CBD Oil for Cats With Anxiety — Does It Really Work?

If you are a concerned pet owner, you might have heard about CBD. Many people around the world use this non-psychoactive substance to keep their pets happy and healthy. However, you might not know that CBD oil can also help your cat cope with anxiety and some other issues. If your cat is aggressive, hides […]

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Tuesday, October 13, 2020 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Tuesday, October 13, 2020 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Whitmer signs ‘Clean Slate’ criminal justice package (Michigan Radio)

// Bernie Sanders Celebrates His Home State’s New Marijuana Legalization Law (Marijuana Moment)

// Maine Office of Marijuana Policy releases preliminary sales info (News Center Maine)


These headlines are brought to you by Green Worx Consults, a company specializing in project management, workflow mapping and design, and Lean & 6 Sigma process. If you could use help making your business better at business, get in touch with Green Worx Consults.


// With eye on election and beyond, marijuana industry spends millions on lobbying (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Senate Candidates In Three States Pressed On Marijuana Issues At Debates (Marijuana Moment)

// Marijuana sales decline slightly in August, still reach over $200 million (Colorado Politics)

// Study: Nearly one in three U.S. college students smokes pot (UPI)

// Colorado marijuana rules will require testing of vapor, not just oil (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Harborside Projects Q3 Revenue to Exceed $18.5 Million (New Cannabis Ventures)

// New Jersey Voters Back Legal Marijuana Referendum By Two-To-One Margin Another Poll Shows (Marijuana Moment)


Check out our other projects:Marijuana Today— Our flagship title, a weekly podcast examining the world of marijuana business and activism with some of the smartest people in the industry and movement. • Marijuana Media Connect— A service that connects industry insiders in the legal marijuana industry with journalists, bloggers, and writers in need of expert sources for their stories.

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Popular Cannabis Products You Probably Want to Try

The legalization of cannabis in several states and countries paved the way for it to be available mainstream. For this reason, it is now easier to acquire the cannabis products that you need to aid your medical treatments or simply for recreational purposes. Alongside this, there has also been a boost in the emergence of […]

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Celebrate 710 With This Complete Guide to Cannabis Concentrates

For many enthusiasts, concentrates are among the most enjoyable and versatile of cannabis products. While a little concentrate goes a long way, these extracts are easily vaporized, smoked, or used to make infused topicals, edibles, and more. Not all concentrates, however, are created equal. The way that different cannabis concentrates are prepared has an impact on the end result. 

In order to delve deeper into the past, present and future of cannabis concentrates this 710, we have called in the expertise of the team from Oleum Extracts. The Washington-based, multi-award-winning processor company is considered to be one of the best in the industry, developing consistently innovative products — like their THCA crystalline Wizard Stones — and producing high-quality extracts.

Here’s what every aficionado needs to know about cannabis concentrates.

The Evolution of Cannabis Concentrates

PHOTO Oleum Extracts

Oleum Extracts believe that the evolution of cannabis concentrates has seen a shift away from the wants and needs of producers towards those of the consumers.

“As consumers become more educated, they are asking better and more meaningful questions regarding the products they are ingesting/consuming, which is a good thing,” said Team Oleum. “New topics such as cannabinoid profiles, terpene profiles, how the products made, what kind of materials are used, and knowledge of the manufacturers are making their way into the purchasing decisions of consumers.”

They also think that as consumers become savvier to which companies and products have the most stringent production policies and consistent products, “brand trust and loyalty are beginning to make their presence felt.”

When purchasing cannabis concentrates, asking for the cheapest products with the highest THC levels should not be at the forefront of consumers minds and Team Oleum believes “we’re starting to see this shift happen away from that type of thinking.”

Recent developments of isolation products demonstrate “the evolution of concentrates that can be seen in THCA, THCV (appetite suppressant), CBDCBGCBN (sleep aid) and Delta-8-THC (anti-nausea).”

“We are anxious to see what comes out of the isolation of these other cannabinoids, as these compounds are often only found in trace amounts in flower form (less than 1%). Now that we are able to isolate them, we will be able to see the implications of larger doses and combinations of these cannabinoids and/or cannabis-derived terpenes on the human vessel.”

All About Solvents

The majority of cannabis concentrates require a solvent to extract. A solvent is a substance, usually a liquid or a gas, that separates trichome resin glands from unwanted plant material. The separated essential oil is then collected and further processed to create the high-potency oils and products that are so popular today.

Many different solvents can be used to make cannabis concentrates. Of these, however, there are three solvents that dominate the market: butane, carbon dioxide, and ethanol. Each of these solvents is used to effectively remove cannabis resin from the plant and concentrate the resin into the sap-like oil aficionado’s everywhere have come to know and love.

Butane

Butane is one of the cheapest solvents to use when making cannabis concentrates. It was also the first solvent to be used to make concentrates for dabbing, and concentrates made with this solvent are often referred to as butane hash oil (BHO). In general, concentrates extracted with butane tend to preserve more aromatic qualities than those extracted with carbon dioxide. For this reason, butane is used to make live resin, a concentrate rich in aromatic molecules called terpenes. No other solvent can be used to make live resin.

Carbon Dioxide

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is most commonly used to make syrupy extracts for vapor pens. The solvent, however, can also be used to make other forms of concentrates. Oils extracted with carbon dioxide can be dabbed, used to fill capsules, or used as oils put underneath the tongue. Unlike butane, however, carbon dioxide tends to remove much of the terpene aroma molecules found in cannabis flower. As such, CO2 oil can feature a strikingly different chemical composition than the cannabis plant from which it came.

Ethanol

Concentrates extracted with ethanol are among the most expensive around. And yet, this solvent is perhaps one of the best to use during cannabis extractions. For those hoping to maintain aromatic terpenes in their concentrate, products made with ethanol are typically the way to go. Ethanol captures more terpenes and pigment molecules called flavonoids than other concentrates. Concentrates made with ethanol are sometimes processed into full spectrum cannabis oil (FECO), while others are used to make products for dabbing.

How To Spot Quality Concentrates

PHOTO Dankshire for Oleum Extracts

Searching for truly high-quality material? There are three basic factors to keep in mind: color, consistency, and lab reports. A hallmark sign of quality in almost all cannabis concentrates is a golden-amber coloration. Most solvent-based concentrates should appear amber, although the color can range a light gold to warm rust.

Some concentrates, like FECO and RSO, may look almost black. The deep coloration in these products indicates that greater amounts of chlorophyll were extracted along with other cannabis compounds. While more chlorophyll may provide a bitter, herbal taste, the inclusion of a greater variety of plant chemicals may make these types of concentrates more appealing to medical consumers.

The introduction of alternative methods and new equipment has resulted in an improvement in cannabis concentrates — good news for the aforementioned medical patients and dabbing enthusiasts alike.

Concentrates should feature a fairly consistent constitution. No one, for example, wants to find hard chunks in their budder, nor do they want to find leaf matter or stem fragments in their hash. If a concentrate doesn’t take on the form that is advertised, chances are it is a low-quality product.

“In the beginning, good concentrates were known pretty much by aesthetics and the way they looked,” said Team Oleum. “Followed up with a sniff, the color and smell of the product were the easiest ways to spot a good concentrate back in the day. Now, a concentrate can look great, and even smell ok, but once dabbed or vaped might taste horrendous.”

Third-party lab reports are essential, proving the manufacturer and consumer with information on the chemical constituents in the concentrate, like the terpene profiles of the flower.

“While a concentrate may look attractive, low-quality flower with low terpene content may have been used during the extraction,” said Team Oleum. “Most lab reports list information on the potency and dominant cannabinoids in the product. Some reports, however, will also list the primary terpenes in the concentrate as well. In general, the more terpenes preserved in the concentrate, the greater the flavor and aroma.”

“The only individuals really doing any quality control of the products before going out to market are the producers and processors themselves. If these individuals are not cannabis consumers,  and/or are not trying their own products it is doing a great disservice to both their brand and their consumers.

“If the owners and operators of these brands do a good enough job at this, the reward is consumer trust in both the brand and its products. When people can trust where the material is being sourced, how it is being processed and the care that goes into its production from start to finish. These are the brands that are earning the most market share and seeing the most positive feedback from consumers.”

Most Common Concentrate Preparations

Walk into any cannabis shop these days and you’re sure to find a plethora of containers filled with sticky goo. The market for cannabis concentrates is growing faster than ever, with data suggesting that concentrate sales may surpass sales for dry flower within the next four years. Here are some of the most popular cannabis concentrate products.

Shatter

Cannabis ConcentratesPHOTO RuggedCoast

Shatter is easy to spot in a dispensary but relatively difficult to make for extractors. Shatter is a cannabis concentrate that takes on the consistency of an amber-colored glass shard. These shards can be broken up and dabbed, although the oil’s crystalline constitution makes it slightly more difficult to work with than other concentrate preparations.

Wax

PHOTO David

Wax and shatter are made in essentially the same way, although wax tends to be physically agitated more during processing. As a result, the preparation loses its glass-like consistency and instead develops a waxy, honeycomb-like constitution. Some individual strains may also be more inclined to “wax up” than other strains. In general, waxes tend to be softer and easier to manipulate than shatters.

Budder

Budder is whipped wax. Instead of walking on eggshells trying to create a glass-like shatter, budder is whipped automatically in order to create a smoothe yet opaque concentrate. The end result is soft, fluffy, and easy to manipulate.

Oil

PHOTO Eric Limon

Cannabis oils are concentrates that maintain a consistent liquid state. Oils are most often made with ethanol, which preserves the widest array of phytochemicals found in any cannabis extraction. Oils of this type are often referred to as full-spectrum cannabis oil (FECO) or Rick Simpson Oil (RSO). These oils are often used under the tongue or are ingested orally. Carbon dioxide, however, can also be used to make a syrupy oil, such as that found in vapor cartridges.

Live Resin

PHOTO Oleum Extracts

Live resin is a king among concentrates. Unlike all other concentrates, live resin is made using fresh cannabis flowers that have been flash-frozen in order to preserve terpene quality. These fresh flowers are then processed using butane as a solvent, creating a wet and semi-solid concentrate that features superior flavor, aroma, and overall terpene quality.

Solventless Concentrates

Using a solvent is the easiest way to extract cannabis concentrates. Solvents, however, are not required to make a concentrated cannabis product. Products like hash and rosin do not require solvents at all, which makes them preferable to many consumers. Although, solventless concentrates tend to be less potent than their solvent-based counterparts.

Rocks and Sauce

Cannabis ConcentratesPHOTO Oleum Extracts

“Rocks and Sauce is a product where THCA crystals grow in their own high terpene extraction,” said Team Oleum. “They are often made from fresh frozen material but can be made from dried/cured material, too.”

Hash

PHOTO Frenchy Cannoli

Hash is one of the oldest cannabis preparations available. It’s also one of the simplest to make. Hash is most often made by rubbing dried cannabis flower on a screen, breaking off trichomes via agitation. The broken trichomes are then collected and compressed into hash.

Bubble hash or ice water hash is another type of concentrate made using agitation. Only, this variety of hash uses ice water to freeze trichome resin glands. The cold temperature makes trichomes more brittle, which allows them to more easily break away from plant material. The end result is grainy trichome goo that is then dried and compressed into hash.

Rosin

Cannabis ConcentratesPHOTO RuggedCoast

Rosin is one of the most popular concentrates available today. Like hash, rosin is relatively easy to make. This solventless preparation uses heat and pressure to melt trichomes off of plant material. These trichomes are often melted between two solid hot plates, which compresses them into an almost shatter-like consistency. Rosin tends to be slightly translucent, although it remains mailable and soft, a stark contrast to shatter’s glass-like nature.

Exciting Advances and New Developments in the World of Cannabis Concentrates

Cannabis ConcentratesPHOTO Oleum Extracts

Team Oleum believe that isolates, the separation of cannabinoids and terpenes are exciting developments and new in the field of concentrates.

“We are now starting to understand isolation and separation on a much deeper level,” said Team Oleum. “This allows us to reconfigure ratios of cannabinoids to terpenes — to alter the experience, flavors and effects of these products.

“This has never been an option before with cannabis concentrates, we believe the future will incorporate a lot of these unique and novel combinations into the cannabis consumer’s diet. For instance, our IceWalker is a product that incorporates THCA Crystalline Wizard Stones, Delta-8-AquaTek Distillate and cannabis-derived terpenes. These types of concentrate concoctions were not possible a few years ago, we are excited to see what will come available in the next five years.

“In addition to isolations, we are also starting to retain terpenes (flavors) and their respective cannabinoids in such a way as to mimic the actual taste, smell and effect of the flower it comes from. It wasn’t too long ago that material was just put into a column and blasted with solvent, hoping for the best outcome in the end product and it was often hit or miss. Now, a lot more science, better cultivation, and preparation of materials, and better understanding and innovation of equipment have allowed us to employ much more efficient methods in cannabis extraction and processing. This, in turn, allows us to produce a much higher quality product much more consistently. Something that benefits both the producers and the consumers.

“Last but not least, CRC (Color Remediation Cartridge) seems to be making an introduction by offering solutions to the removal of unwanted colors and compounds in cannabis concentrates. These colors and compounds include lipids, chlorophyll, carotene, xanthophyll, pheophytins and lycopene,” said Team Oleum. “Due to the compounds being used in this process, it should only be done by those with proper equipment/lab and training. It definitely has its place in the concentrate industry as a means of cleaning up product, but in the same breath, good concentrates should always come from good starting material. As the tried and true saying goes, “Fire In.. Fire Out”.

“These methods of remediation can often take away from the true and original character of the strain and extract. We try to stay as close to the original cultivar as we can…in most cases it’s what we and the end consumer prefers.”

TELL US, did learn anything you didn’t already know about concentrates?

Originally published on cannabisaficianado.com.

The post Celebrate 710 With This Complete Guide to Cannabis Concentrates appeared first on Cannabis Now.

5 Essential Reads for the 710 Holiday

In the beginning, 710 may have been a day primarily celebrated by wooks with blowtorches, but these days, it’s for everyone. And we can prove it! According to the data crunchers at Headset, total cannabis sales went up around 10% on 710 in 2018 around the country. 

To prepare for this scared holiday for concentrate lovers, we have five must-read stories consisting of a beginner’s guide to dabs, an overview of the past decade in dabbing, a 710 playlist and more!

PHOTO Gracie Malley

READ: The Decade in Dabbing

Over the last 10 years, the art of separating trichomes and terpenes from plant material became a true science and we’re going to take a look at the road that got us to today where we now have the best hash in history.

The Essential Six-Month History of Cold Start Dabs
PHOTO Gracie Malley

READ: Dabbing 101 – A Beginner’s Guide to Concentrates

The term “dab” comes from the motion of touching concentrate to a hot surface or touching a hot surface to concentrate, then inhaling the vapors. Always start off with a small sample and don’t be afraid to ask questions. Check out our “dab vocab” section to get up to code on the terms you’ve probably heard but may not completely understand.

710 limo
PHOTO Dabbs_Dean

READ: City of Terps: A Road Sesh with the 710 Limo

Greg Zeman is in Sacramento to check out the California capital’s sesh, and road trip in a 710 Limo. Here’s a taste of the adventure: And then I do something I never even considered doing before; I “compete” in a Biggest Dab contest. It’s hard to explain what possessed me to do this. They had three grams of a wild concoction of concentrates: shatter, wax, clear, and maybe some other powdered crumble or THCa or something. Honestly, I was already pretty high at this point.

710
PHOTO Gracie Malley

READ: 8 Essential Globs For Your 710

July 10, otherwise known as 710, has only existed as a hash holiday for eight years, but it’s already entered folklore status. Much like 420 or Christmas with your family, you’re going to need a grocery list and you’re going to need to stock up early, or else you’re going to find yourself in need of a midday supply run.

710 playlist
PHOTO Gracie Malley

READ: 710 Playlist: Make Way for the Concentrates

As the movement grows, so does the message. Whether you are celebrating solo or gearing up for a concentrate extravaganza, these five songs will help keep the dabbing groove going for days to come. Members of the 710 squad, unite – today is your day to puff tuff.

TELL US, do you celebrate 710?

The post 5 Essential Reads for the 710 Holiday appeared first on Cannabis Now.

Why CBD Oil Potency Matters and 5 of the Strongest CBD Oils

From a consumer’s perspective, potency is one of the most important things to consider when purchasing a CBD oil. There are many factors that distinguish one CBD oil from the next, but strength is the kicker, determining everything from the cost of a product to its ultimate therapeutic effectiveness. Yet such an important element is often misunderstood. 

The strength of a CBD oil definitely depends on how much cannabidiol it contains. But other elements play important roles in the potency equation, too. How do you measure the strength of a CBD oil? Does strength really matter as much as everyone seems to think it does? And what exactly is CBD oil in the first place? In this guide, we dive into all of those questions and more, closing with a list of the five strongest CBD oils on the market. 

Learn all about what makes a CBD oil strong, what experts consider “high potency,” and get answers to common questions and concerns about buying CBD oils, so you can make the best product choice for your health and wellness needs.

What is CBD Oil?

Let’s start with the basics. What exactly is CBD oil? The simplest answer is that CBD oil is a liquid product that consists of the cannabinoid cannabidiol (CBD) infused in a fatty carrier oil. Carrier oils are typically medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) such as coconut oil, that are easy to digest and linked to many health benefits. Carrier oils can also be extra virgin olive oil, grapeseed oil, or as is commonly found in hemp-derived products, cold-pressed hemp seed oil. 

At minimum, CBD oil consists of these two essential ingredients: cannabidiol and a carrier oil. But most products contain much more. Depending on the source of the CBD and how it gets extracted, concentrated, and processed, CBD oils can contain other cannabinoids such as THC and plant compounds including terpenes, flavonoids and other phytonutrients. The carrier oil can also add other ingredients to the oil, especially if derived from hemp or cannabis. Finally, some manufacturers might add aromatic ingredients such as essential oils to their finished products. 

As a result of all these variables, CBD oils can vary dramatically in color, consistency, and flavor, even before taking strength into account. And strength largely depends on how a CBD oil is formulated. At one end of the spectrum, there’s CBD isolate, the strongest and purest form of CBD available. Using solvents or supercritical gases, manufacturers extract cannabidiol from every part of the hemp plant, producing a crystalized form of CBD that’s typically above 99% pure. CBD isolate isn’t an oil, per se. Instead, manufacturers suspend it in a carrier oil until it reaches the desired concentration.

Cannabidiol (CBD) oil can be sourced from hemp or marijuana plants. The difference is hemp-derived CBD contains 0.3% or less THC, while marijuana-derived CBD contains more and can only be purchased and used where marijuana is legal. (Photo by Shutterstock)

At the other end of the spectrum, there’s broad-spectrum or full-spectrum CBD oil. Typically,  though not necessarily, sourced from hemp plants, broad-spectrum CBD oils have been minimally processed and purified. As a result, they contain the widest range of minor cannabinoids, nutrients, vitamins, terpenes and more. 

In the middle of isolate-based oils and full-spectrum oils, you’ll find CBD distillates. Less refined than isolates, distillates contain more of the source plants’ cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and other compounds. But they’re more refined than broad-spectrum oils. Distillates are more common in states with legal cannabis markets, since they usually contain more THC than the 0.3% limit set by federal law with the signing of the 2018 Farm Bill. 

The boundaries between isolates, distillates and full-spectrum CBD oils aren’t always so clear. For example, a strong CBD oil made with a 99.7% pure isolate may also contain a range of minor cannabinoids and terpenes because it uses a broad-spectrum hemp seed oil as a carrier. 

How Is Strength Determined?

At first glance, measuring the strength of a CBD oil seems simple. Read the label to see how much CBD a product contains, and voila. But because CBD oils can be isolates, distillates, or broad-spectrum, determining strength can be a bit tricky. Moreover, some product labels can make it harder to know exactly how strong a product is, or how potent a dose it provides. So we’ll start there, with the product label of a CBD oil itself. Then, we’ll take a look at how testing labs measure the strength of a CBD oil, and how that connects with what’s on the label. 

“When you’re talking about strength, you’re talking about potency,” explained Adie Rae, a science adviser to Weedmaps News and an academic researcher with a Ph.D. in neuroscience who has been studying cannabinoids since 2004. “And that means how much CBD per volume.”

As Rae explained, you could have two CBD oils, both in 30 milliliter bottles. But one contains 3,000 milligrams of CBD and the other contains 6,000 milligrams of CBD. In this example, the stronger oil is the one with 6,000 milligrams of CBD per 30 milliliter container. In fact, it’s twice as strong, so you’d have to take twice as much of the less potent oil to achieve the same dose. And if the stronger CBD oil is less than twice as much as the weaker version, you’re saving yourself money by going with the more potent bottle.

Makers of cannabidiol (CBD) oils have not settled on a standard measurement for concentration. Some labels will list purity, while others will list percentage by volume (Photo by Shutterstock)

Sometimes, however, packages will tell you what percentage of CBD contained in the oil. This is where things can get confusing. A label may say that the CBD in the product is 99% pure if it contains a CBD isolate, or 70% if it contains a distillate. This tells you the strength of the CBD in the oil, but it doesn’t tell you how potent the CBD oil is by volume. And that means you won’t be able to tell how strong a dose is, so it’s important to find where the package indicates how much CBD it contains in milligrams. 

From a lab technician’s perspective, however, determining CBD oil strength looks a little different. According to Myron Ronay, CEO of BelCosta Labs, manufacturers test for strength at every stage of the supply chain. They test the industrial hemp plants for CBD potency, then the initial “crude” oil and again at each stage of distillation. CBD oil manufacturers do this to ensure quality, consistency and legal compliance. But it’s a test of the final product that determines what gets printed on the label. 

Most of the time, labs like BelCosta use High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) to measure CBD oil strength. For the technically curious, the test produces a table of wavelengths that act as the chemical fingerprints of various cannabinoids. This allows lab technicians to identify which compounds a sample contains as well as their relative quantities.

When testing for CBD oil strength, BelCosta analyzes for 14 different major and minor cannabinoids, including CBD, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabinol (CBN), and cannabigerol (CBG). The results show the percentage of CBD and other compounds in the sample. Reliable CBD oil companies will provide these results on their websites or product packaging. 

Does Strength Matter?

Undeniably, today’s CBD market places a premium on potency. But does strength matter? And if so, how much? The truth is, we still really don’t know. When it comes to CBD, nothing is standardized. A dose that works for one person might be totally ineffective for someone else. Our individual bodies and metabolism, the bioavailability of different consumption methods and myriad other factors make experiences with CBD highly subjective and variable. Still, CBD consumers aren’t completely in the dark. Strength does matter, and in a few very important ways.

First, strength matters from the standpoint of efficacy. The stronger a CBD oil, the higher its potency, the more effects it’s going to produce. So what counts as a strong CBD oil? In the view of Rae, the cutoff for a “high potency” CBD oil is 35 milligrams per serving. Anything below that, and consumers are likely to have immeasurable blood levels of CBD.

“For me, when I’m buying hemp oil, I go for 50 milligrams CBD per milliliter,” Rae said. That’s a fairly high concentration of CBD, and one you won’t find in most CBD oil products below the $100 mark. 

But potency (mg/mL) is only part of the larger strength equals efficacy equation. Research is still ongoing, but most experts agree that CBD on its own is going to be less effective overall than a full-spectrum oil containing roughly the same amount of CBD.

“No matter how much CBD isolate you’re taking, it’s not going to be as therapeutically beneficial as a broad-spectrum product,” Rae said.

BelCosta Lab’s Myron Ronay echoes Rae’s preference for broad-spectrum CBD oil over isolates. He said CBD is most effective when it can take advantage of the entourage effect, which is its interaction with other cannabinoids and terpenes in the oil. 

To bind with the cell receptors of the human endocannabinoid system (ECS) and therefore produce therapeutic effects, CBD might need the help of THC and minor cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN, tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) and others. “Ratio is more important than strength in absolute terms,” Ronay said. “A little bit of THC goes a long way,” Rae said. 

And that’s usually the difference between a broad-spectrum and a full-spectrum” product: full-spectrum cannabis oil contains THC. (Look out, though, for the word “full-spectrum” on products sourced from hemp; these have less than .3% THC in raw form). But outside of licensed medical or recreational cannabis dispensaries, CBD products have to contain less than 0.3% THC to remain legal. This makes it difficult to find products containing therapeutic levels of THC in states without legalized cannabis. 

For consumers without access to legal cannabis shops, broad-spectrum products (without the THC) are the next best thing, because they often combine high-strength isolate or distillate with broad-spectrum hemp oil. In short, you should ultimately choose a strong CBD oil that contains the most ingredients possible.

Swallowing cannabidiol (CBD) oil reduces most of its effectiveness. The bioavailability, or the ability of CBD to reach the bloodstream and produce its therapeutic effects, is around 5%. (Photo by Shutterstock)

Rae has some more crucial advice for CBD oil consumers looking for strength. Don’t swallow it! Studies have shown that the oral bioavailability of CBD is shockingly low, at just around 5%. In other words, only a fraction of the CBD oil you swallow is making it into your bloodstream where it can produce therapeutic results. But as Rae explained, there are a couple ways to hack CBD’s low bioavailability. 

First, keep the oil under your tongue for as long as possible; try to make it to 4 or 5 minutes. “This method treats the oil more like a topical than an edible, and keeps the CBD safe from the digestive enzymes that break it down,” Rae said.

Second, if you do have to swallow the oil, take it at the same time as some black pepper. Piperine is a molecule in black pepper that shuts down the drug-metabolizing enzymes in your liver, giving CBD a better chance of getting absorbed. 

Finally, no discussion of the importance of CBD oil strength would be complete without tackling the issue of product safety. It’s important to keep in mind that outside of licensed dispensaries, CBD products are still unregulated. There’s no real rules yet for acceptable levels of pesticides, chemical fertilizers, heavy metals and other contaminants. Screening for them isn’t required, and there are no restrictions on selling products that contain them. The only thing that matters is staying below the 0.3% THC threshold. 

High-potency CBD oils in particular amplify concerns about contamination. As Ronay explained, concentrating for potency involves concentrating everything else in and on the hemp plant, too. “How do you know what’s in it or what’s safe? People are looking for a cure and for health and facing the unknown,” Ronay said.

But you don’t have to face the unknown. Here are five of the strongest CBD oils on the market, selected based on their potency, efficacy and how transparent the company is with what’s inside the bottle. Keep in mind, strength is all relative. What matters is potency: how much CBD a single dose provides, whether it’s a drop or a full milliliter dropper. 

The oils below are all CBD-heavy, at concentrations way above the average product, with prices to match. We favored broad-spectrum oils due to their added therapeutic benefits. And remember, if you want to make your CBD oil stronger, all you need to do is take more of it!

5 of the Strongest CBD Oils on the Market

MyNaturalCBD — 5,000 milligrams Full-Spectrum Hemp Oil Tincture (30 milliliters)

Some oils you take by the dropper. This one, you take by the drop. At 5,000 milligrams of CBD, you’d be hard pressed to find a stronger CBD oil at the 30 milliliter level. Lab results indicate an even higher 5,280 milligrams of CBD, along with trace (and legal) percentages of THC, cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) and CBG. And to make way for all that cannabidiol, MyNaturalCBD uses a simple formula. This product fuses high-potency CBD with a blend of full-spectrum hemp oil and MCT oil from coconuts. 

A high-potency CBD oil like this allows you to fine-tune your dosage. Each drop contains a little more than 8 milligrams of CBD. With four or five drops, and you’ve reached that 35-milligram-per-dose benchmark. A 0.5 milliliter dose would deliver 84 milligrams of CBD. 

Availability: United States

Price: $379 — Find it and other MyNaturalCBD products on Weedmaps

Cannabidiol Life — 6,000 milligrams Whole Plant Hemp Extract CBD Oil (120 milliliters)

Cannabidiol Life’s most potent offering is a perfect example of why it’s important to measure a CBD oil’s strength by volume. At 3,000 milligrams CBD, this whole plant hemp extract oil contains more cannabidiol than most products on the market. But its potency isn’t as extreme as it may appear. This is a 60 milliliter bottle, putting CBD potency at a humbler 50 mg/mL — therapeutically beneficial, but not chart-topping. Still, because Cannabidiol Life contains so much CBD, you can easily obtain 75–100 mg/mL doses, or higher, if required.

Price: $299 — Find it and other Cannabidiol Life products on Weedmaps

Enjoyable CBD — 3,000 milligram Full-Spectrum CBD Tincture (30 milliliters)

Enjoyable CBD’s full-spectrum CBD tincture clocks in at 100 mg/mL. And while that may not be the strongest CBD oil on the market by the numbers, it’s one of the strongest in terms of how much CBD gets into your bloodstream. That’s because this CBD is all about bioavailability. Enjoyable CBD uses full-spectrum Imperial CBD Oil, a formula which uses molecular encapsulated CBD to help improve how well your body absorbs the cannabidiol. 

The unique extraction and distillation process produces a completely THC-free oil, however, so this is a case where strength may require a trade-off with the benefits of the entourage effect. 

Availability: United States

Price: $154 — Find it and other Enjoyable products on Weedmaps

Green Roads — 3,500 milligrams Pharmacist Formulated CBD Oil (60 milliliters)

Green Roads is a prominent name in CBD products, and its 3,500 milligram CBD oil is its flagship product. Each milliliter of this formula delivers 66.36 milligrams of hemp-derived CBD, according to the most recent lab sheets — stronger than advertised. Green Roads’ formulates this broad-spectrum CBD oil with a proprietary blend of terpenes, sourced from hemp seed oil.

Consumers can take confidence in the clear and regularly updated lab sheets provided about this and all Green Roads products. And Green Roads isn’t just testing for CBD. It also screens for pesticides, solvents, heavy metals, microbials and other contaminants and only sells products from batches that pass all tests.

Availability: United States

Price: $420 — Find it and other Green Roads products on Weedmaps

Hempassion — 4,000 milligrams Nature’s Nectar CBD Oil (10 milliliters)

This is a 10 milliliter bottle of CBD oil that contains 7.26 grams of cannabidiol in a 55 percent CBD distillate. Germinated hemp seed oil, this product’s carrier oil, adds even more CBD in addition to minor cannabinoids, terpenes and other hemp phytonutrients. Hempassion says germinated hemp seed oil is one of the most nutritionally balanced supplements currently known. 

According to Hempassion, each milliliter of Nature’s Nectar CBD oil contains 20 drops, and each drop contains about 20 milligrams of cannabidiol. Two or three drops under the tongue is all you need for a therapeutically significant dose of this ultra-high potency CBD oil. This is a product that highlights the cost savings of purchasing more concentrated CBD oils. 

Availability: United Kingdom, United States

Price: $552 — Find it and other Hempassion products on Weedmaps

Featured Image: With so many cannabidiol (CBD) oil makers on the market offering a variety of hemp-derived and marijuana-derived products in a vast array of purity levels and strengths, what’s a consumer to do? For starters, look for CBD strength by volume. (Gina Coleman/Weedmaps)

The post Why CBD Oil Potency Matters and 5 of the Strongest CBD Oils appeared first on Weedmaps News.

Try These Terpene-infused Products to Improve Your High

In the world of weed, THC, cannabidiol (CBD), and cannabinoids get all the praise, but cannabis’s secret weapons are terpenes.  

Terpenes are volatile essential oils that are found in all plants and are responsible for their smell and taste. More than 200 terpenes have been found in cannabis, but only a small percentage are in amounts large enough to be noteworthy. These oils are what create a specific strains scent and flavor, but that’s not all what they do.

Terpenes actually can enhance your high with their properties – making your high longer and stronger, or make your high less intense if you had too much. The way that terpenes react with compounds within the cannabis plant is known as the “entourage effect.” 

These six terpene products can enhance the experience of your high.

Meraki Tips

When it comes to crutches, you need to drop your old ones and come to the terp side. Meraki offers two types of tips: Peaceful and Sayonara. If you are sensitive to THC but want to smoke, Peaceful Tips offer a proprietary blend intended to mitigate anxiety. If you are looking to boost the effects of a particular strain, Sayonara Tips are for you. This is actually wonderful, as you can use less herb to get robust effects. Talk about a money saver! 

 

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For each tip that Meraki sells, it donates some proceeds to the nonprofit Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS), a Santa Cruz, California-based organization working to study medically beneficial uses for THC as well as psychedelics.

Price: $12 per tip 

True Terpenes’ Terp Flavors

Any essential oil lover will be pleased with True Terpenes‘ superior line of food-grade, ultra-pure, and molecularly refined terpene isolates. Each product is rigorously tested for heavy metals, pesticides, and residual solvents. These undiluted essential oils can create almost limitless possibilities of effects when mixed with the strains you smoke, edibles you create at home, and any cartridges you want to tinker with. Note: These terpenes are winterized and must be diluted with a carrier oil prior to consumption.

Lift Tickets Rolling Papers and Cones

These devilishly delicious natural rolling papers and cones are infused with strain-specific terpenes that will make you never look at any other papers again. These are a must-have for anyone who loves a solid, classic jay. Because they are strain-specific, these rolling papers will bring about similar properties of the strains they are named after.

Price: $5-$70

Lulu’s Chocolate

What could make dark chocolate better? Try adding raw vegan chocolate infused with a blend of terpenes and hemp-derived CBD oil. That should do it. 

 

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But seriously, this sinfully decadent chocolate bar has a specific terpene profile that aims to relax. This can also be useful for consumers who have either eaten or smoked too much, as CBD is known to help reduce the effects of THC

Price: $12-$132

Kush Candles

Most people can get down with candles, but terpene-infused candles take it to the next level. These handmade candles are made from soy wax, pure hempseed oil, pure cotton wicks, and organic terpenes – enough to make anyone smile for miles. They also have more than 50 hours of burn time, allowing you to have many smoking seshes with just one candle. Because each candle is strain-specific, it contains precise terpene blends, which means different candles will enhance your mood in different ways.

Price: $14.99

Pandora’s Pops

These mouthwatering vegan pops are made with terpenes and superfoods to provide the flavor of weed strains while getting the therapeutic benefits of terpenes. Grapefruit OG, Blackberry Kush, and Grape Wreck are the three flavors you can choose from to enrich your high. Keep several on hand, as they also help combat cottonmouth.

Price: $8-$65

Featured image by Gina Coleman/Weedmaps News

The post Try These Terpene-infused Products to Improve Your High appeared first on Weedmaps News.

Monday, April 15, 2019 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Monday, April 15, 2019 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Mass. marijuana industry in mostly corporate and white. Inside one Boston battle to change that (Boston Globe)

// Maryland cannabis regulators tell dispensaries they need to open by Sept. 30 or else (Baltimore Sun)

// Teagan Appleby to have confiscated medical cannabis returned (Guardian)


Today’s headlines are brought to you by our friends over at Eaze.com, California’s top one stop website for legal marijuana delivery. If you live in the golden state, swing over to Eaze.com to see if they are active in your area. With deliveries taking place in less than an hour, it’s never been easier to get legal California marijuana delivery. And of course, if you don’t live where Eaze delivers, you can still benefit from all the useful bits of industry insight and analysis they’ve developed using their properly aggregate and anonymized sales data stream.


// Legalization led to people trying cannabis for the first time ever (CTV News)

// Ontario Cannabis Store expects CA$25 million loss despite monopoly advantage (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Mile High Labs Raises $65MM to Purchase Mountains of Hemp (New Cannabis Ventures)

// California Might Require 1 Dispensary for 4 Alcohol-Serving Businesses (Weedmaps (AP))

// Inability To Ship Across State Lines Hurts Cannabis Businesses, Especially Small Operators (Forbes)

// Groups with more pot arrests may get edge in Michigan’s legalized industry (Detroit News)

// Ontario’s new licence plate slogan sounds suspiciously weedy (Georgia Straight)


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