Deal Of The Day: 25% Off Liquid Diamonds Live Resin Disposables

Have you tried the new ‘Liquid Diamonds‘ 3G live resin disposables? With an effective blend of THC-X, THC-B, THC-JD, PHC, Delta 8 & Delta 10 these high-potency vapes will take your vaping experience to the next level. Take advantage of our ‘Deal of the day’ and get these strong vapes with an additional 25% discount, using the Delta25 coupon code.

What is live resin and why should you care?

Live resin is a type of cannabis extract that is made using fresh, frozen cannabis plants rather than dried and cured buds. The process of making live resin involves flash-freezing the plants shortly after they are harvested, which preserves the terpenes and other flavorful compounds that can be lost during the drying and curing process. The resulting extract has a distinct, terpene-rich flavor and aroma, and is often used in vaporizers, as well as for making edibles and other cannabis products.

While many disposables use terpenes and some have a great aroma, live resin vape disposables and carts have a distinct flavor which you could almost smell the plant! Choose this product if you want to feel the true flavors of this amazing plant. Take advantage of our ‘d’Deal of the day’ and get the high-potency ‘Liquid Diamonds’ vapes for an additional 25% discount, using the Delta25 coupon code.

Click here to buy live resin disposables and carts

(With ‘Delta25’ coupon code)

As always, the best deals on live resin disposables and carts are saved for the subscribers of the Cannadelics Newsletter.
Sign-in below and get ourweekly deals and discounts:


 Want to learn more about live resin disposables?  
Subscribe to our Weekly Newsletter


‘Liquid Diamonds’ Live Resin Disposables and Carts

(25% Discount with ‘Delta25’ coupon code)

Liquid Diamonds Live Resin Disposables and Carts

We are excited to announce the arrival of a new and innovative product to the market – the ‘Liquid Diamonds’ live resin disposables, made from potent blend of THC-X, THC-B, THC-jd, PHC, Delta-8 THC, Delta-10 THC, and Live Resin. These cutting-edge disposable vape is designed to deliver the latest and most effective high-potency cannabinoids in a sleek and discreet package.

The live resin disposable vape is a 3-gram vape that comes in a sleek and compact design, making it easy to use and carry around with you wherever you go. The discreet design ensures that you can use it in public without drawing attention to yourself.

This disposable vape is filled with live resin extract, a type of cannabis extract that is known for its high potency and purity. The live resin extract is made from fresh, flash-frozen cannabis flowers, which preserves the valuable terpenes and cannabinoids, resulting in a more flavorful and potent vape experience.

So, if you are looking for a premium product that will give you the best experience and convenience, this live resin disposable vape is a must-try. Stay tuned for its release and be ready to grab yours today!

And to make this amazing product even better, we are offering an exclusive coupon code “Delta25” which will give you an additional 25% off the already great price of the disposable vape. This means you can get this high-quality product at an unbeatable price, making it the perfect choice for anyone looking for an affordable and effective way to consume cannabinoids.

Keep in mind that this offer is only available for a limited time, so don’t hesitate to take advantage of this great deal. This is a great opportunity to try out this new and exciting product and see for yourself the benefits that it can offer. With the added discount, it makes it a deal hard to miss.

Choose between: Cherry Bomb (Sativa), Unicorn Piss (Indica) and Cereal Milk (Hybrid).

TIP: Take advantage of the current deal and get an additional 25% discount using the Delta25 coupon code.

Click HERE to buy live resin disposables

(With “Delta25” coupon code)

Three products to choose from: Sativa, Indica and Hybrid

The new ‘liquid Diamonds’ line consists on three live resin disposables to choose from: Cherry Bomb (Sativa), Unicorn Piss (Indica) and Cereal Milk (Hybrid). Each one of them is made by the same effective blend of THC-X, THC-B, THC-jd, PHC, Delta-8 THC, Delta-10 THC, and Live Resin.

Unicorn Piss Live Resin Disposables 3G

(Save 25% with Delta25 coupon)

Unicorn Piss Live Resin Disposables 3G - Save 25% with Delta25 Coupon Code
Unicorn Piss Live Resin Disposables 3G – Save 25% with Delta25 Coupon Code

The magical Unicorn Piss strain id a smooth and stimulating Indica strain. Thanks to the live resin, it offers great flavors of citrus and sour notes.


Cereal Milk Live Resin Disposables 3G

(Save 25% with Delta25 coupon)

Cereal Milk Live Resin Disposables 3G - Save 25% with Delta25 Coupon Code
Cereal Milk Live Resin Disposables 3G – Save 25% with Delta25 Coupon Code

This well-balanced hybrid strain has notes of creamy vanilla, along with sweet notes of ice cream-like flavors.


Cannalope Haze Live Resin Disposables 3G

(Save 25% with Delta25 coupon)

Cannalope Haze 3G - Save 25% with Delta25 Coupon Code
Cannalope Haze Live Resin Disposables 3G – Save 25% with Delta25 Coupon Code

The Cannalope Haze strain is a delicious Sativa strain with a delightful flavor of melons and tropical fruit mix.

lick HERE to buy live resin disposables

(With “Delta25” coupon code)

Learn more about live resin disposables

What is THC-X?

THC-X is an invented blend of high-potency cannabinoids that goes into various products in addition to the specified cannabinoids listed. Whenever you see THC-X remember it is not a new cannabinoid but an in-house blend that the company has mixed and labeled THC-X. While many companies might use this term ‘THC-X’, each company has its own blend which is unique and you won’t find that formula anywhere else!

What is THC-B?

THC-B AKA Tetrahydrocannabutol, is a psychoactive cannabinoid not so different than Delta-9 THC, the ‘regular’ THC we all know from Cannabis. There are many reports on whether it is stronget or weaker than Delta-9, but as everything is so new, we will relate to it as close relative, until we know better. All that said, as with each new cannabinoid introduced, you should should always start low and grow slow, until you learn how exactly this specific cannabinoid affects you.

What is THCjd?

Another interestin cannabinoid, which we see in several products is Tetrahydrocannabioctyl (THCjd). Some companies claim that THCjd is up to 19 times more potent than Delta-9 THC. While this might be true, more studies are needed to verify this strong claim. As with THC-B (above) you should take it easy with these new high-potency cannabinoids, and slow down your ‘puffs’ until you find your perfect spot.

What is PHC?

PHC is another new cannabinoid, which is very similar to Delta 11. It is claimed that the psychoactive effects from these two cannabinoids have the same intense like the ones coming from edibles, even when they are inhaled, vaped or smoked! That is a very strong claim which will be tested in the next few months. However, if it’s true, it means it is a very high-potency product!

What is Delta 10 THC?

Delta 10 THC is another common cannabinoid extracted from Hemp. Unlike Delta 8, Delta 9 or HHC it is not such a common one to be used in products, but it has its advantages so we are starting to see it more and more in blends.

Liquid Diamonds Live Resin Disposables and Carts

What are disposables or disposable vapes

Disposable vapes, AKA disposables, disposable e-cigarettes or dispos, are small, discreet electronic device that is used for vaping. Disposables usually consist of a battery, heating element, and a pre-filled cartridge with some e0liquid, such as live rosin liquid diaminds blend in this case. Disposables can be single used or frechargables.

Disposable vapes are very popular as they are discreet, very easy to use and convenient to travel with. The current 3g live resin disposables have a capacity of 3 grams, which is starting to become the new norm. That means you will be able to use for a long time until you run out of product.

What are live resin disposables

Like the name suggested, live resin disposables are filled with live resin extract. Live resin disposables are famous for their great taste and distinct, terpene-rich aroma. They have become very popular among cannabis users who are looking for these specific strong flavors.

What are the benefits of using disposables

There are several benefits of using disposable vapes, including: convenience, portability, cost-effective, variety, discreetness and trendiness.

It’s worth noting that disposable vapes are not sustainable option and are not freindly to the environment, as they are used once and then thrown away.

How should you store live rosin disposables

Disposable vapes should be stored in a cool, dry place to ensure that the extract does not degrade or evaporate. Extreme temperatures, such as high heat or cold, can cause the extract to lose its flavor and potency, and may also damage the battery or other components of the device.

In addition you should keep disposables away from direct sunlight.

When possible try to keep them in their original packaging until you are ready to use them, to protect the device from damage. Keep an eye for the expiration date, also specified on the package.

Unlike carts, disposables are not meant to be refilled or reused.

What are the environmental concerns with disposables

The environmental concerns with disposable vapes include: plastic waste, chemical waste and battery waste. Also currently there are limited recycling options, which is another big issue.

It’s important to be aware of these environmental concerns and to dispose the vapes properly. Some ways to reduce the environmental impact of disposables include: proper disposal and proper battery disposal.

What are the main differences between sativa, indica or hybrid disposables

The main differences between sativa, indica, and hybrid disposables are the effects they produce, which are determined by the strains of cannabis or the terpenes used.

Sativa disposable vapes are producing uplifting and energizing effects. They can provide a boost of creativity, focus and can be used to combat fatigue, depression, and anxiety.

Indica disposable are producing relaxing and sedative effects. They can provide a sense of calm, and can be used to combat insomnia, pain, and muscle tension.

Hybrid disposable can produce effects that are a combination of both sativa and indica strains. They often provide a balanced experience of both energy and relaxation.

Exclusive discounts on top-selling products

And for those looking to save even more on premium products like this disposable vape, we highly recommend subscribing to our newsletter. By subscribing, you’ll receive exclusive discounts and promotions on our top-selling products every week, allowing you to buy them at the lowest prices in the market.

You’ll be the first to know about new arrivals, limited-time deals, and special promotions. This will give you an opportunity to try out new products at a discounted price and make sure you always have the best deals available.

So, don’t miss out on this great opportunity to save big on premium products like this disposable vape and many more. Subscribe to our newsletter today, and start saving on the products you love!

The post Deal Of The Day: 25% Off Liquid Diamonds Live Resin Disposables appeared first on Cannadelics.

Aroma, Taste and Flavor at Puffin Farms

Gassy and pungent or fruity and sweet, dank herb can really offer the senses a scintillating experience. But when it comes to the reason why certain cannabis cultivars smell and taste the way they do, the truth is in the terpenes.

Terpenes are a diverse group of compounds produced by a variety of plants. Thousands of terpenes are found in nature, but there appear to be a select number present in cannabis, where they also play a huge part in the varying effects each unique strain offers. 

Puffin Farms — a Washington-based, Clean Green Certified, sungrown, adult-use cannabis company about to enter their seventh grow season — takes terps seriously. 

“We only select strains [to cultivate] that have fragrant terpene profiles,” said Jade Stefano, co-founder and CEO of Puffin Farms.

Located along the Yakima River in Washington State, Puffin Farms specializes in sustainably sungrown cannabis.

Also a board-certified naturopathic physician, Stefano insists the team personally tests any potential cultivars prior to agreeing to produce them.

“We have to love how the aroma comes across, as well as how it tastes when we smoke it,” she said.

The company also works to preserve the robust terpene profiles of the strains they grow, gaining a fan base for their wide product catalogue, which includes bud, rosin, bubble hash, “trifecta” joints dipped in CO2 oil and rolled in kief or bubble hash, and their patented EVFO (short for extra virgin flower oil) concentrate.

“Our focus has been on terpenes ever since Puffin was started,” Director of Extracts Jeff Wilhoit said. “They’re the number one thing we strive to keep in their natural state. They’re just as important as cannabinoids to modulate your high.”

A large cola of Tangerine, one of Puffin Farms’ sativa dominant strains.

Not All Marijuana 

Stefano is quick to point out that just because an individual cultivar contains certain terpenes, does not mean their outcomes will be the same from strain to strain. 

“Terpenes synergize in different ways depending on ratios [within the plant], so you may not get an expected effect,” she said, noting that the entourage effect, or the understanding that the compounds present in cannabis work best in synergy with each other, is the true explanation for how strains work.

“You’re never going to get that beautiful, complicated flavor from an attempt at recreating a cannabis strain.”

For example, if you see limonene present, you may assume it’s an uplifting strain, but the presence of other terps may actually make its effects more relaxing. Additionally, every person’s physiology is unique, meaning individual results may vary.

Some producers are also using plant-derived terpenes (or even synthetically produced terps) in their concentrates, mostly to cut costs. Consumers must be diligent in reading product labels in order to know what they’re actually ingesting.

Strawberry Cough.

Stefano argues there’s no way to synthesize what Mother Nature already offers.

“I don’t think you can ever achieve what the plant will achieve when it expresses its own genetic potential of a terpene profile,” she said. “You’re never going to get that beautiful, complicated flavor from an attempt at recreating a cannabis strain.”

Sniff Smart

So how do you figure out which cultivar is best for you? Researching anecdotal accounts of strain effects is definitely key, but the team at Puffin Farms also recommends keeping a personal journal outlining your experiences after consuming different terpene profiles.

Dr. Jane Stefano.

Stefano also says to follow your nose. “People should take some time to smell their cannabis and really use their nose to guide them,” she said. “If you like the smell of it, chances are that’s a really good fit for your physiology and for your preferences, because that aroma that makes you feel good when you sniff is going to have a similar effect when you go to consume it.”

This story was originally published in the print edition of Cannabis Now.

The post Aroma, Taste and Flavor at Puffin Farms appeared first on Cannabis Now.

Can You Get High Off Terpenes? Maybe…

The more we learn about weed, the more we learn about the different compounds within, and how those compounds affect our health and how we feel. When we talk about feeling high, we’re generally talking about the THC aspect, or even the CBD. But what about terpenes? Is it possible to get high off terpenes, and if so, which ones are best for this purpose?

What does it mean to get high?

Kind of weird question, right? To a certain degree, we all understand what this means, but at the same time, there are sometimes misconceptions. Consider people who never do drugs. Their idea of what ‘high’ means could be very different from a person who regularly uses different substances. And getting high off of different drugs produces different subjective experiences. So how do we define this idea?

According to Wictionary, the term to ‘get high’ means “To intoxicate oneself with drugs or other substances.” Merriam-Webtser uses the word ‘stoned’, and defines it as 1) “Drunk sense,” or 2) “Being under the influence of a drug (such as marijuana) taken especially for pleasure : high.”

These definitions are interesting. Both say that it involves taking something, but the first definition also implies that it merely involves intoxication, which itself does not have to be a pleasurable experience. Intoxication is defined as 1) “The condition of having physical or mental control markedly diminished by the effects of alcohol or drugs,” 2) “A strong excitement or elation,” and 3) “An abnormal state that is essentially a poisoning,” meaning it doesn’t have to be associated with a good feeling.


Thanks for joining us. For updates to your email, along with product promotions, sign up for the Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter. It’ll get you access to deals on cannabis flowers, vapes, edibles, smoking equipment, cannabinoid compounds (HHC, delta-8), and a ton more. You’ve got options: Get stoned responsibly!


Under these definitions, any drug that effects personal control or creates an abnormal state, is considered intoxicating, and therefore a part of getting high. This, indeed involves CBD as well as THC when it comes to the cannabis plant. Though often touted as a non-psychoactive compound, CBD’s sheer ability to affect mood, proves this an untrue statement. And depending on personal reactions, it can certainly have an effect on physical control.

All this is simply to say that the idea of ‘getting high’ isn’t as explicit as some think, and can be applied to different feelings, not necessarily just feelings of euphoria. However, for our purposes, we’ll stick to looking at getting high, as taking some substance to make a person feel good, to whatever level this means.

What are terpenes?

Now that we’ve covered what it means to get high, let’s look at the compounds in question, terpenes. The word has certainly gained popularity of late, as the cannabis plant in general gains prominence for its many benefits. And while we usually spend more time looking at the cannabinoids like THC, CBD, CBN, and CBC, among others, there are other entirely different compounds to consider; both in how they create a synergistic effect with cannabinoids, and for the effects they specifically give.

Terpenes are compounds produced almost solely by plants, and usually of the conifer grouping. They’re unsaturated hydrocarbons, meaning they’re made up of only hydrogen and carbon. There are also terpenoids, which differ in that they can have other elements like oxygen included. The number of carbon atoms is a differentiator for different kinds of terpenes. Monoterpenes have 10 carbon atoms, sesquiterpenes have 15, and diterpenes have 20.

Terpenes are a part of a plant’s defense system against herbivores and pathogens; while also being what attracts pollinators, mutualists (anything that forms a symbiotic relationship), and promotes possible communication between plants as well. They do this by way of strong smells and flavors, which is how we know them. These constituents are primary in essential oils, because of their very potent smells and tastes.

When it comes to cannabis, we know that terpenes play a role in creating a synergistic effect with other compounds like cannabinoids and flavonoids. A synergistic effect – often called the entourage effect when speaking of cannabis – simply means that the different components work together to create a combined effect that wouldn’t exist if one of the components was missing.

Cannabis compounds have synergistic effects

The cannabis plant is still very much under construction in terms of what we know about it. We know a lot, sure, but scientific research uncovers new things every day. So, when speaking about it, it’s always good to remember that we don’t know everything yet. What we do know, is that an average cannabis plant has approximately 400 different terpenes.

It’s said that over 30,000 exist across the plant kingdom. Of these, we really can only identify the effects of a few, though as research continues, this number should increase. Since we can’t say what they all do, we can’t rule in or out effects, but we can speak to the ones that have already been flushed out more.

In the cannabis plant, some of the main terpenes (or, at least, main ones that we talk about now), are pinene, myrcene, limonene, linalool, and beta-caryophyllene. You know how some strains smell a little lemony? Well, that’s likely limonene. Or maybe it has a strong earthy pine scent? That’s the pinene. These compounds don’t just come with funky scents though, they also come with their own effects.

Can you get high off terpenes?

There isn’t a definite answer to this question. Some sources say they just contribute to a THC high, others claim psychotropic effects. And anecdotal evidence backs up both. If the claim of psychoactive effects is true though, then it certainly seems like if those psychotropic effects are positive, and make a person feel good, then they’re producing a high.

In today’s cannabis world, many products are based on the idea of extracting something that might only occur in small amounts, and making concentrated products. This is true of terpenes too. Though they exist in tiny amounts in the cannabis plant, some companies are already selling products such as terpene tonics, which are chock full of the compounds. And anecdotally, these concentrated terpene products are said to make people feel differently. In fact, terpenes are already associated with certain effects.

Like myrcene, which is associated with pain relief, and that intense couch locking feeling that weed can sometimes produce. Couch locking is when you essentially don’t feel like doing anything except lay on your couch. It’s a sort of mental and physical laziness. For me, it comes with a cloudy head, and a feeling of impairment…which classifies as intoxication as it affects my abilities.

Does terpene myrcene get you high?
Does terpene myrcene get you high?

Myrcene is thought to produce feelings of relaxation; it stimulates the release of endogenous opioids, which help with pain relief. Conversely, though this happens in higher levels, in lower levels, myrcene is associated with producing more of an energetic effect.

Linalool also has a reputation of producing relaxing effects. It’s used in sleep aid products, and has anti-convulsant abilities. By bringing on feelings of relaxation, it has a psychotropic effect. Likewise, the terpene limonene is associated with anxiolytic, anti-stress, and sedative effects due to upping serotonin and dopamine levels. Pinene on the other hand, is more associated with energizing effects.

Then there’s caryophyllene, which is said to have anti-depressant and anti-anxiolytic qualities; and terpineol, thought to be calming while boosting mood. All of these effects mentioned, change a mental state, and it could be considered that they make you high.

Whether these effects mean you get high off terpenes, is perhaps more subjective, and based on personal definitions, than anything else. A microdose of mushrooms is still considered getting high, even though the effects are minimalized. In that same sense, terpenes can be considered high-inducing, even if not the standard idea of high. And who knows, perhaps in the future scientists will identify a terpene that really does cause a strong euphoric effect. It could already be argued that they do now, so long as they’re in concentrated form.

Terpene products

Terpene products exist in the market already. In California, interested buyers can enjoy Olala infused sodas which use both THC and terpenes. Sodas come in Blue Raspberry, Guava, Orange Cream, and Mango.

Then there are companies like the Terpene Store, which sell a range of materials for use by producers in their own products. The store functions online, and through retailers, and sells products which are FDA approved for food and flavor use. The company sources terpenes from many different plants, with just a selection coming from cannabis plants (specifically hemp). Its catalogue includes different formulations, including a line called ‘Vibe’ which breaks it down to physical/mental states: Awake, Focus, Passion, Relax, Relief, and Sleep, each with a multi-terpene profile meant to create this effect.

Does terpene limonene get you high?
Does terpene limonene get you high?

True Terpenes is yet another terpene vendor in this burgeoning market. It also sells high grade formulations to producers for product infusion. Much like the Terpene Store, it uses terpenes both from cannabis, and other botanical sources. It also offers a line of products based on physical/mental states. It’s offerings here are: Rest, Recovery, Creative, Energy, Focus, and Calm.

Since one of the benefits of terpenes is their powerful scents and flavors, many companies are now capitalizing on this through making terpene-infused rolling papers which smell great, while also giving a nice burst of terpenes. Like the well-known Zig-Zag, which puts out terpene-infused hemp cones in flavors like Limoncello, and Clementine.

Another well-known company, RAW, also gives some terpene-infused offerings. Like the terpene-infused Strawberry Tree Cones, as well as a limited offering Terpene candle, and a Terp spray that you can spray onto your regular paper or cone, to get the full terpene flavor and effect. Sprays come with different terpene variations, and include RAW Sour Apple Terp Spray, RAW Orange Soda Terp Spray, and RAW SFV OG Terp Spray. Interested buyers must find a local RAW retail location.

In fact, terpene-infused papers were one of the biggest trends at 2022’s Las Vegas based MJBizCon convention. With some products I had to question whether it was terpenes used at all, or some other chemical agent; as the flavor seemed unnatural and wouldn’t quickly wear off what the paper touched (like my hands, or bag). This could signal that new production methods have intensified them, or that some companies might be using non-terpene chemical agents, and masquerading them as terpenes.

Conclusion

Can you get high from terpenes? Well, maybe, depending on which terpenes, the concentration, and how you define being high. The reality is that terpenes might not cause a massive effect on their own in the amounts found in plants; but in today’s biotech world of chemical enhancement, its more than possible to make concentrated products that can do a lot more.

Greetings all! Cool that you made it over to Cannadelics.com; an independent news platform knee-deep in the cannabis and psychedelics landscape. Head our way regularly to keep updated on what’s going on in these dynamic industries, and subscribe to the Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter, so you’re always first to get the story.

The post Can You Get High Off Terpenes? Maybe… appeared first on Cannadelics.

Put Down the Tobacco—We Have Surpassed the Need for Spliffs

If you don’t mix tobacco in your weed and none of your friends mix tobacco in their weed, right on, you’re killing it, this one isn’t for you. 

The way we smoke weed has gone through some pretty rapid changes over the past few decades—dabs, pre-rolls, vape pens, and plenty of USB-C charged devices that will instantly vaporize your favorite flower or concentrate. So why are you still mixing tobacco into your joints?

Weed is too good to fuck up with a heavy sprinkle of American Spirit and you’re lying to yourself with every attempt to justify the outdated blend. It’s time to move beyond spliffs. 

People have been smoking spliffs—joints rolled with a mix of cannabis and tobacco—since the first documented instance of weed being rolled in Guadalajara, Mexico circa 1856. The tradition continued across the globe, with hash frequently mixed with tobacco and rolled for easy consumption. These days, spliffs are still popular across the U.S. Sure, it’s more prevalent in some places than others, but I know heavy stoners from New York to L.A. and plenty in between who keep a pack of cigs or pouch of loose leaf in their smoking kits at all times.

Times change though, and as we barrel headfirst into 2023, the excuses left for spliffing your weed are growing thinner than a king size rice paper. 

The most common reason I get when I ask people why they still add tobacco to their weed is that it “burns better,” and to that, I say this: learn how to roll better joints. If your joints are burning unevenly without tobacco, that’s a you problem, not a weed problem. Try packing it a little tighter, try pulling on it a little lighter, roll practice joints over and over until your fingers turn green and every single one looks, lights, and burns perfectly—it will be worth it, I promise. 

Next, spliff smokers will say that tobacco helps save them weed and therefore money. But weed is cheaper than it’s ever been and only getting cheaper while tobacco is only getting more expensive, with many cities and states adding higher and higher taxes for cigarettes and loose leaf. It might make some slight economic sense, but unless you’re spliffing top-shelf flower (we’ll get to that) you can probably afford to roll without tobacco; try buying shake or pre-ground weed if you need to make your bag stretch. If you’re really looking to make your favorite strain last, mix in some shake or mids with your exotics—just think of it as spliffing your joint with more weed.

What about the argument that adding tobacco to your weed gets you higher? First, I don’t believe that smoking less of the plant that does get you high and replacing it with the plant that doesn’t get you high will result in you getting higher. You know what will definitely get you higher? More weed. Don’t trust my back of the napkin math? Here’s a peer-reviewed study that says the same thing. 

Funny enough, I have also heard the opposite explanation, that weed alone is simply too intoxicating, and that tobacco helps to ease the effects. In that instance, I simply recommend smoking less weed.

Most importantly though, stop spliffing your weed because it completely changes the flavor of your flower. 

Decades of arduous, focused, illegal cannabis breeding have created a plant that is potent and flavorful with a constantly evolving menu of unique varieties. Tobacco and weed mixed just fine in the flavorless days of brick weed and densely packed black hash, but the way weed smells, tastes, and smokes in 2023? It’s a thing of art. Why dilute that experience?

I have slightly more patience for blunts, mainly because they do not disguise the presence of tobacco like a spliff does, and because they don’t ruin the flavor of the weed quite as much, but at the end of the day, sacrificing any amount of terp profile for the sake of a nicotine buzz is still kind of a bummer in my book. 

I’m not here to judge your tobacco consumption, smoke 10 cigarettes right before we smoke a joint and another half a pack after, all good, I’m just here to defend weed. 

You might need tobacco, but weed doesn’t. 

The post Put Down the Tobacco—We Have Surpassed the Need for Spliffs appeared first on High Times.

We’re Making This Too Complicated (An ‘Indicas and Sativas Are For Dummies’ Response)

Earlier this year Jimi Devine penned a piece for this column called “Indicas and Sativas are for Dummies.” While I do, for the most part, agree with his sentiment, I don’t believe his proposed solution of “Afghani” & “Equatorial” to be viable. As it’s the end of the year and I’m not sure what traffic’s going to be like on these final Fridays, we’re experimenting a bit over here. We always intended for WEIRDOS to feel like a public discourse, so in that spirit, here’s my response to Jimi’s idea, and some proposals of my own.

Why Afghani & Equatorial Are Doomed

Let’s face it, America isn’t actually the most accepting place in the world. Although we love to dub ourselves as the world’s melting pot, we’re actually far better at drawing lines than finding common ground. Because of this, I don’t think nomenclature like Afghani and Equatorial will ever be commonly accepted because it sounds foreign to most of our citizens. In fact, I’d argue if many people fully understood what they were saying with “Indica” (Latin for “Of India”) they’d probably use that a lot less too – because most of what they’re cultivating isn’t actually from India, it’s from America. Even further, “Sativa” in Latin means “cultivated” – so they’re both Sativa by definition. And by species, but that’s another story.

It’s worth noting that cultivars that formerly had “Afghan” in their name have all seemed to drop it in recent years. I am willing to bet that started post-9/11, but I wouldn’t know. I was 11 at that point. I’ve only heard about the mythical Afghani varietals, but I know a lot of Kush. Maybe I’m looking too far into it, but assuming America to be a racist place seems to be on the nose.

But more than that, what people are TYPICALLY trying to describe with Indica & Sativa – or Afghani & Equatorial, as proposed – is the effect the plant will provide, not the place it was from. While I get there’s correlation there, aren’t we leading consumers down the wrong path with that type of information anyway, since we know most of the effects are driven by terpenes and the other psychoactive chemistry found within the plant? To me this isn’t as black or white as it is a color wheel. That said, if we have to break it into two specific groups…

Stimulating vs. Sedative

What about categorizing them as stimulating or sedating? This way there’s variance, for sure, but to me, that’s what we’re really trying to say with the forbidden bro-science, right? We’re trying to tell you if it will get you lifted, or stoned. If you’ll be energized or couch-locked, so aren’t these more appropriate terms anyway? Eventually I believe this is what terpene science will tell us, and where we’ll really be able to get prescriptive with effects consumers can expect, but for now I believe this encompasses what we have been trying to say in a more accurate way.

That said, determining which of these categories said products will fall into can’t only rely on the information we’ve had in the past. For example, we know short and fat plants can sometimes present a profile that is closer to what we consider historically Sativa, even though the plant looks Indica, as Todd McCormick suggested for your piece, so there is far more research required for this to become a perfect system. And while we’re here, traditional science today says we pretty much only have anecdotal evidence to prove the effectiveness of terpenes, but any regular consumer knows smoking something that smells like gas will cool you down, so we’re in some degree of a holding pattern while the research picks up.

My only worry here is that these are still complicated terms for some. Not to sound like an asshole but some people need it to be super simple to understand, and we need this to be approachable. So I have another proposal, and this one may be more digestible for that lot.

Uppers & Downers

I choose this because it’s familiar terminology for drug users of all types. While there’s admittedly a ton of gray area here, as most of what we’re dealing with is a hybrid anyway, is there a simpler way to dumb it down? People commonly know most alcohol is a downer, but that tequila riles you up. They typically know that a Xanax puts you to sleep while Adderall will keep you up, so why not lean into what’s already understood? What’s actually wrong with likening our vice to other more common, and today socially accepted, ones? 

Looking past it’s usage across other drugispheres, does it get any easier for the layman to understand? We’re already using things like arrows up and down to describe how products will make us feel, so why not take it all the way? I understand this will be complex for hybrid classifications, but there’s someone out there who’s been saying “This is a 70% Sativa, 30% Indica,” so I’m sure that guy would love to decide just how much of an angle each of those are pointing.

Obviously there’s no clear right answer here, but I think it’s important we keep evolving this conversation, especially as the scientific understanding increases. Not only will this help us to be more accurate, but it will actually help people understand what they’re getting if they’re not as well versed as you or I. We’re not doing anyone any favors by continuing to push the misinformation, and we don’t know the unintended consequences this lack of understanding can have down the line. Look at THC percentage, and states that are now taxing products over a certain limit. It really sucks to have to pay for someone else’s stupidity, especially for something that your consumer doesn’t understand and doesn’t actually want – despite what they may think or say. 

Thoughts?

For those reading at home, what are you thinking? Do either of these make sense to you? Do you have a better solution? Feel free to respond below or in the comments on social media to join the discussion, and help us crack this. While I don’t think either of us have proposed perfect solutions, I think any are better than where we’re at today – and being better tomorrow than we were today is the best we can hope to do.

The post We’re Making This Too Complicated (An ‘Indicas and Sativas Are For Dummies’ Response) appeared first on High Times.

The Nose Knows! Study Shows Aroma Drives Cannabis Consumer Appeal

While it’s not uncommon for consumers to immediately go for the strain with the highest THC test results, a new study finds that aroma is the driving force behind the cannabis consumer experience.

The study, “The Nose Knows: Aroma, but Not THC Mediates the Subjective Effects of Smoked and Vaporized Cannabis Flower,” published November 8 in the journal Psychoactives, is the result of years of work led by the research team, including breeder and cultivator Jeremy Plumb and neurologist and medical researcher Ethan Russo, M.D.

The study’s purpose is “to objectively identify features of cannabis that contribute to its appealing subjective effects,” applying scientific methods to understand what the consumer actually enjoys about the cannabis they purchase.

Researchers gathered consumer response data from 276 “judges” given eight to 10 samples from a selection of 278 Oregon-grown, organic craft cultivars. The study confirmed that the “strongest contribution to subjective appeal… was pleasant subjective aroma.” THC potency was not identified by the study as an indicator of enjoyment. In fact, the study concluded that “impairment and enjoyment are unrelated phenomena.”

The paper describes a challenge to the sustainable growth of the cannabis industry and consumer health: the “potency effect of prohibition.” This phenomenon essentially means that more intense law enforcement increases the potency of prohibited substances. Following decades of criminalization, this means the market value of cannabis is largely determined by THC potency.

“In many ways consumers and patients have been effectively blinded from discovering their own relationship with the particular cannabis character they prefer at any given time,” Plumb said.

While there are surely consumers that simply want the strains with the highest THC possible, there is much more beneath the surface. In the same way most would agree Everclear isn’t the best alcohol just because it has the highest ABV, cannabis consumers are moving away from the idea that high THC denotes quality flower, or a quality experience.

It’s worth taking a look at the entire picture: ALL of the cannabinoids (not just THC), the growers and cultivation methods, the specific strain/crosses and terpenes, of course. Terpenes are the naturally occurring chemical compounds found in plants, like cannabis, responsible for the aromas, flavors, and colors.

Specific terpenes not only influence the aroma and taste of the flower, but they also have specific effects. And the phrase “the nose knows” is nothing new: If you like the smell of the bud, odds are, you’ll probably enjoy the way it makes you feel.

In the study discussion, researchers address other recent findings, showing that the frequent use of potent THC products can enhance risks for negative outcomes, alongside the wholesale buying “floor,” where retailers refuse to stock shelves with products with low-THC products; the result, they say, narrows consumer purchase choices to the most potent products.

The researchers say that perceived consumer demand for high-THC products underlies this trend, making the study’s contrary findings all the more critical.

“We find ourselves in a young market that still defines wholesale value primarily by THC potency, or hyped brand names, or a variety of other less relevant non-qualitative considerations,” Plumb said, pointing to producers who “shop” labs for high potency and the incentives for labs to inflate results. Whether or not consumers actually enjoy higher-THC products, Plumb said this focus leads them to believe high THC automatically indicates quality.  

“Cultivators, patients and consumers all miss out on capturing some of the most aromatic and enjoyable cannabis as a result. Instead, we are left selecting for the least enjoyable features as an industry on the whole,” Plumb said.

Researchers also observed a negative correlation between the amount of cannabis consumed and subjective appeal, meaning that folks who consumed more cannabis overall didn’t enjoy the experience as much. Similarly, they observed a negative relationship between subjective appeal and use frequency; essentially, people who used cannabis less often enjoyed it more. 

Plumb said that the study’s findings should “signal to the world” that cannabis aroma is the most important element for folks looking to increase their cannabis experience, and that sensory science is the “most meaningful” evaluator of cannabis character.

In the study conclusion, authors say the results support the notion that aroma is the primary criterion consumers use to assess a product’s quality. They add that it points to the need for regulations allowing consumers to smell flower before buying, the need to de-emphasize the market value of high-THC products and to diversify the regulated retail marketplace to include more flower options with 0.3-19% THC. 

Promoting these practices, authors say, would have important harm reduction and public health implications, working to minimize THC as the primary driver of market demand and reducing risks associated with THC overconsumption.

“It’s a sensuous relationship, really,” Plumb said. “It relies on the senses being engaged. If we have built an industry that isn’t designed to optimize presentation and preservation of aroma at every step in the chain, from drying, packing, shipping, wholesaling and retailing, to the point where instead, the consumer mostly gets something that smells like hay, alfalfa, anaerobic, or inert, we have failed the task. We built it wrong. Start over.”

The post The Nose Knows! Study Shows Aroma Drives Cannabis Consumer Appeal appeared first on High Times.

Cash Only’s 420 Recs: Laganja Estranja, Drag Artist and Weed Icon

This article was originally published on Cash Only. Sign up for the newsletter here and follow Cash Only on Instagram and Twitter.

Laganja Estranja is arguably the most famous weed-friendly drag artist in the world. A multi-hyphenate talent who gained prominence after competing on RuPaul’s Drag Race, Laganja is now one of the top pot personalities and public advocates of our favorite herb. 

Laganja has been on the cover of New York Magazine and Dope, appeared on So You Think You Can Dance and America’s Got Talent, performed with Jennifer Lopez, and released a number of weedified tracks that light up the dance floor. “Hot Box,” in particular, is an instant haze classic, featuring the memorable lyrics, “Ganja goes in when she’s smokin’ on that contraband… Uh, I think I’ll take another hit again.” 

The actress and dancer has some big projects in the works, including a new EP called Daily Basis, a feature film where she stars opposite Alaska Thunderfuck that will soon hit the Tribeca Film Festival, and a new web series called Open to It. Plus, she has some fresh paraphernalia for sale on her site, including this very sexy grinder.

Like many 420 figures, Laganja Estranja is a friendly chiller who generously made some time to hop on the phone with Cash Only to discuss her weed preferences. Below, the icon discusses how she favors certain terpenes that prevent the munchies, drinking weed beverages on the go, and why she’ll always listen to female rappers from the ‘90s when she’s really baked.

Photo by MTHR TRSA (@mthrtrsa), courtesy of Laganja Estranja

How was your 4/20?

Laganja Estranja: It was eventful. I was in P-town which is this crazy little gay city in Massachusetts. I was at The Pilgrim House. We did a 4/20 show with a bunch of comedians and a comedian duo group – it was like a stoned variety show. 

Do you have a current favorite weed strain and how do you like to consume it?

My current favorite weed strain right now is Tropicanna Cookies by Autumn Brands. It’s got a really great limonene profile and that’s really what I look for in bud. My favorite way to smoke is a pre-roll because I’m lazy. I want it ready to go so I can just light it up!

I feel like most people talk about the indica/sativa binary, but I’m glad you mentioned a terpene you enjoy. What is it about limonene that you like?

I am lucky enough to be in the industry and get really proper education quicker than a lot of the masses, so I learned two or three years ago that we’d eventually start categorizing bud by the terpene because terpenes have more of an effect on your experience than simply “indica” or “sativa.” Once I found limonene, I really just stuck to it. It does a lot of good things for me, especially how it helps alleviate anxiety and depression. I think it’s a really great mood stabilizer. 

But I’ve also found that limonene strains can help curb my appetite during the daytime, and that’s something I look for. Of course, once I’m home, I want to dive into some snacks and eat the whole house down, but while I’m working, it’s hard for me to eat and then go jump around on stage. Having a medicine that provides stability but also helps keep me tided over until I can properly eat is important. I don’t think there’s a true “diet weed,” but there are strains that don’t give you munchies. And as much as I love having the munchies, during the day I want a strain that kind of acts like a cigarette.

laganja
Photo by Robert Hayman, courtesy of Zoe Wilder

What other limonene-heavy strains do you like?

I love Green Crack. I don’t know if it has limonene in it, but it has a citrusy profile. I also love Tangie, it’s one of my favorite strains. It can be great to cook with, too. Amazing flavor profile. 

Do you have any favorite weed products — any particular papers, grinders, or whatever?

Sure, well I definitely like to use my own grinder which is available at www.laganjaestranja.com. As far as favorite products go, I like to dab — I’m definitely a dab head. Recently, since my transition and being on hormones, I’ve sort of strayed away from dabbing because they’re a little too strong right now in combination with the hormone replacement therapy I’m on. But I definitely love dabs, crystals, sauce, and some of my favorite people who make those right now are Cali Stripe — I really love them. They make great dabs. 

This is a tangent, but years ago I edited a long-form feature for MERRY JANE about how transitioning and hormone replacement therapy can change what weed your body likes. Have you noticed that at all?

Yes, for sure. I definitely never gravitated to indicas at any point in my life — even at night I’d smoke sativas — but once I started transitioning, I noticed indicas that are playing a greater role in my weed use. They help me calm myself throughout the evening. 

I’m also consuming more edibles, and I never really liked edibles because they made me sleepy! But right now my schedule is so crazy and I’m having to sleep at very weird hours, so I definitely have been enjoying edibles. I like Wonder; they make a great THC-infused beverage. And I like CANN, which just came out with a new flavor called Blue Raspberry that’s amazing. It’s not actually Blue Raspberry flavor; it’s got rhubarb in it, but oh my god I’m obsessed with it. Wonder has the “High Vibe” version which is 20mg of THC, which is definitely what I prefer, but CANN makes drinks with 5-10mg of THC — more of a mild effect, but I really love the flavor. 

laganja
Laganja Estranja photographed by Jon Sams, courtesy of Zoe Wilder

What activity do you like to do after you’ve gotten stoned? 

I’m very simple; I love a good Netflix and chill. I can spend all day on my couch because I rarely get time to do that. I’ll smoke, veg out, eat snacks, and watch scary movies. That’s one of my favorite things to do. I also love going to the beach and love a good hike along the water. I like this one hike along the coast near Topanga and Malibu. You can see the water and it’s gorgeous. I also go to Runyan regularly because it’s near my house. It’s very popular out here and a lot of people do it, even though it’s not necessarily the most beautiful. It’s a great hike and some good exercise. I’d also recommend some hikes along the Hollywood sign which are really cool. Maybe my favorite type of hike is when I’m traveling and a local takes me to their favorite hiking spot. I’ve done some amazing hikes in Hawaii that were just beautiful and we ended up at waterfalls. I also have a girlfriend who lives in Carmel Valley, and literally everything out there is such a beautiful hike. 

Can you recommend something to watch while high?

Right now, I’m watching The Girl From Plainville. I think that’s the title? I’m a stoner, so I don’t remember many titles. Recently, my favorite shows have ended, which is a disappointment. I was watching WeCrash, Uber Recs, and Drop Out. All three had a similar vibe, and were about people who lied to get to the top. I’m also definitely looking forward to the final season of Ozark, which is about to come out. I love TV, so I could literally recommend a million titles I’m watching. I’m a total TV nerd. I like darker things on TV, even the comedies I like, such as Life and Death and Somebody Somewhere. Since my job is so fun and uplifting, I like to take myself into another vibe and another world when I’m watching entertainment.

laganja
Photo by MTHR TRSA (@mthrtrsa), courtesy of Laganja Estranja

What do you like to listen to after smoking? Any albums, radio shows, or podcasts?

My favorite podcast is Sword and Scale, which is a crime series and every episode is a different story. I love it because it incorporates actual 911 calls, and they do a lot with the audio that I find really impressive. 

For music, I love Kasey Musgraves — you can take the girl out of the country but you can’t take the country out of the girl. I love, love, love her music. Usually, I’m listening to female rappers — that’s the stuff I play regularly because I grew up on it. Trina, Khia, Jackie O, MC Lyte, and Missy Elliott. I think the new female rappers are great — love Cardi, love Nicki — but I really like old school female rappers best. 

Can you recommend something to read after smoking? 

Unfortunately, public school ruined reading for me. I view it as work and not a fun activity. I don’t really read in my off time, stoned or not.

Photo by MTHR TRSA (@mthrtrsa), courtesy of Laganja Estranja

Who’s in your dream blunt rotation? 

Missy Elliott, Snoop Dogg, Martha Stewart, and Kasey Musgraves. It’s a full circle, an intimate crowd. I was gonna say Meryl Streep, but I don’t think she gets high. 

What’s up on the horizon for you, work-wise?

I have new music coming, an EP called Daily Basis that will be dropping soon. I have a movie coming out called God Save the Queen where I star opposite Alaska Thunderfuck from Rupaul’s Drag Race, so that should be really exciting. We hope it’ll be in theaters. It’s going to the Tribeca Film Festival first. And then I’m part of this new web series called Open to It — we just dropped the first couple episodes, and we’re filming more later this year. I’m also expanding my paraphernalia line, so keep an eye out for that.

For more on Laganja Estranja, follow her on socials:
Website
Twitter
Instagram

Follow Cash Only:
Twitter
Instagram
Newsletter

The post Cash Only’s 420 Recs: Laganja Estranja, Drag Artist and Weed Icon appeared first on High Times.

Vintage Cannabis: Explained

In today’s California cannabis market, most dispensaries have a three-month shelf-life limit for flowers. That is three months from packing date—not from harvest. The reason given is that customers don’t buy “out-of-date” weed. 

Maybe the retailers are not storing the flowers under the proper conditions, or maybe the flower was bucked and trimmed or packed in a hot room. So, after three months in the store, the product has deteriorated to a point that it is no longer sellable. Perhaps the real reason is improper handling along the route of the supply chain. Maybe the retailer just wanted to move it off the shelf. Some buyers won’t even buy flowers more than four months after harvest.

Whatever! To my mind cannabis flower isn’t really ready to smoke until four or five months post-harvest. And most of the OG growers I talk to in Nor Cal agree. Frenchy Cannoli would have agreed, too. We often talked excitedly about making hash from aged or vintage cannabis, how it had a different flavor and different effect. 

Swami smoking. PHOTO David Robert Elliott

Back in the Hippie days, we never got fresh green weed—even after it was dried and trimmed, it always took several months to get here from Mexico, Colombia or Thailand. By the time you bought your lid and smoked it, the pot had aged for many months. Granted, we had to separate the stems and seeds, but it was still great smoke to inspire or chill out, like the best Panama Red, Acapulco Gold, Santa Marta Gold or Thai sticks.

Fast forward to 2022 and we are drying our own cannabis flowers for two weeks to a month in our wooden timber frame barn. The barn is nestled under towering Doug fir trees which keep it in cool shadow all year long. The autumn air here in the Emerald Triangle tends to be dry, especially during drought years, and that helps maintain an ideal temperature and humidity inside the barn.

The normal two-to-four-week drying period is just the beginning of the sequence which leads to vintage cannabis. This all is a rather complex process, not yet fully understood. 

The Benefits of Well-Aged Cannabis 

Fresh, dried flower will have definite spikes of pungent aromas, which can obscure the subtler layers underneath. The best small batch craft cannabis is carefully slow-dried, aged slightly and brought to a point of stabilization, under proper climate control. The slow aging process broadens out the aroma profile, rounding off the spikes and allowing other subtler fragrances to appear. Under the proper conditions, this biologic stabilization process takes about four to five months from harvest and in some cases even longer. 

For the next six months to a year, something mysterious and magical happens within the buds, such that the flower realizes the full breadth of its potential and reveals its true nature. The sacred herb has now become Vintage! Ready to bring its full benefits to those who consume her.

The flowers best suited to be aged for Vintage cannabis, are biologically—not chemically—grown in living soil, out under the sun, the way the Gods and our ancestors intended them to be. And they must have been harvested at their peak, then dried, manicured, aged and packaged, as well as shipped and stored in optimum, climate-controlled conditions. 

If packaged in a proper container and stored under ideal conditions, the flowers can maintain full vintage quality for at least a year, if the jar is not opened.

The Changing Compounds of Cannabis

Strawberry Cheesecake buds. PHOTO Brian Parks

How does this magic come about? and why does it take so long to create Vintage cannabis?

Mature cannabis flowers can produce as many as a thousand compounds. However, we focus on just a half dozen of the 150 cannabinoids possibly present in the flower, because those few are the most abundant, most potent and they are the only ones the testing labs report. 

In the living plant, the main cannabinoid is the so called precursor CBGA molecule, which transforms into the other cannabinoids, such as CBD, presenting in the mature female after harvest. Technically, the harvested plant is dead, but it’s biologically active for some time, as there’s still a great deal of moisture in the leaves, stems and flowers, which causes many compounds to undergo changes.

One of these changes is from CBGA to THCA in the harvested flower, but THCA can also change to THC through age and light, as well as heat. In addition, as time increases from harvest, the amount of CBN is said to increase, which is usually thought to come about through the degradation of THC. More probable, however, is the slow change of many different cannabinoid molecules degrading in the direction of CBN.

There are also numerous volatile or aromatic compounds. Some are only produced by the living plant and begin to evaporate or fade as soon as the plant is cut. Most prominent are a half dozen terpenes out of a possible 50, which produce the loudest smells and therefore are the only ones being tested. Nevertheless, scientists have found numerous other volatile compounds in cannabis, which together create the “nose” of the flower. 

In addition to terpenes, which account for perhaps 25% of the fragrance, there are other “aromatics” such as flavonoids, phenols, thiols, esters, ketones, benzaldehydes, alcohols and one of the more recent discoveries: volatile sulfur compounds. Sulfur compounds have been proposed as the volatiles that produce the gassy and skunk odors in cannabis.

As the moisture in the flower evaporates, many things happen. Some of the mono terpenes off gas, and others polymerize into longer chains and become bi-terpenes or sesqui-terpenes which do not volatilize as easily. The slow drying and aging aims to stabilize the changes in the terpenes. Many aromas can be preserved or sealed in by proper drying and stabilization of the harvested flower.

Another change taking place is the “oxidation” of the chlorophyll molecules, which break down through the opening of carbon links in the top of the ring allowing two molecules of oxygen to attach themselves. This a three-step process, taking some time, after which the chlorophyll no longer is said to “fluoresce,” meaning it no longer glows green. This is what happens to the fall leaves every year, and to cannabis after harvest.

The True Potential of Genetics

The point is, that if it is known that chlorophyll, terpenes and the main cannabinoids are slowly changing during and after drying, one must also assume that most of the other hundreds of compounds are also changing, especially the volatiles. As the residual moisture slowly decreases, this biological activity likewise decreases until the flower reaches a point of stabilization, three to five months after harvest.

Only at this stage have the flowers fully realized the potential of their genetics in response to their terroir. Only Vintage cannabis flower truly reveals and fulfills its destiny to serve, heal, entertain and inspire those who consume her.

So, choose some of your favorite most aromatic flowers, stash them away for a year in a dark glass container in a dark, cool place. Now your Vintage cannabis is finally ready to smoke.

The post Vintage Cannabis: Explained appeared first on Cannabis Now.

Cannabis Cartridges: Inside Out

Cannabis vape pens have become a staple consumption method for the industry at large. Vapes are popular because they offer a convenient, discrete form of cannabis consumption. However, a brief period of controversy hit in 2019 when products from the illicit market led to illness and, in some cases, fatality. The CDC called it EVALI, or the “e-cigarette, or vaping, product use associated lung injury.” After Leafly identified vitamin E acetate as the cause of these adverse reactions, reports of vape-related illness continued to decline. Still, the health scare highlighted the need to understand what substances are within cannabis cartridges.

The traditional cannabis market regulates through required lab testing, which tells retailers and consumers exactly what is in the product. While this is beneficial to everyone involved, the average consumer still doesn’t have a wide-lens picture of what is actually going into their bodies. After all, the chemistry of these compounds changes when heat is applied.

I spoke with Dr. Markus Roggen of Delic Labs, whose vape and smoke research involves a smoking machine that simulates how a person would inhale. The inhalation is captured and the contents are analyzed. Spoiler alert: toxic compounds are found.

Courtesy of High Times

What’s Inside Cartridges?

The short answer is cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and potentially some cutting agents.

Cannabinoids are unique compounds found in the cannabis plant that interact with the endocannabinoid system. The more infamous of these compounds include THC and CBD. Synthetic cannabinoids will be distinguishable on a lab test. However, those who consume products that haven’t been processed by the standards of the traditional market are at risk of inhaling these potentially unsafe compounds that are intended to mimic cannabinoids.

Terpenes are aroma and flavor compounds found in plants. Some commonly known terpenes are myrcene, limonene, and linalool. The terpenes present in your vape cartridge are either cannabis-derived, plant or fruit-derived, or synthetic. Differentiation on the label isn’t currently required, but most products with cannabis-derived terpenes will declare as such. Cartridges with naturally present cannabis-derived terpenes may be labeled HTFSE (High-terpene full-spectrum extracts).

Flavonoids are phytonutrients, which are pharmacologically active compounds that primarily provide non-green color pigmentation to plants. Cannaflavins are flavonoids specific to cannabis.

cartridges
Shutterstock

Extraction Methods and Products

Hydrocarbon extraction is a solvent-based method that uses either butane or a butane/propane blend, also commonly referred to as butane hash oil (BHO). While not all BHO is full-spectrum, this method is used to create full-spectrum extracts which contain all of the naturally present cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and fatty acids, without waxes, lipids, and fats. When full-spectrum extract is made from cured flowers, it will separate into two fractions based on the conditions. HTFSE are characterized by high concentrations in terpenes (13%-40%). These extracts are the perfect consistency for vaping without any additives and are becoming more commonly found in cartridges. High-cannabinoid full-spectrum extracts (HCFSE) are not typically used in cartridges because they are high in THCA and tend to materialize as a sugar or diamond consistency.

Supercritical C02 extraction is a solvent-based method that involves controlled temperature and pressure to create phase changes in C02. This method maintains the integrity of terpenes and protects cannabinoids from decarboxylation while providing the opportunity to separate individual compounds throughout the extraction process.

Distillate is produced through a solventless extraction method. The final output consists of a concentration of a specific molecule (THC or CBD) that’s been isolated. By nature, distillate is flavorless and odorless, so terpenes are also commonly reintroduced to cartridges after the extraction process.

Live resin is a method in which the freshly harvested plant is frozen, skipping the drying and curing process. This typically retains more of the plant’s terpenes than any other extract method; however, they are not guaranteed to qualify as a HTFSE.

What To Look Out For?

Contaminants such as pesticides are a clear red flag. Common cutting agents and additives like coconut oil (MCT), propylene glycol (PG), polyethylene glycol (PEG), vegetable glycerin (VG), and vitamin E acetate will appear on lab results and be disclosed on labels for products sold in the regulated market. Other extract modifiers include plant native terpene formulas that intend to alter the viscosity without compromising the flavor and aroma. While the plant terpenes used in these instances lack the aforementioned ingredients and are food grade and Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) by the FDA, it’s important to note that this classification refers only to food, not inhalation products.

Shutterstock

What’s Being Inhaled?

Delic Labs’ data shows that puff by puff, THC concentrations are dependent upon consumption method, and there are obviously differences between vape products. The average inhalation contains 1 mg of THC per puff, though these levels tend downward throughout the lifecycle of the cartridge (which is the opposite of what the data reflected for the THC levels during the lifecycle of joint consumption.)

Thermal degradation is when the chemistry of compounds changes with increased temperature. This applies to all of the individual compounds included in the cartridge. Unfortunately, when heat (of a specific temperature) is applied, there are toxic compounds produced.

Cannabinoids and terpenes have similar degradation mechanisms. Validated by Roggen’s research, the increased voltage on vape cartridges produces more degradants (and dabbing produces the highest level). Toxic compounds present in both methods include methacrolein, benzene, and isoprene.

The impact of these chemicals on one’s system may vary from single exposure to long-term chronic exposure, but the reality is that humans haven’t been vaping cannabis for nearly as long as they have been smoking it. Researchers simply lack long enough data stretches to fully understand the impacts of vaping upon our health. Those who enjoy cannabis cartridges should make sure they stay informed about what’s inside their vape and understand they are a voluntarily active participant in a massive group study.

This article appears in the July 2022 issue of High Times. Subscribe here.

The post Cannabis Cartridges: Inside Out appeared first on High Times.

A Gen Z History of the Weed Pen: From Fortnite Carts to Rosin Pods

The pen. The cart. The pod. No matter what you call it, over the last 10 years, the weed vape has drastically altered the landscape of how we view cannabis—and where we can comfortably smoke it. From a Gen Z perspective, though, the weed pen is more than a notable addition to the game: it is the game.

Vaporizing cannabis and cannabis extracts isn’t a new concept—it’s been around for centuries. Still, this article isn’t about the Shake and Vape (developed in 1993), or even the Volcano (available in the U.S. in 2003). This is about the modern, lithium-ion-battery-powered-pocket-sized vape. It’s about how far we’ve come from G Pens to distillate carts to Fortnite Carts to top-tier rosin pods, and how far we still have to go.

The Gen Z Experience

I was in high school when cannabis vapes were first starting to become popular and widely accessible. At first, it wasn’t your (now standard) distillate + terpene combination in a cartridge, it was the G Pen. For those of you not familiar with this device, you had to load your own concentrates into an atomizer and carefully heat the pen to your desired rip level. It was remarkable, but admittedly crude by today’s standards. Still, we could show up early to school, rip the G Pen in the parking lot, and nobody would ever know. It’s a feeling that I imagine my high school predecessors could only experience by smoking actual flower, running the risk of smelling in class. I think that was more exciting.

Excitement in that sense comes from risk, which a lot of people argue is a catalyst to either a perfect high or a paranoid one. The risk of smoking weed and the effects of smoking weed were starting to become exclusive from one another for the first time. You didn’t have to worry about smell or surrounding yourself with thick smoke. And as the 2010s passed their midway point, the G Pen started to phase out in favor of a new 510-thread cartridge, which has now largely dominated the weed pen industry since its inception.

These 510-thread cartridges are straightforward to produce and to smoke. Distillate and outside terpenes are mixed together, poured into a cartridge, and bam, you have weed that tastes like Blue Raspberry. Again, for a high school-aged kid, this was inexplicably convenient across the board.

After all, for someone who had to hide their consumption from their parents, teachers, and even some of their less progressive-minded classmates, what better than a small stick that hardly smelled like weed?

That’s something prior generations of youth had never before experienced: a way to smoke weed at school without a single person knowing. We went from ripping the G Pen in the parking lot to ripping a cartridge under our shirts in the back of class—to designating specific bathrooms for pen-hotbox purposes only. Our campus was locked in, meaning you couldn’t leave for lunch or any reason, even to go to your car. But we didn’t need to. Thanks to myself and a few other soldiers around campus, everyone had one.

Double-Edged Sword

Pretty soon, though, people with more fucked up intentions than mine realized what a strong hold vapes had on my generation in particular. The most absurd, cheaply produced cartridges started popping up everywhere from 2017-2019. And whether you were smoking a Mario Cart, Dank Vape, Exotic Cart, Monopoly Cart, Cartnite, Cereal Cart or whatever the fuck (kinda feel like I tapped into the major ones), you really had no clue what was inside it and most people didn’t care. It was cheap. It was easy. It had fun colors and funny graphics. All flavored with non-cannabis terpenes and filled with who fucking knows what.

That’s another thing about my generation, though. Snapchat plugs rapidly expanded with the rise of these mass-produced fakes. With a few taps and hardly any research around your school, any kid could find a bullshit cart to smoke. And like I’ve been saying, nobody would ever find out. That was the beauty of it.

Then the Vitamin E acetate cases stepped in.

Kids my age ended up in the hospital from smoking THC cartridges cut with Vitamin E acetate, a thinning agent. According to the CDC, these cases “sharply increas[ed]” in August 2019 and peaked the next month. None of these cases were tied to licensed companies, but it was clear that the convenience of production and purchase had caught up to Gen Z kids who had mostly just begun to experience weed for the first time.

Distillate cartridges as a whole are really to blame. They’re some of the cheapest, most poorly produced, low-quality smoke out. Sure, they’ve helped make cannabis a more widely-appreciated experience than ever, but it’s coming at a cost. Live resin cartridges have been a step in the right direction, but even those leave trace solvents behind.

Where TF Do We Go From Here?

Courtesy of 710 Labs

We’re trending onwards and upwards, it seems. Live Rosin Pods have been the newest wave in cartridge technology, and they’re starting to become more affordable. They may not have a full grip on my generation yet, but solventless, additive-free options are the most effective, clean form of vape since the 510-thread cartridge entered the game.

This, of course, is only possible in legal states with the most progressive markets, like California and Colorado. The reality is, many Gen Z kids across the U.S. in illegal states are years behind, still smoking the same, scary bullshit. It’s a double-edged sword, though. Many will smoke garbage distillate cartridges and simply have a good time, helping reduce the stigma around enjoying cannabis as a whole.

But when will we start caring about what’s actually in our cartridges? When will the lure of fake flavors like Blue Raspberry or even added cannabis-derived terpenes be replaced by the taste of actual strains in their true form? Maybe never. Fake flavors in distillate cartridges are much more readily appealing to a new, Gen Z weed smoker than the taste of actual weed. Maybe it’s a journey with the plant, or in this case the device, that we have to all go through. Maybe everyone will end up at rosin pods—maybe everyone will stop vaping altogether one day. Knowing my generation, though, I highly doubt the latter is true.

The post A Gen Z History of the Weed Pen: From Fortnite Carts to Rosin Pods appeared first on High Times.