is an illegal substance. Other than a few nations here and there, and some states in America, THC cannabis is still unlawful. However, what does that mean for THCA? Well, technically, THCA is legal. Take the UK for example. The Home Office stated that: 

“THC-a as an isolated substance, in its pure form, would not be controlled under the [Misuse of Drugs Act/Misuse of Drugs Regulations].” However, “It is readily converted to THC, which is a controlled schedule 1 substance. So a substance containing THC-a could well become controlled by virtue of active or passive conversion or synthesis, including within the body if ingested.”

This highlights the difficulty surrounding THCA. Some would argue that using THCA for medical reasons is like using CBDl; It’s not psychoactive and you don’t even need to smoke. However, the danger of THCA – especially to government officials – is that the possibility of it being heated could be enough to warrant it being an illegal substance. SImply the potential of it being turned into THC could be enough to ban it. It’s an impossible situation. 

Consumption

Another example of difference between the two cannabinoids is the way that they are consumed. THC needs to be heated and decarbed before it can be consumed, and once that’s done it will usually be smoked. However, THCA is quite popular in the juicing world. The THCA cannabis buds can be thrown in smoothies and blended up. Because the THCA is never heated, it will never become a psychoactive substance. In addition, there are even specifically made THCA tinctures and edibles that have the perfect amount of THCA in them to be used for micro-dosing. The fact that THCA never needs to be heated like THC, makes it perhaps a much easier cannabinoid to consume. 

Future

Although the majority of us would hope that the future of all cannabinoids is a welcoming one, the chances of that are unknown. It’s more likely that each cannabinoid will be stood up and trialled to see why they should perhaps be legalized. It seems that within the nations that have legalized CBD, and illegalized THC, THCA should also be legal. It’s a no-brainer and one that perhaps will be taken forward in the future. In addition, the hope is that more research and time will be spent on how THCA can help those who need special medical assistance. After all, that’s the ultimate goal: for the world to be able to harness this plant in a positive way.

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Top 10 Netflix Shows To Watch High

Anyone remember the days of Blockbuster? The days when films and videotapes were bought and rented in shops. The days when nothing would make you more excited than to go to the video store, rent a film, get some popcorn, a liter of cola, and enjoy yourself.

Well, the world has changed. What was once a company that would mail DVDs to its subscribers, is now the biggest streaming site in the world: Netflix. Ironically enough, Netflix tried to sell themselves to Blockbuster in 2000 for $50 million, but it was rejected. Perhaps Blockbuster now wishes they’d taken them up on that offer. Netflix consumes 15% of the world’s bandwidth, which highlights how much of a superpower they really are. So, with so many shows out there, and so much to watch, how do we know what’s worth watching. We only have a finite amount of time on this planet after all. Well, today we’ll be taking you through the 10 best Netflix shows to watch whilst you’re high and why. Here we go. 

For an array of deals for cannabis compounds like delta-8 THC while we wait for final answers. Cannabis provides lots of useful compounds so check out what we have on offer and figure out what works best for you. Make sure to subscribe to The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter for more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products. Save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10THCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Squid Game

“I’m good at everything, except the things I can’t do”

At number 1 is the new, mind-blowing and Korean: Squid Game. Squid Game is a Netflix original show and received 93% on Rotten Tomatoes, which for anyone who loves TV will know that counts for something. The show is about a group of desperate people in search of money, who decide to take part in deadly children’s game challenges in hope of winning a huge cash prize. Squid Game has become Netflix’s biggest debut hit, with 111 million viewers worldwide. The show highlights the amazing nature of Korean cinema. The style, the drama, the beauty, the acting, the music all amount to one incredible show. And it does leave you asking the question: ‘would I take part in Squid Game?’

You

“If we don’t have trust, we have nothing”

Next up, we have the Netflix series You, starring Penn Badgley. This show is best described as: “a dangerously charming, intensely obsessive young man goes to extreme measures to insert himself into the lives of those he is transfixed by”. The guy does practically everything he can to ensure he ends up with the girl of his dreams. It’s like a messed-up version of a fairytale and it’s a psychological thriller. The show is on its third season, which means – luck for you – there’s lots to binge. The reason this show made the list is because it received 92% on Rotten Tomatoes and because so much happens in so little time. It’s a jam packed, funny and heart-wrenching show that reveals ‘nice guys’ for what they are.  

Friends

“Well maybe I don’t need your money. Wait. Wait. I said maybe!”

The third on this list needs no introduction as it is the greatest, long-running TV show that has ever blessed our screens. Friends was a show that ran from 1994-2004, with 236 episodes and 10 seasons. The series was about a group of 6 friends (Ross, Rachel, Phoebe, Monica, Chandler and Joey) who are chiseling their way through life in their mid to late 20s. As they grow up, living in New York, they face relationship and work challenges as they figure out what it’s like to get older. The series had a global following unlike any other and every single actor of the 6 became a star. The show was hilarious, tear-worthy and insane, and now, you can watch it all on Netflix. So grab your bud of choice and binge the heck out of this show. 

Sex Education

“Everyone has bodies, right? It’s nothing to be ashamed of”

Sex Education is a TV show that you may not want to watch with your mum or dad, but it’s definitely one that you’re gonna want to watch. The show follows a group of high school students in a British college, as they deal with the beauties and horrors of sexual awakening. It’s true, it’s honest and it’s powerful; not to mention hilarious. This show deals with sex in a way that none have before it. They don’t shy away from fluids, and genitals and honestly-depicted sex scenes. With incredible actors like Asa Butterfield and Gillian Anderson, this TV show is historic in its honest and is not one to miss. With 3 seasons out, and a 4th in the pipeline, you simply must start this journey during a ‘high sesh’. 

Rick & Morty (Not in U.S.)

“To live is to risk it all; otherwise you’re just an inert chunk of randomly assembled molecules drifting wherever the universe blows you.”

Rick and Morty is probably one of the weirdest, craziest and out-right bonkers TV shows you’re ever going to see. It was practically built for you to watch whilst enjoying the wonders of THC. It received 94% from Rotten Tomatoes and has run for 4 seasons thus far. The show follows the crazy, scientist grandfather Rick, as he takes his grandson Morty on insane scientific adventures through time and space. The show deals with some quite incredible philosophical dilemmas and problems, and answers them in beautiful ways. It’s also all animated, which allows the show to create worlds with no limitations. Whilst everyone seeks meaning in life, Rick and Morty constantly highlights that there is none, but that that’s okay. This show is a real mind-bender, and one that thoroughly deserves to be on this list. If you’re in the United States, you can catch Rick & Morty on Hulu.  

Big Mouth

“You lean your head back, arch your crotch in the air and say, ‘Dinner is served.’”

Big Mouth is yet another show about sex education, puberty and growing up, but it’s very different from the others. This animated show is a hilarious, full-of-swear-words TV sitcom, which follows a group of young school students dealing with hormones and puberty. In the world of Big Mouth, each student has a ‘hormone monster’, which is an alter-ego that personifies the horny, hormonal and sexual part of them. Does it sound weirder than it is? No, it’s still pretty weird. The show has a 99% Rotten Tomatoes rating and it could be one of the best things to happen to sex education since Sex Education came out. Although this isn’t a kid’s TV show, it does quite incredibly depict the trials and tribulations of a young kid going through puberty. Sit yourself down, and get your teeth into this beauty of a show – It’s laugh out loud funny.

Bojack Horseman

“He’s so stupid, he doesn’t realise how miserable he should be”

Now we we bring Bojack Horseman onto the stage. Bojack Horseman may just be another another animated American sit-com, but the reality is that it’s one of the only animated TV shows with a through-line plot and a protagonist that you both hate, whilst also feeling sorry for. The show follows Bojack Horseman, an actor who was once in a famous American sit-com called Horsin’ Around. He lives in Hollywood (or in the case of the show it’s called ‘Hollywoo’ because some stole the ‘D’) and he deals with the true nature of fame, mental health problems and drug addiction. The show is hilarious, but will also surprise you with how serious it can become. Bojack Horseman is a revolutionary TV show that won the Critic’s Choice Television Award for Animated Series. Watch this show, but be prepared to be crippled for todays.

Ozark 

“The satisfying sound of your lover smacking the pavement is the only thing that gets me to sleep.”

Ozark is like the new Breaking Bad, which is a big statement to say, I know. The show follows a financial advisor who is forced to launder $500 million in five years in order to appease a drug lord. If he doesn’t do it, he dies. Through watching the TV show you learn a lot more about money laundering than perhaps you ever thought you would. It’s not just educational, but it’s also a absolute thriller that has you on the edge of your seat all the way. In addition, it’s probably Jason Bateman’s best ever performance. Ozark has 3 seasons already, and the 4th is about to come out. Join this train before it goes off without you!

Planet Earth

“The Earth is what we all have in common”

Planet Earth is a revolutionary TV show that shows the beauty of planet Earth, whilst also revealing how it is being destroyed by humankind. Planet Earth has some of the most incredible shots of wildlife and nature that have ever been filmed. Some episodes take years to film, as the film crew spend lots of time waiting to see the world change, and for the animals to adapt in their natural habitat. Not to mention, the narration by David Attenborough is enough of a reason to watch this series. This show does not just have incredible visuals that would work very nicely with some sense-enhancing THC, but it’s also a must watch for every human on this plant. Especially if we aim to one day stop destroying the planet. 

The Vanishing at the Cecil Hotel

“What happened to her?”

The final Netflix TV show on this list is the Vanishing at the Cecil Hotel. This, unlike the others, is perhaps a bit of wild card. The show is a true story and it documents the vanishing of Elisa Lam, and the confusing narrative behind it all. We follow every lead as we, the viewer, also try and figure out where she vanished to and why. The docu-series highlights the effects of media-mania and also mental health. There’s no doubt that this series is a scary and horrifying watch, but it’s also no doubt an interesting one. 

What Now?

Well, it would probably take the best part of a few years to get through all of these Netflix series, so don’t feel bad if you don’t have the time. But, these 10 shows are some of the best television out there, and some of the best to watch whilst high. So, without further ado, go get your teeth into these. 

Thank you for stopping by CBD TESTERS, your hub for all things cannabis-related. Remember to subscribe to The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter for more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products. Save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10THCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!

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A Whistle Stop Tour of the Cannabis Concentrates

The cannabis market has been booming over the last few years as more countries around the globe begin to accept the wonders of the plant. What once was an illegal, unacceptable drug, is now – slowly – becoming a legal medicine and even a legal recreational pastime. One of the more modern inventions inside the cannabis world is cannabis concentrates.

Whilst some have been around for centuries, others have been created more recently by the wonders of science. There are several different cannabis concentrates out there, so sometimes it’s hard to find the information you want. In this article, we’ll be taking you on a whistle stop tour of all of the main cannabis concentrates. And don’t worry – this tour is completely free of charge. Put your seatbelt on. Let’s begin.

Cannabis concentrates can be found on dispensary shelves, boasting names like shatter, butter, wax, resin, and more. Any specific cannabinoid can be concentrated, so regardless of whether you’re looking for delta-9 THC, delta-8 THCdelta 10THC-OTHCV, CBG, or something else, it can be found in concentrate form. This is great for delta-8 THC users, because it allows a concentrated form of this alternate form of THC which doesn’t cause anxiety like half-brother delta-9, and which leaves users with a clear head and energy, while having a similar medical profile. We’ve got great deals for delta-8 THC and many other compounds, so take a look, and try ’em out!


What are Cannabis Concentrates?

Once someone has total control over the marijuana plant, there are many ways to transform and eventually consume it. Cannabis can be placed in oils, edibles, the usual buds and even synthesised concentrates. It all depends on the creation process. But before we discuss how they’re made, let’s first truly understand what they are. And, as always, there’s never a better places to find complex definitions than wikipedia

“A cannabis concentrate (also called marijuana concentrate, marijuana extract, or cannabis extract) is a highly potent tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and/or cannabidiol (CBD) concentrated mass. Marijuana concentrates contain extraordinarily high THC levels that could once range from 40 to 80%, up to four times stronger in THC content than high grade or top shelf marijuana, which normally measures around 20%”

It’s in the name really, isn’t it? Cannabis concentrates are designed to be especially potent in comparison with cannabis buds or other products. By getting rid of any extra, unnecessary parts of the cannabis plant, cannabis concentrates are able to focus on what really matters: the terpenes and cannabinoids. It’s within these that the aromas and effects of cannabis are found – which is why people have spent years trying to find a way to harness them in the greatest possible way. That is why cannabis concentrates come in so many different shapes and sizes, and are made in a variety of ways. 

How are Cannabis Concentrates Made?

Cannabis concentrates is an umbrella term for many different substances; some are liquids, some are solids and some are a mix of both. There are two main ways of making cannabis concentrates and that is through solvent extraction, and solventless extraction. One uses chemicals, labs and science coats, whilst others are easier to make and more natural. Let’s figure out what these are. 

What is Solvent Extraction?

A solvent extraction is essentially when a chemical is used to separate the cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant. By introducing certain chemicals, as well as heat and pressure, into the equation – this separation occurs. However, there isn’t just one way of completing this process. Some use carbon dioxide, whilst others use butane; these are two of the most common ways of using solvent extraction to create cannabis concentrates. 

Carbon Dioxide Extraction 

Carbon dioxide extraction is complex because, obviously, co2 is a gas, not a solid. However, the amazing result of a beautiful cannabis concentrate makes the process worth it. The carbon dioxide is first placed in a chamber where it is pressured and turned into a liquid through low temperatures. The co2 is then reheated, which due to the nature of carbon dioxide, makes it a supercritical substance. This substance is then passed through a chamber containing the cannabis plant. The supercritical substance will extract the trichomes, which contains the pure and potent compounds desirable to create cannabis concentrates. The substance that is left after this process can then be used to create a variety of cannabis concentrates. 

Butane Extraction

Butane extraction is most popular for creatine hash oil. But how does it work? As mentioned earlier, any solvent extraction to make cannabis concentrates uses some sort of other chemical – which in this case, is butane. The cannabis is first covered with butane, in its liquid form. Butane happens to be a very easily liquefiable gas. Once this is done, heat and pressure is used, and yet again, what is left is a cannabis concentrate. This can be used to create hash oil, budder, shatter or crumble. 

What is Non-Solvent Extraction?

Non-solvent extraction is a far less complicated process, and one that doesn’t leave you scratching your head quite as much. However, that’s not to say that the result is any less wonderful. Non-solvent extraction is made, as you can imagine, without chemicals in the creation process.

For example, kief and hash would both be cannabis concentrates that are made with non-solvent extraction. But, yet again, there are a variety of ways that non-solvent extraction can take place. Kief is made through rolling the dry cannabis plant over a sieve, and allowing the whitey yellow thrichomes to collect. Trichomes also look a bit like mini snowdrops up close. These are hugely potent and hold all of the best compounds of the plant. 

Another example of a non-solvent extraction would be in the creation of hash. Hash is one of the oldest types of cannabis concentrates. In fact, a scientist called Gmelin first mentioned the substance in 1777. The process of creating hash can vary depending on technique. However, one way of making hash is in water. The cannabis plant is tumbled in icy cold water and is then filtered through a mesh. This substance is then dried and pressed into small blocks. The resin, which is what the substance is made out of, is very high in THC.

Why are Cannabis Concentrates Popular?

Before we take a whistle stop tour through some of the main and post popular cannabis concentrates, let’s first ask the question: why are they so popular? Well, it’s first important to realise that any connoisseur of any substance will always search for the most pure version of it. Think of pressed olive oil, some people will spend their lives searching for the first press because it will be the highest quality oil.

This is the same with orange juice, the first press of orange juice is considered to be the purest, healthiest and tastiest. Cannabis concentrates are no different to this. People who love cannabis and the effects of it, are always discovering new ways to enjoy it in its purest and most powerful form. As mentioned earlier, the average cannabis concentrate can have THC levels of over 60%. This is why cannabis concentrates are becoming more and more popular. 

The Cannabis Concentrates

Non-Solvent

Kief

Kief is a collection of resin trichomes. Kief is one of the easiest cannabis concentrates to make. In fact, some three-part grinders have a section at the bottom that collects fallen down kief over time, which can then be placed in a joint and smoked. It is golden in colour, and powdery. 

Hash

Hash is usually sold in brown blocks. Some are dark and some are light brown. Usually, a good way to tell if hash is good quality is to see if it burns like a candle. If it does, then your hash is excellent. Usually hash will be heated before consumption, so that small parts can be separated from the large block. These small parts of hash are then placed in the joint. 

Charas

Charas comes primarily from India and Jamaica. It looks quite similar to hash but is usually darker and sold in balls, rather than blocks. The difference between hash and charas is that the latter is made from the entire cannabis plant, whereas the former is made from dried trichomes. 

Solvent

Shatter

Shatter is an example of cannabis concentrate that is made from butane extraction. The substance is golden in colour and looks like shattered glass. It also looks quite a lot like frozen honey. 

Wax

Wax is very similar to shatter, except it’s slightly more liquidy. Whilst the aroma and potency of wax is almost identical to shatter, it’s the consistency that differs. Wax is opaque and malleable. In addition, wax is dabbed into a joint in order to smoke it. 

Crumble 

The average crumble has THC levels of anywhere from 60-90%. Again, there are many similarities between crumble and the rest of the solvent cannabis concentrates, however the look and consistency is different. Crumble literally crumbles in one’s hands. Crumble is also dabbed in order to use it. 

The Tour Is Now Over

So there you have it, that was a quick and concise whistle stop tour of the cannabis concentrates. There are many other cannabis concentrates that people might mention, and all of them are very slightly different to the next. Like any enthusiasts, cannabis-lovers like to invent and name new cannabis concentrates constantly – even if they look and feel the same as before. Nevertheless, there’s no doubt that cannabis concentrates are a highly potent and quite amazing substance. 

But what’s your favourite cannabis concentrate? Drop us a line in the comment section below!

Thanks for stopping by CBD TESTERS, your hub for all things cannabis-related! Remember to subscribe to The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter for exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other legal products.

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Should THC be Considered a Performance-Enhancing Drug?

When Maradonna and Lance Armstrong were both found to be using performance enhancing drugs, the world had to take a step back and rethink their sports heroes. In many people’s eyes, the greatest footballer and the greatest cyclist had both decided to – in want of a better word – cheat their way to victory. In fact, any use of performance-enhancing drugs – which are decided by the World Anti-Doping Agency – are completely illegal and will cause the user to face suspension or even lifetime bans. However, the question is, what constitutes a performance-enhancing drug?

Why are some drugs chosen to be banned and others aren’t? And, of course, what about THC and cannabis? There is no doubt that certain drugs can give an athlete an unfair advantage, but whether THC sits within this realm is controversial. 

Could THC possibly be used as a performance enhancing drug? What about delta-8 THC? This alternate form of THC provides users with slightly less psychoactive effect, less cloudiness in the head, and more overall energy, which makes it a possibility for active users. Which one is better for you and working out (or just sitting around)? Best way to find out, is to try and see. We’ve got an array of great delta-8 THCdelta 10thcv, thcp, hhc THC-O deals. Pick a product, and give it a shot. See what works best for you! Subscribe to The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter for more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other legal THC products!


Performance Enhancing Drugs

So, what is a drug and what makes it performance enhancing? A drug in its simplest form is: ‘a medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body’. Obviously not all drugs are considered performance-enhancing, as some are prescribed to treat physical or mental health conditions. Therefore, the World Anti-Doping Agency – who have been regulating the use of drugs in sport for millennia – have criteria that decides if a drug should be banned or not. The WADA states that a drug should be banned from sport-use if:

  • It has the potential to enhance sport performance;
  • It represents an actual or potential health risk to the Athlete;
  • It violates the spirit of sport (this definition is outlined in the Code).

As you can see, the criteria is slightly vague and, in a way, all drugs could somehow fit within them. For example, if a athlete uses paracetamol to treat a headache, does that count as performance-enhancing? The most obvious way to decide if a drug would be included in the WADA list would be to judge if it was performance-enhancing or not. Of course there are drugs that have been created and designed to enhance people’s abilities in sports. These same drugs will crop up a lot in various cases where athletes have utilised them for victory. Therefore, let’s take a look at some of the most common performance-enhancing drugs. 

Anabolic Steroids 

Anabolic steroids are used by many athletes to increase their muscle strength. The substance produces testosterone, which is used to help muscle building. For body builders especially, this drug can have some performance-enhancing tendencies. Some more dangerous versions of anabolic steroids are called: ‘designer steroids’. These are designed to be undetectable by drug tests. However, this means that they have not been tested. Some people have suffered infertility and baldness as a consequence of this drug.  

Diuretics 

Diuretics can help decrease an athlete’s weight by changing the natural balance of electrolytes in the body. The decrease of water in the body, which the substance causes, can lead to a ‘prefered’ weight for the athlete. Also, Diuretics is often called the ‘masking’ agent as the dilution of the urine can sometimes help athletes pass drug tests incorrectly. 

Erythropoietin 

Erythropoietin, or EPO, is the same performance-enhancing drug that Lance Armstrong took. Why? Well, EPO is a hormone which is usually used to treat Anemia. The drug increases the amount of oxygen that is carried to the body’s organs. This enhances performance in endurance sports like cycling because it improves the movement of oxygen to the muscles. Again, the overuse of these drugs can cause some detrimental effects.  

What Are The Common Traits?

In order to decide if THC should also be part of the WADA performance-enhancing team, then let’s take a look at what are the common traits in these three stated drugs. In all Diuretics, EPO and Anabolic Steroids, there is an example of a shifting of body functions that changes the way the body creates certain chemicals. This creates a short-term atmosphere within the body that enhances the athlete’s ability. However, over time, this short-term shift can cause negative long-term effects. Does THC do the same?

The Wonders of THC

Let’s first remind ourselves of the wonders of tetrahydrocannabinol before judging if it should or should not be part of the WADA list. THC is a major cannabinoid within the cannabis plant and is responsible for the well-known ‘high’ effects. THC is used both recreationally and medically because of its enjoyable and helpful benefits. Recreationally, it can be used to cause: 

  • Relaxation
  • Euphoria
  • Giggliness
  • Creativity 
  • Amusement
  • Sensory Enhancement

THC is also now being used more to treat physical and mental problems. Although lots of governments around the world have not legalized it, self-medicating THC is common. Here a list of the some of the problems it treats: 

  • Cancer Symptoms
  • Epilepsy
  • Loss of Appetite 
  • Muscle Spasms
  • Chronic Pain 
  • Depression
  • PTSD
  • Anxiety
  • Seizures
  • Tourettes

With THC being used by many people both recreationally and medically, the question is: is it on the World Anti-Doping Agency list?

THC In Sport

WADA considers THC to be a performance-enhancing drug. This is despite the fact that many countries have now legalized THC, such as the Netherlands, Spain and 19 states in America. In 2011, the WADA published a paper in Sports Medicine, which highlighted the reasons why cannabis, and more specifically THC, is on the list of performance-enhancing drugs. 

  • “Athletes who smoke cannabis or Spice in-competition potentially endanger themselves and others because of increased risk taking, slower reaction times and poor executive function or decision making.”
  • “Based on current animal and human studies as well as on interviews with athletes and information from the field, cannabis can be performance enhancing for some athletes and sports disciplines.”
  • “Use of illicit drugs that are harmful to health and that may have performance-enhancing properties is not consistent with the athlete as a role model for young people around the world”.

The most recent case of cannabis in sports was very recently. In June 2021, Sha’Carri Richardson – the female US Olympic sprinter – was found positive for THC in her medical test. She even went on TV and admitted to the use of it, stating that she was using cannabis to deal with the recent death of her mother. She was given a 1 month ban and will now not race in the 100m sprint in the delayed 2020 Tokyo Olympics. This decision, despite being eligible by the WADA rules, has caused much outrage. 

Should THC be considered a Performance-Enhancing Drug?

Whilst the World Anti-Doping Agency has one idea, the answer should surely be a no. It seems that the WADA are stuck in time, unable to accept modern cannabis research and are outright stubborn. Margaret Haney, who is a professor of Nerubiology at Colombia University, states that:

 “the evidence is extraordinary weak…(cannabis).reduces reaction time and has other effects that would worsen performance ”

In fact, the reason why Richardson’s ban was only 1 month in length was because the WADA accepted that her use of cannabis was not to do with the competition, unrelated to sport performance, and was done because she was suffering bereavement. However, they still felt a ban of any length was necessary. 

Overview

If we look at THC and compare it to the other performance-enhancing drugs its hard to see why WADA have included it on the list. THC may enhance senses in an enjoyment sense – colours, sounds and tastes – but ultimately, the benefits of the drug don’t reach a performance-enhancing nature. THC has many benefits but, as any cannabis consumer would tell you, sports and THC certainly do not go hand in hand. Sports could become more enjoyable, like having a beer whilst kicking a football around, but competitive sports is not something that THC would help you with. Some people may argue that THC can calm you down or relax you before competing. However, so can meditation. So can alcohol. So can cigarettes. But what do you reckon? Do you think THC should be considered a performance-enhancing drug?

Thank you for stopping by CBD TESTERS, your hub for all things cannabis-related. Remember to subscribe to The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter for more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other legal THC products.

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Sexually Frustrated Female Cannabis Plants and High-THC Production

Cannabis has been a popular recreational substance for a long time, but the type of weed we consume today has changed dramatically from what our parents and grandparents were smoking decades ago. On average, cannabis available today is about 67% stronger than in the 1970s, and it grows faster and stays smaller in size. Cultivators no longer need 9 full months and space large enough to grow 12-foot-tall plants with buds that only had about 3% THC, if they were lucky. But what factors led to these rapid changes in growth and potency? As it turns out, the secret to getting stronger weed is sexually frustrated female cannabis plants.  

As a dioecious plant, yes, cannabis be either male or female, and yes, it can be sexually frustrated. What you’re smoking on right now are flowers from a female plant; and if your current stash is really dank and covered in sticky THC trichomes, then those buds came from a sexually deprived female.

Cannabis is such a fascinating plant and we continue to learn more about it every day. In addition to learning about the plant itself, we also enjoy exploring the wide array of products available on the market today. If you’re interested in trying fun products, rare cannabinoids, and new strains, make sure to subscribe to The CBD Flowers Weekly Newsletter, your top source for all things cannabis-related. If exotic products is what you want, such as Delta 8, Delta 10 THC, THC-O, & THCV make sure to subscribe below to Delta 8 Weekly, and enjoy from our exclusive deals.


Male vs Female Cannabis Plants

Female cannabis plants produce those large, resin-secreting, psychoactive buds. Females are the industry’s superstar because they’re the ones that produce the most cannabinoids. Anytime you buy weed or look at pictures of marijuana with flowers, you’re looking at female plants.

Male cannabis plants do not grow flowers. Instead, they develop pollen sacs around the nodes and tips of the branches, with which they can pollenate any nearby female plants. When female plants are pollinated, they begin to produce seeds, but since no one wants to smoke low-THC schwag with seeds in it, the males are usually thrown out pretty early.

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On the public side of the cannabis market, females get all the glory. However, when we look more at the botany behind the bud, male plants have some very important functions as well. Like humans, when a female plant is pollinated, half of the genetic makeup of the seeds produced will come from the male plant. Aside from potency and flavor, many other important characteristics can be passed on from male plants including growth rate, bud size and shape, resistance to mold and pests, and general resilience.

The buds we prefer to consume are seedless female plants with good genetics, referred to as “sinsemilla”, which means “without seeds” in Spanish. To ensure that plants will be sinsemilla females, growers can used feminized seeds or grow clones by replanting small clippings from their existing plants.

How To Tell The Difference

At first, you won’t be able to. Once your plants are roughly 4-6 weeks old and entering the flowering stage, you can start looking for “pre-flowers”. Cannabis pre-flowers are comparable to sex organs, and the females’ look quite different from the males’.

To determine their sex, you’ll need to look between the plant’s nodes (where the leaves and branches extend out from the stalk). Males will have pollen sacs to help spread pollen to the female plants, and females develop two bracts and hair-like stigmas to catch the pollen. Click here for a great guide with photos to help you more easily determine sex.

Female Preflowers
Male pollen sacs

Sexually Frustrated Females

Back in the 1970s, cannabis growers made a game-changing cultivation discovery: isolating female plants produced extra potent flowers. When females are pollinated, they halt resin/THC production and begin producing seeds. However, when the sexes are separated, females do not get pollinated and thus, they don’t produce seeds and ramp up the resin production. Sinsemilla weed, on average, has a THC content around 6-10% higher than seeded strains.

Simply put, this cultivation method results in ‘sexually frustrated’ female plants. It’s strange, but it works, and the reason for this is because cannabis is one of the few plant species that elicits a physical response to prolonged virginity. Meaning, the longer she feels ‘sexually deprived’, or the longer pollination is put off, the larger and more resinous her sex organs (flowers) become.

Some growers would go so far as to say their plants are somewhat ‘masochistic’, in addition to being horny. Apparently, when the flowers begin to form, some plants will repeatedly bend their branches to the point of almost breaking, a process that helps facilitate resin production in the buds. As one popular Redditor so eloquently put it, “you’re all high on horny plant vaginas.” It’s strangely accurate.

Cannabis Resin, Pollination, and THC Production

Cannabis resin is a rich brown, sticky, gooey substance found on the flowers and leaves of the plant. It’s similar to tree sap, but the main distinction between the two is that cannabis resin is held together by fatty structures called trichomes. These are the plant’s resin glands that contain THC, CBD, terpenes, flavonoids, and other therapeutic cannabinoids and compounds.

To us, trichomes are an amazing and delicious plant byproduct that offers endless medicinal and recreational benefits; but to the cannabis plant, trichomes are one of its most important defense mechanisms. As cannabis flowers develop, they are vulnerable to so much harmful external stimuli such as pests, infections, herbivores, damaging UV rays, and pollution. In the wild, trichomes offer a certain level of protection from all of these things.

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Additionally, cannabis resin aids in seed production by catching pollen from the male plants. One male plant can produce an estimated 350,000 pollen grains, and cannabis pollen is airborne so a little bit can go a very long way. As a matter of fact, a study published in 2000 found that cannabis pollen made up just under 36% of total airborne pollen counts in Midwest states during harvest months. This is why it’s important to remove the male plants from the grow area as soon as you determine the sex.

The good news is, you don’t have to go through this process every time you want high-THC, seedless flower. Realistically, isolating your female plants would only be necessary if you’re using the male’s genetics to create new strains. To skip the pollination process, a modern grower can either buy already feminized seeds, or use a clone from an existing female plant.

Hermaphroditic Plants

Cannabis is a bit of a rarity because only about 6% of flowering plants are dioecious. However, on rare occasions, hermaphroditic weed plants containing both male and female parts are known to occur. In general, most plants are hermaphroditic, but this is not very common for cannabis. Sometimes, hermaphroditic cannabis plants can self-pollinate, but they usually produce seeds, lower levels of THC, and they can pass on hermaphroditic genes, so they’re not ideal. Also, true hermaphrodites produce sacs that need to rupture.

There are two types of hermaphrodite plants: those that develop both sexual organs (buds and pollen sacs), and those that develop anthers. Anthers are oval-shaped, pollen-producing sacs found at the end of the stamen. Some growers call them “bananas” because of their elongated appearance.

When cannabis plants turn hermaphroditic it’s sometimes referred to as “herming out”. This is usually a result of excessive environmental stress such as damage to the plant’s physical structure, bad weather, disease, and/or nutrient deficiencies. Bad genetics and previous hermaphroditic development can also be a risk factor. Basically, if you notice any pollen sacs or anthers, get that plant away from your females ASAP.

Final Thoughts on Female Cannabis Plants, Sexual Frustration, and THC Production

To reiterate, if you want big, potent buds that are covered in those flavorful, cannabinoid-filled trichomes, the key is sexually frustrated female plants. Cannabis plants basically live to be pollinated and produce more plants, so when pollination doesn’t occur, the female plant begins to overcompensate by creating bigger flowers with thicker resin.

The fact that cannabis plants are dioecious and respond in such complex ways to sexual stimulation (or lack of it), really makes them even more relatable. We are so incredibly connected to the universe around us which makes it that much more important to understand the complexities of other living creatures.

Thank you for stopping by CBD TESTERS, your source for all things cannabis-related. For more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers and other products, subscribe to The CBD Flowers Weekly Newsletter.

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High Potency: How THC-O Acetate Is Made

The question of how a cannabinoid is “made” does not come up very often. That’s because it’s usually pretty simple, they are “made” by the cannabis plant. However, there are a few compounds that are byproducts of phytocannabinoids and some other type of chemical catalyst… meaning they aren’t 100% naturally derived. THC-O Acetate falls under this category. So, how exactly is this exciting and very potent cannabinoid created?

The psychedelic THC-O Acetate sure sounds interesting, and goes to show just how many different products can be made from cannabis. Compounds like that one, THCV, Delta-8 THC and Delta 10 are the newer face of the cannabis industry. We support the expansion of cannabis use, and have some really great deals for delta-8 THC and many other compounds. Take a look at our selection, and join the cutting edge of marijuana use.
To get our latest deals on THC-O vape carts, and to learn more about THC-O potency subscribe to the Delta 8 Weekly newsletter, below:


What is THC-O?

In short, THC-O is an analog of THC, meaning is has a similar chemical structure but, as is the case in chemistry, minor differences often lead to substantial changes. THC-O is short for THC-O-Acetate, or THC Acetate/ATHC. Most of the time you’ll see it written and referred to as THC-O. It’s important not to confuse ATHC with THCA, the parent molecule of THC which found in raw plants that have not yet been decarboxylated.

In tetrahyrdocannabinolic acid (THCA) the A stands for acid, NOT acetate like with ATHC. THCA can be converted to THC-O, but THCA is a natural phytocannabinoid and THC-O is not. THC-O is a synthetic cannabinoid that can only be produced in a laboratory setting, preferably by an experienced chemist. With the rise of DIY technologies, it can be tempting to try and make THC-O yourself, but the process can be difficult and quite dangerous, so it’s best left to the professionals.  

Because it is an artificially produced cannabinoid, what you see is what you get – meaning all you get is THC-O and none of the beneficial terpenes and flavonoids that are found in natural oils. This is an obvious issue for whole-plant advocates and proponents of the entourage effects, but when it comes to pharmaceutical formulations, isolated cannabinoids are always preferred.

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The purity of these compounds means that 1 milligram of isolate equals measures out to exactly 1 milligram of cannabinoid, whereas 1 milligram of full-spectrum plant extract might have 0.5 milligrams of THC, 0.3 milligrams of CBD, and 0.2 combination of other terpenes and compounds. This makes isolate very easy to use for specific dosing and product production.

According to Serge Chistov, the inventor of Nanobidiol Technology, says his team has found a safe and efficient method to acetylate THC using only approved solvents. Chistov says his team “developed the analytical standard for testing for THC-O, as well as being in the final stages of introducing products to retail outlets.” So, if everything stays on track, we can expect to see THC-O therapeutics relatively soon.

THC-O Acetate: More Potent, Psychedelic and Spiritual Than Delta 9 THC

THC-O potency: Delta-9 THC vs THC-O

We already know that THC and THC-O are chemically similar, but that small variation in molecular structure translates to a huge difference in potency. While it may seem like a stretch, this is very common in chemistry – think CO vs CO2, the former being a manmade potentially dangerous substance, and the latter a natural gas required for plant and human life. Another well-known example is H2O vs H2O2, water vs hydrogen peroxide. Small molecular changes can make a world of difference.  

To be specific, THC-O potency is so high, that THC-O is considered to be three to four times stronger than Delta 9 THC. There are times when THC, despite how amazing it is, doesn’t seem powerful enough to accomplish the task at hand, especially when used for pain, digestive disorders, and other chronic health conditions. THC-O is not only much more potent, but our bodies recognize it as a completely different compound. This means THC-O can be used in place of Delta 9 THC if you have built up a tolerance.

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“The prodrug [THC-O] enters the system as a Trojan horse. The body sees the horse, the body tries to destroy the horse, keeping the insides of the horse available for the body to process. This means the THC inside of the prodrug preparation will not be metabolized into 11-hydroxy-THC at the same rate and speed as the native THC molecule. That change in the metabolic perception of the body is what is partially responsible for the effect that most people describe as different,” Chistov explains.

Even recreationally, it has its place in the industry, and honestly, it sounds like a lot of fun. There is a huge market of people searching for cannabis products with more of a kick, which is exactly how concentrates came to be. It’s certainly not for everyone, but for people who like to experiment with pot products and psychedelics (myself included), it sounds like something worth trying at least once.

Those who have had the opportunity to try it claim that THC-O produces a much more spiritual, psychedelic, and introspective high than what they are used to from Delta 8, 9, or 10. Even habitual cannabis users noticed a difference. As a daily user, this alone has me sold, and I know many other people who feel the exact same way (hey subscribers, products will be available in our newsletter very soon!)

How THC-O is Made

Circling back, let’s talk a bit more about the THCA and THC-O connection. I have already covered the difference between the two (acid vs acetate), now it’s time to discuss how THCA can be converted to THC-O. Again, it’s a complex chemical process that should only be attempted by experienced chemists, this is NOT something that can be done safely at home.

In raw cannabis plants, cannabinoids are found in carboxylic acid from. Carboxylic acids are any of class of organic compounds in which a carbon atom is bonded to a hydroxyl group via a single bond, and to an oxygen atom by a double bond. When exposed to heat, the compounds lose their carboxylic acid groups and become the cannabinoids most consumers are familiar with.

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Carboxylic acid and hydroxyl groups are both polar and hydrophilic, meaning small amounts of THCA (or any other cannabinoid acid) are water soluble. Using two chemicals – sulfuric acid and acetic anhydride – the conversion can begin. Summarized, the process goes like this: THCA + heat > D9 + sulfuric acid + acetic anhydride = THC-O Acetate. When THCA is converted to THC-O, the polar C-OH becomes C-O-CH2C=O-CH3. The carboxylic acid group is hydrolyzed by the heating with the sulfuric acid, which then reacts with excess anhydride to produce acetic acid. This acid reacts with regular THC at the hydroxyl group and becomes the potent THC-O-Acetate.

To reiterate, sulfuric acid and acetic anhydride are both very corrosive and hazardous chemicals that should not be in the hands of amateurs and everyday consumers. Attempting this process at home is incredibly risky.

THC-O Acetate Production – Final Thoughts

THC-O is such an interesting compound. Not only is it four times stronger than Delta 9, which as far as we know, is the most potent of THC’s, but it is so pure and had limitless therapeutic potential. You might be eager to try it, but since it’s too risky to make at home, your best bet is to check out some of the existing products the are just hitting the store shelves. For more articles like this one, and for access to exclusive deals on all the newest, rare cannabinoid products, make sure to subscribe to The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter.

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THC-O Acetate: More Potent, Psychedelic and Spiritual Than Delta 9 THC

THC-O gets very little attention in the cannabis industry and most consumers are probably completely unaware of its existence, but wrongfully so as it is many times more potent than Delta 9 THC and said to produce very uplifting and spiritual experiences. The purity, strength, and consistency of this compound could have several implications for both the medical and recreational markets.

The emergence of THC-O can take the world of cannabis into a whole new direction. However, we know way less about it than we do about delta-8 THC, another newcomer to the cannabis products market. Delta-8 is interesting because it functions much like delta-9 THC, but without producing anxiety and paranoia, or couch locking users. In fact, delta-8 is associated with a more clear-headed high and more energy in general, which makes it preferable for many cannabis users. Are you one of them? Check out our assortment of Delta-8 THC deals and order some today.

What is THC-O?

THC-O is short for THC-O-Acetate, or THC Acetate/ATHC. Most of the time, you’ll see it written as THC-O or ATHC. It’s important not to confuse ATHC with THCA. In tetrahyrdocannabinolic acid, or THCA, the A stands for acid (not acetate like with ATHC). THCA is the parent molecule of THC, found in raw plants that have not yet been decarboxylated.

THC-O is a synthetic cannabinoid that can only be produced in a lab. While it may be tempting to try and make some at home, the process can be volatile and dangerous, so it’s best left to the chemists. In short, THC-O is an analog of THC, meaning is has a similar chemical structure but, as is the case in chemistry, minor differences often lead to substantial changes.

Because it’s an artificially produced cannabinoid, what you see is what you get – meaning all you get is THC-O and none of the beneficial terpenes and flavonoids that are found in natural oils. This is an obvious issue for whole-plant advocates and proponents of the entourage effects, but when it comes to pharmaceutical formulations, isolated cannabinoids are always preferred.

The purity of these compounds means that 1 milligram of isolate equals measures out to exactly 1 milligram of cannabinoid, whereas 1 milligram of full-spectrum plant extract might have 0.5 milligrams of THC, 0.3 milligrams of CBD, and 0.2 combination of other terpenes and compounds. This makes isolate very easy to use for specific dosing and product production.

According to Serge Chistov, the inventor of Nanobidiol Technology, says his team has found a safe and efficient method to acetylate THC using only approved solvents. Chistov says his team “developed the analytical standard for testing for THC-O, as well as being in the final stages of introducing products to retail outlets.” So, if everything stays on track, we can expect to see THC-O therapeutics relatively soon.

The THCA to THC-O Conversion

Back to the THCA vs ATHC/THC-O. We covered the difference between the two (acid vs acetate), now it’s time to discuss how THCA can be converted to THC-O. Again, it’s a complex chemical process that should only be attempted in a professional laboratory setting, this is NOT something that can be done safely at home.

Carboxylic acid and hydroxyl groups are both polar and hydrophilic, meaning small amounts of THCA (or any other cannabinoid acid) are water soluble. Using two chemicals – sulfuric acid and acetic anhydride – begins the conversion process.

When THCA is converted to THC-O- Acetate, the polar C-OH becomes C-O-CH2C=O-CH3. The carboxylic acid group is hydrolyzed (forms water) by the heating with the sulfuric acid, which then reacts with excess anhydride to produce acetic acid. This acid reacts with regular THC at the hydroxyl group and becomes the potent THC-O-Acetate.

THC-O is 300 Percent More Potent Than THC

We already know that THC and THC-O are chemically similar, but that small variation in molecular structure translates to a huge difference in potency. To be specific, THC-O is about 300 percent stronger than regular Delta 9 THC (a 300 percent increase would be 4 the original value). It really makes you appreciate the tremendous impact of these tiny molecules.

There are times when THC, despite how amazing it is, doesn’t seem powerful enough to accomplish the task at hand, especially when used for pain, digestive disorders, and other chronic health conditions. THC-O is not only much more potent, but our bodies recognize it as a completely different compound, so although you may have developed a tolerance to THC, you can still use THC-O and experience the full effects.

“The prodrug [THC-O] enters the system as a Trojan horse. The body sees the horse, the body tries to destroy the horse, keeping the insides of the horse available for the body to process. This means the THC inside of the prodrug preparation will not be metabolized into 11-hydroxy-THC at the same rate and speed as the native THC molecule. That change in the metabolic perception of the body is what is partially responsible for the effect that most people describe as different,” Chistov explains.

Even recreationally, it has its place and definitely sounds like fun. There is a huge market of people searching for more potent cannabis products, which is exactly how concentrates came to be. It might sound intimidating to some, being considerably stronger than D9 THC, but for people who like to experiment with psychedelics (myself included), it sounds like something worth trying at least once.

Those who have had the opportunity to try it have state that it’s a much more spiritual, psychedelic, and introspective high than what they are used to from regular THC. Even regular cannabis users noticed a difference. This alone has me sold, and I know many other people who feel the exact same way (hey subscribers, stay tuned for when products begin to launch).

Final Thoughts

Although THC-O is very tempting and highly beneficial, you’re unlikely very many products containing this compound just yet. Some online retailers are selling THC-O vape carts and similar, but without knowing much about these companies it’s hard to say whether the products are legit or not. When it comes to cannabis, especially newer compounds, it’s best to stick to the most reputable retailers you can find. If you need guidance, you can always check with your local dispensary to see if they have any leads, although it is not guaranteed they will know where to find any.

Regardless, if you can find it, THC-O is a wonderful cannabinoid for both therapeutic and recreational purposes. The acetate version of THC can be helpful when the real compound doesn’t work as expected. And, since every human is at least slightly different biologically, some patients need different products to achieve the desired effect. “Because THC-O-Ac affects the receptors differently, the effect might be beneficial to people who might not receive relief from conventional THC or other formulations,” Chistov says.

As cannabis legalization measures continue to progress throughout the world, more will be available to us in both the recreational and pharmaceutical sectors. Once the research floodgates open up completely, we can look forward to some incredibly pure and potent cannabis products hitting the store shelves. For now, remember to check out or Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter for more articles and exclusive deals on legal psychoactive cannabinoids.

Thank you for stopping by CBDtesters.co, the #1 location for the most relevant cannabis-related news from around the world. Give the site a read-thru every day to stay on top of the ever-changing world of legal marijauna, and sign up to receive our newsletter, so you’re always in the know.

Resources

Exploring Raw Cannabinoids – What is THCa and What Can it Do For You?
It’s Not Your Parents’ THC – Welcome Cannabidiolic Acid Methyl Ester The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter (All you need to know about Delta 8 thc), the Best Delta 8 THC Deals and the Best Delta-10 THC deals CBG, CBN & CBC: Benefits of the Lesser Known Cannabinoids
Delta 8 / 9 / 10 / 11… How Many THCs Are Out There? Extra Potent 11-hydroxy-THC and the Power of Cannabis Edibles
The Question of Delta-8: Recreational or Medicinal?
Delta 10 THC Disposables
What is Delta 10 THC & Does it gets you high?

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Misconceptions About CBD Explained – For One, It’s Psychoactive!

CBD has been the motor powering the cannabis legalization movement. As the part of the plant deemed ‘non-psychoactive’, CBD has gotten a pass that the rest of the plant has not. And this is great! But it’s also led to some rather intense confusion, and longstanding misconceptions.

Are you a delta-8 user? You know, the alternate form of THC that leaves users energetic and clear-headed, without the anxiety produced by delta-9 THC, the standard THC associated with cannabis? Good choice, if you are. Not only are you experiencing THC in a different way, but you’re at the forefront of cannabis technology. We’re here to make sure you’ve got what you need, with a range of Delta-8 THC deals to keep your shelves stocked.

Why are we talking about CBD?

CBD – cannabidiol – came into the spotlight around 2018, with the advent of the most recent US Farm Bill. The US Farm Bill is a range of legislation that governs the agricultural world, like what can be grown and how, crop insurance for farmers, farmer training, sustainable farming practices, and ways to get healthy food for low-income families. Basically, anything covered under farming and food, is governed by the Farm Bill, which is put out every five years (approximately).

The 2014 Farm Bill legalized ‘non-viable hemp material’ sales in states with participation in the Hemp Pilot Program. The 2018 Us Farm Bill removed hemp from the Controlled Substances list, making the production and sale of products possible on a large scale. Since cannabis is federally illegal, in order to do this, the definition for ‘hemp’ was set at the following, allowing for a break from the rest of the plant and the ability for a different set of regulatory laws:

“…the plant Cannabis Sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”

CBD oil

Effects of the Farm Bill

This, of course, opened up a huge debate about the legality of compounds like delta-8 THC, which is minutely different from delta-9 THC. Though delta-8’s illegality is based on several factors including the Federal Analogue Act, and the inability to have more than .3% in a finished product (as specified by the Interim Final Rule and Final Rule), the US government did make a quiet move to ban it fully by officially putting the words ‘delta-8 THC’ on the Controlled Substances list (page 17). It was updated to include in ‘other names’ for ‘tetrahydrocannabinols’, “THC, Delta-8 THC, Delta-9 THC, dronabinol and Others”, with the ‘and others’ denoting any other relevant compound with the same chemical formula.

However, though delta 8 THC didn’t make it, it did create itself a little industry. And more importantly than that, CBD became the new darling of the medical world. The basis for this is that CBD is not psychoactive like other components of the plant. Since CBD can be easily sourced from low-THC hemp plants, the compound was able to slip through to legalization, even getting a global legalization by being rescheduled in the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs treaty in 2020.

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What does ‘psychoactive’ mean, and does it apply to CBD?

According to ScienceDirect, the definition of a psychoactive drug is a “chemical substance that acts primarily upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness and behavior.” The site goes on to make this statement, which is highly important:

“These drugs may be used recreationally to purposefully alter one’s consciousness (such as coffee, alcohol or cannabis), as entheogens for spiritual purposes (such as the mescaline-containing peyote cactus or psilocybin-containing mushrooms), and also as medication (such as the use of narcotics in controlling pain, stimulants to treat narcolepsy and attention disorders, as well as anti-depressants and anti-psychotics for treating neurological and psychiatric illnesses).”

If you’ll notice, this includes some of the main functional medical components of CBD – it controls pain, can treat attention disorders, and is considered for its anti-depressant effects. In fact, I doubt there’s anyone out there who can say they took CBD, and didn’t feel different. That feeling different is a psychoactive effect, and CBD most certainly creates it. CBD is a psychoactive compound, and I say this as a statement, since it meets the medical definition of psychoactive. It just doesn’t cause euphoria.

Where did this ‘non-psychoactive’ idea come from, when it so obviously is by definition? The term ‘psychoactive’ in the context of CBD, seems to have been confused with the idea of being ‘very high’ or intoxicated. My guess, is that to show CBD doesn’t create the same kind of high as other parts of the plant, the term ‘non-psychoactive’ was applied. Does it really not make a person high? I’ve taken it plenty of times, and I’d say the feeling it gives is tantamount to a minor high, and even without that, it certainly changed how I was feeling.

cannabis is psychoactive

Unfortunately, with a massive market out there that depends on marketing strategies to sell products, and tons of writers trying to make a buck, these inconsistencies have been repeated over time until they became a part of standard culture, so much so that they’re not questioned anymore. Until someone like me feels like writing about it.

CBD might be a THC

This to me is the much more interesting misconception about CBD. The term ‘THC’ is often used colloquially to refer specifically to ‘delta-9 THC’, the standard THC associated with cannabis plants. But that’s the equivalent of using slang, it doesn’t modify the actual definition. In fact, the term ‘THC’, simply denotes the term ‘tetrahydrocannabinols’. The term ‘tetrahydrocannabinols’ – which is the term found in the Controlled Substances list as a Schedule I substance, regulated by DEA criminal code 7370 – refers to many different compounds.

The reason for this, is that it denotes a chemical formula. All drugs on the Controlled Substances list, are ultimately attached to their chemical formulas. The chemical formula for tetrahydrocannabinols is this: C21H30O2. If you’re thinking ‘that makes sense, that’s the chemical formula for THC’, you’re correct! That goes for delta-9 THC, delta-8 THC, delta-10 THC, or any other delta THC. This is because they are all isomers of each other, in this case, stereoisomers, that are completely identical except for the placement of a double bond.

An isomer in general, refers to two compounds that have the exact same chemical formula, but differ in structure. There are different kinds of isomers depending on how the structures differ from each other. Delta-8 and delta-9 are double bond stereoisomers because they differ only in the placement of a double bond.

This is where it gets trickier. CBD has the same chemical formula as delta-9 THC. The two compounds are isomers of each other. By definition of having that chemical formula, CBD could be defined as a tetrahydrocannabinol as well. Much like with the term ‘psychoactive’ to denote ‘high’, it seems this may have been made purposefully confusing to users, but not for a bad reason. Let’s be honest, chemistry ain’t easy, and most people aren’t functionally trained to understand it.

Trying to explain to the masses – who are only just becoming okay with cannabis – that the component being pushed for its medical benefits is the same chemical formula as the part of the plant that’s been demonized for decades, would’ve been more difficult.

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The idea that CBD fits under the umbrella term of tetrahydrocannabinols is backed up in the medical-dictionary, where the first definition of ‘tetrahydrocannabinol’ is: “the active principle of cannabis, occurring in two isomeric forms, both considered psychomimetically active.” This implies both delta-9 and CBD, though neither is directly stated.

The second definition is: “A compound, C21H30O2, obtained from cannabis or made synthetically, that is the primary intoxicant in marijuana and hashish.” It could be argued this only relates to delta-9, but as ‘delta-9’ isn’t specifically stated, and the wording is ‘a compound’ with the chemical formula, it doesn’t rule out other compounds then delta-9. The idea that CBD IS psychoactive means it can be called an ‘intoxicant’. Let’s remember that caffeine is considered an intoxicant, and it doesn’t make a person high.

isomers THC and CBD

And a third definition: “Tetrahydrocannabinol – Any of a family of compounds present in Cannabis sativa var indica, the major constituent of which is the Δ1-3,4-trans isomer, 9Δ-THC.” Though this doesn’t rule out that only delta THCs are included, along with the other two definitions, it points to both CBD and delta-9 being included.

When looking at the DEA’s 2003 Clarification of Listing of “Tetrahydrocannabinols” in Schedule I, it actually specifically says this: “Furthermore, the commonly understood meaning of “Tetrahydrocannabinols” includes both natural THC and synthetic THC, since “Tetrahydrocannabinols” is simply a name that refers collectively to a category of chemicals–regardless of whether such chemicals occur in nature or are synthesized in a laboratory.” While this is technically talking about classifying synthetic THCs, it also backs up the idea that the term ‘tetrahydrocannabinols’, refers to a ‘category of chemicals’, NOT specifically delta-9 THC.

Why doesn’t the public know this?

By creating this separation, it allows the public to think of CBD differently. Part of the reason for this separation might have been for defining CBD as ‘non-psychoactive’, without the confusion of its half-brother delta-9 getting in the way. By creating a definition for hemp, CBD was able to legally move away from its delta half-brothers in terms of what it’s regulated by, but this does nothing to change the fact that its chemical definition, seems to be as a tetrahydrocannabinol. When looking back at the Farm Bill and the definition of hemp, you’ll notice it doesn’t use the term ‘THC’, it specifically names ‘delta-9 THC’, since simply saying ‘THC’, could include so many other compounds.

It should be mentioned, just because two compounds share the same chemical formula, it doesn’t mean they ever have to be scheduled the same. Delta-9 THC and CBD have different effects, related to their different configurations, so it does make sense to view them differently. In reference to drug scheduling lists, the DEA makes this statement: “These lists describe the basic or parent chemical and do not necessarily describe the salts, isomers and salts of isomers, esters, ethers and derivatives which may also be classified as controlled substances.” This means that though similar, related substances might be controlled the same way, they don’t have to be.

This is shown in this Wikipedia listing of different drugs that fall under the chemical formula of C21H30O2. Some of the entries on this list are actually hormones, which quite obviously would not put them under the title of tetrahydrocannabinols. In this listing, tetrahydrocannabinols are separate from CBDs, which does give more credence to the idea of them being two completely separate groups of cannabinoids.

psychoactive CBD

In the end, it can probably be argued in either direction, as there is plenty to back up CBD as a tetrahydrocannabinol, and as a separate cannabinoid not under that heading. Of course, the medical dictionary definition does state that tetrahydrocannabinols are anything with that chemical formula that come from marijuana or hash (its good to remember here that ‘marijuana’ used to be the only term to denote the plant), and this would imply that even with non-cannabinoid compounds under the same formula that are obviously not THCs, that CBD is.

CBD, and its closely related isomers form their own group of cannabinoids. In today’s world, this category is looked at as being different from tetrahydrocannabinols, however, medical definitions seem to point in a different direction. Much like with ‘psychoactive’ starting to denote the term ‘high’, even though this is not a medical definition, so has ‘tetrahydrocannabinols’ been altered in common slang to denote only delta-9 THC, when in fact, it applies to many other compounds.

Conclusion

The idea that CBD is indeed psychoactive, or technically fits under the umbrella category of tetrahydrocannabinols, doesn’t make a lot of difference for most people, and it shouldn’t. I point this out today as a way of showing how information gets shifted, changed, and then repeated into what seems like truth. However, simply repeating things lots of times doesn’t make it true. CBD is psychoactive, and though it is within its own set of cannabinoids, it still remains the same chemical formula denoted by ‘tetrahydrocannabinols’.

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Resources

The Question of Delta-8: Recreational or Medicinal?
Cannabis Remains Schedule I After UN Vote
What is Delta 10 THC & does it gets you high?
The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter (All you need to know about Delta 8 thc), the Best Delta 8 THC Deals and the Best Delta-10 THC deals

The US Government Secretly Illegalized Delta-8 THC Colorado Just Banned Delta-8 THC! Who’s Next?
CBD Is Not Dangerous Drug, Says Israel

The LGBTQ Community Fought for Cannabis Reform, Now the Industry is Leaving Them Behind

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

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