Portland Shop Openly Selling Psychedelic Mushrooms

A Portland herbal shop is openly selling psilocybin mushrooms, drawing lines of people waiting more than two hours to get their hands on varieties of psychedelic fungi including Penis Envy and Knobby Tops. 

In November 2020, Oregon voters approved Measure 109, a ballot proposition to legalize the therapeutic use of psilocybin by therapists licensed by the Oregon Health Authority. The successful ballot measure is currently undergoing a two-year implementation period, with the OHA currently drafting regulations to govern the production, distribution and administration of psilocybin for medicinal purposes. 

Another ballot proposition passed that year, Measure 110, decriminalized possession of small amounts of all drugs including psilocybin, but did not legalize the production or sale of controlled substances. Under federal law, psilocybin mushrooms continue to be a prohibited Schedule I drug under the Controlled Substances Act.

Despite the fact that the OHA has yet to issue any licenses to psilocybin providers, the herbal products retailer Shroom House in Portland has apparently begun selling its namesake fungi. Last week, a local television news station reported that the shop’s owner had admitted to selling psilocybin mushrooms after a former employee contacted the outlet about the possibility of illegal sales and distribution occurring at the facility.

“I was led to believe by management at Shroom House that this was the first medically licensed and sanctioned place to buy psychedelics in the state of Oregon,” Kace Colwell told KOIN 6. “They’re breaking all sorts of laws over there.”

Application Required From Potential Customers

To purchase psilocybin mushrooms at Shroom House, customers are required to provide two forms of identification and fill out an application to become a member of the Shroom House Society, according to a report from Willamette Week. Applicants must be at least 21 years old and complete a questionnaire that asks about anxiety and depression, among other mental health conditions. A reporter from the weekly publication was able to purchase psilocybin mushrooms within about five minutes of submitting an application. 

“Please use the products purchased from the Society in a responsible manner,” the application notes. “While larger doses of psilocybin mushrooms are psychedelic and will definitely impair driving, microdoses should not affect your ability to drive or perform other tasks.”

Shroom House reportedly has a variety of mushrooms to choose from, including Knobby Tops, Penis Envy, and Albino Golden Teacher, Willamette Week noted in its report. Seven grams of psychedelic fungi will set you back from $85 to $95.

OHA spokeswoman Erica Heartquist confirmed that no licenses for psilocybin providers have yet been issued. Sam Chapman, executive director of the Healing Advocacy Fund, a nonprofit advocating for the equitable implementation of Measure 109, stressed the importance of adhering to the guidelines detailed in the successful ballot measure.

“Retail sales of psilocybin are not legal under Oregon law. Nothing in Measure 109 or any other law allows the sale of psilocybin mushrooms today or in the future,” Chapman said in a statement quoted by Business Insider. “Many Oregonians stand to benefit from the healing properties of psilocybin, including those suffering from depression, anxiety and addiction, but the therapy must be delivered safely.”

But the lack of government approval is not stopping potential shoppers from lining up, in some cases for reportedly more than two hours, to join the Shroom House Society and begin purchasing psilocybin mushrooms. Customer Cassie Cadence said she waited in line for “like an hour.”

“But it’s worth it to me because I kind of feel like I’m kind of a part of history right now, which I think is really cool,” Cadence added. “Because I’ve been an advocate for mushrooms, psychedelics and that kind of freedom.”

Patron Randi King said he heard about Shroom House when a “friend of mine sent me an article.” 

“I told my wife, and she was like, ‘What are we waiting for? Let’s go get some,’” King said.

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Everything You Need to Know About Psilocybin Mushrooms and Mushroom Drugs

Psilocybin mushrooms and other mushroom drugs are trending big time. Whether it’s a new decriminalization or a recent study to come out, we keep hearing about the many wellness benefits and increased access to shrooms. Granted, there are still no consumer products available, but the fact that laws are beginning to loosen up is a positive sign in and of itself. Scroll down to learn everything you need to know about psilocybin mushrooms.

What are Psilocybin Mushrooms? 

Psilocybin is the primary compound found in psychedelic mushrooms and truffles. It’s a basic tryptamine hallucinogen with properties similar to lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and mescaline, although the chemical structure is somewhat different. Research over the years indicates a common mechanism of action through serotonergic (5-HT) pathways. Psilocybin is a strong agonist at 5-HT receptors which are located within the thalamus and cortex of the brain. 

One can expect the onset of hallucinogenic effects to kick in around 20 to 40 minutes after consumption, and they last up to 6 hours. Psilocybin’s threshold for intoxication is approximately 40 mcg/kg of body weight. In wild mushrooms with lower levels of psilocybin, this translates to about 2 grams, although some people use up to 4 grams for a good psychedelic trip.  

Swiss chemist Albert Hoffmann was the first to isolate Psilocybin back in 1958, using the Psilocybe Mexicana mushroom species from Central America. Psilocybin is found in both wild and cultivated mushrooms, although just like with cannabis, cultivated mushrooms tend to be more potent. Through cross-breeding, cultivated mushrooms can have up to 10 times higher levels of psilocybin than wild species.  


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Other Types of Psychedelic Mushrooms 

There are many different strains of psilocybin mushrooms, which are the more popular of the psychedelic mushroom varieties. However, another type that’s been of growing interest are Amanita muscaria. Amanita muscaria, often referred to as the fly agaric or fly amanita, is a member of the Basidiomycota family of fungi, of the genus Amanita.  

This mushroom species gets its common name from its ability to attract and kill flies and possibly, mosquitos. The fly agaric is native to the temperate and boreal regions of the Northern Hemisphere including Europe, North America, and Siberia/Northern Asia. It’s a highly adaptable mushrooms species that can now be found throughout the world, and it’s closely tied to various deciduous and coniferous trees, commonly found growing under birch and pine. Amanita muscaria mushrooms have round, often dome-shaped, red caps with white spots and white gills.  

They are without a doubt one of the most recognizable of the toadstool mushroom species. You can spot Amanita muscaria mushrooms in the Mario franchise games, the Alice in Wonderland mushroom scene, and many other cartoons and animated games. Although they have many features that make them easily discernible from other mushroom varieties, there are several known subspecies of Amanita muscaria, some more potent/toxic than others.  

In classic psychedelics like psilocybin/shrooms, mescaline, and LSD, the active compounds interact with our serotonin and/or dopamine neurotransmitters, which are 5-HT2A agonists. In A. muscaria, the psychoactive ingredients are muscimol and ibotenic acid. Muscimol activates the major inhibitory neurotransmitter system, gamma amino butyric acid (GABA). As an inhibitory system, muscimol works by suppressing the activity of neurons in the brain.  

Ibotenic acid is a neurotoxin and agonist of glutamate receptors, specifically at both the N-methyl-D-aspartate, or NMDA, and trans-ACPD receptor sites. Neurotoxins interrupt communication between neurons across a synapse, changing the way the nervous system functions. Ibotenic acid is a secondary metabolite that converts to muscimol via decarboxylation.  

While that may sound pretty intense, people who use these mushrooms compare the feeling to being drunk, but with a bit more of a curious and psychedelic vibe to it. The muscimol in these mushrooms can produce feelings of euphoria, hallucinations, muscle jerks, drowsiness, sweating, pupil dilation, and increased body temperature. 

Research and Legality  

In the United States, use of psychedelic mushrooms has been illegal since the Controlled Substances Act was implemented in 1970. Since then, clinical studies have pretty much ceased, but recreational use definitely has not.  

However, in 1992, the National Institute on Drug Abuse linked up with an FDA advisory team to revamp research efforts of psychedelic agents – albeit extremely limited research. In 1993, the Heffter Research Institute in New Mexico was founded. It’s one of the only institutes in the world the is entirely dedicated to uncovering the medical benefits of psychedelic compounds found in nature. Despite these developments, psilocybin is still banned in the U.S. 

Around the world, novel and alternative treatments for mental illnesses becoming increasingly sought after, new resources are being aimed at age-old therapies including cannabis, ketamine, mescaline, and psilocybin. Dr. George R. Greer, co-founder and president of the Heffter Research Institute, “Our mission is two-fold: one to do research that helps us understand the mind, the brain, how all that works, and number two, to help reduce suffering through therapeutic use of psychedelics.” 

Dosing and Fostering a Good Trip 

Defined simply, or if you look up the term in an online dictionary, a “trip” can be described as a “temporarily altered state of consciousness”. This is accurate, but an incredibly lackluster explanation for something that can be transcendental and life-changing for many people. A “temporarily altered state of consciousness” can technically be achieved through the use of any drug that produces a “high”. Even sleeping puts you in a “temporarily altered state of consciousness”.  

But psychedelic trips are different – they’re more sentient in nature. Trips can vary greatly in intensity, but they generally make you feel something. Psychedelics affect all the senses and can change a person’s thought process, and their sense of time, space and reality. They are known to produce auditory, visual, and sensory hallucinations; however, some users experience no hallucinations at all, but rather a sense of general well-being, connectivity, and euphoria. Numerous factors make tripping a very subjective experience.  

Dosing (which can range from microdoses that are less than 0.5 grams, to “heroic” doses that are 5 grams or more) and other elements can significantly impact a psychedelic trip, so you want to make sure that you’re doing everything possible to guarantee an uplifting and beneficial high.  

Although a psychedelic trip can be achieved via meditation, sensory-deprivation, light therapy, and a handful of other methods; the easiest and most common ways to achieve this state of mind is through the use of psychedelic drugs. Psychedelic drugs, also referred to entheogens, are a subset of hallucinogens which contain compounds that can alter perception. The term entheogens come from Greek and can be roughly translated to mean “building the God within”.  

To utilize these compounds to their full potential, a few things need to be kept in mind, all of which largely have to do with a concept known in the psychonaut world as ‘set and setting’. Set refers to your state of mind, while setting describes the environment of your trip. Psychologist and author, Timothy Leary, could not emphasize it more… “set and setting are of utmost importance when it comes to having a happy and therapeutic psychedelic trip,” he says. 

Risk of Addiction and Overdose 

Psilocybin mushrooms and other mushroom drugs have a very low potential of both addiction and overdose. As a matter of fact, recent studies confirm that only 0.2% of magic mushroom users seek emergency medical care after use… the lowest of any recreational drug, including cannabis. A psilocybin “overdose”, or a bad trip rather, can lead to various psychological symptoms, the primary one being very intense panic attacks.    

One of the biggest risks to consider when eating magic mushrooms, especially if you’re foraging for them yourself, is picking the wrong type. Given that there are over 14,000 different mushroom species in the world, it’s easy to conclude that some may have very similar characteristics – making them hard to tell apart from each in real life situations. Eating a poisonous mushroom can be fatal, so that’s definitely something you’ll want to be very careful about. 

It’s also important to keep in mind the stark contrast between an overdose and a bad trip. Some people might mistake the two, but they are fundamentally different. The main difference between the two is that overdoses are physical and bad trips are mental. Overdoses can be fatal, whereas bad trips are basically just scary and confusing.  

That distinction is extremely important, because it really highlights the sheer insanity of keeping psychedelic drugs illegal. How are drugs like Oxycontin and other opioids (which kill an average of 44 people per day in the U.S.) legal with prescriptions, while psychedelics that are considerably safer remain prohibited? 

Psilocybin for Depression 

Although there are many possible uses for psilocybin, at the moment, it’s most frequently used to treat conditions relating to mental health. Depression and anxiety are among the most researched indications for psilocybin treatment.

“There’ve been some promising preliminary results in such areas such as the treatment of overwhelming depression and existential anxiety in people who are facing the end of life, who have diagnoses of advanced-stage cancer,” Dr. Charles Grob, professor of psychiatry at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine, stated in an interview with Healthline. “The thing that we have the most evidence for is cancer-related depression and anxiety. That seems really strong, and I’d be surprised if those results didn’t hold up,” he added.

Another possible use for psychedelic mushrooms is in the cessation of smoking, drinking, and other possible drug addictions. In a small pilot study conducted at Johns Hopkins University, people who partook in psilocybin therapy for addiction successfully abstained from smoking cigarettes over the following 12-month period.

“The general idea is that the nature of these disorders is a narrowed mental and behavioral repertoire,” says Matthew Johnson, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Behavior Sciences at John Hopkins. “So, in well-orchestrated sessions, there is the ability to essentially shake someone out of their routine to give a glimpse of a larger picture and create a mental plasticity with which people can step outside of those problems.”

Final Thoughts

In the coming years, we can expect to see more research and legalizations coming in the realm of psilocybin mushrooms and mushrooms drugs. Remember to subscribe to our newsletter to learn more, and to be update as soon as new products become available.

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My Experience: Taking Magic Mushrooms in Goa

If there’s one place on Earth where magic mushrooms are meant to be consumed it is the sun-kissed, stretched out beaches of Goa. With palm trees hanging over you like an omnibenevolent presence, the sea glinting for what seems like forever, the sky bluer than you’ve ever seen and, of course, the sound of light trance music comfortably guiding you into a meditative state – is there anywhere better to enjoy a psychedelic trip?

Whilst the south Indian state of Goa had its hallucinogenic hayday in the 60s and 70s, this does not mean that the place has completely lost its charm and soul. Drugs are not as easy to find as they were back then and the party scene has definitely become more commercialized, but when I was offered magic mushrooms by a green-haired lady who looked like a character from a Studio Ghibli movie, I knew I couldn’t let the opportunity pass. Maybe this was the chance to experience what the hippie paradise used to be like. This is the story of how I took magic mushrooms in Goa. 

Goa

Goa is one of the 25 districts that exists within the incredibly diverse and huge nation of India. It is the 7th largest country in the world, with the second biggest population. Whilst most know India for its temples, mountains, deserts and spiritual getaways, there is also another reality. This reality is, in essence, Goa. A coastal district in the south of the country, which still has the remnants of its Portuguese colonial past.

This place has some of the best food in the entirety of India, has beaches that stretch for miles and, significantly, had a large part to play in the 60s hippie trail. This was a gigantic journey around the globe that many westerners took in the 1960s – mostly with only a VW van, some light luggage and some great friends. It was a right of passage, a chance to see the world after generations of conflict. The trip for many started in London, went through Europe, into the Middle East and deep into Asia.


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This was, for many, where it ended; others boated over to Australia. Goa was like the promised land, the light at the end of the road. Those who’d managed to get that far would sleep in beach shacks, live in peace and enjoy all types of mind-altering substances. Duncan Cambell writes about his experiences in the Guardian:

“It was possible to live for months on a few quid. A bed in a shared bedroom could be secured for six rupees a night. “Imagine no possessions” was a creed as well as a line in a John Lennon song. Fresh fish, coconut rice. Paperback copies of Hermann Hesse and Rabindranath Tagore, William Burroughs and the Bhagavad Gita were swapped… Disconnection from the west was complete”

The question people seem to ask when they wander around Goa now is: is this still a paradise or is it a paradise lost? In other words, has its time passed? It is often irritating being told by older generations how much better life was in their day. An image of an old man, sitting in his armchair, reading a copy of Nietzsche comes to mind, saying: “back in my day, no one sat around looking at their screens, they would read books and explore the world”. Well maybe Goa was better in the 60s, but at least we have better healthcare, eh? 

Goa now still has its long beaches and palm trees, but they are no longer empty. The majority of the beaches in the North and South are full of resorts and thousands of tourists, many of them more interested in taking the perfect Instagram photo rather than learning about the culture. However, not all hope is lost. The soul of a place cannot be eradicated, but it can be led astray. One writer exemplifies this perfect: 

“While Goa today may not exude the carefree nature of the early 1970s when it was a hub for hedonistic Hippies from around the world, much of the culture that sprung the movement still remains in pockets.”

That is why when I was offered the chance to take magic mushrooms on a Goan beach I simply could not say no. It would be a disrespect to my ancestors. 

Magic Mushrooms in Goa

The drug scene in Goa is certainly different in 2022 from what it was back in the ‘glory years’. Many substances were easily available in the 70s due to a lack of police authority – hashish, LSD and basically anything else. In fact, it wasn’t until the mid 1970s that the majority of recreational drugs were deemed illegal by the government, before that they were accepted. Now, of course, all common drugs are banned and dealt with harshly. You may have to bribe a police officer 100,000 rupees if caught or be put in prison. Many of Goa’s best and most beloved clubs – including Curly’s and Hill Top – have recently been closed down due to drug controversy. Goan authorities are on a dogged mission to end the reputation of the beach district as a substance tourist spot. 

However, whilst I was in Goa it was still possible to find drugs. In the north beach of Arambol it was possible to slyly find hashish or some dodgy meth that was being disguised as cocaine. However, it wasn’t what I had imagined. I dreamt of a chilled shack that sold shroom shakes and hash, but instead I found myself in a dark alleyway and could feel the fear in the dealer’s eyes; being caught by the police being a terrible threat. The India Times writes:

“In the last seven months, Goa police has seized around 100kg of narcotic substances worth over Rs 2.5 croce. Goa police have not only arrested Goans in the trade but also people from outside the state and foreigners… Ganja, caracas, LSD, MDMA, ecstasy tablets and powder, cocaine, hashish oil, heroin and cannabis are among the drugs that have been seized.”

In essence, this wasn’t what I had really been expecting. However, hope was not lost. A few weeks into my trip I was visited by an elder Indian Canadian woman with striking green hair. She was incredibly warm and comforting, I felt like I’d known her my entire life. She approached me at a beach bar in Ashwem and we got chatting. Her line of work was rather extraordinary. She lived in Goa and worked as toad venom shaman; helping people through their trip. I told her my ambition to try psychedelics whilst in Goa and within 30 minutes she’d sold me 10 grams of magic mushrooms. After that she sort of disappeared into the etha, never to be seen again. 

The Trip

I was in Goa with my girlfriend and we were pretty overjoyed that we’d finally managed to find hallucinogens. The next step was to ensure our set and setting were perfect – we didn’t want any bad vibes to ruin our trip. We decided to take them early – 3pm – this way we’d be able to have dinner in the evening and enjoy a chilled sleep. Although, we managed to buy some valium at the pharmacy just in case we found sleep difficult.

We divided the mushrooms into 2 grams each and found a perfect shaded spot on the beach. We didn’t want to overdo the amount – I mean, they looked like liberty caps but how can you ever be sure? A magic mushroom trip usually lasts around 4-6 hours, with the peak coming at around 3 hours in, which we hoped would bring us to the beautiful Goan sunset at around 6pm. 

Then we ate. They tasted awful but we washed them down with a beer. It had been a few years since my last psychedelic trip so I was full of nerves, but I was actively telling myself to simply allow the experience to happen. My intention for the trip was: to see the beauty in everything. To be honest, I realise in hindsight that this intention was a little vague. Anyway, it was hot, very hot. Within 30 minutes I decided to go into the sea to refresh but as I walked back to the sun beds everything went strange. The beach stretched out for miles and everything sounded different; enhanced.

My body was heavier than it had ever been and I felt like I needed to sit down. The trip had begun. With magic mushrooms you often can’t quite work out why you feel a certain way, which is why it took us maybe another 30 minutes before we finally realized that it was the heat that was making our bodies feel so tired. We decided to walk back to our hostel. On the way back everything felt wavey and technicolor, and each interaction with another human felt like a video game. We tried to buy water from a shop owner and it felt like we had some sort of secret. 

The peak of the trip happened in our air conditioned room. We showered probably around 10 times each just because of how good the water felt on our skin. We cried, we had moments alone, we had moments together. An entire lifetime happened in that wavey, orange room. Nothing and everything had the space to occur. It was only when the visuals began to subside slightly that we felt able to go and see the sunset on the beach.

The trip was on its way down but one overriding sense remained: beauty. The world was beautiful. The people, the sunset; everything. We enjoyed some deliciously tasty food – enhanced by the shrooms – and watched as the sunset turned to stars. Whilst the trip was no longer at its peak, we were refreshed, rid of our anxieties and issues. All there was left was to allow the world to truly be its spectacular self in front of our eyes. 

Final Thoughts

Had we found old Goa? Of course not. You cannot recreate the past and you’ll spend your life disappointed if you try. However, we’d found our own version of Goa. Whilst the overriding sun may have caused us to spend a great deal of the trip inside our hostel room, it didn’t stop the experience from being wonderful.

My intention had been to see the beauty in the world and it certainly had worked. I felt clarity. One of the reasons why psilocybin is now being explored as a therapeutic substance is due to this exact experience – people report feeling happier and clearer for months after a psychedelic trip. If I ever return to Goa I hope I will one day meet that green-haired, studio Ghibli character again but – if not – I will simply write it here: thank you.

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Local Decriminalization Efforts

Local decriminalization efforts in last week’s midterm elections shouldn’t go unnoticed. While the US midterms saw Maryland and Missouri legalize cannabis, these smaller ballot measures are just as important. In fact, one can make the case that local efforts are superior to state-wide top-down enforcement. Just as liberals don’t want to live in states without gun control, many conservatives don’t want legal pot stores in their towns. The solution is decentralization. You do you. Live and let live. So long […]

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Colorado Voters Approve Psychedelics Decriminalization Measure

Voters in Colorado on Tuesday approved a ballot measure to decriminalize the therapeutic use of natural psychedelics including psilocybin, the psychoactive compound in magic mushrooms. With 88% of the vote counted as of Wednesday evening, Proposition 122, the Natural Medicine Health Act, had garnered more than one million voters, representing 51.4% of the votes cast.

“This is a historic moment for both the people of Colorado and our country,” Kevin Matthews, coalition director for Natural Medicine Colorado, said in a statement after the approval of Prop 122 became apparent on Wednesday. “I think this demonstrates that voters here in Colorado are ready for new options and another choice for healing, especially when it comes to their mental and behavioral health.”

The Natural Medicine Health Act creates a state-regulated therapeutic system for adults to access natural psychedelic medicines, such as psilocybin mushrooms, dimethyltryptamine (DMT), ibogaine and mescaline not derived from peyote. The psychedelics will be available under the guidance of a licensed and supervised facilitator at designated healing centers and healthcare facilities such as hospice centers. The medicines are prohibited from leaving the facilities, and no retail sales are allowed in any form. 

Psychedelics As Therapy

Psychedelics including psilocybin have seen a resurgence of interest in the potential of the drugs to treat a wide range of mental health conditions. The Food and Drug Administration has designated psilocybin as a “breakthrough therapy” but has not approved the use of the drug.

Last week, the New England Journal of Medicine released a new study showing that psilocybin can quickly and significantly reduce symptoms of treatment-resistant depression. Prior research from the nation’s top medical research universities including Johns Hopkins University, the University of California-San Francisco School of Medicine, and New York University have shown positive patient outcomes for depression and anxiety. Additionally, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) has started offering psychedelics to patients as a part of clinical trials.

Psychedelics such as psilocybin, mescaline, and DMT have also been used for centuries by indigenous American cultures for medicinal and spiritual purposes. Matthew X. Lowe Ph.D., research director at psychedelic research nonprofit Unlimited Sciences, says that there are numerous health and wellness benefits “that come from consuming psilocybin.”

“Preindustrial Mesoamerican cultures have consumed psilocybin for thousands of years in ritualized contexts to enhance psychotherapeutic healing, religious insight, and self-exploration,” he told Forbes. “In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the therapeutic potential of psilocybin in treating a range of different psychiatric disorders, including depression, anxiety, suicidality, substance use disorders, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, among others.”

“Psilocybin consumption has now been consistently associated with antidepressant and anxiolytic effects and is being considered for the treatment of depression and anxiety,” Lowe continued. “In fact, a recent study determined that decreased brain modularity following psilocybin therapy was correlated with improvements in depressive symptomatology and outcomes when compared with a commonly prescribed” anti-depressant.

Natural Medicines Advisory Board To Be Named

With the passage of Prop 122, Colorado Governor Jared Polis has until January 31, 2023, to appoint 15 members to a new Natural Medicine Advisory Board, which will advise the state’s Department of Regulatory Agencies on implementing the measure. The board’s first recommendations are due by September 30, 2023. Recommendations on a facilitator training program for the medical use of psilocybin mandated by the measure are due on January 1, 2023. Regulated access to psilocybin would become available in late 2024.

“Colorado voters saw the benefit of regulated access to natural medicines, including psilocybin, so people with PTSD, terminal illness, depression, anxiety and other mental health issues can heal,” Matthews and Veronica Lightening Horse Perez, the measure’s co-proponents, said in a statement on Wednesday. “We look forward to working with the regulatory and medical experts and other stakeholders to implement this new law.”

Joshua Kappel, chair of Natural Medicine Colorado and a founding partner of the psychedelics and cannabis law firm Vicente Sederberg LLC, said “it’s a relief to know that the people of Colorado believe in Prop 122 and the hope of healing these natural psychedelics can provide for those with PTSD, treatment-resistant depression, trauma and other mental conditions.” 

“History has been made this week. We proved to the world it’s possible to pass a ballot measure that not only provides access to natural psychedelic-assisted therapy in a responsible state-regulated setting but also protects individual and community-based healing modalities from arrest and many civil offenses,” Kappel, the author of Prop 122, said in an email to High Times. “Many told us that this dual approach was not wise or possible. Tonight, we showed that inclusive and equitable policies are not only necessary but politically viable.”

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Different Magic Mushroom Strains – Which Ones Are the Strongest? 

If you’re a cannabis consumer, you’re familiar with the topic of different strains. But when it comes to magic mushrooms, all the different strains are less frequently discussed. What are the differences between Psilocybe cubensis strains, and which ones are the strongest?

Scroll down to learn more about the most potent magic mushroom strains. And to stay current on everything important happening in the industry, as well as gain access to deals on cannabis flowers, vapes, edibles, and much more (various cannabinoids to choose from), make sure to subscribe to The Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter. Enjoy responsibly!


What exactly are “strains”? 

Strains can occur naturally or selective breeding can be used to create new strains that boost specific characteristics and effects of the plant. In biology, a “strain” refers to a subtype, genetic variant, or culture within a biological species. A group of similar strains can also form sub-species within the species. In that case, the sub-species would come before “strains” and after “species” in the scientific classification. Here’s a couple examples of the correct orders when it comes to both cannabis and mushroom types:  

CANNABIS: Kingdom (plantae) – order (rosales) – family (cannabaceae) – genus (cannabis) – species (sativa/indica/ruderalis) – possible subspecies – strain (blue dream).

MUSHROOMS: Kingdom (fungi) – division (basidiomycota) – class (agaricomycetes) – order (agaricales) – family (hymenogastraceae) – genus (psilocybe) – species (P. cubensis) – possible subspecies – strain (Penis Envy). 

Now, let’s zero in on psilocybe. Nearly all species of mushrooms within the psilocybe genus contain the psychedelic compounds psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin. Narrowing it down even further, the most popular species of psilocybe is cubensis. There are well over a hundred species of p. cubensis alone, and many different strains as well.  

A cube’s a cube 

Again, psilocybe cubensis mushrooms are the most sought-after magic mushroom species, so if you’ve eaten psilocybin mushrooms, but had no idea what species it was, chances are it was a cube. That’s because “cubes” are the easiest magic mushroom to cultivate indoors. In fact, due to decades of selective home breeding, there are now 60 different strains of P. cubensis (that we know of), like Golden Teachers, B+, Penis Envy Mushrooms, and Pink Buffalo. You may have heard the phrase before “a cube’s a cube”, because all the cubensis strains are psychoactive, but that’s not necessarily accurate, as potency can vary.

Different types of cubensis strains grow easily in the wild and can be found all over the globe, particularly throughout the southern US, into Mexico, Central American, and South America, but they also grow in Cuba, India, Southeast Asia, and Australia. While these can be quite potent, indoor-grown strains are known to be stronger because they’re bred for potency and cultivated in very specific conditions (certain substrates, clean environment, consistent temps and humidity, etc.).  

As for the medical benefits of different mushroom strains… it’s hard to say. Although some clinical trials testing the efficacy of psilocybin for mental health have emerged in recent years, the subjects in these studies actually receive synthetic psilocybin, rather than psilocybin extracted from the whole mushroom. Knowing what we know about the entourage effect, it’s safe to say that the effects of using natural, full-spectrum mushroom extract (or just eating the entire mushroom itself) could have vastly different effects than the isolated compound.  

Potent mushroom strains 

The varieties, or strains, vary in how well and how fast they grow, what conditions they prefer, their color, size, and shape, and in the quality and intensity of the experience they give to users. Psilocybin concentration does differ from one mushroom to the next, and it’s likely that each strain does have a distinctive typical potency. However, the difference is likely subtle, and there is a lot of overlap between strains due to individual variation. 

That said, let’s take a look at a handful of the more popular cube strains that shroomers are more likely to encounter:  

Penis Envy: Named for their noticeably phallic shape, Penis Envy mushrooms have grown quite a following because of their remarkable potency. I’m also partial to them because they are the first and only strain of shrooms that I’ve grown myself. As the story goes, Penis Envy mushrooms were discovered by Terence McKenna in 1971, when he found a flush of mushrooms growing on a pile of cow droppings in the Amazon.  

A small, freshly pulled Albino Penis Envy mushroom from my last flush

He brought some spore prints back home with him and the rest is history (a complicated history that we’ll save for a later time). Today, Penis Envy mushrooms are the second most searched P. cubensis strain on google, and the best-selling among spore retailers.  

Golden Teachers: Golden Teacher mushrooms are another sought-after strain that are said to be particularly easy to grow, compared to other strains that need more specific conditions and are more easily contaminated. As such, they’ve been the most widely used and cultivated magic mushroom strain for quite some time, and they’re commonly referred to as a “beginner strain” because many people try Golden Teachers for their first time shrooming.  

Liberty Caps: Liberty Caps (also known as Blue Legs, Pixie Caps, and Witches Hats) are another very common strain of P. cubensis. My first soiree into the world of magic mushrooms was with Liberty Caps many years ago, and it was a lot of fun. They grow in fields and pastures around the world and are partial to slightly colder temperatures than other strains.  

Liberty Caps have one of the most extensive and colorful histories among shroom varieties. They were documented for the first time in 1799, after a family picking mushrooms in a London Park accidentally ate them for dinner and began experiencing symptoms of the psilocybin. Local chemist Augustus Everard Brande wrote about the family’s experience in an article titled “On A Poisonous Species of Agaric”, that was published the London Medical and Physical Journal.    

Final thoughts

Although there might not always be a huge difference between strains, there are some variations that are noticeable enough that people are still able to develop preferences. I’m partial to Penis Envy mushrooms, mainly because I’ve grown quite familiar with them and I enjoy the effects, whereas other mushrooms I’ve tried sometimes didn’t do much of anything at all. It’s hard to say what or if there are any therapeutic advantages to using certain magic mushroom strains, but more research on natural, whole-mushroom medicine will one day help us to make sense of it all.

Do you have a favorite shroom strain? Is it your preferred strain to grow, consume, or both? Drop us a line in the comment section below, we’d love to hear your thoughts!

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The post Different Magic Mushroom Strains – Which Ones Are the Strongest?  appeared first on Cannadelics.

Truffles VS Mushrooms: The Full Lowdown

We hear a lot about magic mushrooms, but we also hear a lot about magic truffles. Are they the same thing? Are they completely different? And which is best for what? Read on to find out about truffles vs magic mushrooms, and which is the better choice for you.

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Magic mushrooms – the lowdown

When it comes to mushrooms, there are sure a lot of them. You might like dicing up champignon mushrooms for your salad, or frying up a portabella with some garlic and rosemary. Maybe you prefer a nice shitake, baked to perfection. Mushrooms are a valued and nutritious part of cuisine, and most everyone has eaten their share of these fungi in their lives.

Fungi are a grouping of eukaryotic organisms, which include mushrooms, along with microorganisms like mold and yeast. Fungi, in fact, are at the top of their very own kingdom, called Kingdom Fungi. If you’re thinking that plants and animals make up the two kingdoms in biological taxonomy, you’re incorrect. In 1990, a new proposed system was accepted that put a level above kingdom, called ‘domain’. There are technically three domains: archaea, bacteria, and eukarya. Fungi are a kingdom under eukaryotes, and are defined, among other things, by a cell wall and ubiquitous nature.

Magic mushrooms are fungi that produce the psychedelic compounds psilocybin and/or psilocin, which is actually the compound of interest. While we call these mushrooms psilocybin mushrooms, psilocybin is a prodrug that doesn’t exert effects in the human body. It, instead, turns into psilocin, which is the active compound. However, the more psilocybin in a mushroom, the more psilocin upon decarboxylation (how it converts). And since psilocybin shows up in larger quantities, the mushrooms are often categorized by this name. They’re also referred to as psychedelic mushrooms, or simply shrooms.

Magic mushrooms

In the human body, psilocin exerts its forces primarily on serotonin receptors. It acts as an agonist, meaning the compound forces the receptors to fire out more serotonin. This is similar to other psychedelics, which are also serotonergic, like LSD, DMT, and mescaline. Psilocin creates subjective experiences in the form of hallucinations.

These hallucinations can be auditory (sound), visual (sight), tactile (touch), olfactory (smell), and/or gustatory (taste). The compound is also associated with producing life-changing experiences, promoting feelings of connectedness, euphoria, general well-being, spirituality, for causing distortions in reality, and promoting altered cognition.

Like other psychedelics, these mushrooms come with the possibility of a bad trip. While the internet is currently not the best tool to find good information on what really causes a bad trip, it seems more or less to be an anxiety reaction to the stimulant effect, caused by the increase in serotonin. It’s good to remember that people don’t take mushrooms and lie down for a nap. That stuff will keep you up all night, and that’s a stimulant response. Those with sensitivities to stimulants should take this into account if considering taking mushrooms.

So, what’s that truffle thing?

If you want to do a standard mushroom trip, you just need to find or buy psilocybin mushrooms, eat them fresh, or dry them and eat them that way. The mushroom part eaten consists of the thin stem and cap, which looks a bit like a brown umbrella. It’s standard when consuming mushrooms to eat all of this.

There happens to be another option, though. The part of the mushroom we eat when shrooming, is called the fruiting body. This might seem like a weird term, since mushrooms don’t produce what we consider as fruit, but in the world of biology, a ‘fruiting body’ is merely the part of a plant that produces spores, also called a sporocarp. In this case, it’s an ‘epigeous’ fruiting body as it appears above ground. But there is also part of the mushroom that resides below the ground, and this is where we get to truffles.

Truffles are also related to fruiting bodies, but they grow amongst the fruiting bodies that occur under the ground, called sclerotia. Sclerotia is not comprised of the same material that makes up an above-ground sporocarp. Rather, its a mass of mycelium, which hardened, and has within it, fruiting bodies containing psilocybin and psilocin. Not all magic mushrooms have truffles underneath. Truffles are currently found with the following three species: Psilocybe mexicana, Psilocybe tampanensis, and Psilocybe galindoi, though its quite possible other species exist that are not accounted for yet.

Truffles vs magic mushrooms
Truffles vs magic mushrooms

Magic truffles are a much newer find, with their first identification in 1977 by mycologists Stephen Pollock and Gary Lincoff. They were discovered in Tampa, Florida as part of Psilocybe tampanensis. They are sometimes regulated differently than standard magic mushrooms in different countries. A look at where both truffles and magic mushrooms are legal, decriminalized, or their use is ignored, look here. Non-magic truffles exist as well, and are a coveted ingredient in cooking, often coming with a large price tag. This is because they don’t appear nearly as often as standard mushrooms.

Truffles vs magic mushrooms

There are a few things to consider when it comes to truffles vs magic mushrooms. The first thing is that regular magic mushrooms are way more common. There are tons of species of psilocybin mushrooms, but only three known species that produce truffles, and these don’t include the most common species Psilocybe cubensis. In terms of access, regular magic mushrooms are much more accessible to the masses than truffles.

Another thing to consider, is effects. Sure, the above ground and below ground fruiting bodies both contain the psychedelic compounds necessary for a trip experience, but are they created equally? In terms of effects, yes. A trip taken on truffles or mushrooms should feel about the same, as the same chemicals are producing it. All the basics of a trip should be standard, including hallucinations, trip duration, and the possibility of a bad trip experience.

What about potency? When it comes to exact knowledge, there’s still a lot of gray area here, but its often thought that truffles contain less of the psychedelic compounds than their above-ground compatriots, making for a weaker option. This mainly comes from anecdotal evidence which point to truffles producing a less intense experiences in relation to their dry weight, leading to the thought they contain less psychoactive compounds. However, there isn’t anything further to confirm this.

In general, mushrooms vary in their potency between species, and grows, and its thought that truffles do as well, making it harder to make a potency designation between the two. The thing about potency, is that if a person wants a stronger amount than a low-potency plant offers, they can always just take more. This simple concept makes the idea of a possibly lower potency version, not indicative of a less intense trip, depending on how much the user consumes. When dealing with something like mushrooms however, it should be taken into account that eating too much can make a person feel sicker.

In terms of dosing truffles, this can vary, just like it does for mushrooms. It goes something like this: 0.5 – 2.0 grams for a micro dose, and between 7.5 grams – 10 grams for a standard doses. 10 grams is often noted as a good dose for accessing a good hallucinogenic trip. In the Netherlands they’re generally sold in 15-gram packages.

Its this thought of a lower potency that allows the continued sale of truffles in the Netherlands. Though the Netherlands is the only country with such a specific allowance for truffles, countries like Jamaica and Brazil, which allow magic mushrooms in general, also allow truffles. In the Netherlands, regular magic mushrooms are still illegal as of 2008, while their truffle counterparts, are not.

Fresh truffles
Fresh truffles

As a last note when looking at truffles vs magic mushrooms, their cultivation is different, and comes with different requirements. Sclerotia and standard fruiting bodies differ in an important way. Whereas a mushroom cap is specifically for procreation, sclerotia is more about self-preservation. Mushroom fruiting bodies appear in a short-lived stage, and die easily. Sclerotia is resilient, and meant to protect the fungal genetics for long periods of time.

The core of sclerotia contains enough nutrients to survive in bad conditions for years, and is meant as a way to maintain life. Sclerotia even resemble seeds in functionality with a hard outer covering that protects the more sensitive material inside. It looks like a bundle of seeds stuck together as well. As such, things like humidity and temperature are regulated differently than growing regular mushrooms, as sclerotia requires different growing conditions. Interested growers should check out this guide here, for more information on truffle cultivation; and this guide here, for options to buy spores.

The mushroom part is also easier to harvest, when the time comes. Harvesting mushrooms involves nothing more than picking the ripe mushrooms. Truffles on the other hand must be dug out after the fruiting bodies are harvested, and this can be difficult. Truffles, like the mushrooms, require a drying period, but as they have less moisture, this part goes much faster.

Conclusion

If you’re thinking of truffles vs magic mushrooms, one reality is that they both work fine. The other reality is that unless you’re growing truffles yourself, have a hookup, or are in a place where they are legally produced (or produced without legal intervention), you’re probably best off just finding yourself the much more prevalent magic mushrooms.

Thanks for stopping by!! Welcome to Cannadelics.com; an independent news platform where we work hard religiously to bring you the best in cannabis and psychedelics reporting. Hang out with us frequently to stay aware of all updates, and subscribe to our Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter, so you’re always first to get the news.

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Shrooming the Modern Way, With Psilocybin Edibles 

When it comes to psychoactive edibles, cannabis ones are by far the most popular. However, over the last few years what was once a niche and relatively underground product has been taking the recreational drug world by storm. The product in question? Psilocybin edibles… and they just so happen to be an excellent solution to dosing and flavor issues, a couple of the more common complaints people have when it comes to eating dried mushrooms.  

Psilocybin edibles are still new to the scene, but they’re trending big time and will continue to get more popular as the market grows. To stay current on everything important happening in the industry, subscribe to The Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter. Also, it’ll get you premium access to deals on cannabis flowers, vapes, edibles, and much more! We’ve also got standout offers on cannabinoids, like HHC-O, Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP HHC, which won’t kill your bank account. Head over to our “Best-of” lists to get these deals, and remember to enjoy responsibly!


All about psilocybin edibles  

Psilocybin edibles are tasty edible treats infused with psilocybin. Although magic mushrooms are already edible, they can be difficult to dose and a large number of people simply can’t stand the taste. Edibles circumvent that dilemma. They can be made one of two ways: either by taking very finely chopped, dried mushrooms and incorporating them into various recipes; or you by making a psilocybin extract and using that instead. If you buy your shroom edibles from an actual company, then you’re most likely getting extract, while homemade shroom treats typically take the easier route with real mushroom pieces.  

When it comes to psilocybin extractions, there are a few different ways this can be done as well. One of the newer methods is called ultrasonic-aided methanol extraction, and it’s actually really cool. It works by using high-frequency sound waves to perforate the mushroom’s cellular wall and activate its chemical compounds, which are then promptly released into the surrounding liquid solvent (methanol).  

I find the idea of utilizing high frequency sounds waves to solve various physical and tangible problems in our lives to be quite fascinating. In recent years, sound waves have studied for so many different uses such as repelling pests, controlling wildfires, and even to heal numerous different ailments. 

Other manufacturers prefer the older, time-tested methods such as hot and cold water extractions. You can boil fresh mushrooms to extract the psilocybin in a type of shroom tea. Or alternatively, you could put the mushrooms in a jar of cold water in the fridge and leave them overnight, and the water will be infused the next day. In both cases, the remaining water will turn a dark blue/purple color.  

Although market is currently limited, innovative producers have many interesting ideas in the works. If you know where you to look, you can (or will soon be able to) find a wide array of shroom edibles including: kombucha, tea, shots, gummies, and capsules. Will Padilla-Brown, citizen mycologist and founder of Mycosymbiotics and MycoFest, has seen shroom products proliferate over the past year. “I’ve seen capsules, blister packs of pills, freeze-dried shrooms, chocolate bars, gel capsules, infused honey, psychedelic truffles, teas, and psilocybin mixed with other functional mushrooms in capsules,” commented Padilla-Brown. 

One issue, however, is the fact that the shroom edible market is completely unregulated, and thus, no industry standardization exists at this time. I mean, just think how many unchecked products exist in the cannabis market, which actually is regulated to some extent in most states. “I’ve been seeing lots of crude extract into gummies that aren’t very reliable, and many mushroom chocolates that aren’t homogenized,” said Padilla-Brown. 

Another issue, relating to the lack of oversight in this sector, is whether some brands of shroom edibles even contain real psilocybin or not. Many believe that they are infused with a synthetic version instead, known as 4-AcO-DMT (psilacetin). Although I’m personally unfamiliar with it, people claim that psilacetin has very noticeable and unpleasant taste.  

More on shrooms and chocolate 

Despite all the variety on the market, by far the most popular type of magic mushroom treat is psilocybin-infused chocolate. It’s not just because chocolate does a relatively good job of masking the taste of powdered mushrooms (or 4-AcO if that’s what they’re using)… there’s in fact, a bit of a science to this combination as well.  

According to Cheyenne Dehier of STEM Chocolate, psilocybin and chocolate is an ancient and sacred blend. “Traditionally, the combination of psilocybin and cacao is known as the Aztec combo,” explains Dehier. “Cacao’s name is derived from the scientific name Theobroma cacao meaning food or nourishment of the gods. The Aztecs referred to the psilocybin mushroom as Teonanácatl which translates to flesh of the gods.”  

Her products offer a modern spin on this traditional duo by combining dark, milk, and white varieties with various exotic flavors such as cardamom, Provence lavender, and yuzu. She hopes her product will get more people on board with high-end shroom edibles and safe mushroom consumption.  

“We’re dedicated to dismantling the stigma surrounding this magnificent species,” says Dehier. “We were driven to create STEM to disrupt the industry as we know it, by presenting this medicine in a more elevated and approachable way. STEM’s most popular mushroom chocolate bar flavors are Cookies & Cream Dreams, Caramel Gold Rush, and our premium Passionfruit Triptych made with Penis Envy mushrooms, Valrhona chocolate, and genuine 23K gold.” 

Food of the Gods and Flesh of the Gods: Benefits of blending cacao and psilocybin  

Now back to the medicinal benefits of combining cacao and psilocybin. Once again, this is a custom that dates back thousands of years to the ancient spiritual ceremonies of the Aztec people. But how does it work? As you can expect, there has been no research conducted on this subject in any official capacity. So, our best bet is to take a closer look at the history behind the Aztec Combo, and we can also check out some studies done on the benefits of cacao and psilocybin individually.  

Traditionally, it is said that psilocybin mushrooms open the mind, while cacao opens the heart.” Cacao was seen as a divine gift from the peaceful god Quetzalcoatl, also known the feathered serpent (hence the name “food of the Gods”). Ceremonial cacao was traditionally paired with other teacher plants and used in various rituals by Aztec and Mayan shamans. They combined the cacao with what they called “teotlnanácatl” mushrooms, which translates to “flesh of the Gods”. They believed the combination helped to awaken the mind (shrooms), but also open the heart (cacao).  

Cacao, the seed from which cocoa and chocolate are made, is considered a sacred teacher plant, similar to some well-known entheogens like ayahuasca. Although it’s not psychoactive in the same way as the aforementioned, it does induce a different and unique state of mind when consumed in sufficient quantities. Think about the warmth and relaxation you feel after drinking a cup of hot chocolate – that’s the same feeling brought on by pure cacao, but stronger.  

Magic mushrooms and truffles are serotonergic, so they interact with our serotonin receptors to alter our moods. Psilocybin is said to encourage mental flexibility and is touted as being extremely effective in alleviating symptoms of treatment-resistant depression, obsessive compulsive disorder, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder.  

Cacao can produce mild MAOI effects (Monoamine oxidase inhibitors) which can also boost levels of serotonin, which can help explain the synergy between cacao and shrooms. With this in mind, it’s worth noting that if you are consuming shrooms and chocolate together, your best bet is to not add another other MAOIs to the mix, as the high levels of caffeine can make for an unpleasant experience. Additionally, cacao is rich in natural fats which can help increase the absorption rate of psilocybin in the body.  

It’s fun, delicious, and discreet… but is it legal?  

Short answer, no. Longer answer, it depends where your company is based out of. In the United States, psilocybin is still listed as a schedule 1 narcotic, just like cannabis. But unlike cannabis, no states have yet legalized adult recreational use of psilocybin mushrooms. So the US psilocybin edibles market is 100% underground. The workaround to this issue is… companies basing their business out of Canada, which is primed to become a global leader in the psychedelics industry – both the medical and recreational sectors.  

Although psilocybin is technically still illegal for recreational use in Canada as well, it’s much less harshly regulated, and in Vancouver, British Columbia, one of Canada’s more populated and well-known cities, all drugs have been decriminalized for adults over the age of 21, which means more cities and provinces are likely to follow suit.  

“STEM is very fortunate to be based in Vancouver, Canada, which seems to be leading this industry by allowing these activities to continue without fear of legal repercussions,” commented Dehier. “Vancouver seems to have a trend of pushing these industries forward as it was the same with cannabis a few years ago, prior to legalization. Today, several mushroom-only dispensaries are operating within Vancouver that offer a variety of mushroom-specific products.”  

Where Canada also has a real upper hand on the United States, is in research and development. Earlier this year, Health Canada made some amendments to the special access programme (SAP) that calls for more research on various psychedelic compounds, and allows health care practitioners to request access to restricted drugs if they feel it would be beneficial for certain treatment plans. 

Where can you find them? 

A quick google search will yield some results as well, such as shroomiez (a popular underground brand, they do have a website but you can’t buy anything through it yet) and STEM chocolate (previously mentioned and based out of Canada). But since shroom edibles are prohibited in the US, and a large number of global operators won’t ship to the states because of this, Americans are left with a few different options for finding products like this (all of which are illegal, for the record).  

Typically, people will take to the internet to find what they need. Social media and Reddit forums that cater to psychonaut communities will sometimes provide a list of operators from which a person can find most anything they need. It can be sketchy buying stuff from strangers on the internet (especially drugs), but within these established online communities, you can generally find some pretty decent and reliable recommendations. 

If you’re not interested in scouring the world wide web, you can either ask your local plug if they know where to find any (even if shrooms are not part of usual inventory, they may surprise you with a good connection), or you can make your own. A lot of people opt for going homemade, for the simple facts that they know what will be in the final product (real psilocybin as opposed to synthetic psilacetin, preservatives, allergens, etc.), and they can dose it according to their own personal needs.   

Final thoughts 

Psilocybin edibles, and chocolate in particular, is the fun and modern new way to trip on shrooms. If dosing is an issue, and the taste of dried mushrooms is something you simply cannot tolerate, then you might want to look into pre-dosed shroomy treats… or you could try making your own. Either way, we can expect to see this trend continue to proliferate in the psychedelics market.

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Mushrooms and Matrimony: Modern Weddings Serving Psychedelics

One of the chief objectives when couples are getting married, is to throw a fun wedding with the right type of atmosphere. And while alcohol can be great to help loosen people up and get the party going, it certainly has its drawbacks as the night goes on and people get more and more intoxicated (arguments, physical altercations, sickness, etc.). This is why many modern couples are opting to nix the alcohol in favor of more mellow (yet still very fun) substances to serve on their big day.  

Currently trending: cannabis and magic mushrooms at weddings. Both are wonderful alternatives to your standard alcohol weddings, and let’s be honest, a lot of people are using their own drugs when they attend an event anyway – be it smoking a joint in the parking lot, popping a few gummies, or even sneaking a couple bumps of coke in the bathroom – people go to weddings to have a good time. I know I’ll certainly be stoned at any function I go to, so I don’t expect any less from other wedding-goers, and it makes sense to have a couple of these options on offer.  

To stay current on everything important happening in the industry, subscribe to The Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter. Also, it’ll get you premium access to deals on cannabis flowers, vapes, edibles, and much more! We’ve also got standout offers on cannabinoids, like HHC-O, Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP HHC, which won’t kill your bank account. Head over to our “Best-of” lists to get these deals, and remember to enjoy responsibly!


A Shroomy Desert Wedding   

For a perfect example of a more alternative and “natural” wedding, look no further than Joshua Tree, California, where a Brooklyn-based couple skipped the traditional dress codes and champagne and opted for a casual wedding in the wide-open desert, with magic mushrooms. “We hate conventional weddings, and we basically wanted to do everything antithetical to what that entails,” mentioned the bride, who asked not to be identified. “So we thought it would be hilarious if rather than choosing meat, fish, or vegetarian on the RSVP, we have people choose their drug.”  

So, that’s exactly what they did – offered their 120 guests a choice between cannabis, mushrooms, or palo santo (which is not a drug, but rather a type of wood that’s burned during spiritual ceremonies in South America). “It had an element of surprise and delight for our guests, and combined my passions of complicated Excel spreadsheets, crafting, and dabbling in drugs,” the bride mentioned.  

All-in-all, it was a pretty even three-way split between the options (which surprises me as I assumed many people would skip over the palo santo). Once at the wedding, the guests picked up their preferred drugs that were provided in small Etsy welcome totes. The weed was supplied by a legal dispensary, and the mushrooms (which came in mircodose capsule form) were made by “a friend in Brooklyn who grows mushrooms and puts them in these cute little capsules with adorable branding,” according to the groom.  

The couple made sure to test out the doses personally to make sure nothing too potent was handed out at the event. “I wrote something like, ‘Wanna feel almost nothing? Take one. Wanna feel a little buzz? Take two,’” the bride says. “We were so simpatico with everyone that was actually there that they knew us, they knew our intention, and even if they weren’t into drugs, they could have fun and laugh about it,” she added.   

I imagine there really was a lot of laughing going on. If you’ve used mushrooms, you’re likely familiar with the giggles that accompany the high. Almost every time I’ve shroomed, I couldn’t but laugh at, well, pretty much everything. It’s not non-stop hysterical laughter for the duration of the trip, but at random points, things feel extra funny and lighthearted, even whimsical… and who wouldn’t want that kind of vibe at their wedding?  

Modern Wedding Trends  

Right now, and for the last few years, we’ve seen some trends that are really taking hold in the wedding circuit. Among them, is a growing interest in nontraditional, outdoor, and sustainable events… and the wedding above encompassed all three. At minimum, offering drugs instead of alcohol certainly falls into the nontraditional category.   

There’s been a surge in weed weddings since Colorado and Washington became the first states to legalize cannabis recreationally back in 2012. Around 40% percent of adult consumers claim to use cannabis products at every event or special occasion they go to, and companies are taking heed and taping into this burgeoning market. As a matter of fact, there so many weed-centric wedding companies in the industry now that they have their own convention, The Cannabis Wedding Expo, which is ongoing since 2016 and held in many cities across the country.   

Lately, with psychedelics regulations loosening up in numerous pockets of the world (including a handful of US localities), we’re seeing an uptick in those as well. Not to say that shroom weddings are super common, because they’re not, but it’s an emerging fad that’s sure to gain some traction in the coming years.   

So, what can you expect from a shroom wedding? You’re unlikely to get actual mushrooms as a party favor, as fun as that would be. Instead, what is most frequently on offer will be psilocybin-infused capsules, chocolates, and gummies. Not only does this make the mushrooms more palatable (even many regular shroomers are put off by the taste and texture of eating them dry) but it’s much more discreet and can be more easily worked into various wedding-day themes.   

This ring true for a Los Angeles-based manufacturer of such products, who says he is selling roughly 20,000 chocolate bars per month, which is four times as much as he was selling only 3 years ago. It’s hard to say exactly how many of his chocolates are going to weddings, however, many of his clients have specified that the bars are for their special day.   

Less is More  

Compared to other psychedelics like LSD for example, one of the great things about shrooms is that you really do have a lot of control over the dosing. I’ve only tried real mushrooms (both dry and raw), I haven’t had the opportunity to check out all these psilocybin-based products that are hitting the market as of late. But even in their natural fungi form, you can easily eat just a small piece of a stem or cap to get the equivalent of a microdose high, or you could put down a full quarter in one sitting and discover the secrets of the universe – and everything in between.   

If you’re taking an already-dosed capsule or edible, it’s even easier to figure out exactly how much you need. Start off low and slow… so take your first dose then wait about 1 hour, and if you want to feel more, take another small dose, and so on. It’s the delicate balance of the microdose, and it seems like everyone is asking about microdosing psychedelics.  

“It’s definitely trending right now,” said Ashley Smith, a Bay Area–based planner who organizes multiday wedding celebrations, on the topic of combining mushrooms and matrimony. “Microdosing anything has become way more popular in the last three to four years.” 

Building up the high in microdoses, as well as making sure partiers are limited in how much they can take, is crucial to making sure everyone has a nice chill evening and nobody loses their cool. Imagine if someone was trying shrooms for the first time and not knowing how much they should take, just kept popping capsules one after the other or ate a full chocolate bar in one sitting… no one has any idea how they might react (including the person taking it). They could be happy at one moment and paranoid tripping, and the overstimulation of being around a wedding full of people they don’t know could make for a very unpleasant experience, for literally everyone in attendance. That’s the last thing anyone wants happening during their nuptials.  

A Word of Warning  

Although generally speaking, microdosing does work, it’s worth mentioning that just because the dose is low, that doesn’t always equate to a better or more stable experience. For me personally, microdosing is surprisingly more stressful for me than a full-blown mushroom high. I know it sounds strange, but in my opinion, really elucidates the idea of variability between people and their reactions to different external stimuli.  

I’ve tested this multiple different times now and the results have been consistent, so this is just how my body and mind react to mushrooms I suppose; but when I take low doses (a small piece of a cap or stem, for example), I get a really uncomfortable, mind-racing, anxious type of high. However, when I cross the threshold and take enough shrooms to actually produce some visual effects, I feel infinitely better. That’s when I truly experience the mushroom high that everyone talks about, the feelings of connectedness and euphoria that would make taking mushrooms at pretty much any event seem like a wonderful idea.  

Final Thoughts  

While it’s still more of a fringe idea, we can definitely expect to see un uptick in alternative weddings in the coming years, including those that serve weed and magic mushrooms to the guests. This is especially true as we continue to uncover how safe, therapeutic, and fun these substances really are.

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Psilocybe: The Mother of All Magic Mushrooms

While psilocybe is not actually the mother of all magic mushrooms, it is the most popular genus of magic mushrooms, the mushrooms most associated with a psychedelic high. Read on to find out more about these mushrooms, and what the heck is in them.

Psilocybe mushrooms are the most popular of the psychedelic mushrooms, but there’s still plenty we need to learn about these fungi! Cannadelics is an independent news site bringing you news and commentary in the growing cannabis and psychedelics spaces. We also provide the Cannadelics Weekly Newsletter for our readers to access regular updates on big stories. Check it out if you want access to deals on all kinds of cannabis and psychedelics products. We’ve got vapes, smoking devices, edibles, other paraphernalia, and cannabinoids like the ever-popular Delta 8 & HHC. Head to our ‘best of’ lists for more information, and try to only purchase the products you really want to use.

An overview of psilocybe mushrooms

When we hear the terms ‘magic mushrooms’ or ‘psychedelic mushrooms’ the immediate association is with ‘psilocybin mushrooms’. Truth is, there isn’t just one kind of psilocybin mushroom, and they come from different genera. The most popular genus is the psilocybe grouping, though there are other genera, like Panaeolus and Conocybe.

Psilocybe mushrooms come from the Hymenogastraceae family of fungi, and were split originally into two major groups, that were not well connected to each other. One group for hallucinogenic species, and one group for non-hallucinogenic mushrooms. This was updated later with the hallucinogenic mushrooms staying under the Hymenogastraceae family name, and the non-hallucinogenic mushrooms (mostly) becoming known as the Deconica genera, under the Strophariaceae family.

The name Psilocybe comes from the Greek words for “bare” or “naked” (psilós), and “head” or “swelling” (kúbe), to create a meaning of “bare-headed”. This is in reference to the loose skin over the cap, which is detachable, and which looks like a bald head. The mushrooms look pretty standard for magic mushrooms, probably because they are the most popular, and therefore pictured most frequently. They are long-stemmed brown mushrooms, with a small, usually umbrella-looking cap. The spore-prints range from a lilac-brown to a dark purplish-brown.

Psilocybe semilanceata

These mushrooms come from the general Mesoamerica area which has the widest variety. But they can be found in many parts of the world, with many species found in more temperate weather conditions. This genus includes species like: P. cubensis, P. subcubensis, P. cyanescens, P. Mexicana, P. Semilanceata, P. Aurescens, and P. Pelliculosa, but there are hundreds of different species in the world.

Psilocybe mushrooms contain three psychedelic compounds called psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin. The first two of these are often mentioned, while the third is less well-known. While not all species within this genus contain these compounds, the majority of them do.

Psilocybin, psilocin, and baeocystin

When it comes to these mushrooms, there are three psychedelic compounds to consider. The first, psilocybin, is most famous, and is even used to refer to these mushrooms as psilocybin mushrooms. The interesting thing about psilocybin? It’s considered a ‘prodrug’ which implies a biologically inactive compound until it breaks down into a different compound in the body. The compound it breaks down into, is psilocin, making this the more interesting of the two.

Psilocin exists as well in these mushrooms, but in smaller amounts. Though psilocybin itself is inactive, it’s usually the more dominant compound, meaning the majority of the psilocin that affects us, is decarboxylated from psilocybin. It is therefore psilocin that exerts its power on serotonin receptors, and it is this compound responsible for the psychedelic trip. Psilocybin has the chemical formula: C12H17N2O4P, which converts to C12H16N2O (psilocin).

What about this third compound, baeocystin? Much less is known about it, though it was first synthesized in 1959 by a group including Albert Hofmann, the same guy that brought us LSD, and is known as an analog of psilocybin. Author Jochen Gartz, who wrote Magic Mushrooms Around the World, contends that in a study, baeocystin was found to be about as psychoactive as the same amount of psilocybin. Gartz also self-administered 4mg as part of a study, saying it made for “a gentle hallucinogenic experience.”

Another compound is also mentioned in psilocybe mushrooms, norbaeocystin, but though there is no evidence, this compound is thought of as non-psychedelic. Perhaps that story will change in the future as more research is done.

Psilocybe psychedelic compounds
Psilocybe psychedelic compounds

What other research exists on baeocystin?

Baeocystin is interesting because for as much as we know about psilocybin, we know way less about its cousin which appears in the same places. While Gartz talked of a hallucinogenic experience, a 2020 study Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Tryptamines Found in Hallucinogenic Mushrooms: Norbaeocystin, Baeocystin, Norpsilocin, and Aeruginascin, turned up that no hallucinogenic effects were produced in a mouse model that used a head-twitch response. Researchers found “baeocystin was indistinguishable from the control mice that were given saline.”

In this study it was concluded “…baeocystin alone would likely not induce hallucinogenic effects in vivo“. This is probably because “…baeocystin alone would likely not induce 5-HT2A receptor-mediated psychoactive effects in vivo.” Researchers believe this is because of MAO action. MAO molecules use oxygen atoms to take out amine groups from other molecules, breaking them down. Baeocystin’s metabolite norpsilocin, discovered in 2017, gets degraded faster in the body compared to psilocin by the MAO. Researchers hypothesized that baeocystin also can’t cross the blood brain barrier.

How does norpsilocin do at the 5-HT2A receptor sites that are associated with serotonergic psychedelics? This metabolite compound (4-HO-NMT) showed to be a full agonist, with a higher potency than psilocin – Emax 93% compared to psilocin’s 73%. Which means though baeocystin might not be psychoactive, its metabolite norpsilocin does seem to be. That norpsilocin has these properties opens a whole new door of study into magic mushrooms, and their medicinal components. Though it appears quite possible that MAOs keep the compound from getting a chance to exert its effects.

Say the researchers, “The in vivo data combined with assessment of the pharmacological liabilities suggest it is unlikely that baeocystin or its putative metabolite norpsilocin contribute significantly to centrally mediated psychedelic effects, likely due to rapid degradation by MAO or inability to cross the blood−brain barrier.” But went on to say, “…baeocystin could potentially exert a synergistic effect with psilocin/psilocybin by competing for MAO, effectively increasing psilocin concentration in the blood.”

The idea that baeocystin itself doesn’t cause a psychedelic reaction was reiterated by mycologist Paul Stamets, an expert on magic mushrooms, who also self-administered 10mg of the compound. He explained on the Joe Rogan show that he never got a high off the pure compound. According to Stametz, “I was ready for liftoff. I was hoping for liftoff, I know what liftoff feels like, and I didn’t get it.”

Unfortunately, while psilocybin is easy to get as a pure compound, access to baeocystin and norpsilocin is apparently much harder, leading to less experiences and data on these compounds, apart from the examples mentioned. It suffices to say, that there is certainly way more to know, and hopefully in upcoming years, more will come out.

Psilocybe cubensis
Psilocybe cubensis

Oregon and psilocybe mushrooms

Oregon was the very first state to legalize the recreational use of magic mushrooms on a state-wide basis. In a 2020 ballot measure the state passed the Psilocybin Mushroom Services Program Initiative via Measure 109. 55.75% of the voting population voted yes to start this adult-use magic mushroom market.

However, Oregon is in no way creating a free-for-all. Not only is the state only allowing legal use within specified facilities, and under the watch of a trip-sitter (though one without medical/psychological training), it’s also only allowing one type of mushroom for this market. The one allowed species of psilocybe mushrooms is called Psilocybe cubensis, and is the most popular of the psilocybe mushrooms. This point was very much debated after draft rules came out earlier, but Oregon didn’t budge on this point, reasoning:

“OPS received comments requesting that the rules allow additional species of mushrooms and use of additional substrates. The Oregon Psilocybin Advisory Board recommended limiting cultivation to Psilocybe cubensis and prohibiting substrates that may pose a risk to health and safety.”

And continued, “To avoid the risk associated with deadly, poisonous look-alikes and the potential for wood lover’s paralysis and animal-borne pathogens, OPS has upheld this recommendation in final rules… OPS looks forward to consideration of additional species in the future through continued dialog with the public and recommendations from the Oregon Psilocybin Advisory Board.”

Realistically, while the legalization is weak at best, it is the start to something. Whether other states looking to do this will expand out beyond that one species, is yet to be seen. Considering the number of states looking into legalizations for entheogenic plants, it’s hard to imagine that laws won’t get a little looser over time.

Conclusion

Psilocybe mushrooms represent the biggest genus of magic mushrooms, which contains the most varieties of mushrooms with psychedelic compounds. Chances are, if you’re doing magic mushrooms, you’re most likely doing some species of psilocybe.

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