Exploring Cannabis Culture: Berlin

‘All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin. And therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words, ‘Ich bin ein Berliner!’ – John F. Kennedy

In the latest article in our series on cannabis culture around the world, we’ll be flying over to Berlin. As you may know, we define cannabis culture as the way that cannabis can be perceived and treated within a society, city or country.’  Of course this doesn’t just mean Cannabis alone, but also includes all of the separate cannabinoids that we find in the Cannabis plant – CBD and THC for example – So polish of your lederhosen, find your 99 red balloons and prepare to ‘sprechen sie deutsch‘ as we jet over to the capital city of Germany and investigate the weed culture in Berlin.

Cannabis is gaining popularity across the globe. In Europe, the laws are still a bit more strict than in the United States, but in many regions, recreational marijuana use is quickly becoming the new norm. To learn more about changing regulations and emerging trends, make sure to subscribe to The Medical Cannabis Weekly Newsletter, your hub for all things cannabis-related, including more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other legal products.

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Berlin 

Berlin is located on the river Spree in the North East of Germany. A large city, with a lot of history, its population is nearly 4 million, making it the biggest city in the European Union, though not in Europe. Founded in the 12th Century, Berlin has seen its fair share of historical events. Under Frederick the Great’s rule it became the centre of the Enlightenment, it was also home to the expressionist movement and of course was integral both during and after World War Two. Famously being split between the West, a more liberal and capitalist city and the East, part of the USSR where life was a lot bleaker and tough. The Berlin wall became an iconic, but tragic reminder of the differences between the East and the West especially during the war. It prompted artworks and songs, such as Lou Reed’s Berlin:

“In Berlin, by the wall

You were five foot ten inches tall

It was very nice

Candlelight and Dubonnet on ice”

Since the fall of the wall, Berlin has now become one of the most lively and happening places in Europe and is full of famous clubs, bars and sights to see making it an unmissable stop on anyone’s road-trip through Europe and it’s attitude to Cannabis and drugs has lead to it becoming a mainstay on any drug trip around Europe too.

Here are some of the top places to visit in Barcelona, the beautiful horizon, some famous sites and scenes to see.

The Berghain 

Arguably the most famous club not just in Berlin, but in the whole of Europe, the Berghain has become a icon of exclusivity. People call it a church, a way of life, an institution. It’s near impossible to get in as the bouncers will assess everybody and only allow those deemed to have the right vibe are allowed to enter. Once inside an incredible, techno dream awaits, where liberal attitudes to sex and drugs keep the party going from Saturday to Monday… If you can get in, it’s worth the wait.

The Reichstag

The seat of the German government, this building is an iconic symbol of what Berlin has been through. It’s been re-built, it housed the Nazis, it was bombed and now, with its glass centre, it’s a must visit part of the city. Make sure you book a trip to the very top of the glass dome for a view over Berlin.

Cannabis in Berlin

So, what is the cannabis culture like on the streets of Berlin? It appears that Berlin’s relationship with Cannabis dates back quite far. An urn from around 500BC was found containing Cannabis plants and seeds, suggesting that the city has an ancient connection to Cannabis. It is not a rare sight to see and smell people smoking cannabis around the city and the attitude towards drugs in general in Berlin is quite relaxed. However, the possession and selling of Cannabis in Germany is illegal. This doesn’t stop the millions of Germans from smoking Cannabis, Statista found that Germans were the joint tenth highest population in Europe, and other studies have shown a general increase in young people smoking cannabis in Germany and in Berlin too, so let’s examine the laws in Berlin in a little more detail.

Is It Legal?

Simply put, no… Cannabis possession and selling is not legal in Berlin or Germany. The German Federal Narcotics act made sure of that. If caught in possession of any drugs, including Cannabis, you could face up to five years in prison. But, whilst possessing the drug is listed as an offence, using it isn’t. If someone is caught smoking Cannabis, the punishment isn’t always that severe. Germany use a ‘treatment over punishment’ approach which means you’re more likely to get a telling off than a severe prison sentence if you’re found smoking cannabis. What’s more, the law actually says that if you’re caught with a ‘small amount’ then you’re not really committing an offence. The term small amount varies from region to region in Germany, but in Berlin it is up to 15 grams, the highest amount in the whole of Germany, again making Berlin the hot spot of the country.

Illegal

So possessing a small amount of cannabis is legal, but what happens if you’re caught with more than 15g in the city. The punishment for the possession of drugs can range from a $30,000 fine, to up to two years in prison. Under the Narcotics Act, Cannabis is listed as Appendix 1, what this means is that it’s in the least severe category of drugs, but still if found with a large amount, a prosecution can occur. Even though it is illegal, anecdotal accounts of smoking Cannabis in Berlin is that often the police don’t take notice, or if they do you are more likely going to be asked to give up the cannabis rather than being directly punished, much like in London and Barcelona too.

Legal 

Some forms of Cannabis consumption are actually legal in Germany and Berlin. As stated above, having a small amount of the drug means you’re likely to escape prosecution, but there are also other forms of legal cannabis you can acquire in the city. As with all members of the EU, the use and sale of CBD is totally legal, and there are loads of great CBD shops around the city offering all sorts of useful CBD products. Also, medical Cannabis has been legal since 2017. Medical Cannabis is available to pick up from the pharmacy with a prescription for patients on chemotherapy and with certain disorders and diseases, such as multiple sclerosis. This was pushed through after lobbying from the Left and Green parties in the country and shows the forward thinking attitudes towards the benefits of Cannabis in the city.

The City’s General Attitude to Cannabis 

Even though the laws are a little tough on drug use, Berlin has become famous for its relaxed nature around them. People go to Berlin to rave and party and it is very easy to acquire drugs in the city. There are a number of parades hosted in the city, such as the love parade and the hemp parade that celebrate the city’s attitude to drug culture and party lifestyles. 

The Love Parade

The Love parade started in 1989 as a political protest against the Berlin wall, but quickly ended up being one of the most famous celebrations of rave culture in the world. People openly smoke cannabis and take drugs in this marching celebration of all things rave, that makes its way through the city.

The Hemp Parade 

As the English homepage for the event states: The Hanfparade (“Hemp parade”) is the largest and most traditional march for Cannabis as medicine, natural resource and recreational drug in Germany.” The march celebrates Cannabis for all of its glorious reasons. Thousands of people protest in the city for the legalisation of the drug and enjoy music, food and all the fun of a festival whilst also raising awareness of the properties of the cannabis plant. Again, this shows the fun loving attitude and relaxed, positive view of Cannabis in Berlin.

The Hemp museum

In the centre of the city you can even find a hemp museum, celebrating the multitude of uses the plan has, from pharmaceuticals to medicines, the museum showcases just how brilliant the Cannabis plant and its products are and offers an optimistic view of a future that focuses on getting the best from Hemp and cannabis.

Conclusion

Berlin is a beautiful city, full of history and fun-loving city members. It’s seen its fair share of hardship over the many years of its existence, but now seems to be in a cultural glory decade, hosting some of the most famous clubs, the largest Cannabis marches and the most open minded attitude of most European cities. With the legalization of medical Cannabis, we can hope that over the next few years, the already relaxed attitude will grow even more so. Remember that if you visit the city, a ‘small amount’ is pretty much legal, but still do be careful as there’s a little way to go before complete legalization. Auf Wiedersehen… for now.

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Isreali Nextage Explores Effective Delivery of Psychedelic Compounds

Israel is one of the leading countries for medical cannabis research and has held this title for decades; since the 1960s to be exact. Now, they’re joining efforts to study the benefits of psychedelics in a clinical setting as well.

Of the main areas of focus is using psychoactive compounds to treat clinical depression and other psychiatric disorders. One Israeli company, Nextage Therapeutics, is looking specifically at utilizing ibogaine, along with their own patent delivery system, to better treat people with these conditions.

When it comes to treating psychological disorders and minimizing the risk of side effects, psychedelics are the way of the future. Check out our newsletter, The Delta 8 Weekly, to learn more about these incredible compounds as well as gain access to exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products.


What are Psychedelics?

Psychedelic drugs are a subset of hallucinogens. They contain psychoactive compounds that are capable of altering a person’s mood, perception, and cognition; sometimes permanently. The active compounds are usually found in nature, like psilocybin or mescaline, but they can also be manmade, like LSD.

Psychedelics are known for causing ‘trips’, which is what the high is referred to. When a person is tripping, they may have altered perceptions of the world around them. Many people believe this is limited to visual and auditory hallucinations, but it can also include feeling, tasting, and smelling things that are not real, as well as a heightened sense of connection and understanding, and greater feelings of introspection.  

The trips that people most commonly associate with these types of the drugs are the ones in which a state of hallucinogenic delirium is reached, but that is not always the case. Many times, it is more of an experience than a trip, and something can be learned and achieved psychologically with every small dose.

The word itself, ‘psychedelics’, was first used in 1957 to recognize substances that were said to open the mind, however, the more accurate term for them is ‘entheogens’. This term was adopted, not necessarily for the sake of being scientific, but rather to allow the sector to operate without all the stigma attached to psychedelics from smear campaigns and restrictive policies throughout history. The term entheogen comes from Greek where it means ‘building the god within’.

Different psychedelics produce different trips. For example, with DMT you can expect a short high lasting less than 1 hour, whereas LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline trips can last up to ten hours. Some hallucinogens are more potent than others, like mushrooms vs acid. The active compounds are different in each drug so there is a lot of variation to the effects that can be felt.  

Some people experience bad trips in which negative, or even scary, hallucinations are experienced, and/or a rapid heartbeat, sweating, nausea, disorientation, and fatigue occur. There is indication that the majority of these symptoms can be controlled through proper dosing. This is why most modern-day, therapeutic users of psychedelics consume the drugs in micro-doses.

Nextage Pharmaceuticals and MindMend

According to Nextage Founder and CEO Abraham Dreazen, “there has been a shift in the last decade. The US Food and Drug Administration, for example, is starting to see quality of life as a factor in evaluating medicine, opening the door to these drugs.”

Earlier this year, Nextage signed a collaboration agreement with industry trailblazer Mindmend, to use their proprietary new technology known as Brain Targeting Liposome System (BTLS) – a delivery system Dreazen claims will “optimize the delivery of drug products based on noribogaine, and ultimately other ibogaine derivatives.”

Ibogaine is a naturally occurring psychoactive substance found in Apocynaceae plant family in Gabon, a small coastal country in central Africa. Although minimal research exists, a handful of clinical studies found that Ibogaine and its derivatives can be used to combat addiction, and it was looked at particularly for the treatment of opioid addiction, for which the results were promising.

Unfortunately, when used at high doses over a longer period, there are potential side effects. In a recent press release, reps from MindMend explained that, “orally administered ibogaine and noribogaine present unacceptable safety risks due to their torsadogenic effects at high systemic concentrations.”

Simply put, there’s a moderate risk of heart attacks when using noribogaine. However, Dreazen believes that if the drug is administered using certain methods that better permeate the blood-brain barrier, so more of the drug actually reaches the brain rather than going to other parts of the body, including the heart. He described it as “the winning lottery ticket.”

Permeating the Blood-Brain Barrier

When it comes to treating psychological and neurological disorders, or really any other disease or condition affecting the brain, the main challenge is permeating the blood-brain barrier. The purpose of the blood-brain barrier is to protect the brain from foreign substances, and as such, can prevent up to 95% of molecules from reaching the brain.

So far, the most common way to work around that is by giving prescribing these drugs at extremely high doses, and that, needless to say, can have numerous unwanted and severe side effects. Using a more effective model, The BTLS platform, licensed from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, has been making use of a “liposomal vehicle with a unique targeting complex” that allows for blood-brain barrier permeation at much lower doses of various pharmaceutical agents.

This is a relatively well-known concept, but according to Dreazen, Nextage took it a step further and attached a “small arrow of seven amino acid peptides – essentially a very small protein – which is part of a much larger protein that is native to the brain and has a way of actively transporting the liposomal capsule through the blood-brain barrier. Once the capsule is drawn into the brain with the arrow, it gets lodged there and starts dissolving, facilitating release of the active material – the drug.”

What the Future Holds for Nextage

Nextage has been working in the drug delivery sector for 14 years and their daughter company, IMIO, is focused solely on psychedelics. The company completed most of required preclinical worked needed to determine the potential efficacy and generality of their new patent technology. They have already worked with CBD and THC-based medications and Nextage/IMIO plans to explore the potential of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).

Dreazen says LSD “is a really promising drug.” Its challenge is that when taken, people can “trip” for 15 to 17 hours, making it very unfeasible as a chronic treatment. But just like with ibogaine, he believes that if the dose can be reduced and the least amount possible gets into the body as opposed to the brain, “you could potentially get the same therapeutic effect without the longevity of the trip.”

“In the US, the psychedelic movement has exploded in the last 12 months,” Dreazen added. “I think psychedelics in Israel are just emerging, and we are the first public company to really put our teeth into it. Israel has always been in the forefront of research and development and we are committed to spearheading this industry.”

Final Thoughts

As you can see, conversations surrounding the use of psychedelics to treat mental health and neurological disorders is reaching nearly every corner of the globe, and the countries that have been more accepting of cannabis are also spearheading the medical psychedelic revelation. Psychedelics are here to stay, and in the very near future, we can expect to see a lot of these compounds being safely used in clinical and therapeutic settings.

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Exploring Cannabis Culture in London

“Culture is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behaviour and norms found in human societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, customs, capabilities, and habits of the individuals in these.”

What is cannabis culture? Well, cannabis culture is the way that cannabis is perceived and dealt with within a society. This includes all the separate cannabinoids – CBD and THC – that make up this beautiful plant. Here at CBD Testers, we’re going to be taking you around the world – to many major cities – and delving into the cannabis culture of each one. Our first stop on this exciting world tour is: Cannabis in London. The land of red buses and postboxes. The land of Boris Johnson and fish & chips. The land of Brick Lane and Grime music. We’ll be discussing the legality of cannabis and how the government deals with it, as well as how it’s really explored on the ground. By the people. By the 9 million people that inhabit London. Strap yourselves in. Let’s take a trip to cockney London.

Whether you’re talking about the US, UK, or anywhere else in the world, cannabis culture can vary. To learn about laws across the globe, make sure to subscribe to The Medical Cannabis Weekly Newsletter, your hub for all things cannabis-related.


London 

London is the capital city of England, which is part of the United Kingdom – made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. It’s the home of the UK government at the Houses of Parliament, and is also the home of the royal family at Buckingham Palace. And if there could ever be two buildings mentioned that best don’t summarise London life then those are them. Because whilst many tourists might come to London to look at these two quite astounding buildings, the real London is something much less boring, and much more extraordinary. 

The weather in London, and England in general, is not something to boast about. In fact, even in the driest month of July, the average temperature is only 17 degrees. In January, the average temperature in London is about 4 degrees. It can be freezing. Although the weather in London is often pretty bad – as capital cities go – when the sun is out it is a place of dreams. As British pop-star Lily Allen once sang: 

You might laugh you might frown, walkin’ round London town. The sun is in the sky oh why oh why would I wanna be anywhere else?”

However London – be it rain, sun or snow – has places that are built for any weather. Here are some of the places that best summarise London life. 

Southbank 

London is a city that surrounds the River Thames, which is London’s answer to the Seine, and is a 346km river. Along this river are some of the most beautiful spots in London. Southbank is probably the prettiest of them all. Made with concrete brutalist architecture, the Southbank has the National Theatre, an underground skatepark and the Tate Modern. This place manages to perfectly unite art, culture and class. 

Soho 

Soho has a whole different vibe. Soho is made up of a few, connected streets full of food, restaurants, bars, clubs and live music. The Groucho Club in Soho used to be home of all of the most famous actors and performers. However, unfortunately, Kevin Spacey’s disgusting escapades seems to have left the club with a bad-ish reputation. Nonetheless, the area has some of the best food, drink and party life in the whole city. It’s a very colourful and joyous place.

Brick Lane 

Alternatively, you have Brick Lane in East London. The best way to summarise this place is by using its name: it’s one lane, and it’s made up of lots of bricks. This street has some of the best hipster clothing you’ll probably ever find. You’ll be greeted by a cloud of smoke, some of the most stylish people you’ll ever glance at, and some quite incredible garms (that’s London for clothes). Furthermore, the food here is also insane. It’s places like this that make London what it is. 

Cannabis in London

So, the question is, where does cannabis sit in the culture of London. Well, the truth is, it sits right at the heart of it. In London, you might hear it be referred to as cannabis, weed, reefa, bud, Mary Jane, ganja, marijuana or basically anything. Whilst London may appear to be defined by TV shows like The Crown and Bridgerton, the truth is that Top Boy and Skins are far more close to the real thing. Beneath the stiff-upper lip upper class world, there is a far more exciting grass-roots culture of the working-classes and middle classes. Music, art and collaboration in London is rife, and it’s all inspired by the beauty of cannabis. In fact, some say if you look hard enough through the smokey streets, you can even find weed cafes like the ones in Amsterdam. 

Is It Legal?

The cannabis plant is not legal in London. Whilst CBD has been accepted into society, THC is very much still unlawful. However, that’s not to say that people don’t enjoy THC cannabis. According to Statista, 30% of UK citizens have tried weed. That’s basically 10 million people. So what is and isn’t legal in the UK?

Illegal

Any substance that contains more than 0.2% THC is illegal in the UK. In addition, even CBD flowers, which don’t exceed this limit, are also illegal due to the fact that they resemble cannabis buds. The UK government doesn’t like anything that looks like the cannabis plant. THC has been boycotted by England, which of course includes London, and it doesn’t look like they’ll be changing their view anytime soon. The current leader, Boris Johnson, said he has ‘absolutely no intention of legalizing cannabis’. However, as you can imagine, cannabis’ illegality has never actually stopped the people of London from enjoying it. 

Legal 

Since 2018, medical cannabis and CBD products have been available in the UK. It’s very easy to walk down your high-street and pick up a variety of CBD based products. However, medical cannabis isn’t anywhere near as easy to get ahold of. Due to the NHS’ lack of support, often people have to go to private establishments in order to get a prescription – this of course costs a great deal. Therefore, whilst the government seem to be sticking to an extremely slow approach to cannabis legalisation, the rest of England and specifically London are continueing to do as they wish. 

Grime Music

Grime music is a style of rap that was curated in London in the early 2000s. It’s major artists who helped to build its reputation are: Skepta, Stomzy, Wiley, Dizzee Rascal and many more. 

“It developed out of the earlier UK dance style UK garage, and draws influences from jungle, dancehall, and hip hop.”

Grime music is often linked with cannabis, due to many of its best artists enjoying the cannabis plant for its creative and relaxing effects. However, of course, just like Jazz music before it, many backwards News Outlets will spend their time trying to make this link a sinister one. One of: negative effects and bad influences on children. The truth is, the establishment don’t like grime music or cannabis, because both represent an integral part of London culture that they cannot control. A part of London culture that is born from the working-classes and ruled by the people and for the people. Stomzy said himself:

“What I’m doing is British. It stems from the same culture as U.S. hip-hop, but the way we dress, the way we speak, the way we perform is so different. It’s U.K. street culture.”

Nightlife

The nightlife in London is probably one of the best places to be in the world. There’s literally something for everyone. Whether you want to take an ecstasy pill in Fabric, do acid in The Box, take ketamine at Blues Kitchen or smoke a joint and enjoy some jazz music in Shoreditch – it’s all available. This is what makes London culture so great. The diversity is rife, and because of this, so are the different passions. It’s this variation that makes the cannabis culture so full of life. Weed is integral to London nightlife, the same way as it is integral to Grime. It goes hand in hand with it and is never hard to get a hold of. In some ways, when it comes to London, finding a dealer to purchase some cannabis is easier than buying a beer. If you’re ever in the city, don’t forget to go on a night out with your trusty green friend. 

Cannabis in London: Conclusion 

The cannabis culture in London is electric. Whilst the UK may be a small island, one that is now attempting to move further away from Europe since Brexit, it still packs a punch and can compete with the rest of Europe. The real people of London – not the Queen and the Politicians – are creating new and exciting worlds constantly, all with the help of cannabis. When it comes to cannabis, or weed, or whatever you want to call it – London is a comfortable home for it. Why not visit London yourself and let us know what you think?

Thank you for stopping by CBD TESTERS, your hub for all things cannabis-related. Remember to subscribe to The Medical Cannabis Weekly Newsletter for more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products.

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Where’s It From? The Specifics of Germany’s Cannabis Import Market

As the global cannabis industry expands, different markets are emerging around the world as the biggest contenders in the overall global market. When it comes to Europe, Germany reigns supreme, with a quickly growing, and quickly evolving, medical cannabis industry. Since opening up its list of import countries, this market has grown even further. Here’s a look at the specifics of Germany’s cannabis import market today.

The cannabis products market is a very interesting place these days, with all new additions like delta-8 THC. This alternate form of THC from delta-9, provides users with slightly less psychoactive effect, and does so without the anxiety, couch-locking, and cloudy head generally associated with standard weed. We’ve got a great array of delta-8 THC deals, along with tons of the other new compounds to come out, like THCA, CBDA, and CBN. Take a look and have at it!

Important points about cannabis and Germany so far

First and foremost, cannabis is illegal in Germany for recreational use. Possession of the plant can garner up to five years in prison. When it comes to use, ‘small amounts’ have been somewhat decriminalized, though the term ‘small amount’ is actually not specific, and can vary between provinces, ranging from about 6-15 grams. Strangely enough, there’s no specific mention of cannabis use in the German Federal Narcotics Act, which regulates cannabis in the country. So as long as a first-time offender is caught with just a ‘small amount’, there is generally no criminal punishment for use, though this does not necessarily extend to a further offense.

Sale, supply, and cultivation are all illegal in Germany. Such crimes can be met with prison sentences of up to 15 years, depending on extenuating circumstances, though they can start as low as one year. Extenuating circumstances can include things like children being around, or sold to; the amount in question; and if weapons were involved; among other factors.

Germany does have a comprehensive medical cannabis program for its residents which started in 2017. This expanded on a previous legalization from 1998 when Dronabinol was first legalized, and opened up an allowance for more disorders, also creating a regulated market. In 2019, this was expanded on further with the institution of an import/export market. Germany’s cannabis import and export markets are some of the largest in the world at the moment, and this without a recreational legalization.

cannabis in Germany

In terms of how many patients are being treated with medical cannabis in Germany, there has been no exact number released. In an answer to questions from political party Die Linke (the Left) to officials in parliament, on March 4th, 2020, BfArM – The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices, which regulates the cannabis industry in Germany, stated that survey results by the agency showed 13,343 complete records. What does this mean? The market intelligence firm that wrote about it, Prohibition Partners, estimated that about 128,000 residents currently receive medical marijuana yearly in Germany.

Back in 2019, Germany was already making its place at the top of the European cannabis world, as the top importer and exporter of cannabis oils for that year. It was actually 2nd in the entire world of oil imports, with $240 million worth imported, and 4th in the world for exports, with $230 million worth of oil exported. At that time, Germany would have only been importing from a couple different countries. As a basis for comparison, in the import category, the US was 1st in the world, importing $893 million worth. And in the export category, China ruled the roost, exporting just under $1 billion worth of cannabis oil.

So how big is Germany’s cannabis import market?

Germany’s medical cannabis import market has been growing by leaps and bounds, with a large part of it due to opening up for imports from more countries. Prior to Germany updating regulation in 2019, all the cannabis used for medical purposes in the country was imported, and from mainly only the Netherlands and Canada. Since 2019 this has been changing, with new numbers showing just how much Germany is importing, and how much from each country.

In the last quarter of 2020, Germany imported 3,264 kg of cannabis flower into the country. Not only did this mark the highest quarter for imports at that time, but it brought the import total for the year up to 9,249 kg. Germany has had 100% year-over-year increases in imports between 2018-2020. The cannabis imported today is now coming from at least 17 different countries, including Portugal, Spain, Uruguay, Israel, and Australia, just to name a few (although a full list of import countries has not yet been released.)

What was released, however, was a response by the federal government to a question posed by Dr. Schinnenburg, a former member of parliament, along with the Free Democratic Party of Germany, which he represented. The response was in reference to 2021 cannabis import quantities into Germany and the countries of export. According to this response, Germany’s cannabis import market saw an 80% increase in just the first half of 2021 in comparison to the same time frame the year before.

Germany imported 8,966 kg of cannabis flowers in the first two quarters of 2021. The first two quarters of 2020 saw imports of about 4,946.3 kg. These numbers relate to cannabis flower to be sold or used as flower, whether for customers or scientific research. In terms of cannabis flowers imported for extract production, Germany imported approximately 980.4 kg in the first two quarters of 2021, whereas the year before it was about 820.3 kg imported for this purpose during the same period. This is a 19.5% increase in the flowers imported for extract production.

cannabis import

Who contributes what, to Germany’s cannabis import market?

So now we know Germany’s got a pretty big cannabis import market, but where is this weed coming from? And which are the leading countries in getting Germany’s business? The information from the government was published here by cannabiswirtschaft, and then reinterpreted a bit more clearly, here by Vice President of Investment Analysis, Alfredo Pascual, of Seed Innovations Ltd.

According to the breakdown, the two biggest exporters into Germany’s cannabis import market, are still the Netherlands and Canada, which were responsible for 22% and 32% of Germany’s imports respectively. Denmark showed itself to be a major contender, however, contributing 19% to Germany’s imports, and Portugal wasn’t far behind either, exporting out 13% to Germany.

Other countries showed lower levels, but have still been getting in on the game. Australia contributed about 5%, Uruguay about 4%, Spain exported out about 2% of what Germany imported, and Austria also provided about 2%. Another 1% came from the combination of several other countries, including Poland, Malta, Lesotho, and Israel.

In terms of what amounts these percentages relate to, here is a list of what the top exporting countries contributed to Germany’s cannabis import market in the first half of 2021. These numbers reflect both flowers imported for sale and use as flowers, and flowers imported for use to make extracts.

  • Canada – 2,998.8 kg
  • Netherlands – 1,989.4 kg
  • Denmark – 1,732.4 kg
  • Portugal – 1,583.1 kg
  • Australia – 746.2 kg
  • Uruguay – 358.2 kg

What’s next for Germany’s cannabis import market?

Germany is interesting because it’s a country with an already huge medical cannabis industry, which is also in the middle of undergoing some pretty intense political changes. In the 2021 Bundestag elections last month, the incumbent party and former leader of the last coalition government, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU/CSU), lost seats. This time around it came in second to the Social Democratic Party (SDP), 25.9% to 24.1%. This means the SDP won 206 seats, and the CDU/CSU only 196.

Germany parliament elections

Not only that, but there was an overall strong showing of left leaning parties, with the Green party taking 118 seats, the Free Democratic Party taking 96, and the Left party winning 39. This means that whatever coalition government is built, is likely to made up of at least some parties that are for cannabis legalization. As such, as Germany puts together its new government, its ability to expand its current medical cannabis industry, into an even bigger recreational one, has become a very viable possibility.

It should be remembered that the CDU has been the top party since 2005, forming coalition governments over the years with different parties, but mainly with the SDP. These partnerships affect voting, which means, when Germany shot down a recreational cannabis bill last year, it wasn’t because there weren’t technically enough parliament members who supported it, but more because the SDP voted against it along with the CDU as part of its coalition partnership, even though the SDP generally supports legalization. Without that voting partnership, a future vote of the same nature, could turn out very differently.

Conclusion

Germany has certainly become one of the main countries of interest when it comes to the world of weed. Not only are Germany’s cannabis import and export markets some of the biggest in the world, but with new elections and a new government forming, it could be the first country in Europe to legalize as well.

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s sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Where’s It From? The Specifics of Germany’s Cannabis Import Market appeared first on CBD Testers.

SPD Win Election in Germany, Is Recreational Cannabis Next?

Germany is going through changes. Not only did the country just elect new government officials yesterday in a national election, but longstanding Chancellor Angela Merkel already stated she’s stepping down. Possibly due to this, Merkel’s Christian Democratic Union lost to the Social Democrats in the election, signaling a political change in Germany, which could lead to a recreational cannabis legalization.

If the elections in Germany result in a cannabis legalization, there will be another massive market opening up. More legalizations mean more and better products for users, and this is great for everyone. Products like delta-8 THC were never heard of before the recent cannabis boom, but this alternate to delta-9, which causes way less anxiety and couch locking, is now available thanks to the expansion of the market. We’ve got great deals for delta-8 THC, delta-9 THC, THCVTHCPdelta10, HHCTHC-O and tons of other products, so check ’em out, and see how many options are out there.

Germany and cannabis

As with nearly every European country (with the strange exception of Georgia), recreational cannabis is illegal in Germany. Having said that, Georgia did legalize the recreational use of cannabis, but without legalizing cultivation, sale, or a regulated market, meaning there is no actual industry. If Germany were to pass a recreational legalization bill, it would still be the first European country to set up a regulated market, and the first EU country to do either a legalization, or a regulated market. But, we’re not there just yet.

In Germany, cannabis is recreationally illegal at the moment, and is regulated through the German Federal Narcotics Act. Simple possession can incur up to five years in prison. Weirdly enough, there’s no law against actual use, so those caught using are more likely to be put in a program than face a more serious punishment. This is not always the case past a first offence, however, and is also dependent on the person being caught with a ‘small quantity’ only.

How much is a ‘small quantity’? The term isn’t defined specifically, and varies throughout different parts of Germany. It can be anywhere from 6-15 grams depending on location, although, in Germany, it’s not just about the amount in weight, but the amount of THC within, so the potency can help determine the amount.

cannabis reform Germany

As there is no regulated market, sale and supply crimes are illegal, and offenders can incur up to five years for more basic crimes, and up to 15 years depending on extenuating circumstances. Cultivation crimes are also illegal and are punished with the same jail time as sale and supply crimes.

Medical cannabis has been legal in some capacity since 1998, with a major expansion in 2017 to cover more illnesses, start domestic production, and allow for more imports and exports.

Germany has the largest cannabis market in Europe at the moment. In 2019, it was 2nd in the world for cannabis oil imports, and 4th in the world for cannabis oil exports. Prohibition Partners estimates that as of March 2020, Germany had approximately 128,000 patients that receive medical cannabis per year, though BfArM – The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices, was not able to give more specific information.

In Q4 of 2020, Germany imported 3,264 kilograms of cannabis, for a total of 9,249 kilograms for 2020. The import market has seen a 100% year over year increase between 2018-2020. Germany is just starting its domestic supply market, which is expected to filter another 2,600 kilograms into the market.

National elections

The new government which is being put together from the election, is the key to Germany and a cannabis legalization. On September 26th, 2021, Germany held National Bundestag elections to institute a new government. The announcement of current-Chancellor Angela Merkel’s stepping down means that after many years, Germany is about to introduce new leadership.

Merkel has been Chancellor of Germany since 2005, making for a 16-year reign. Her party, the Christian Democratic Union (CDU/CSU), which itself is a partnership between the Christian Democrats and the Christian Social Union in Bavaria, has led a coalition government for just as long. Perhaps Merkel stepped down because she felt tides turning. Or perhaps the election outcome was a result of the knowledge of her impending departure. Either way, after many years of the same thing, Germany voted for something new.

elections 2021

The Social Democrats and the Union were a part of the same government coalition prior to the election. Now that they are no longer part of the same coalition government, they are not necessarily voting partners anymore. The two parties have differing beliefs on many topics, like cannabis, and how it should be handled. Whereas the Union is for keeping cannabis illegal, the Social Democrats are for legalization, along with other parties like the Greens. Of the three top parties in the election in Germany, two are pro-legalization for cannabis, the Social Democrats, and the Greens. THe 4th is the Free Democratic Party, and it supports legalization as well.

How did things just change?

The Social Democrats (SPD) and the Union have been voting partners in the past, which is the reason a legalization bill didn’t pass last year, despite there technically being enough support to pass it. In the past, the Union was the biggest party, beating out the SPDs. This time around, the outcome flipped.

In this election, the Social Democrats (center-left) narrowly beat out the Union (center-right), 25.9% to 24.1%. The Social Democrats won 206 parliamentary seats, the Union got 196, The Greens (left) took 118, the Free Democratic Party (FDP, liberal) won 92, Alternative for Germany (AfD, right-wing populist) got 83, the Left (democratic-socialist) got 39, and South Schleswig Voter’s Association (SSW, social-liberals) got 1. Since there is no majority here, a coalition government must be formed.

Since 2005, the Christian Democrats have formed coalitions with different parties. In 2005 it was a grand coalition with the Social Democrats, in 2009 with the Free Democratic Party, in 2013 and 2017, it formed grand coalitions with the Social Democrats again. Some see it as stabilizing to have a government of the two top parties, some see it as a threat to have such a homogenous government. It is quite possible that the two parties will partner once again, but there is also the chance that other things could happen. It’s expected this could be a long and difficult process given how close the votes were.

Its’s also quite possible that for the first time in a while, the Union could be shut out. If a coalition government is formed between the Social Democrats, Greens, and Free democratic Party, this would mean a very different government than the past eight years. In a situation like this, all parties are pro-cannabis. Whether it would actually happen or not though, is hard to say.

However, even if this full coalition doesn’t happen, the Social Democrats have apparently already signaled that they would like to partner with the Greens. Even two strong pro-cannabis-reform parties together could do it. If those two parties partner up, cannabis legislation can be expected. Because of the strong showing for the Free Democrats, this goes for them as well, making several different ways in which this election can lead Germany into passing recreational cannabis legislation.

Election Germany cannabis

What happened last time?

A cannabis legalization bill was put forward last year that would have instituted a regulated adult-use market. On October 29th of the year, it was rejected in parliament, and this was mainly due to the coalition between the Union and the Social Democrats. Though the Social Democrats are for legalization, the Union is heavily against. Since the two parties voted together, the Social Democrats voted against legalization. If they are no longer paired in the future, a future vote could turn out very differently.

At the time the bill died, the Social Democrats held 152 seats, the Union held 264, and the Greens held 67. Looking at the most recent election, and things have certainly shifted in Germany, opening the door wider for topics like cannabis reform. Given that the Union had a 41.5% majority in 2013, and is down to around 24% now, it shows a change in thoughts and opinions. It’s not shocking the bill died last year, as the government wasn’t constructed to allow it to pass.

Since the time the Union was so strong in 2013, public sentiment has gone in a different direction concerning marijuana. The German Hemp Association conducts polls yearly on legalization. In 2014, when it started, the percentage for pro-legalization was 30%, and went up to 46% within only a few years. The organization stopped polling for opinions on decriminalization in 2018, when the percentage reached 59%.

Conclusion

Germany is the biggest country in the EU, with the strongest economy. Its already a dominating factor in the international medical cannabis industry. A legalization there could create a large, and strong cannabis market. As the election results are still rather raw, its impossible to know how things will pan out. Politics involve many things we don’t see as private citizens, so to a certain degree we’ll have to be patient, and allow things some time to work themselves out. In the coming months, there should be a lot of talk coming out on this, and the conversation about legalization should get even stronger.

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Uruguay Planning to Open Cannabis Tourism Market

Uruguay was the first country in modern times to take the plunge and legalize recreational cannabis, which it did back in 2013. Now, Uruguay is looking to up the ante with plans to open a cannabis tourism market to bolster the industry further.

Uruguay is looking to step up its recreational cannabis legalization by opening a cannabis tourism market. Pretty cool, huh? The bigger the industry gets, the more products available to consumers, and this means more great additions like delta-8 THC, THCA, and CBN, and more places to use them. The world of weed is getting wider, and you can benefit. Check out our array of deals for delta-8 THC along with many other compounds, such as  delta 10 THCVTHC-OHHC and even hemp-derived delta-9 THC. Subscribe below and take advantage of the growing list of available products:

Liberalism in Uruguay

Uruguay was the first country to legalize the use of recreational cannabis, creating the world’s first adult-use market in 2013. This happened when then-President Jose Mujica officially signed legislation in December of that year. Prior to this time, Uruguay was still one of the more liberal countries when it came to drug laws, having decriminalized all drugs back in 1974 for personal use.

When that law was enacted (law 14.294), it did not specify how much accounted for personal use – called a ‘minimum quantity’, and judges were left to make that assessment on a case-by-case basis. Growing, selling, and any sort of trafficking crime, were still illegal at that time. In 1998 the law was updated with a change in language from ‘minimum quantity’ which it had been since 1974, to ‘reasonable quantity’, a similarly non-specific term for how much a person can possess without criminal penalties. This law also reduced the consequences for offenders caught growing and selling cannabis illegally.

It’s probably good to point out that Uruguay has consistently been more liberal than other South American countries, which might explain how it got to legalization, when no one else had. Latin America is generally seen as a very Christian area, where there is sometimes a large connection between church and state. In the case of Uruguay, that connection was severed back in 1918. Similarly, women were given the right to vote as early as 1932. Uruguay even holds the designation of being one of only three countries in Latin America to allow abortion, first decriminalizing it in 2008, and then legalizing it without question in the first trimester, in 2012. That same year, the country voted in same sex marriage, with a full legalization in 2013.

liberalism in Uruguay

Cannabis legalization in Uruguay

As stated, in 2013, Uruguay broke with the rest of the world and formally legalized recreational cannabis. As per the usual, the legalization didn’t come with the framework for regulation, which took another few years, and was released in 2017. Uruguay is the only legalized location thus far to institute a government-run system rather than a free market, meaning the government is in control of all distribution and pricing.

Uruguay’s cannabis law stipulates the following: citizens are allowed to grow up to six plants every year, or up to 480 grams, whichever comes first. Social clubs can be formed with 15-45 members wherein 99 plants can be grown. In order to buy cannabis from the government, a citizen must register first, and cannabis is only sold through licensed pharmacies. Participants registered in the system can buy up to 40 grams a month, and there is no promotion or advertising allowed.

Uruguay’s main reason for legalizing marijuana was to combat the illegal drug trade. Latin America is known for its drug trafficking and drug violence, and Uruguay wanted to cut into the cannabis black market, by diverting it to a legal one. In the words of President Mujica at the time the idea was initially brought up, “The effects of drug trafficking are worse than those of the drugs themselves.” Even decriminalization proved a complicated idea, as allowing the use of something for which there is no legal way to obtain it, means the encouragement of a black market.

Whereas Canada, and many US states, legalized for similar reasons, no other legalized location has instituted a government-run model, and in no other case has the price of cannabis been kept so low. As of early 2020, the price for a gram was about $1.23 USD, far less than anywhere else. To be clear, users aren’t given a large array of strains to choose from, and none of them are high-THC. Even so, by early 2020, approximately 41,000 users were registered, there were over 8,000 home-growers, 158 cannabis clubs had popped up with a combined total of about 5,000 members, and users have three clear legal avenues to obtain cannabis: pharmacies, self-cultivation, and cannabis clubs. According to 2020 statistics, May 2020 saw the sale of approximately 87,000 grams, and April 2020 had sales of nearly 100,000 grams.

Uruguay and a new plan for a cannabis tourism market

Uruguay wants to further control the issue of the black market in the country, and has proposed a way to do both that, and to bolster the cannabis industry further. The new plan for Uruguay is to open a cannabis tourism market, to keep visitors coming into the country from buying black market weed. Uruguay has done a lot to limit the black market, but gangs still prevail, and the black market still claimed as much as 89% of cannabis business in 2020. Plus, the country has yet to reach $10 million USD in exports, partly challenged by a growing international market with tons of competition.

To be fair, exports did more than double by 2020, to hit $7.5 million, but this is far less than the hoped for hundreds of millions which never materialized (and which was a bit unrealistic to begin with.) According to secretary general of the National Drugs Board, Daniel Radio, “I think there was excessive optimism regarding the possibilities of growth, because we aren’t playing alone here.” He went on to say, “Some investment is showing up in manufacturing and value-added processes. That has to be our bet, because it’s the only way Uruguay can be competitive.”

cannabis in Uruguay

Current President Luis Lacalle Pou and administration may even release a plan this year in order to start building support for such an initiative. And while the country is happy to provide cannabis to tourists, it’s primary aim is to keep those tourists from the black market. Uruguay’s population is only about 3.5 million, so the inclusion of foreigners could greatly increase the base of potential customers. Argentinians and Brazilians make up a large part of the tourist market each year. This has been impeded by the coronavirus pandemic, however, Uruguay expects to open its borders to vaccinated travelers by November 1st.

According to Deputy Tourism Minister Remo Monzeglio, this might come with a rise in prices for tourists, with proceeds going to fund drug treatment programs. Realistically, raising prices has proven to be a pitfall of the industry, so whether Uruguay, which has avoided that pitfall thus far, will actually do this, remains to be seen.

In terms of how all this is expected to be done, Monzeglio continued that a presidential decree would be a faster way to get tourists registered and buying at pharmacies. In order to formally drop the registering requirement, new legislation would have to be written.

Medical cannabis tourism

Uruguay isn’t the only country interested in a cannabis tourism market, in fact, it’s becoming all the rage. For years, Amsterdam held the title for the biggest cannabis tourism destination, but there are plenty of others, from Christiana in Copenhagen, Denmark, to Spain with its selection of cannabis clubs. Plenty of countries are also using the medical aspect to open medical cannabis tourism markets.

Last year, Thailand became the first Asian country to legalize medical cannabis, and though the country doesn’t seem to have any immediate intentions to go recreational, it is trying to build a medical cannabis tourism industry. As per Marut Jirasrattasiri, the Department of Thai Traditional and Alternative Medicine Director, “Thailand is already a tourist destination for many foreigners, and marijuana will be another attraction for the country and for medical tourists.” In order to make this happen, draft legislation was created to allow foreigners access to Thai medical cannabis clinics, and possibly allow medical patients to bring their own cannabis with them.

The US Virgin Islands, also has its eye on grabbing the medical cannabis tourism market. Medical cannabis was made legal in the Virgin Islands in 2019, with provisions in the bill which allow for patients coming from locations with legalized cannabis, to access care in the Virgin Islands for a fee. The same bill also made it open to patients unable to access cannabis medicine in their home country, to enter treatment in an in-house cannabis treatment program.

medical marijuana tourism

Governor Albert Bryan Jr. was even looking to take it one step further, pushing an amendment for cannabis legalization, which didn’t use the word ‘recreational’, but instead called it ‘non-prescribed’. This amendment would have allowed the use of this ‘non-prescribed’ cannabis all throughout the Island. The bill didn’t make it through legislative sessions, as it was introduced last minute, but chances are it will come up again.

Jamaica is yet another country capitalizing on medical cannabis tourism. In Jamaica, cannabis was decriminalized in the Dangerous Drugs Act of 2015, which makes it so that up to two ounces incurs no criminal record, gives the ability for a person to grow up to five plants, opens up cannabis use for religious purposes, and allows for tourists to be eligible for cannabis permits so long as they already hold a prescription for medical cannabis.

The last part is globally inclusive, and shows the beginning of a push for a medical cannabis tourism market, along with a religious cannabis tourism market, helped along by Rastafari culture, which embraces cannabis. Jamaica is one of the first countries to provide a religious legalization, and that legalization extends to using cannabis freely in religious environments. Also a major point of interest for tourists, with the two combining to form a great basis for cannabis tourism in general.

Conclusion

Will Uruguay really embrace a new cannabis tourism market? Considering the country has already shown its willing to break with international and regional code when it comes to many subjects, and as it has already positioned itself as a trailblazer in cannabis legalization, it’s looking pretty promising. And who would expect less from the country that started it all, then to have a new innovative way to grow its industry?

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DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Uruguay Planning to Open Cannabis Tourism Market appeared first on CBD Testers.

Merkel Is Leaving, Will Germany’s Medical Cannabis Market Expand to Recreational?

Right now, there is no legal recreational cannabis market in Europe (though there is one recreational legalization). Out of all of Europe, Germany’s medical cannabis market is by far the biggest, and quickly growing. Does this growing acceptance of cannabis mean that a recreational legalization is next? A failed initiative from last year was a setback, but with elections at the end of the month, and Chancellor Merkel standing down, a recreational legalization could come sooner rather than later.

Germany’s medical cannabis market is the biggest in Europe, and it looks like a changing political dynamic could lead to recreational legalization. This is good for consumers everywhere, as more legalized countries mean more and better products. Think about it, until the recent cannabis boom, products like delta-8 THC didn’t exist at all, and now this alternate form to delta-9, which causes less anxiety and couch locking, is available all over the place. Interested parties can check out our large selection of delta-8 THC, thcv, thcp, thco, hhc and delta 10 deals along with plenty of other compounds. The world of cannabis is growing, don’t miss out.

Germany and cannabis law

Germany is a recreationally illegal country when it comes to cannabis. Under the German Federal Narcotics Act, an offender can be sentenced to up to five years in prison for possession. This only covers possession, as there is technically nothing stated legally about use, meaning being caught using is likely to incur civil penalties or some kind of program, so long as the quantity is considered a ‘small amount’.

What’s a small amount? This is actually not specified, and is judged not just by physical weight, but by delta-9 THC content. Different regions of the country have their own limits, ranging anywhere from 6-15 grams. Cultivation and suppling cannabis are predictably illegal, and offenders generally receive up to five years in prison. Supply crimes can vary, with the possibility of garnering anywhere from 1-15 years in prison, depending on circumstances.

Germany approved the use of Dronabinol in 1998, officially allowing a small amount of medical use from that time. A full medical cannabis bill passed in 2017, expanding greatly on the original legalization. At this time, all medical cannabis was imported into the country, mainly from the Netherlands and Canada. This changed in 2019, when Germany legalized the production and exportation of medical cannabis products, thereby entering the global medical cannabis market.

Germany's medical cannabis market

Since that time, Germany has had the biggest cannabis market in Europe. The first German medical cannabis company to enter the Düsseldorf Stock Exchange is Cannovum AG, which entered this past May, 2021.

How big is Germany’s medical cannabis market?

On March 4th, 2020, a list of questions was posed by left party Die Linke to government officials in parliament. According to BfArM – The Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices which oversees the regulation of the cannabis industry in the country, in regards to number of users, a survey performed by the agency showed 13,343 complete records. In its write-up and translation of the article, leading cannabis market intelligence firm Prohibition Partners estimated there were approximately 128,000 patients a year who received medical cannabis from the government, at that time. The government was not able to give a more specific number.

In terms of cannabis imports to Germany, Q4 of 2020 saw 3,264 kilograms enter the country, which is the highest of any quarter so far. This brought the year’s total to 9,249 kilograms. Germany’s import market grew so quickly that there was over a 100% increase in 2018 and 2019, though only 37% in 2020, possibly due to the corona pandemic. In the past, Germany imported mainly from Canada and the Netherlands.

Germany now accepts imports from Portugal, Israel, Uruguay, Spain, and Australia. It’s expected that countries with lower production costs, like Uruguay and Portugal (and likely the legalized African countries soon), will be major providers in the future. Besides imports, Germany is starting to produce itself, with the expectation of domestic suppliers providing 2,600 kilograms a year, or more. This broadening of countries to buy from has had a big effect on one of Germany’s biggest suppliers, the Netherlands, which saw a decrease in exports of 5% for the year, the first time this has happened.

Prior to 2020, Germany’s medical cannabis market was already very large, with statistics from 2019 showing Germany as both the biggest importer and exporter of cannabis oil for Europe, and being a main contender globally. For imports that year, according to worldstopexports, Germany imported $240 million worth of cannabis oil, second only to the US which imported a massive $893 million worth that year. The next European country to make the list was France, in 5th place, with $152.7 million worth of imports. Germany accounted for 7.8% of all cannabis oil imports that year.

In terms of exports, Germany was still the top European provider, coming in fourth place globally with $229.8 million worth exported. The next European country on the list was Spain, with $190.5 million for the year. Topping the list were China at just under one billion, India at $320.8 million, and the US with 309.7 million. All these numbers apply only to cannabis oil, and do not account for other products like cannabis flowers, other concentrates, tinctures, creams, patches, or capsules.

cannabis exports

Obviously, the flower market should be examined as well, and Germany is not lacking here, either. In July, 2020, according to BfArM, Germany saw increases in imports in Q1 and Q2 at 16% and 32% respectively for that same year. How much do these increases mean in cannabis weight? In 2018, cannabis flower imports totaled about 3.1 tonnes, which went up to 6.7 tonnes in 2019. In 2020, it rose to the aforementioned 9,249 kilograms, or 9.249 in tonnes.

Will Germany pass a recreational legalization?

This is a great question. Germany’s medical cannabis market is huge, but will this help spur on further expansion by way of a recreational legalization? This has actually come up already. On October 29th, 2020, a recreational bill was rejected in parliament, and not because it didn’t have ample support. The rejection was more due to coalitions, than the idea of mass opposition to it. In Germany, there are six main political parties, as well as other smaller ones. Two of those main parties, the Social Democratic party of Germany, and the Union, (which itself is the combination of two parties including the Christian Democrats led by German Chancellor Angela Merkel) have a coalition.

The Social Democratic party holds 152 seats and is in favor of legalization. However, the Union holds 264 seats and is against legalization. The Social Democrats generally vote alongside the Union members, meaning that together they hold enough seats to derail legalization attempts, even though many of those seats are held by politicians looking to legalize, and other political parties also promote legalization. This is what happened to last year’s proposed bill for an adult-use market. It makes for quite the odd pairing considering how opposite the two parties are on many issues, including cannabis.

The thing is, when you see a government that has a large percentage leaning in a certain direction, strategic coalitions will only last so long, especially as public opinion changes. At a certain point, in order to remain in office, these politicians will have to succumb to the will of the people. This is the same thing that can be seen in North Carolina where republicans are now leading the charge for medical legalization with the understanding – stated by them directly, that they don’t have a choice anymore.

Another main party, the Green party, which currently holds 67 seats, has been gaining support and was vying with Merkel’s Union coalition earlier this year for the top spot in opinion polls. This September there are Bundestag Elections, in which the federal parliament is elected. As Angela Merkel will not be running this year as per her announcement in 2018 to stand down as Chancellor and leader of the Christian Democrats, this certainly opens the door for general change.

A lot has changed since 2005 when Merkel first came to power. The German Hemp Association, which has been conducting polls since 2014, saw 30% in favor of legalizing in their poll that year. This number went up to 46% for legalization within just a few years. In terms of decriminalization, 59% backed it in 2018, and no further poll on the matter has been taken since this time.

cannabis in parliament

Co-founder of Cannovum, Pia Marten (the Berlin based-company which just became the first publicly listed cannabis company in Germany), had this to say: “Looking at the General Election I am excited to see what happens, it could introduce some changes in legislation; recreational would have an impact on our business and we are keeping a close eye on this… If we get a government with a liberal approach, it could happen, then it could make way for recreational use.”

Some are more sure of themselves, like cannabis lawyer Kai-Friedrich Niermann, who stated, “We have had medical cannabis since 2017 and we are now preparing for the big cannabis reform in September.  The Federal elections are taking place and we are assuming the Green Party will come into power and legalize cannabis from next year.”

While Prohibition Partners has stated it believes approximately 28,000 people receive medical cannabis a year in Germany, the same firm also believes that there are upwards of four million cannabis users in the country, which means if Germany has a big cannabis market with only medical, it could be massive with recreational. We’ll find out how ready Germany is to embrace this idea at the end of the month.

Conclusion

Many countries are getting closer to recreational legalizations, so its not surprising that the country with the largest cannabis industry in Europe, would be looking to expand further. Germany’s medical cannabis market has been booming since 2017, and with a huge change coming in the political scene what with the end of Merkel’s reign, the former opposition to a legalized recreational market, might finally be taken over by a push to legalize.

Hello and welcome! Thanks for stopping by CBDtesters.co, the #1 spot for the most thought-provoking and up-to-date cannabis and psychedelics-related news globally. Check us out every day to stay aware of the fast-paced world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and make sure to sign up for our newsletter, so you never miss a single thing.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Merkel Is Leaving, Will Germany’s Medical Cannabis Market Expand to Recreational? appeared first on CBD Testers.

Could A New Constitution Mean Recreational Cannabis in Chile?

When it comes to legalized recreational cannabis, the Americas are the place to be, from Canada down to Uruguay. And there might be a new addition. With a new constitution being written, it’s quite possible that we’ll soon see legalized recreational cannabis in Chile.

If a new constitution means recreational cannabis will be legalized in Chile, the total will be up to five countries! More legalized locations means more markets, more innovation, and better products for you. The new cannabis boom has opened the door to tons of other cannabis compounds like CBN, THCA, and delta-8 THC, a half-brother to delta-9 with similar benefits, but which causes less anxiety and couch locking. Check out our diverse array of deals for delta-8 THC, delta 10thcothcpthcv & even hhc and take advantage of these changing times.

Chile and cannabis

Right now cannabis is illegal for production and public use in Chile, but is a widely consumed drug for both medical and recreational purposes. Chile has the highest per capita cannabis usage in all of South America according to 2019 statistics on Latin American cannabis consumption.

Drug regulation in Chile is governed by Ley de Drogas from 2005. In 2008, the laws were made more harsh because of illicit cannabis flowing into the country. Punishments for possession and use increased to that of drugs like cocaine and heroin. For a country that’s pretty cool with the plant, this caused a lot of tension, and this tension led to change starting around 2014. That year, the government loosened its grip, and began allowing the cultivation of cannabis for medical research purposes. It took until the end of 2015 for president Michelle Bachelet to officially sign into law a medical cannabis policy, which allows prescribed use.

The medical legislation opened the sale of medical cannabis from pharmacies, and reclassified cannabis as a soft drug. It went a step further than a standard medical legalization, stating adult Chileans are able to grow up to six plants for “medical, recreational or spiritual reasons”, which means the medical legalization, also worked as a decriminalization measure for personal use. It is legal to grow, sell, and import cannabis for medical purposes. One stipulation is that doctors who prescribe cannabis without a good reason can face from 5-15 years in prison, and fines up to USD 28,000. This is the same for establishments that provide medications.

constitution recreational cannabis Chile

Cannabis goes pretty far back in Chile, considering cannabis did not originate in the general region. Hemp farming may have started as early as 1545 AD in the Quillota Valley. At that time, the hemp fiber was used for the army and for ships mainly. In terms of today, according to a study by the University of London in conjunction with the Universidad Andrés Bello, 48.2% of Chileans support legalization, and 40% have tried cannabis at some point. Whereas the global average for starting cannabis is about 14-15 years of age, in Chile, it’s actually 12. Only approximately 6.2% of the population think that cannabis can be dangerous. Compared to other Latin American countries in the study, Chile had a higher per capita use rate, and a lower rate of negative attitude toward it.

What’s the deal with a new constitution?

It’s not every day that a country throws out its constitution in favor of making a new one, but that’s exactly what’s happening in Chile right now. Growing social inequalities led to major protests in 2019-2020, called ‘Estallido Social’. Protests and demonstrations were held all over the country, and particularly in metropolitan areas. Reasons for the demonstrations included: a raise in metro fares in Santiago, higher costs of living, general corruption, inequality, and privatization. Protests resulted in a lot of damage to the public infrastructure of the country, with this time period considered the worst civil unrest since the military dictatorship of Pinochet ended in 1990.

All of this resulted in an agreement between political parties to establish a new set of laws to govern the country. On May 15-16, 2021, the people of Chile got to vote for the people who would write their new constitution, an ability the population did not have in the past. It was decided that 17 seats would be reserved for indigenous parties, something that also never happened in Chile before.

Chile’s old constitution, which is on its way out, isn’t actually all that old, going back to 1980 when Chile was being ruled by the Pinochet dictatorship. A dictatorship which ended 10 years later in 1990. Though it has been amended over the years, it clearly is still too authoritarian for Chilean comfort.

In this last constitutional convention election, Chile showed its desire to move left, electing 104 out of 155 delegates  from liberal parties, whether left-wing, independent, or indigenous. This according to Daya Fundación (a pro-cannabis organization) director Ana María Gazmuri, who also went on to say that “neither the word cannabis nor marijuana will appear anywhere in the new Constitution.”

If cannabis isn’t mentioned, how will new constitution mean recreational cannabis in Chile?

Though cannabis is not likely to be mentioned directly in the constitution, how it’s treated will be directly related to what’s in the constitution, and the wording it uses. Chile’s new constitution will be drafted by this new convention. If the constitution works to ensure guarantees to health as a right, providing all alternatives including natural traditions, this could legalize cannabis.

personal sovereignty

Another option is if Chile’s new constitution includes provisions related to personal sovereignty, which could also trigger a change in drug laws. So long as the constitution is written such that the government cannot impinge on personal sovereignty, and so long as stipulations are made that third parties aren’t being hurt by acts of personal sovereignty, then this would be in line with a recreational cannabis legalization.

This new convention is not a stable government, however, and the new government will be voted in during the November 21, 2021 presidential elections. This election will be to put in place a president, part of the Senate (27 of the 50 members), all 155 Chamber of Deputies, and all 302 regional board members. Of the presidential candidates, several already endorse legalizing cannabis, including the presidential candidates of the socialist and communist parties. Who gets elected could also impact how quickly a legalization might occur.

Why personal sovereignty matters

Personal Sovereignty refers to the idea that a person is the owner of themselves. It’s the right a person has to be the only ruler over their own body and life, and to essentially be self-owned. This can be attached to both moral and natural rights, which means, pertaining to legal rights given by governments, and natural rights which are universal and unalienable. In the US constitution, for example, unalienable rights are for “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.”

The idea of personal sovereignty is a mainstay of many constitutions in the world. It is this idea which led to South Africa’s incredibly lax, near-legal stance on cannabis, as decided by the country’s Constitutional Court in a 2018 ruling that upheld a 2017 ruling. In the 2017 ruling, it was stipulated that South Africans are guaranteed privacy under section 14 of the Bill of Rights. As such, the following statement was made by the court:

“A very high level of protection is given to the individual’s intimate personal sphere of life and the maintenance of its basic preconditions and there is a final untouchable sphere of human freedom that is beyond interference from any public authority. So much so that, in regard to this most intimate core of privacy, no justifiable limitation thereof can take place… This inviolable core is left behind once an individual enters into relationships with persons outside this closest intimate sphere; the individual’s activities then acquire a social dimension and the right of privacy in this context becomes subject to limitation.”

When the Constitutional Court of the country upheld this ruling in 2018, it ended South Africa’s prohibition on cannabis, allowing for personal use, possession and cultivation. It did not, however, legalize public use, or set up a regulated market. Many questions were not answered by the ruling, and since that time, South Africa has been drafting an official bill to go in line with the court mandate.

South Africa cannabis laws

Mexico is similar in that the legal change came through the court system. At the end of 2018, the Supreme Court made a 5th consecutive ruling which triggered jurisprudencia, when a Supreme Court ruling becomes binding for all lower courts, setting law that overrides stated legislation. All five cases had to do with the cultivation or personal use of cannabis, and the court ruled that in all cases the defendants must be allowed to use cannabis personally without interruption by the government. People are considered personally developed human beings, with personal development (which is the same as personal sovereignty) a tenant of the Mexican constitution. As such, the government cannot get in the way of people choosing their own recreational activities, including the use of cannabis.

Much like with South Africa, the court ruling only set the law in place, while the still-being-worked-on legislation will make clear the regulations around it. In the case of Mexico, the Congress has repeatedly avoided writing a bill, even forgoing asking for an extension at its last missed deadline, and leaving it to the Supreme Court to officially drop the laws of prohibition. Which it did on June 28th, 2021.

Conclusion

There isn’t a huge amount of commentary about this yet, probably because there isn’t a constitution to comment on yet. Perhaps the new constitution will contain no laws to help push through a recreational cannabis legalization in Chile. And perhaps given the strong liberal showing from the constitutional convention, there will be some specification for personal sovereignty, or health as a right. If the recipe so far has been that liberalization in government leads to more liberal drug policies, then perhaps this convention really will write the constitution to open the door for an adult-use market.

If a new constitution does pave the way for recreational cannabis in Chile, it would join Mexico, Canada, Uruguay, Georgia, 18 US states, and Australia’s Capital state Canberra as the fifth recreational country, and seventh recreational location (if the 18 states are counted as one). Currently, Chile is already among the more forward thinking Latin American countries, offering medical policies along with Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, ParaguayArgentina, Uruguay, Mexico, and as of late last month, Panama.

Hello and welcome to CBDtesters.co! The best spot for the most up-to-date and thought-provoking cannabis and psychedelics-related news from around the globe. Drop by and check us out every day to stay abreast of the quickly-moving world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and sign up to receive our newsletter, so you never miss a thing.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Could A New Constitution Mean Recreational Cannabis in Chile? appeared first on CBD Testers.

The Americas Got Greener: Panama Legalized Medical Cannabis

Technically it’s a part of North America, but whether considered North America, South America or Central America, the Americas in general sure got greener when Panama legalized medical cannabis late last month.

Yet another country has fallen, at least partly, now that Panama has legalized medical cannabis. Whether you’re looking for medical help, or a recreational good time, having good products is important. From standard cannabis, to compounds like delta-8 THC (an alternate form of THC from regular delta-9), there is an abundance of new possibilities in the cannabis world. You can go ahead and check out our selection of deals for delta-8 THC, delta 10, thcv, thcp, thc-o, hhc and even hemp-derived delta-9 THC and many other products, to see just how expansive this new world has become.

Cannabis laws in Panama

Panama isn’t a country with a whole lot written on it in the press concerning its cannabis laws, and drug laws in general. One thing to remember about Panama, is that it’s located at the southern tip of Central America, next to Colombia, and is therefore a main point for the trafficking of cocaine. For that reason, Panama has had, and still does have, lots of issues with drug violence. Possibly directly because of this, drug crimes are taken seriously in the country, and even small amounts can warrant heavy punishments.

A person can be arrested simply for being with another person who is using drugs. Prison sentences for drug charges can go up to 15 years, depending on the specifics of the crime, and the judicial process is slow, with it often taking as long as two years before getting in front of a judge for sentencing. Check points can often be seen on intercity highways to catch drug users and traffickers, particularly on the weekends. Having said all this, laws concerning small-time cannabis crimes are often not enforced, and the general public is accepting of cannabis use.

Prior to recent changes, the production, sale, possession, and use of cannabis for either medical or recreational purposes, was 100% illegal. Change started in 2016 when President Juan Carlos Varela signed legislation opening the door for a future medical market. This did not actually legalize it in any way, but now five years later, that law has been used to enact new legislation.

Panama legalized medical cannabis

I should point out before moving on, that all information stated about criminal penalties is from non-government sites, with no official confirmation aside from the general illegal status of the plant.

Panama has now legalized medical cannabis

On Monday August 30th, 2021, Panama’s National Assembly passed a bill unanimously (44 yes, 0 no) to open a regulated medical cannabis industry. It is now, in fact, the first of the Central American countries to do so, joining fellow North American neighbors Mexico, Canada, and the US, as well as fellow South American countries: Uruguay, Chile, Argentina, and more.

This has been a five-year struggle, and the legislation, Bill 153 passed during its third debate in the Assembly. The tag-line to the initiative: ‘for a day without pain’ was apparently a great marketing tool, and helped to sway several legislators. Crispiano Adames, President of the National Assembly, had promoted the bill in order to give medical cannabis access in a responsible way, to the people of Panama. He also showed another reason for the legalization, when he stated that he hoped the bill would prevent smuggling in the future by creating a more controlled environment.

Officially, the bill allows the controlled cannabis use “for therapeutic, medical, veterinary, scientific and research purposes”, as per the text of the bill. Research would be conducted under the National Program for the Study of the Medicinal Use of Cannabis and its Derivatives. Though the bill has now passed the legislature in Panama, is still requires a signature by President Laurentino Cortizo before officially passing into law.

What does the new law permit?

Every country to set up a legalization policy, does so with its own specific laws and requirements. In terms of the Panama bill which just legalized medical cannabis, here are some of the benefits of it, and the regulation requirements that go with it. In the case of Panama, there are certain elements that make this law a bit different than other medical cannabis laws in other countries.

For one thing, cannabis can only be imported for medical purposes in pill and liquid form, which means medical use of flowers, other forms of concentrates, and the ability for other delivery methods, will not be possible with anything imported into the country. It takes time to set up cultivation in a country after laws like this pass, and until there is operational production in Panama, pills and liquids will be the only options for medical patients.

cannabis medicine

Concerning the new medical cannabis cultivation market in Panama under the new bill, all growing, production, commercial use, exporting, and importing of cannabis and derivatives will be done via licenses granted by the government. As of right now, the new law only permits seven licenses for the production of cannabis derivatives.

It can be cultivated in specific and approved areas where there is not much access. Only pharmaceutical companies, or other companies in the therapeutic services space, will have the ability to obtain licenses, or use commercial marketing. Any illegal production and sale will incur punishment of 10-15 years in jail, meaning anything home-cultivated cannot be used commercially.

This also means acquiring products from the internet is illegal, as well as buying from unauthorized sellers. It will also be illegal to advertise such products on social media networks, with medical journals being the only place for such marketing. The Ministry of Health in Panama will oversee medical cannabis distribution to pharmacies. Pharmacies can gain licensing to sell medical cannabis products by applying for a permit and passing a site inspection.

In terms of exporting, it will be legal for licensed companies to export plant material, seeds, and derivatives. Interested exporters will need to submit their plans, have buyers, and register those buyers with the country’s regulators.

In order to receive treatment under Panama’s new bill which legalized medical cannabis, patients will have to be authorized and join a registry. Multiple medical issues are treatable with cannabis medications once the bill is officially signed off on. Medical issues that are mentioned under the new bill include: glaucoma, epilepsy, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, migraines, seizure disorders, pain of different kinds, pain caused by cancer.

Cannabis in Latin America

Latin America is actually one of the regions of the world where there has been a lot of improvement in cannabis law. For one thing, two of the four countries with recreational legalizations are in Latin America. Uruguay was first to legalize back in 2013, and Mexico became the fourth country to allow recreational adult-use and cultivation, when the Supreme Court officially dropped laws of prohibition in 2021.

cannabis latin america

There are several other countries in Latin American that haven’t gotten as far as recreational legalizations, but which have passed medical ones. Panama’s bill that legalized medical cannabis, puts it in line with Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, and Chile, and with Uruguay and Mexico which also have medical legalizations.

Plus, Costa Rica, which is already a very lax country when it comes to cannabis, with only vague rules on the books with no criminal penalties attached to personal consumption, is on its way to pushing through an official medical cannabis legalization bill. Then there’s Venezuela, a country that has heavy decriminalization measures for personal use, which would allow those with medical issues to access cannabis without fear of imprisonment.

Chile and Colombia are both in positions to go for legalized recreational cannabis, and may be the next countries to do so. Chile is actually writing up an entirely new constitution, which many expect will come with a recreational legalization of cannabis for adult-use, or laws that can get the country there faster. Colombia has already attempted a recreational legalization which was voted down last year, as it required a constitutional amendment. A new bill in the country’s Senate is currently in play, which would legalize recreational cannabis through regulation, rather than constitutionally.

Conclusion

Though the new bill in Panama which legalized medical cannabis passed the General Assembly, it does require the president’s signature. As there has been no commentary insinuating this could be a problem, the bill is expected to pass into law shortly. There is no current news out about Panama seeking anything further at the moment, like a recreational legalization. However, it’s great that yet another country has seen fit to begin the process of ending prohibition, and will now allow its sick to access new, possibly better, and likely safer, medications.

Hello and welcome to CBDtesters.co! Your #1 internet location for the most recent, interesting, and important cannabis and psychedelics-related news globally. Check us out regularly to stay in-the-know on the quickly-moving universe of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and sign up to receive our newsletter, so you never miss a story.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post The Americas Got Greener: Panama Legalized Medical Cannabis appeared first on CBD Testers.

A Win For Hemp, Agreement Is Reached in CA’s Assembly Bill 45

Assembly Bill 45 in California has long been a controversial piece of legislation, threatening to all but completely overturn the Golden State’s hemp market. However, according to the United States Hemp Roundtable, an agreement has finally been reached between hemp-industry advocates and Governor Gavin Newsom that would leave the state’s most lucrative hemp markets open and intact, should the bill pass as it’s currently written.

The cannabis industry can be complicated, and when it comes to confusing and senseless regulations, California usually takes the cake. Owning any business in California can be expensive and stressful, but if you’re working with cannabis, be prepared for some extra headaches. If you’d like to learn more about the industry, make sure to subscribe to The Medical Cannabis Weekly Newsletter. If you’re looking for exclusive deals on flowers and other products, check out our CBD Flowers Weekly NewsletterFor deals on the exotic cannabinoids, such as Delta 8Delta 10 THCTHCV, THCPTHC-O and even hemp-derived Delta-9 THC and HHC subscribe to the Delta 8 Weekly newsletter.


Is California Anti-Hemp? About Assembly Bill 45

California has always been a beacon of progressiveness; in pretty much all aspects but especially pertaining to the cannabis industry. As a matter of fact, California’s consumer marijuana market is the largest and among the least restrictive in the world. However, when it comes to hemp and CBD products, that’s a completely different ball game. California dispensaries need a special license to sell hemp flower and it’s illegal to infuse CBD in edibles, despite the fact that CBD is federally legal.

The old version of Assembly Bill 45 would have further regulated the production, distribution, and labeling of various hemp-infused products, ban hemp flowers and smokables. The California Department of Food & Agriculture would join with the state’s Bureau of Cannabis Control (BCC) to oversee the implementation of AB45, which would also outlaw CBD vapes and pens, hemp in beer, wine or spirits, and alcohol-based tinctures. In all, it would create a legislative, bureaucratic, and financial nightmare for hemp farmers, business owners, and other industry stakeholders.

“No state has sabotaged hemp as much as California,” said hemp veteran Richard Rose. “They aren’t content with killing the hemp food market for years through their legerdemain, and the birdseed market permanently,” said Rose. “They want to take CBD and smokable hemp down too.”

Furthermore, opponents of the bill claim that AB 45 is being championed almost entirely but lobbyists from competing industries who are looking to disadvantage the industrial hemp market in any way possible.

“The entire bill is crafted by outside lobbyists paid by big marijuana corporations working with HRT (the U.S. Hemp Roundtable) and the California Hemp Council, which have created a multi-million dollar bureaucracy,” said Chris Boucher, CEO at Farmtiva, a hemp ag services company and CBD consultant who also serves as a board member and treasurer at the Hemp Farmers Guild.

An Agreement Reached?

According to a written statement from the US Hemp Roundtable, the smokable hemp ban has been “replaced by a phase-in approach that will permit [its] sale to adults and the immediate manufacture of smokable products to be sold in other states.”

In this reworked bill, many of the negative facets of AB 45 would no longer apply. Various cannabinoids and hemp extracts would be permitted for use in food, beverages, dietary supplements, cosmetics, and pet food. Also, CBD flowers, vapes, and other smokeable items would not be regulated by the BCC.

It’s worth noting that Gavin Newsom is up for a recall in the state, with a vote set to take place on September 14th. That said, it makes sense that he’s backtracking various laws and bills he unsuccessfully supported and promoted in the past. The US Hemp Roundtable hopes to get a final vote on this upgraded version of AB 45 before the recall vote is underway.

Previously, the California Hemp Council had expressed its opposition to the bill, mainly because of its ban on smokable hemp/CBD flowers. The Hemp Roundtable says it coordinated with the CA Hemp Council to remove this oft-disputed provision.

Statement From The US Hemp Roundtable

“We’re excited to report that a final deal has been reached with Governor Gavin Newsom to move to final passage of AB 45, our long-term effort to explicitly permit the retail sale of hemp-derived extracts such as CBD in California. And a highlight of that compromise was the removal of language to ban hemp smokables in the state – replaced by a phase-in approach that will permit their sale to adults and the immediate manufacture of smokable products to be sold in other states.

We are deeply grateful for the leadership of Governor Gavin Newsom who met with Roundtable leadership and was deeply invested in securing passage of this bill. We are also appreciative for the leadership of the California Hemp Council, the voice of the state’s hemp industry, which partnered with the Roundtable, other California stakeholders, and, of course, our amazing bill sponsor, Rep. Cecilia Aguiar-Curry, to secure the final compromise. But mostly we are thankful to our grassroots California Hemp Supporters, who made sure that policymakers in Sacramento heard the concerns of hemp farmers, CBD businesses, and product consumers.

Of course, the battle is not yet over. While the bill has sailed through six legislative committees and the Assembly floor with only a handful of no votes, we still will have a final vote on the Senate floor next Wednesday, with one last vote on the Assembly floor next Thursday or Friday. We are asking Hemp Supporters ONE MORE TIME to head to our State Action Center to urge their state legislators to vote for this critical bill.”

The statement urges those from California to send a letter to state lawmakers supporting the reworked bill through USHR’s website.

Final Thoughts

 If everything goes according to plan, the vote on Assembly Bill 45 will take place sometime within the next week, then all it needs is a final signature from Gavin Newsom to go into effect. Check back with us for any important updates on this piece of legislation and other.

Thank you for stopping by CBD TESTERS, your hub for all things cannabis-related. And make sure to subscribe to The Medical Cannabis Weekly Newsletter for more articles like this one and exclusive deals on flowers, vape, edibles and other legal cannabis products.

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