South Dakota Subcommittee Says No to Home Grown Medical Marijuana

A recommendation from the South Dakota Legislative subcommittee comes from a group of lawmakers working to draft rules to limit provisions of Initiated Measure 26 (IM26), a ballot measure to legalize medical marijuana that was passed by nearly 70 percent of South Dakota voters in the November 2020 general election.

The announcement came from a subgroup of the South Dakota Marijuana Summer Study Committee, a panel of lawmakers that was assembled to make changes to IM 26. In addition to eliminating home cultivation, the panel is considering proposals including repealing legal protections for marijuana businesses and their attorneys and another that would allow local governments to prohibit cannabis businesses to operate in their jurisdictions.

“We’re not here to say no to marijuana,” said Republican state Representative Carl Perry. “What we’re here doing is making sure it’s good [policy].”

South Dakota Voters Approved Medical Marijuana in November

Following the passage of IM 26 and a separate ballot measure to legalize cannabis for use by adults, South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem announced that implementing the medical marijuana initiative would be delayed. The delay came despite provisions of state law that approved ballot measures take effect on July 1 of the year following passage, which would have been this year.

“We are working diligently to get IM 26 implemented safely and correctly,” Noem said in a statement released by her office. “The feasibility of getting this program up and running well will take additional time. I am thankful to our legislative leaders for helping make sure that we do this right.”

The delay of IM 26 was approved by Republican lawmakers including House Majority Leader Kent Peterson, who argued that more time was needed to devise a workable plan to implement the measure.

“There is no doubt that IM 26 passed in South Dakota, and it is fully our intention to honor the will of the voters,” said Peterson in the statement from Noem’s office. “Based upon the experiences of other states, we know that it takes time to start implementing a safe and workable program. We will get the job done.”

Lawmakers who support repealing home cannabis cultivation fear that marijuana grown by patients will be diverted to the illicit market. Representative Fred Deutsch, another Republican, also cited the possibility that home grows could be a target of thieves.

“It’s the relationship between home grow and the black market,” he said, citing testimony heard during the committee’s information gathering process. “Home grow is probably the key ingredient with the proliferation of crime and the proliferation of the black market.”

Other lawmakers noted that at least a dozen states with legal medical marijuana do not allow patients to grow their own medicine. Republican state Rep. Rhonda Milstead said that regulatory officials in Colorado recommended home cultivation not be allowed.

“Why are we not listening to the experience?” Milstead asked.

Not all lawmakers on the subgroup, however, are in favor of the changes proposed by the panel. Representative Taylor Rehfeldt, also a Republican, said that she can not support amendments that reduce patient access or fail to comply with the intent of voters. However, she supports allowing cities and counties to prohibit hosting cannabis businesses.

“I’ll always try to maintain the intent of IM 26 while considering the needs of Sioux Falls and the entire state,” Rehfledt said. “I voted for local control, partly because I know there are rural communities who did not pass medical marijuana with a majority and I’m trying to consider their needs.”

Republican Senator Mike Rohl was opposed to delaying the implementation of IM 26. He does not believe that attempts by lawmakers to ban home cultivation or allow local governments to prohibit marijuana companies will succeed.

“I don’t think they have the votes to get anything like that done in the long run,” Rohl said.

Adult-Use Measure Also Under Attack

Noem is also involved in an effort to overturn the voters’ approval of Amendment A, a proposed amendment to the South Dakota Constitution that would legalize and regulate recreational marijuana for adults. A lawsuit supported by the governor has been filed against the measure, which was approved by 54 percent of voters in the 2020 general election. In April, a South Dakota circuit court judge ruled that the measure is unconstitutional and nullified the amendment.

The case was then appealed to South Dakota’s Supreme Court, which heard arguments from both sides of the litigation in April. Representative Hugh Bartels, the Republican lawmaker who chairs a subcommittee studying adult-use cannabis legislation, said that the court is still deciding whether Measure A violates the state constitution.

“How long that’s going to take we don’t know. We just have to wait,” Bartels said about the Supreme Court case. “We’re kind of treading water until then.”

The post South Dakota Subcommittee Says No to Home Grown Medical Marijuana appeared first on High Times.

Weed Seeds: Top 5 Cannabis Seed Banks for Home-Grows

Growing cannabis has gotten even more popular now that 18 states have recreational legalizations, and over 30 are cleared for medical. But where can a prospective grower buy the best quality seeds? Here’s a run down of the top 5 cannabis seed banks, for the best home-grow possible.

If you’re into home-growing, finding the best cannabis seed banks is important. However, not everyone has the time and patience for self-cultivation. And that’s why we already have a great selection of Delta 8, Delta 10 THC, THCV & THC-O deals for you, so you don’t have to worry about making your own product. Delta-8, for anyone just tuning in, is an alternate form of THC which doesn’t cause the same anxiety as delta-9, and leaves users with a milder, clear-headed high. If you want great products without worrying about making them yourself, then the Delta 8 Weekly newsletter is the one for you!

Growing cannabis

When discussing nearly any cannabis topic, its hard not to draw comparisons between how things were a few decades ago and how they are today. With so much change in cannabis policy the world over, the comparison is extremely relevant, and probably will be for quite some time. In this case, the comparison relates to growing cannabis at home. During the heaviest parts of cannabis prohibition, when every state was illegal, and being caught with cannabis was almost sure jail time in most places, growing at home was done extremely quietly.

Plenty of people have been growing on their own all throughout prohibition, but a relaxation in laws has surely helped it along. There aren’t, unfortunately, many statistics about home growing out right now, but it suffices to say that with less restrictions on it, the numbers should only be rising. Though there aren’t official or consistent numbers out there, the increase is reflected in the multitude of cannabis legalizations all across the world, that allow home cultivation for medical use in places where the plant isn’t legalized recreationally, or for recreational use, where it is.

home-cultivation

Countries like Italy and Argentina have made sure that residents have the right to grow, and the state of New Jersey showed its unhappiness when recreational cannabis was legalized without a home-grow law. Organizations like Mama Cultiva push not only for cannabis legalization in general, but for home-grow rights, particularly for medical patients. The organization helped push through Argentina’s home-grow laws, as well as in Chile, which allows self-cultivation for recreational use, even though recreational use isn’t legal.

These days growing cannabis has become much more commonplace, with laws in legalized states often allowing users to grow a certain number of plants, and many medical legalizations allowing the same thing for medical patients. Even the equipment to grow the plants, once demonized as much as the plants themselves, is considered pretty standard, with no more fear of selling products on the open market. A few decades ago, a person could get themselves in hot water just for buying marijuana growing equipment. Now there are tutorials made by dispensaries and organizations, waiting to show you how to do it.

Whole articles could be written on the process of growing cannabis, but that’s not terribly important here, since our main concern isn’t in the entire growing process, but simply, the best cannabis seed banks to buy seeds from. However, to give an idea of how easy it is to grow it, a basic rundown of the process is given at the end.

Best cannabis seed banks

If you’re going to do a home grow, you want it to turn out well, and the very first thing to consider for this, are the seeds being used. Here are five of the best cannabis seed banks if you want to do a home-grow.

5. The company Seedsman provides a huge selection of seeds. They sell feminized, regular seeds, and auto flowering seeds, using over 120 top breeders. The company offers bitcoin discounts, has a customer loyalty point system, and includes free seeds in every order. The company offers fast shipping, and stealth packaging. This company ships seeds worldwide.

Click HERE to get 25% discount on High-THC seeds

4. The company I Love Growing Marijuana also ranks high in terms of providing quality, trusted, seeds. This company has a very high rating on Trustpilot (9.4), and provides a money-back guarantee. The company also offers free shipping to both the US and Europe, growing support 24 hours a day along with a  growing guidebook, and a selection of seeds that encompass their own creations, plus well-known strains. The company uses very discreet packaging for customer privacy.

3. MSNL is a company out of the Netherlands, which is also a great provider of quality seeds. MSNL delivers worldwide, and has been a trusted cannabis seed source since 1999. The company offers its own versions of over 200 popular strains, and offers regular, feminized, and auto flowering selections. The company is a pro at stealth delivery, offers bitcoin discounts, and is the winner previously of both the High Times Cup and Cannabis Cup.

cannabis seed banks

2. The company Crop King Seeds has been in business for over 15 years, and offers a massive selection including 500 new varieties of regular, feminized, and auto flowering seeds, all sold under the company’s own brand name. Crop King Seeds accepts bitcoin payments, has fast and discreet shipping, and is very much a trusted company, coming in with a score of 4.2 on Trustpilot. This company is run out of Canada, but ships to the US as well.

1. My favorite seed bank is Seed City. This brand offers plenty of new cannabis seeds, along with rarer strains, from over 200 breeders. The company ships throughout the world, using crush-proof tubes for delivery, and fashions packages to look like a gift (the ultimate in stealth). Seed City is known for its niche cannabis seed options, ability for consumers to pick their own free seeds, and a choice of over 5,000 single seeds. The company translates into 22 languages, making it ideal for non-English speakers. This company offers bitcoin deals, and has a 4.8 rating on Trustpilot, making it the most trustworthy company on the list.

How-to grow it

Usually home grows are done inside, though this is not a rule. When done inside, the grower has much more control over the environment, with the ability to adjust and control temperature, humidity, and light. This is beneficial for keeping a consistent environment, especially in locations where there is more weather variation that could stress the plant. Cannabis plants do best when not stressed out, so consistent environments are generally best for the highest quality flowers. Each grow comes with some choices for the grower to make:

  • What kind of light? This can be the sun, fluorescent lights, LEDs, (LECs) Light Emitting Ceramic, or metal halide & high-pressure sodium lights. Each of these has benefits and detractions that a prospective grower will want to go over in order to choose the light source best for their grow.
  • The next choice is what to grow the plant in, which is less obvious than expected if you were just thinking ‘soil’. In fact, plenty of options exist, including soil, soilless mixes (used in hydroponics setups), water (also for hydroponics), or even air, if the plant is being grown aeroponics style, though this is less common. Prospective growers must choose the growing medium correct for their grow.
  • Next choice regards nutrients, and the options are relevant to the growing medium. A hydroponics grow and a soil grow, will require different forms of nutrients.
  • The last major choice is in the cannabis seeds themselves. These run the gamut in terms of options, and growers can choose their seeds based on the plants they want to get out of it. The cannabis seed banks listed above are the best way of ensuring the delivery of quality seeds.

Once these choices have been made, the growing can begin. There are some basic steps for every grow, even if the exact amount of time varies by strain, or by grow. Though every strain varies in the time it will need on average to grow – from start to finish – it should take approximately 3-5 months. Here are the basics:

cannabis seed banks

Germination – Usually done in a separate (and smaller) pot from where the plant will actually grow. Some people place the seed in wet paper towels until the growth starts, at which point the seedling is put in a hole in the soil, and then covered afterwards. It can take 1-7 days for germination.

Vegetative state – This is where your plant spends much of its time, and its an important phase, because this is when your plant can really grow big. During this time the plant will expand out greatly, and letting it grow bigger will allow for more buds later. Flowering does not occur during this phase. This lasts approximately 4-8 weeks.

Flowering stage – This is when the big buds grow. This phase can last anywhere from 6-14+ weeks. Strains vary in how long they are in the flowering stage, with a pretty hefty difference in time frames.

Harvest – This is when the plants have reached full maturity and and are ready to be cut, trimmed, and cured. There is generally about a 2-3 week window here.

Post-harvest – This is when the plants are dried and cured, a process that can last anywhere from 2.5 weeks to over 1.5 months.

Conclusion

Getting in on home growing is the new thing. In the past, prospective growers had to put some seeds in generic soil, and hope for a feminine plant. These days, a grower can order whatever seeds they want from cannabis seed banks, in whatever strain is available, making home growing that much more precise.

The most important thing for any grow? The seeds of course! If you’re looking to grow your own plants, take a look at the top cannabis seed banks, and choose the perfect seeds for your home-grow needs.

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DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.


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Tips for Planning Your Spring Cannabis Garden at Home

There’s a lot to consider before making the decision to create and sustain a cannabis garden. Cultivators can never know too much about growing cannabis, so being educated about the process and diligent about the health of the crop will make a world of difference.

We’ve collected some articles designed to help you prepare your home garden for spring. Happy planting!

PHOTO Gracie Malley

READ: How to Prep Your Home Garden to Grow Cannabis

While cannabis is similar to plenty of other crops that home gardeners might be used to, given that the same key ingredients are soil and light, the cannabis plant still requires some unique expertise. Ahead of the planting season, Cannabis Now spoke with two experts to get their take on how home growers should prepare their gardens for a successful marijuana cultivation season.

PHOTO PD-USGov

READ: Guano is the Way to Go

There are lots of people who have tried their hand at growing cannabis with guano and there are many who have failed for a few simple reasons. Guano, especially bat guano, can actually be a deterrent to your crop rather than the great gift most seem to think it is.

PHOTO Gracie Malley

READ: 10 Things to Know Before You Grow

Some may think that getting into growing marijuana is an easy affair. That idea couldn’t be further from the truth. Cultivating marijuana successfully takes a great deal of detailed planning, skill and consistent effort. Each crop takes eight to 10 weeks to mature, so the grower will have to spend at least an hour a day while caring for them to ensure the plants live up to their potential.

Wick System main
PHOTO Ed Rosenthal

READ: Building a Wick System: An Easy Way to Grow

Leading cannabis horticulture authority Ed Rosenthal has released a new book that delivers useful ideas for starting your own homegrown, like this excerpt about creating a wick system. The wick container system is an easy way to garden because it’s self-watering and removes the uncertainty of when to water.

cannabis male plant cannabis now
PHOTO DoobieDuck

READ: How to Tell if Your Cannabis Plant is Male or Female

Cannabis cultivators the world over know the obsessive, purgatorial feeling of waiting for their plants to mature to discern sex — female, male or hermaphrodite. There’s no way to ascertain if a seedling is male or female with the naked eye. This article lays out the way to tell the difference between sexes in cannabis plants.

The post Tips for Planning Your Spring Cannabis Garden at Home appeared first on Cannabis Now.

Tuesday, January 26, 2021 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News


A close-up photograph shows a dark-green mature marijuana plant- just the fan leaves- no buds are showing. The background is blurred and appears to show an outdoor setting. The dark green of the leaves in sharply contrasted with the white vein-lines running over them.

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Tuesday, January 26, 2021 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Boycott spurs Massachusetts cannabis trade group to withdraw delivery suit (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Virginia Marijuana Legalization Bill Approved By Senate Committee With Home Cultivation Provisions Intact (Marijuana Moment)

// Arizona Begins Recreational Marijuana Sales Just Weeks After Voters Approve Legalization (Marijuana Moment)


These headlines are brought to you by the upcoming Homegrown Weed Summit, the first and only online event dedicated to teaching you how to grow elite cannabis from seed to harvest right in your home. The Homegrown Weed Summit is coming up on February 15 and will feature four days of online events with noted cannabis pros like Tommy Chong, Danny Danko, and Ed Rosenthal. You can learn more about the Homegrown Weed Summit and get your free ticket now over at HomeGrownWeedSummit.com!


// Harvest closes $34.6M Florida sale-leaseback deal with marijuana REIT (Marijuana Business Daily)

// New Psychedelics Reform Group Sets Sights On Congress As Movement Builds (Marijuana Moment)

// Washington Lawmakers Approve Marijuana Homegrow Bill In Committee (Marijuana Moment)

// Premium flower demand drives Colorado wholesale marijuana prices to nearly five-year highs (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Marijuana Legalization Could Create $43 Million In Annual Tax Revenue Delaware State Auditor Reports (Marijuana Moment)

// Anti-Marijuana Lawmaker Files Legalization Bill In North Dakota To Avoid Activist Ballot Measure (Marijuana Moment)

// New Mexico Governor And Senate Leader Say Marijuana Legalization Can Pass This Year (Marijuana Moment)

Check out our other projects:Marijuana Today— Our flagship title, a weekly podcast examining the world of marijuana business and activism with some of the smartest people in the industry and movement. • Marijuana Media Connect— A service that connects industry insiders in the legal marijuana industry with journalists, bloggers, and writers in need of expert sources for their stories.

Love these headlines? Love our podcast? Support our work with a financial contribution and become a patron.

Photo: Elsa Olofsson/Flickr

Start Strong: Tips for Choosing the Right Clones

Growing quality cannabis requires a harmony of many factors. There’s some amount of leeway with light, pH amounts, pests and even mold – but most of these can be easily dealt with as cultivators surf that often-challenging and unforgiving wave of cannabis’ flowering cycle. However, without healthy, vibrant plants at the onset, even the best effort can be for naught and that highly-anticipated Super Silver Haze will likely look and smell more like Super Silver Hay.

Plants that are unhealthy do much the same as humans do when they’re sick – they rest and try to get better. While its healthy sisters race towards the light, be it artificial or the real deal, a weakling plant’s growth stops and stalls. As its leaves clench in frustration, nutrients stop being absorbed and the plant sits in a state of stasis that it might not ever fully recover from. If thrown into flowering, there’s a small chance that the plant might snap out of its slump but that’s pretty unlikely. What will result is a plant that is low in resin, terpenes, potency and yield that gives up the ghost long before finishing time.

Here are a few tips to help with choosing the best clones and getting the best results.

ROOTS

There’s an ancient saying that goes, “From the fruits you shall know the roots.” With cannabis, however, the opposite makes a better maxim. Look for vibrant white roots that are actively shooting from the medium, reaching for more water and nutrients so as to grow strong and healthy. Avoid roots that look brown and inactive. It’s a good indication of what the plant wants to do at that moment in its life. White roots want to thrive; brown roots want to slumber.

LEAF TIPS

Growth is what it’s all about, so the next inspection should be plant tips. Do they have the bright green of fresh growth? Do they look active? If not, the plant may be locked up and is going to take some time to recover. Unless you’re prepared to wait until that plant is good and ready – which will definitely be long after you are – move on to a fresher specimen.

COLORATION

The above two points are easily the most essential aspects to look for when shopping for great clones. However, there are more signs an astute cultivator can tune into to see if the young plant is ready to get it on. For instance, a slight yellowing of the leaves (of an otherwise happy plant) is a sign that the plant wants more nitrogen and is ready to grow more. Develop an eye for what makes a healthy clone and the skill will serve you well in the long run.

A yellow grided card attracts bugs to it, rather than the cannabis plant.

SICKLINESS

Avoid any plant with either current or past signs of insects, be it spider mite webs, pocked leaves or powdery mildew, which presents itself like fuzzy white areas. This probably seems obvious but it’s worth stating again to underscore the fact that unhealthy young plants are a flashing sign that something is wrong.

CONFINEMENT

When importing a starter plant into your garden, have a quarantine space ready that is well lit and with good air circulation, so your new ward can live in a safe little bubble while you treat it with preventative measures.

Harry Resin is a world-renowned cannabis breeder and cultivator with figurative roots in Amsterdam

CULLING

When taking your own clones from your own garden, use only the best and throw away the rest. Some of the most experienced cloners throw away the weakest 25 percent or more of any tray, with the thought that a weak child makes a weak adult. If you want the best possible chance at big robust flowers, you want to start with the best from the very start.

Originally published in the print edition of Cannabis Now. LEARN MORE

TELL US, how do you choose your clones?

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7 Beginner Tips for Setting up your First Home Grow

If you are tired of paying for weed and ready to start growing your own, here are 7 beginner tips for setting up your first home grow. It may seem like a big endeavour, but with the right setup (and some patience) anyone can grow great buds! Below are some things to consider when setting […]

The post 7 Beginner Tips for Setting up your First Home Grow appeared first on Latest Cannabis News Today – Headlines, Videos & Stocks.

You’ve Grown It, Now Own It: How to Master Drying & Curing Cannabis

Properly
dried and cured cannabis flower buds burn evenly and have a smooth, rich taste.
When smoked, the embers have an even glow and enter the body smoothly. When
vaporized, there should be no apparent “green” taste.

If
flower buds are dried too quickly, chlorophyll and other pigments, starch and
nitrates or other fertilizer salts are trapped within plant tissue, making it
burn unevenly and taste unpleasantly “green.” If buds are dried too slow, or not at all, they rot.

Gardeners can lose some or all of their crop to poor drying and curing cannabis techniques. Here’s how to do it right:

Drying

Drying converts 75% or more of a freshly harvested plant into water vapor and other gases and converts carbohydrates to simple sugars. Drying also converts chlorophyll and other pigments so that no “green” residuals remain.

You
can harvest an entire plant, individual branches or strip flower buds from
branches to dry. When stems are severed, the transport of fluids within the
plant continues, but at a much slower rate. The natural plant processes slowly
come to an end as the plant dries. The outer cells are the first to dry, but
fluid still moves from internal cells to supply moisture to outer cells, which
are dry. When the drying and curing processes occur properly, plants dry evenly
throughout. Removing leaves and large stems upon harvest speeds drying;
however, moisture content within the “dried” flower
buds, leaves and stems can become uneven.

Drying
time depends upon temperature, humidity and bud density. Ideal temperature is
60-70°F and the best humidity range for drying
is 45-55%. Most flower buds will be dry enough in three to five days before
passing to the curing process, but they may take longer. It can take up to two
weeks before all chlorophyll — the stuff that gives the “green” taste — has dissipated from
foliage. Big, fat, dense flower buds can take three to four days longer to dry
than smaller buds. Gently squeeze buds after they have been drying for a few
days to check for moisture content. Bend stems to see if they are dry. If the
stem breaks rather than folds, it is ready to cure. The bud should be dry to
the touch but not brittle. The bud should burn well enough to smoke when dry.

Curing

Even
after plants, branches or buds have dried on screens or been suspended in a
drying room for five to seven days and appear to be dry, they still contain
moisture inside. This moisture affects taste, fragrance and cannabinoid content
(potency). Curing will remove this excess moisture and all it contains.

Curing makes buds uniformly dry and pleasant to consume, and preserves natural cannabinoids and terpenes.

Curing
after drying helps remove any remaining chlorophyll, other pigments, latent
fertilizer salts and so on that have accumulated in flower buds, leaves and
stems. If dried too quickly, flower buds retain more chlorophyll and have a “green” taste, and when vaporized
or smoked are harsh on the pallet and often burn too hot. For some, curing is not
essential. In fact, some medical patients prefer the often minty flavor of
uncured cannabis.

Curing
also allows cannabis to fully dry so that mold does not grow when it is stored.
Well-cured flower buds are soft and pliable but dry inside. Flower buds should
feel like they are dry and only the dry pliable foliage is holding resin onto
stems. Here’s how to cure bud:

Gently place “dry”
flower buds in an airtight container. Clear and opaque turkey bags are popular.
So are food-grade sealable plastic buckets. There are also bags that reflect
heat and are airtight (when properly sealed) and infrared-proof, which protects
them from heat.

Write the date on the containers and place in a cool, dry, dark place. Moisture inside buds will migrate from the center of the stem outward. Check the container after two to four hours to see if buds feel different. Gently squeeze a couple of buds to see if they feel moister now, but be careful, resin glands bruise easily.

Open the drying container two to three times a day for the first seven
days to release moisture. Take a whiff the instant you open the container. The
fragrance should be sweet and somewhat moist. Close the container quickly. If
necessary, remove buds from jar for a short time to inspect for mold and
disease.

After the first week, open
containers once or twice a week for a quick whiff. Do not open too many times
or the slow-curing process will stop. Some gardeners cure flower buds slowly
for six months or longer. However, after two to three weeks they should be
fully cured and remain fresh, firm and pliable. Flower buds can be sealed in
containers and stored.

Things to Avoid

Light — especially ultraviolet (UV) rays from natural sunlight — heat and friction hasten biodegradation of resin glands and cannabinoids. Do not place dried cannabis in hot automobile glove compartments, and keep it away from heat vents and so forth. Friction and rough handling can bruise and rupture resin glands. Even with proper drying and curing, brutal handling of harvested cannabis will diminish cannabinoid content.

TELL US, have you ever grown cannabis?

Originally published in Cannabis Now. LEARN MORE

The post You’ve Grown It, Now Own It: How to Master Drying & Curing Cannabis appeared first on Cannabis Now.

High Quality Strains for Hobbyist Growers

I asked some of my favorite seed breeders to suggest their best cultivar for home growers. The stipulations were that each was easy to grow, adapted easily to different environments, and most importantly, that it had a distinctive personality. The breeders responded with some great suggestions for quality strains. 

Each cultivar is handsome, above average and potently effective. A garden featuring these selections will provide you with a library of wonderful sensations to fit time, space and mood. A couple of the strains produce high ratios of CBD.

Here’s the list.:

(PHOTO Erik Christiansen / Nugshots)

Blueberry Muffin

Parents: The Razz (Razzleberry) x P.P.D (formerly known as Purple Panty Dropper)

Indica/Sativa ratio: 65% – 35% 

Breeder: Nathaniel Pennington 

Seed Company: Humboldt Seed Company

Humboldt Seed Company recommends Blueberry Muffin because it is easy to grow. It has a sturdy stalk and resistance to molds, mildews and pests. This strain pretty much maintains itself. 

Blueberry Muffin is a shorter stocky type 65%-35% indica/sativa hybrid that produces bountiful buds for its size, beautifully tinged with purple flakes. With a quick flowering cycle of 45-60 days you will have plump, trichome coated buds before you know it. 

The variety grows well both indoors and outdoors, but it tends to stretch unless it is pruned to branch. Once pruned, it can be trained to a screen of green (scrog). 

Both environments bring out the real blueberry muffin smell that has been compared favorably to the Jiffy brand blueberry muffin mix. The fruity aroma extends to the flavor of the inhalation. Leafly reviews show Blueberry Muffin is the world’s most aptly named strain. A heads up for indoor growers: Be prepared for pervasive terpenes that tend to overpower other varietals in a grow room or greenhouse. 

Blueberry Muffin is also known for the fact that it seems to lack any paranoia inducing characteristics. The high is relaxing and happy and induces a positive attitude. It can be used when doing routine work, but it does not encourage creativity or mind wandering. This is useful for medical patients medicating throughout the day. It’s also a good choice for individuals new to cannabis. 

“Blueberry Muffin is a gentle strain that is here on this earth to help people… she wants to be given organic soil and real sun ideally, but she will provide her medicine whenever and however she is needed”  — Humboldt Seed Company

(PHOTO Ed Rosenthal)

Cheese Quake

Parents: Exodus Cheese X Querkle (Urkle x Space Queen)

Indica/Sativa ratio: 60% – 40% 

Breeder: Subcool

Seed Company: The Dank (Formerly TGA Seeds)

When asked about a recommendation for home-growers, Subcool enthusiastically recommends Cheese Quake. “It’s easy to grow and pretty to look at,” he says.   

It’s a heavy producer with purple leaves and an aroma that is a blend of fruit and cheese, which it inherited from its parents Querkle and Cheese. The buds are more round than cone shape. Cheese Quake grows well both indoors and outdoors. Indoors the plant is short and stocky. Outdoors, it grows over 6 ft tall given enough time without being topped. This variety is perfect for SOG when it is flowered early. Flowering time is 8-9 weeks. 

The terpene profile is high in myrcene, which enables the high to take effect sooner because of its ability to allow THC to reach the brain cells more rapidly. Even Subcool has been surprised at the intensity of the high. He describes it as “mental energy that can be confusing, yet delightful.” However, in reviews two thirds of respondents used the terms, happy, relaxed, and euphoric. Myrcene is also associated with analgesic and anti-depressive qualities. Reviewers also noted relief from stress and anxiety as well as muscular pain. 

Subcool describes the taste as a “grape cheese danish.” It picks up the grape from the Querkle on the inhale and an exhale that is the cherry and the sourness associated with the cheese varieties. 

“By combining the grapey-lavender taste of Purple Urkle with the unique smell and taste of Cheese created a flavor so incredible it instantly became my favorite Cheese hybrid.” ­ —Subcool.

(PHOTO Green Born Identity / GBI)

Mendocino Skunk

Parents: Skunk #1, Haze, and Afghani 

Indica/Sativa ratio: 60% – 40% 

Breeder’s Name: Luc Krol 

Seed Company Name: Paradise Seeds

When asked to recommend a variety for the hobby grower, Mendocino Skunk was the clear choice. It’s part of the Tommy Chong collection. 

Mendocino Skunk is a very manageable plant because it does not get too large, accommodating growers with limited growing space. Size does not limit the yield. The plant is short, with a thick central cola and robust side branches. Indoors the plant grows up to 5 feet. Outdoors, especially in sunny climates and given enough time, the plant grows to 6.5 feet tall. It has a higher flower to leaves ratio and more dry weight than many classic indica skunk strains

The Mendocino genetics make this a good choice for growers in North America, Europe, and Canada. Flowering time is 7-8 weeks. In developing this hybrid, Paradise Seeds created a high that balances the energizing qualities of sativas with the relaxing effect of indicas resulting in an experience generally described as positive and uplifting. Routine daily tasks can be handled as normal, and with even more focus. Myrcene, caryophyllene and limonene are the dominant terpenes. And of course, there is that robust aroma of earthy skunkiness. 

“It was a challenge for us when Tommy Chong asked us to develop seeds that are called Choice of Legends, but we worked hard in our breeding rooms and we are super pleased with the final results.” —Paradise Seeds

(PHOTO Professor P)

Grapefruit Web

Parents: Charlotte’s Web x Grapefruit Web F2

Indica/Sativa ratio: 60% – 40% 

Breeder: Professor P 

Seed Company: Relic Seeds

Relic Seeds’ recommendation of Grapefruit Web is a variety that offers a balanced 1:1 ratio of CBD and THC. The mom, Charlotte’s Web is a legendary high CBD cultivar recognized for medicinal use. The dad provided by SowLow Farms contributed a rich array of terpenes resulting in a very tasty hybrid. 

Both parents passed down performance as high yielders to their progeny. Grapefruit Web is a beast of a plant, producing enormous colas of massive proportions. The breeder advises that stakes are certainly required considering the girth on the terminal buds.   

The plant performs well indoors and out. Grapefruit Web grows in the typical christmas tree shape with large spear shaped colas. There is a slight purple fade during maturation. Flowering time is shorter than average; 7-8 weeks. 

Smelling like fresh cut pink grapefruit, the aroma and taste are refreshing yet calming due to the terpene profile. The top four terpenes are beta-myrcene, linalool, limonene and pinene balancing the alertness induced by pinene with the relaxation associated with linalool.

Grapefruit Web has an extremely inviting buzz, great for users of all levels. It’s an even keeled head/body high that is great for any time of the day.

“She’s an easy plant to succeed with for several reasons: Easy to grow, large yields, and short bloom times” —Relic Seeds

(PHOTO Sensi Seeds)

Northern Lights

Parents: NL #1 x NL #2 x NL #3

Indica/Sativa ratio: 90% -10%

Breeder: Sensi Seeds

Seed Company: Sensi Seeds

Northern Lights is a classic strain and one of the most famous indica varieties. There are now many variations on its name and genetics. During its original development, Sensi Seeds was able to acquire one of three pure types of Northern Lights, and have maintained the intent of plant vigor and potency.

A petite plant averaging between 3½-5 feet, Northern Lights is fast-flowering, resilient, and produces dense, resin-rich flowers. Highly adapted to indoor growing, Northern Lights is a satisfying yielder that can finish in just over 6 weeks. It is very well suited to the ‘sea of green’ method. Because the buds are so dense, be sure to provide a proper airflow to prevent any humidity build-up within them. In cooler climates it will give excellent results when grown in a greenhouse. In warmer climates Northern Lights will do well outdoors developing into massive trees. 

The aroma is a pungently sweet herbal aroma with pepper and citrus notes and the taste is a flavorful mixture of sweet and spice. 

Although Northern Lights is a high THC strain with very little CBD present, the presence of the terpenes myrcene, caryophyllene and limonene result in a very calming effect. This strain is a great variety to relax and can be used to ease stress and pain. It is also well suited to people having issues sleeping. 

“This strain is great one for beginners and experts alike and is available in regular, feminized and auto-flowering variants.”   —Sensi Seeds

(PHOTO Sensi Seeds)

Sensi Skunk

Parents: (Afghani x Skunk #1) x Skunk #1

Indica/Sativa ratio: 80% – 20% 

Breeder: Sensi Seeds

Seed Company: Sensi Seeds

Sensi Skunk is a potent hybrid, leaning heavily towards indica characteristics. The variety is a favorite with beginners and aficionados alike. Sensi Seeds specifically bred the variety for ease of cultivation. It has a vigorous growth pattern with a comparatively short flowering time. 

The plant is average in height with strong branches, easily manageable growth, rapidly-swelling buds and sizable harvest of thick, pungent colas covered in resin. Left to its own devices, this plant grows in a christmas tree shape with a main central cola. The plant can produce a large yield with minimal care; it is easy to grow indoors and outdoors.

Outdoors this plant’s potential is truly expressed, producing high yields between the end September and mid-October. In temperate climates Sensi Skunk grows well in a normal warm summer. The breeder recommends cultivating below 42 degrees north, which covers American gardens from the Oregon-California border across to the New York-Pennsylvania border and south. This also includes Southern Europe, parts of China and even North Korea.

Sensi Skunk delivers an attention grabbing sugary-citrus bouquet that’s uniquely different from the regular skunk funk. A refreshing sweet-citrus aroma infuses each bud. The overall effect of Sensi Skunk is a balanced one. Its effects will make you relaxed, happy, and euphoric, without being overwhelmingly strong. 

“Quick to bloom, thick-budding and potent enough to surprise even a jaded smoker, Sensi Skunk is also very forgiving when growing and flowering, making her a strain that is actually quite difficult to mess up.” —Sensi Seeds 

(PHOTO Justin Cannabis)

Chocolate Tonic

Parents: Cannatonic x Chocolate Kush 

Indica/Sativa:  35% – 65% 

Seed Breeder: The Purple Caper

Seed Company: Purple Caper Seeds

This strain originated from a CBD project designed to help patients with a range of conditions: pain management, seizures, and inflammation, and cancer treatment. The breeder crossed a high THC father with a high CBD mother. Both were chosen for their cannabinoid content, vigor, and yield, and the tendency to pass the desired traits from each to the offspring. 

Chocolate Tonic offers a 2:1 CBD to THC ratio. The typical gardener can expect 14% CBD and 7% THC, as well as small amounts of CBC and CBG. 

Chocolate Tonic is very versatile and can grow in any environment. It takes on a christmas tree shape with little branching so it’s best to prune from above. Plants can reach heights of eight feet outdoors. It’s a strong grower that can withstand heat, drought, and even being root-bound. Outdoors, when planted in May and grown in the ground or planted with 6-foot centers, look for a yield of three pounds per plant. Ripens in October. Indoors flowering time is 8-10 weeks. Expect 1.5 pounds per light. 

Pain relief is a key feature of the high. The numbing and relaxing qualities are also sleep inducing after a long day. Chocolate Tonic lives up to its name with a chocolate, piney, citrus  flavor.

“This CBD strain grows like a weed and can handle abuse.” —Purple Caper 

Excerpted from “Ask Ed: Marijuana Success.”

TELL US, if you could grow any strain what would you choose?

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Cannabis Shortages Spur New Interest in Growing at Home

The COVID-19 pandemic has shuttered businesses and sent people hunkering down behind closed doors from coast to coast. In addition to stocking up on canned and dry goods, consumers are worried about maintaining cannabis supply. 

The outbreak was having an impact on the North American cannabis industry weeks before it actually reached the continent’s shores. But with the imposition of “shelter-in-place” orders, tokers started to worry about where their next batch of bud would be coming from. 

On March 16, when six counties in the San Francisco Bay Area issued such orders, there was an immediate run on dispensaries. Spared was Alameda County, where cannabis shops were deemed to be an “essential” service. Facing a public outcry, authorities in San Francisco just one day later decided to follow Alameda’s lead, and lifted the order for dispensaries to close. On March 20, when a statewide lockdown was declared, dispensaries were excluded as an essential service. 

Similar scenes in Denver caused authorities to likewise reverse themselves there.  

But in some places, dispensaries are closed—such as Massachusetts, in spite of the public outcry. And even before the current crisis, cannabis users were turning to the long-languishing American ethic of self-sufficiency to ride out shortages. 

Urban Herb in the Windy City 

The Chicago Tribune profiles the case of local epilepsy sufferer David Kurfman. Following shortages at Illinois outlets,  he recently established a basement grow room. Relying on cannabis oil with a 2-to-1 CBD-THC ratio to control his seizures, Kurfman took advantage of the personal cultivation provision of the state’s legalization statute. Having invested $5,000 in lights, fans and other necessary equipment, he now has his legally permitted five plants putting out their first buds. 

“There’s a statewide shortage of all products, and patients are suffering from that,” Kurfman told the Trib. “I hope to transition to growing my own medicine.” 

A well cared-for five-plant grow can produce far in excess of the one ounce of bud that “recreational” users may possess legally, or the fortnightly 2.5-ounce purchase limit for medical patients.

State law allows medical cannabis patients 21 and over to grow their five plants in an “enclosed, locked space.” There are other restrictions too. Landlords may ban cultivation on their property. It also remains illegal to sell or give away cannabis from personal plants. 

This was actually a compromise measure in the legalization statute signed by Gov. J.B. Pritzker last June. Earlier versions of the legislation allowed all adults to grow five plants each at home. But law enforcement groups lobbied against this provision, and it was stricken from the bill. Under final version, only patients enrolled with the state’s medical marijuana program are permitted to cultivate at home. The original 2013 medical marijuana law included no provision for homegrown.  

Home-growers may purchase seeds from licensed dispensaries. However, few are offering them for sale—so Pritzker’s administration is working on opening new avenues.  

“The administration is working with various state agencies, cultivators and dispensaries to develop a clear process that will allow the sale of seeds to medicinal users,” Charity Greene, a representative for the governor’s office, told the Tribune. 

Online groups such as the Illinois Medical Cannabis Review Guide have meanwhile emerged to recommend seed banks. Home Grow Chicago, a private business, is also offering classes in small-scale cannabis cultivation. 

Under the mentorship of two experienced growers, Kurfman is now proud of the fruits of his labor—although he has yet to start producing oil. “It turned out magnificent,” he told the Tribune. 

Also quoted by the Trib was Illinois cultivator and patient Mickey Nulf, who produces the Prof. Budz Potcast, and hosts a Facebook page for home-growers. “Let’s put the power back into patients’ hands,” he recently posted, “and let’s take care of our community.”  

TELL US, do you know anyone who has started growing their own due to the COVID-19 outbreak?

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Japan Among the Worst Places to Have Weed

It was proven again this week that Japan is among the absolute worst places you can live if you’re a cannabis enthusiast, never mind a tourist, as the story of a father and son from Nara Prefecture has started to make the rounds.

According to the English language version of Mainichi Shimbun, one of Japan’s major national newspapers, the whole thing started as a Sunday family dispute and ended up with two teenagers being arrested for violating Japan’s Cannabis Control Law. Japanese media have made sure to note one of the 16-year-olds went to private school and the other did not.

According to the newspaper, the public school kid decided to set up a small grow operation in his family’s house but from the sound of it, things never really got off the ground apart from a planter box and undescribed lighting equipment. He would eventually tell his family he was planning to grow the cannabis for profit. At that point, his father allegedly called the police on him after some kind of warning.

The private school kid would end up getting ratted out too. Between the two students, the cops would net less than 5 grams of weed and seeds. They told the police they had scored the cannabis from the internet via Twitter.

Nare Prefecture police are always on the hunt for cultivators. In 2018 they spent six months working on a tip that would eventually net them only 80 plants in the eventual raid.

The actual penalties the two could face are about as draconian. According to Article 24 of Japan’s cannabis control law, anyone who tries to import or grow pot in Japan is looking at a prison work detail of up to seven years. They also face a fine that’s the equivalent of more than $27,000 U.S. dollars.

Even for those with entrepreneurial goals, getting charged with the simple possession of cannabis that’s deemed to be for personal use, as in the courts realize they aren’t looking to make a buck with that pot, are looking at five years.

But what if they can prove you’re looking to sell that sack?

“A person who commits the crime in the preceding paragraph for profit is punished by imprisonment with work for no more than seven years, or, in light of the circumstances, may be punished by imprisonment with work for no more than seven years and a fine of no more than 2,000,000 yen,” the penal code reads.

So thanks to dad for choosing the criminal justice route as opposed to the parenting one, these kids are now looking at possible jail time until they are 23 since they admitted to collaborating on the effort.

The cannabis persecution for the Japanese doesn’t even stop when they leave home. This was again brought to the forefront when Canada legalized marijuana. By the Japanese standard, anyone found to be smoking in Canada, or anywhere else cannabis has been legalized for medical or recreational purposes, could face up to five years in jail. The penal code’s language specifically notes it doesn’t matter if it is medical marijuana. But if you are caught distributing manufactured medical marijuana products in a nonprofit manner you’re only looking at five years as opposed to the seven you would get for selling things the courts don’t find to be for therapeutic purposes. 

Japan doesn’t just put high schoolers with troubled lives at home on blast, every time a celebrity is caught anywhere near pot it’s a big news story. This included last year when the former World Junior Judo Champion, who is now a police officer in Kyoto, was arrested when visiting family in Osaka. On the visit, the police searched his house in connection with a robbery at Kyoto’s police academy. During the search, police found dry flowers and a pipe.

The highest-profile cannabis case in the history of Japan remains Sir Paul McCartney. The former Beatle was arrested at Tokyo’s Narita International Airport while on tour with Wings. McCartney said they decided to bring a half pound because they knew they weren’t going to be able to find anything to smoke. That half pound ended up getting McCartney nine days in jail, which isn’t too bad since he was facing the seven-year sentence we mentioned.

TELL US, Would you bring weed to Japan?

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