Understanding Terpenes: Geraniol

Diehard fans of fruity or sweetly floral scents like berries or roses may not be aware that they have an affinity for a terpene called geraniol that is also found in cannabis and a variety of other plants, herbs and fruits. As the name suggests, it occurs naturally in geraniums as well as in roses, lemongrass, peaches, passion fruit, blackberries, blueberries, coriander, nutmeg, bergamot, lemon peels and even carrots. Bees also naturally produce geraniol in their scent-producing glands and use the aroma of it to mark their territories against other colonies.

Geraniol is a primary part of rose oil, palmarosa oil and citronella oil. The aroma and flavor has a range of sweet notes from sugary and rosy to citrus. Its taste is often used in different foods as an enhancer and flavoring agent to reproduce the flavor of several fruits in desserts like candies and ice cream and the smell can commonly be found in all types of bath, body and beauty products from lotions, creams and perfumes to soap and detergent.

The terpene has a variety of medicinal and therapeutic uses as well. It’s a natural antioxidant that has anti-cancer and anti-tumor properties that can be useful in treating many different types of cancer. The International Journal of Oncology published a study that provides evidence that geraniol could discourage tumorous cell growth in oral, colon, lung, prostate, breast, pancreatic and liver cancer. Plus, it has anti-bacterial and anti-fungal properties that can help reduce infections. In a study published by a medical journey called Lipids, geraniol is shown to be effective at inhibiting the growth of certain types of fungus.

Geraniol has also been shown to be anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and have a lot of potential as a neuroprotectant. A study published by the Journal of Neuroscience research showed that the terpene can be useful in treating neuropathy which is common among people who have diabetes or are pre-diabetic. The condition damages the peripheral nerves and causes numbness, weakness, pain or loss of sensitivity in the hands and feet. In the experiment, geraniol was able to lower enhanced cytosolic calcium levels and acetylcholinesterase activity, reduce levels of protein carbonyls and nitrates and restore the activities of enzymes.

It’s common for strains with high linalool profiles to be rich in geraniol as well. A few strains that have geraniol in them include Afghan (a calming hybrid that’s good for an euphoric, balanced buzz), Headband (a pain-relieving hybrid that helps with depression, anxiety and headaches), Amnesia Haze (a citrusy sativa strain that’s uplifting and energizing), Great White Shark (a heavy-hitting sativa that will reduce stress and improve bad moods) and Sweet Skunk (a potent hybrid that leans more towards a cerebral high).

According to Steep Hill Labs, geraniol is also closely related to another terpene called citronellol which has “used as a natural mosquito repellent for over 2,000 years.” Because it’s used by honey bees to mark nectar-bearing flowers and help find their way back to their hives, geraniol is known to attract them, but it also be used as an effective insect repellent for things other than mosquitoes as well including flies, roaches, fire ants and ticks. So, if you’re ever smoking outside during the summer and wonder why bees are buzzing around you, it may be because they’re getting a whiff of the geraniol in the strain you’re enjoying. But, at least it might keep the mosquitoes and flies away for a little bit.

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5 Herbal Blends to Pair with Your Cannabis

People have been using plants and herbs casually and medicinally since the beginning of time to improve the quality of their lives. Just like cannabis, different herbs each have their own unique flavor profiles, distinct fragrances and healing properties that can boost your mood, give you some energy, help you focus, ease pain or reduce stress. Combining herbs with cannabis to create a customized herbal blend gives you an opportunity to introduce additional healing compounds into your sessions without missing out on the high.

There’s no right or wrong way to create and enjoy an herbal blend. They can be smoked in whatever way you prefer whether it’s rolled up, in a bowl, in a bong or in a vape. You can choose any herb you want and pair it with whatever strain you want, but it’s cool to try to pair strains and herbs based on terpenes, flavors or effects.

You just have to make sure that whatever herb you’re choosing is safe to be inhaled and that you make it a priority to get the highest quality (preferably organic) option that’s available. Each herb can be used in any ratio you desire (heavy on the cannabis or heavy on the herbs) but it’s best to put all of it into a grinder to evenly mix everything together before smoking for the best flavor and so that it burns well.

Try starting out with some of these herbal blends and then branch out to make your own after you get the hang of it.

Lavender & Chamomile

If you’re feeling too overwhelmed to get to sleep, both of these herbs can help soothe the nervous system and encourage your body to rest. Lavender has a terpene called linalool in it that is known for its sedative properties that can reduce stress, anxiety and feelings of depression. Try pairing this blend with an indica to compliment the flavors of the herbs and help ease you into deeper relaxation.

Peppermint & White Sage

This refreshing blend would work well with an energizing sativa to enhance the mood-boosting effects of peppermint and sage. Both herbs can help improve digestive problems like a stomach ache or gas as well as respiratory issues like congestion. Sage is also known to improve memory function, so it might be able to you keep your focus during a day.

Rose & Jasmine Blossom

Fans of strains that smell and taste floral will find these two flowers make a good match with their strain of choice. Jasmine has a light, pleasant essence that compliments the roses that have geraniol in them which is known to be a natural antioxidant that has anti-cancer and anti-tumor properties. Find a fruity or berry strain that will fit well with the sweet flavor profile.

Blue Lotus & Damiana

Damiana is considered a natural aphrodisiac that helps increase arousal while blue lotus is often attributed to pleasant dreaminess that makes you feel deeply relaxed. Both of these herbs are known to have calming, sedative properties that produce a very mild euphoria and would work well with a hybrid strain that offers a balanced buzz. Some people report having vivid dreams after smoking blue lotus.

Eucalyptus & Mullein

Though sometimes smoking is the last thing you feel like doing when you’re congested and not feeling well, this combo can help with breathing issues and encourage what’s referred to as “effective coughing” as an expectorant. Eucalyptus has a terpene called eucalyptol in it which has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and anti-fungal properties as well as myrcene which is antibiotic, antimutagenic and an effective muscle relaxant. Use this blend when you need a powerful lung cleanser.

TELL US, have you ever thought about blending cannabis with other herbs?

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Learn about bongs, weed stems and more in Ask an Expert with Dr. Markus Roggen: Episode 4

Dr. Markus Roggen, PhD. has a doctorate in Chemistry. He is the founder and CEO of Complex Biotech Discovery Ventures LTD, a licensed cannabis research laboratory. Somehow, we managed to talk this guy into letting us ask him anything about weed and we certainly don’t hold back. It’s been ridiculous and fascinating and sometimes, the […]

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Updates on the 2020 California Emerald Cup

In order to adapt to this pandemic, the Emerald cup had two choices, cancel the event or, come up with a creative solution. Rather than disappoint everyone, organizers decided to postpone the date to buy some time and get to work. After all, the Emerald Cup is a North California favorite, attracting farmers from all […]

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Weed Wordsearch – Cannabis Terpenes

Today’s Weed Wordsearch is all about cannabis terpenes! Terpenes are organic hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants. Within the cannabis plant, there are many different terpenes. Each strain contains a unique blend, producing a unique aroma. Studies to discover the benefits and therapeutic value have only just begun but one thing is certain, […]

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Is it possible to boost your Endocannabinoid System without Cannabis?

The world is facing some pretty big problems right now and it’s hard to think about little else. At a time like this, why should anyone turn their attention to their endocannabinoid system? There are so many reasons! Not only does it help regulate your immune system, but it also helps to manage stress, pain, […]

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Try These Terpene-infused Products to Improve Your High

In the world of weed, THC, cannabidiol (CBD), and cannabinoids get all the praise, but cannabis’s secret weapons are terpenes.  

Terpenes are volatile essential oils that are found in all plants and are responsible for their smell and taste. More than 200 terpenes have been found in cannabis, but only a small percentage are in amounts large enough to be noteworthy. These oils are what create a specific strains scent and flavor, but that’s not all what they do.

Terpenes actually can enhance your high with their properties – making your high longer and stronger, or make your high less intense if you had too much. The way that terpenes react with compounds within the cannabis plant is known as the “entourage effect.” 

These six terpene products can enhance the experience of your high.

Meraki Tips

When it comes to crutches, you need to drop your old ones and come to the terp side. Meraki offers two types of tips: Peaceful and Sayonara. If you are sensitive to THC but want to smoke, Peaceful Tips offer a proprietary blend intended to mitigate anxiety. If you are looking to boost the effects of a particular strain, Sayonara Tips are for you. This is actually wonderful, as you can use less herb to get robust effects. Talk about a money saver! 

 

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For each tip that Meraki sells, it donates some proceeds to the nonprofit Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS), a Santa Cruz, California-based organization working to study medically beneficial uses for THC as well as psychedelics.

Price: $12 per tip 

True Terpenes’ Terp Flavors

Any essential oil lover will be pleased with True Terpenes‘ superior line of food-grade, ultra-pure, and molecularly refined terpene isolates. Each product is rigorously tested for heavy metals, pesticides, and residual solvents. These undiluted essential oils can create almost limitless possibilities of effects when mixed with the strains you smoke, edibles you create at home, and any cartridges you want to tinker with. Note: These terpenes are winterized and must be diluted with a carrier oil prior to consumption.

Lift Tickets Rolling Papers and Cones

These devilishly delicious natural rolling papers and cones are infused with strain-specific terpenes that will make you never look at any other papers again. These are a must-have for anyone who loves a solid, classic jay. Because they are strain-specific, these rolling papers will bring about similar properties of the strains they are named after.

Price: $5-$70

Lulu’s Chocolate

What could make dark chocolate better? Try adding raw vegan chocolate infused with a blend of terpenes and hemp-derived CBD oil. That should do it. 

 

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But seriously, this sinfully decadent chocolate bar has a specific terpene profile that aims to relax. This can also be useful for consumers who have either eaten or smoked too much, as CBD is known to help reduce the effects of THC

Price: $12-$132

Kush Candles

Most people can get down with candles, but terpene-infused candles take it to the next level. These handmade candles are made from soy wax, pure hempseed oil, pure cotton wicks, and organic terpenes – enough to make anyone smile for miles. They also have more than 50 hours of burn time, allowing you to have many smoking seshes with just one candle. Because each candle is strain-specific, it contains precise terpene blends, which means different candles will enhance your mood in different ways.

Price: $14.99

Pandora’s Pops

These mouthwatering vegan pops are made with terpenes and superfoods to provide the flavor of weed strains while getting the therapeutic benefits of terpenes. Grapefruit OG, Blackberry Kush, and Grape Wreck are the three flavors you can choose from to enrich your high. Keep several on hand, as they also help combat cottonmouth.

Price: $8-$65

Featured image by Gina Coleman/Weedmaps News

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CBD May Be All the Rage, but Cannabis Terpenes Are About to Hit Big

In a period of just five scant years, cannabis has gone from the frequently maligned status of stoner counterculture to a Kardashian-level social phenomenon. Popularity of the plant has eclipsed even the most avid marijuana supporters’ expectations. That success has had a lot to do with many decades of activists fighting for legalization state by state, combined with powerful political interests in America taking a can’t-beat-em-join-em approach to the popular substance. There are enormous profits…