The Emerald Conference: 7th Annual Interdisciplinary Cannabis Science Event – Ticket Discounts Available!

The Emerald Conference (7th annual) is the longest running interdisciplinary cannabis science event, and the place to be for cultivators, extractors, physicians, product manufacturers, and anyone else interested in learning more about all the most important research going on behind the scenes of this multi-billion-dollar industry.  

Science and research are the backbone of the legal cannabis industry, especially in the medical sector. Without cannabis science, not only would we stay lagging on best practices in cultivation, production, and safety standards; but much of the western world would be still in the dark, largely unaware of the therapeutic potential of cannabis.  

For a 10% discount on tickets, make sure to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter, your top source for industry news, all the latest information, and exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other products.  


Over the years, The Emerald Conference has become a who’s-who event of decision-makers in many cannabis industry niches including extraction methodology, analytical testing, research and development, formulations and blends, and clinical research.  

Aside from the connections to be made, the wealth of knowledge and expertise at this event is unmatched. In addition to some incredibly educational presentations and sessions, event curators make sure to provide plenty of time for open dialogue, so attendees can discuss the topics in depth.  

The goal is to “overcome black-market paranoia” through irrefutable scientific data and education of the masses. And the best way to do this is by bringing as many from the scientific community as possible to put things into perspective.  

According to David Dawson, Ph.D. Senior Scientist at Via Innovations, “The Emerald Conference is integral to this process, as its high standards for peer-reviewed work and desire for open collaboration amongst participants sets it apart from the vast majority of cannabis conferences.” 

This year’s conference 

This event is more tight-knit than other conferences, so don’t expect a turnout in the tens of thousands like MJ Biz Con. In my opinion, the low-key environment makes it considerably easier to stay focused. Plus, it’s better for meeting people, learning, and making those lasting industry connections.  

Hundreds of people from around the world are expected to attend. During the event, there will be more than 20 speakers, 25 presentations, and 50 exhibitors and sponsors. Furthermore, there will be 3 scheduled networking events, a welcome reception, and evening reception, and a “mimosa & Bloody Mary bar break”.   

The Emerald Conference will take place from February 27 – March 1, 2022, at San Diego Loews Coronado Bay Resort in San Diego, California.  

For a 10% discount on your tickets, subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter for a coupon code! 

The main areas of focus at this year’s event will be pre-clinical/clinical research, cultivation and alternative strategies, extraction and separation, formulation and fill/finish, and analytical testing solutions. 

MJ Biz acquisition  

In January 2020, Marijuana Business Daily purchased Emerald Conference from Emerald Scientific, who established the first event in 2015. The deal highlights the growing importance of legitimate research in the industry, as it continues.  

“When looking at where cannabis is going, we identified science as a pillar of the industry’s future,” says Chris Walsh, CEO and president of MJBizDaily. “With the legalization of hemp and inevitable changes to federal marijuana laws in the coming years, the amount of scientific research is going to balloon – as will the needs of the scientific and business communities. 

MJ Biz Daily has been partnering with Emerald to put on this conference ever since its second year running, and this partnership is what led to the eventual acquisition years later. MJ Biz is known for putting on excellent events, and the merger has proven to be beneficial for everyone involved. 

Get your tickets now! 

If you’re an industry stakeholder or another interested party that would like to learn more about cannabis science, The Emerald Conference is an event you don’t want to miss.  

Remember to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter for a 10% percent discount on your tickets to The Emerald Conference – February 27th to March 1st, see you there! 


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Exploring Cannabis Culture in Moscow, Russia

Zdravstvuyte and welcome to Moscow, the mysterious, majestic and imposing capital of Russia. Where Vodka is swigged to the cheers of nostravya and hot baths or banya’s are enjoyed by all. A Beautiful city with a wealth of history, but what is the Russian capital’s attitude to cannabis?

Would you be safe smoking a spliff in front of St Peter’s Basilica? In this edition of cannabis culture, we’re jetting off to Moskva to find out. Here at CBD testers, when we talk about cannabis culture we are discussing ‘the way that cannabis can be perceived and treated within a society, city or country.’ This means all aspects of cannabis not just smoking, but also the attitudes and use of cannabinoid oil products and the attitudes towards medical cannabis too. So, wrap up warm, drink down your borscht and welcome to Moscow.

Whether you’re talking about the US, Europe, or anywhere else in the world, cannabis culture can vary significantly. To learn about laws across the globe, make sure to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter, your hub for all things cannabis-related. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Moscow

Moscow is the capital of Russia, located in the far western side of the giant country. First mentioned in 1147, it has grown from a small city located on the river Moskva into the largest city in Europe, by population. Moscow was the capital of the USSR until it fell apart, when it then was declared the capital of the Russian Federation. Throughout history, Moscow has seen battles and sieges, from Napoleon to the Nazis, both falling at the walls of the Kremlin. It is a mega-city, the financial capital of Russia as well as its cultural capital with many theatres, writers and poets hailing from the city. The Bolshoy is one of the largest and most famous ballet theatres in the world and the Moscow Arts theatre was the original home of Checkov’s The Seagull and Uncle Vanya. Let’s take a closer look at some of the must see places to visit in the Russian capital.

Red Square

Located in the centre of Moscow, Red Square is one of the most famous tourist sites in the whole of europe. An imposing public square just outside the dark red walls of the Kremlin, the red square would make any one feel tiny. The name actually comes from the Russian word Krasny, which used to mean beautiful, but later meant red in more modern Russian. The square is home to a whole host of famous sights, including: St Peter’s basilica the candy coloured church with beautiful spires, Lenin’s tomb, where you are still able to visit the preserved body of the founding father of the USSR, and the Russian State historical museum, a fantastic collection of artefacts about the Russian state. 

Pushkin Museum 

The beautiful Pushkin museum is a must see in the city of Moscow. Home to over 700 000 individual pieces of art, there’s almost too much to see in one day. Hundreds of sculptures, beautiful paintings and from across the whole world, it’s one of the best art museums I’ve ever visited.

The Moscow Metro

I know, you’re probably wondering why I’d put a mode of public transport on the top things to see in Moscow, but the metro is in itself a work of art. Each station was individually built to be as grand as possible. Some have works of art, some are painted like the inside of a great ballroom… One thing’s for sure, each one is spectacularly individual.

Cannabis in Moscow

So what is the relationship between the muscovites and cannabis? Well it’s a little tricky, recently the government has been cracking down on drug control and convictions in the city. The laws have become tough, as described below, and it is very tricky to find cannabis in Russia and even dangerous to do so. This tricky relationship with cannabis started with the USSR, who cracked down on cannabis and opium in the 60’s and 70’s to defeat what they called narcomania. These strict laws have lasted into modern Russia and Putin has vocally demonstrated his dislike of drugs and drug culture.

Is It Legal?

To be blunt, no. Russia has very strict drug laws and these extend to cannabis. Russia has one of the highest numbers of people per capita imprisoned for drug possession in europe and this is likely due to the rather draconian laws surrounding drugs, including cannabis.  Cannabis is included on list 1 of narcotic and psychoactive substances, which means it is treated with the strictest level of control. Possession of cannabis in Russia and Moscow would lead to a fine of a few thousand dollars and this is only if you’re caught with an amount of less than 6 grams. A law passed in 2006 meant that any amount below 6 grams was classed as an administrative issue, so dealt with fines, anything above was considered a large amount and could lead to a prison sentence or a large fine of up to 40,000 rubles.

However, if the person caught, willingly hands in the cannabis and then gives up any information that may lead to more drug related arrests, then they may avoid penalties. It is particularly risky for a foreigner to be in possession of cannabis in Russia. Polica may be more likely to ask for a bribe, which may be even higher than the fine. If you don’t pay this, they can threaten to take your passport or fine you. In fact, recently an American student was fined $230 for the possession of cannabis in St Petersburg. What’s more interesting is that the cannabis was medicinal. Medical cannabis as well as cannabinoid oils are illegal in Russia, although there is research going into the benefits of cannabis medically. Also, interestingly medical cannabis was briefly permitted for anyone arriving into Moscow for the 2018 world cup!

Picking up in Moscow

Despite the tough laws, people do still smoke cannabis in Moscow. In fact a recent survey suggested that there were around 8 million drug users in Russia. Picking up drugs in Moscow is not strictly advised, considering the illegality. However, if one was desperately in need of some cannabis, then there are methods. Many reddit groups discuss the best ways to pick up cannabis in Moscow and many advise visiting nightclubs and speaking to younger citizens. Drugs do exist in the city, however they have to be found. Locals will be better to ask than any drug sellers on the street. It is strongly advised not to accept any drugs from someone selling on the streets, firstly because it is impossible to know whether these sellers are police or not and secondly because the quality is likely to be horrendous.

Even when you do find a local to advise you on where to pick up cannabis, the results can be somewhat complicated. I stayed in Moscow for two months and a friend of mine was sent on a rather comical journey to pick up cannabis. A local had advised him to message on a particular facebook site, protected from police view. Someone from this site then messaged him a location (after he’d bank transferred some money). The location was an hour outside of Moscow, in a forest… He had to cycle out into the forest and follow the exact directions to a marker on his map. When there, he found a small baggy, hidden underneath some foliage. We tried it… it was terrible, but the journey, he says, was worth it for the story. 

The Future of Drugs in Moscow

A reform in Russian drug policy doesn’t seem to be on the horizon. In a bleak survey, done in 2014, only 14% of Russians believed that drugs such as Cannabis should be legalised. With a proportion that low, it seems unlikely that the government will make any large scale changes. A quite famous case of an anti corruption journalist called Andrey Golunov, who was arrested for supposed trafficking of cannabis, has stirred some debate about the laws surrounding drugs in Russia.

The journalist claimed that the cannabis found on him had been planted and, indeed, the court agreed. The law, article 228, that allows for arrests to be made for people carrying over 6 grams, has been called under question and there are reports that the government is willing to discuss shortening the quite brutal sentences for non-trafficking related drug possession. Perhaps this, as well as a growing scepticism within youth groups in Russia, could be the start of a slow progression towards legalisation.  

Conclusion

So, perhaps Moscow isn’t exactly the most cannabis friendly city in the world… in fact it may be one of the strictest in Europe, but there is still evidence of some cannabis culture. Within younger generations, in the reddit groups, in the surreptitious packages in forests, cannabis culture is still extant in the beautiful city of Moscow. However, we really don’t recommend actively seeking out cannabis in the Russian capital, at least not just yet, as the law is still very strict and unless you want to pay a hefty fine at least, it may be safer to enjoy the city without our wonderful plant… at least until the Russian’s come to their senses about cannabis. 

Welcome to CBDtesters.co! The internet’s one-stop-shop for the most thought-provoking and important cannabis and psychedelics-related news going on globally. Join us everyday to stay informed on this ever-changing landscape of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and sign up for The THC Weekly Newsletterso you’re always first on getting the important news.

Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Exploring Cannabis Culture in Moscow, Russia appeared first on CBD Testers.

EU Increased THC Level to .3% for Industrial Hemp

Depending on where you are in the world, there are different cut-offs for what can be grown as hemp, and what can be grown as marijuana. Last week, the EU joined America and other countries, when it increased the THC level allowed in industrial hemp to .3%.

The EU catches up slowly, just now increasing the level of THC allowed in hemp. The US already has a .3% limit, and it also has a wide-ranging cannabinoid market which includes compounds like delta-8 THC, THCV, and HHC among others. Not sure if this market will be taken up by the UK, but there are plenty of options for sale online, and outside of official dispensaries. We’ve got great post-holiday deals, so find out what all the fuss is about today. Remember to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter for deals on legal cannabis products, as well as all the latest news and industry stories. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Hemp vs marijuana

Technically, hemp and marijuana are both the same thing: cannabis. In fact, until within the last century, they weren’t thought of as separate things, being lumped together as the same plant. Definitions that split the two are more modern, and centered around the idea of one part being legal and one part being illegal. This has made a divide between what can be used industrially, and what can be used recreationally/medically.

Hemp is generally used to relate to low-THC cannabis, with a cutoff at a low point, usually around .2-.3% THC by dry weight. These plants are much heavier in the cannabinoid CBD, which has gotten a universal pass (by way of the UN) as a medication, with a recent removal from Schedule IV of the Single Convention. Marijuana, on the other hand, relates to plants that have greater than whatever the local cutoff amount of THC is, and generally have much higher levels of THC than CBD, making THC the primary cannabinoid.

In actuality, neither THC or CBD exist in live plants, or at least, only in tiny amounts. What actually exists in live plants are the precursor acids, THCA and CBDA. These acids decarboxylate through time and light exposure to become the cannabinoids CBD and THC that we associate with the plant.

THC limit hemp

EU history with THC limits for hemp

The EU first instituted limits for the amount of THC that could legally be in industrial hemp, in 1984. At that time it was put at .5%. This was later decreased to .3% based on a standard found in the 70’s, made by the International Association for Plant Taxonomy, with scientists Ernest Small and Arthur Cronquist at the helm. They decided that 0.3 % of THC should be the line between hemp and marijuana.

This number dropped yet again in 1999 to .2%, with the goal of preventing marijuana plants from being grown in the same field as hemp plants. This standard remained for 22 years, though it was questioned several times over the last couple decades, with proposals made to increase it. This charge has been mainly led by the industrial hemp industry, including groups like the European Industrial Hemp Association. An increase would benefit the industry greatly as plants can often be discarded for being only a little over the limit, which can cause major anguish to farmers relying on these crops.

In late 2020, the EU Parliament indeed voted to increase THC levels for industrial hemp plants, to .3% from .2%. The EU Parliament didn’t have the final say, however, although it did show Parliament’s take on several updates to the Common Agricultural Policy Reform, a proposed reform measure also meant to add marketing and product regulation for hemp product production.

In order for a new policy to be adopted or changed, three different EU bodies must confirm it first. Parliament is one, but the two others are The Council of the European Union and the European Commission. Discussions over these measures were started at the end of 2020. A final vote was recently held by the European Commission.

The EU increased THC limits allowable in industrial hemp

On December 2nd, 2021, the European Council, the last of the three bodies to approve the measure, did approve proposed updates to the Common Agricultural Policy. These updates come with an increased THC limit allowable for industrial hemp. However, this update will not go into effect until the beginning of 2023, leaving another entire year at the current limit of .2%.

This decision comes with another aspect to it. The current .2% is for the allowable THC limit in hemp plants, but it also acts as a limit for subsidy programs for farmers. Farmers that use hemp plants at .2% THC or below are able to access funds/benefits from subsidy programs. If they accidentally go above this limit, they are no longer able. With the update, farmers will be able to get direct subsidies from the government at .3% or below, but they also must use seeds directly from the EU seed catalogue.

EU hemp

While this would certainly ensure not going over the new .3% limit, it also seems like a backhanded way of ensuring farmers buy directly from the EU, and not outside sources.  Which sounds like trying to institute more control than simply how much THC is in the plants. Even so, for struggling farmers, this can make a big difference.

The new limit also opens the door for more variation. Many hemp strains consist of more than .2% THC, but less than .3%, particularly cultivars from Northern and Eastern Europe. In fact, the EU hemp market has been quite limited to around 60 designated strains due to this issue of going over the THC line, and this increase now allows in many more options.

It also means simply not having crops ruined for farmers that happen to minorly cross the line, something that tends to happen (and which shows a blatant disregard for these farmers and their livelihoods). This can often be a mistake, as its difficult for any farmer to know exactly how their plants will turn out. It will also allow for somewhat more precise planting measures, as more seed variety can mean getting the best seeds for local conditions. This can help with everything from making sure it’s the right climate for the right seeds, to allowing for better disease resistance by using more optimal seeds per environment.

The US and industrial hemp THC levels

The new EU ruling brings the European Union in line with other countries like the US, which already uphold a .3% cutoff. This cutoff for the US was established by the 2018 US Farm Bill, which legalized the production of industrial hemp. Prior to that time, growing hemp was fully illegal in the US save for extremely limited use with research. This separation was done by creating a new definition for ‘hemp’, which separated it from marijuana. By US definition, hemp is:

“The plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of the plant, whether growing or not, including the plant’s seeds, and all the plant’s derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”

The Farm Bill created a lot of confusion over what exactly was legalized, with an entire cannabinoid market sprouting up since the law came into effect. These cannabinoids are sold outside of regulation, as only industrial hemp was legalized by the Farm Bill and thus moved under USDA regulation. CBD, as a main ingredient of an approved medication (Epidiolex), was never legalized for use as a food, medicine, or supplement. As law, the active ingredient in an approved medication, cannot be advertised as a nutritional supplement, or added to any food or beverage product used in this way.

cannabinoids

And the cannabinoid market is not less illegal. Whether talking about delta-8 THC, HHC, THCV, or even the now-available hemp-derived (synthetically-derived) delta-9 THC, none of them are technically legal. The reason is that, naturally occurring or not, none of these compounds exist in large enough quantities to be able to be used for product production, requiring synthetization for all products produced. As synthetics and analogues of controlled substances (delta-8 is an analogue of delta-9, for example) were never legalized federally, they maintain regulation under the FDA, and are all illegal.

Not only are they not federally legal, but they’re not legal by state laws either, as no state varies from the standard definition of cannabis, and therefore none allow synthetic versions of cannabis. Some states have gone above and beyond to set specific regulation for such cannabinoids, but in truth, it was never necessary. This was probably done to close the imaginary loophole that the 2018 Farm Bill created.

Conclusion

The EU certainly doesn’t do anything quickly, that’s for sure. Not only did it take over 20 years to raise a THC limit (which had already existed at an even higher rate for enough years to know it’s not damaging), but even the update that was approved, is set to begin over a year after the agreement for reforms was made. Considering how long this was pushed for, it does seem a bit slow with the actual pick-up.

Nevertheless, improvement is improvement, even if it comes in the way of a .1% increase for hemp to remain legal, and that’s it. Sure, the EU could take much bigger steps, especially as its states start to turn the other way. Malta just legalized the use and cultivation of recreational cannabis, Luxembourg is about to do the same, and Germany is likely to be the first regulated market, and its looking to happen soon. So really the EU is behind. Just now making this allowance for hemp, while the rest remains illegal. In actuality, by the next time the EU gets around to making official updates again, it’ll probable be for a half-legalized Union.

Welcome to CBDtesters.co! The internet’s one-stop-shop for the most thought-provoking and important cannabis and psychedelics-related news going on globally. Join us everyday to stay informed on this ever-changing landscape of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and sign up for The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter, so you’re always first on getting the important news.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post EU Increased THC Level to .3% for Industrial Hemp appeared first on CBD Testers.

50 Years of Legal Pot – How Alaska Legalized, Recriminalized, then Legalized Again

When we think of states that are at the forefront of cannabis legislation, we tend to focus on the likes of California, Colorado, Oregon, and Washington. Alaska – despite almost 50 years of legalization (albeit complicated and not entirely consistent) granted by a state constitution that puts our federal government’s to shame – is often completely overlooked. Given the history, current state of affairs, and unique approach to handling cannabis laws, why aren’t we looking at Alaska for more answers and examples? 

Cannabis laws are complicated, and Alaska’s history is just about as confusing as they come. Most people don’t realize for how long cannabis has been legal in the state, and Alaska is simply not one of the states that initially comes to mind when we look at pot progression. Remember to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter for deals on legal cannabis products, as well as all the latest news and industry stories. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Legalization timeline on the Last Frontier  

Alaska’s long, complex history with cannabis starts 47 years ago, when they became the second state to decriminalize cannabis in 1975, trailing behind only Oregon who had done so 2 years prior. The law passed on May 16, 1975, without the governor’s signature, and cannabis possession of less than one ounce was punishable by a $100 fine. 

One week later, a landmark case, Ravin vs. State was decided in favor of Irwin Ravin, an attorney who deliberately got himself arrested in Anchorage for refusing to sign a traffic ticket while in possession of cannabis. His reason for doing so was to emphasize the importance of privacy, as per the state’s constitution, in one’s own home or other personal property. He won, and Alaska became the first and only state to announce that a constitutional right to privacy offers a certain level of protection to cannabis users.  

In 1982, a few years after the Ravin decision, the state took things a step further and tossed out the $100 fine, as well as bumped up the maximum legal amount to four ounces in the home, or one ounce outside the home. These laws lasted almost a decade, until the people of Alaska voted ‘yes’ on measure 2 in 1990, which recriminalized the possession of cannabis, even in one’s home. Then, possession became punishable by up to $1000 and, possibly, 90 days in jail.  

In 1998, Measure 8 to legalize the cannabis for medical use only passed with 58.7% of the vote. The measure allowed licensed patients to grow up to six plants and possess up to one ounce of raw, smokeable flower.  

Over the next few years, cannabis was decriminalized and recriminalized a few times, and the state suffered a couple failed attempts a full legalization as well, in 2000 and 2004. By 2014, the frontier state was finally ready to make the leap and recreational cannabis was legalized, with 53.2% of voters in favor. Alaska was the third state to legalize cannabis, preceded by Washington and Colorado in 2012.  

Alaska’s constitution and the right to privacy 

Alaska is one of only a handful of states that guarantees residents a constitutional right to privacy; as vague as that may be. Other states with similar provisions include Arizona, California, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Louisiana, Montana, South Carolina, and Washington. The United States Constitution does NOT have any such provision, but the US Supreme Court has ruled that some level of implicit privacy rights are provided by the first, third, fourth, fifth, and ninth amendments. And that’s even more vague.  

In Alaska, the first major judicial case to challenge the constitution’s privacy clause was none other than Ravin vs. State in 1975. In this milestone case, the Alaska Supreme Court found privacy in the home to be “of the highest importance and the most deserving of constitutional protection,” and it found the state’s case for regulating the personal use of small amounts of cannabis to be “less than compelling.” 

As expected, that ruling has been met with resistance over the years. As such, cannabis spent decades in a sort of quasi-legal limbo, with no one really knowing what’s permitted and what isn’t. Overall, the idea that constitutional rights protect the personal possession, use, and cultivation of cannabis in Alaska, has held strong in most supreme court cases.  

In general, Alaska’s constitutional protections are broader than what is offered by the federal constitution. Take for example, privacy in the context of searches and seizures, which by definition, violate one’s privacy to an extent. The Alaska Supreme Court ruled that the state “could not use as evidence a recording, made without a warrant, of a conversation between the defendant and an informant who possessed a wireless transmitter,” although the US Supreme Court deemed these types of conversations as admissible evidence.  

What happened, why was cannabis recriminalized?  

As lax as Alaska’s cannabis laws have been, it’s no surprise that people began to abuse the personal use provisions in the state’s constitution. Remember that right to privacy laws are not absolute and can vary greatly based on if the current lawmakers believe cannabis to be a threat to public safety. If so, “privacy” protections can be overturned in certain scenarios. 

Throughout the 1980s, many arrests of largescale growers occurred throughout the state. In 1989, Alaska State Troopers made a notable bust in Matanuska Valley where they seized 3,000 plants that were part of four different grow ops in the county. A few months later, Wasilla was a location of interest, as troopers confiscated 2006 plants growing in a residence owned by then 45-year-old Thomas Wyatt. By the end of the year, a campaign to prohibit the use of cannabis began making rounds.  

In November of 1990, Measure 2, a voter initiative, passed, making it illegal to possess cannabis anywhere – on public or private property. If someone was caught with even a small amount, they were looking at up to 90 days in jail and $1,000 in fines, although it was uncommon for such harsh sentences to be handed out.  

This decision has been challenged in court numerous times and cannabis has been recriminalized and re-decriminalized a handful of times over the last few decades. Look at the 2003 case, Noy vs. State. Similar to the 1975 case, David S. Noy was arrested and convicted by a jury of possessing less than 8 ounces of cannabis. But, because of Ravin’s case, the Alaska Court of Appeals overturned Noy’s conviction and dismantled the part of the law that criminalized personal use of cannabis on private property.  

In 2006, cannabis was again prohibited, this time via a measure pushed by then-Governor, Frank Murkowski. Murkowski made possession of under one ounce a misdemeanor punishable by up to 90 days in jail, and possession of one to four ounces a misdemeanor carrying a term of up to one year in jail. This was probably the strictest point in Alaska’s history, as far as cannabis legislation goes, and the law remained this way until recreational was legalized in 2014.  

What are the laws, currently?  

Today, Alaska is one of the more lenient states when it comes to cannabis regulation, even when compared to other fully legalized states. Alaska residents over 21 years of age can consume pot in their homes, possess it in their car or on their person, and grow up to six plants per residence. The maximum amount of raw flower you can have is one once. So, no more fear of getting pulled over for some frivolous nonsense and getting arrested.  

You still cannot toke in public. According to Cynthia Franklin, director of Alaska’s liquor control board, “People will not be legally lighting up out in the park tomorrow. Should someone feel compelled to celebrate the occasion in public, they’re looking at a $100 fine.” And that’s where they decided to keep the hundred-dollar fine that was instated decades ago.  

You also cannot smoke any pot within the state or national parks. Peter Christian, spokesman for the National Park Service, said that if you’re caught with weed on public lands, you could face a federal citation. Within Denali National Park and Preserve, Christian said there were no arrests made in 2020, but he did issue 14 verbal warnings.  

In 2018, the State of Alaska approved regulations to allow on-site consumption in properly licensed retail stores. They have yet to set up any “consumption lounges” as the law initially intended, but so far, one dispensary has got through the proper licensing channels to allow smoking on-site: Good Titrations. This dispensary is located in Fairbanks, and it has a lounge area with a coffee bar where you can purchase up to one gram of flower for immediate consumption.  

Final Thoughts on Cannabis in Alaska

Alaska may be the last frontier, but it was one of the first states in the country to legalize cannabis use. Because their state constitution is so much more all-encompassing than our federal one, I believe we could all stand to learn a thing or two from Alaska and their wild ride to full cannabis liberalization.

Hello and welcome! Thanks for stopping by CBDtesters.co, your #1 web source for cannabis and psychedelics-related news, offering the most interesting stories of today. Join us frequently to stay on-top of the quickly-moving world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and remember to check out The THC Weekly Newsletterto ensure you’re never late on getting a story.

Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post 50 Years of Legal Pot – How Alaska Legalized, Recriminalized, then Legalized Again appeared first on CBD Testers.

Exploring Cannabis Culture: Los Angeles

I love Los Angeles. I love Hollywood. They’re beautiful. Everybody’s plastic, but I love plastic. I want to be plastic” – Andy Warhol

Next up in our cannabis culture articles, we’re heading over to the land of opportunity: America. More specifically, we’re off to the home of the rich and famous: the city of Los Angeles. The USA has varying views on cannabis, mainly due to the fact that each of its 50 states has their own laws on cannabis legalization. This means that whilst one state might accept cannabis both recreationally and medically, another may not. Today we’re going to be diving into the cannabis laws and pot culture within the state of California, and more specifically, the city of LA; figuring out what cannabis really means there. Remember, cannabis culture isn’t just about laws or the government, it’s about the people. Culture is made by people. So, without more delay, let’s stroll past the Hollywood sign and into the land of LA. 

Whether you’re talking about the US, Europe, or anywhere else in the world, cannabis culture can vary significantly. To learn about laws across the globe, make sure to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter, your hub for all things cannabis-related. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Los Angeles

Los Angeles, or also referred to as LA if you’re especially cool, is a city in the US state of California. LA has a population of 3.8 million people and is the second biggest city in America. Often when people arrive there, they forget that, and end up having to get an Uber everywhere.  LA is only beaten in size by New York. The city is known worldwide for its celebrities, film and music industry, incredible beaches and, of course, Hollywood. LA is seen probably more on TV than in real life, which makes it quite a surreal place when actually visited. Nonetheless, LA is also home to real people with real lives. In regards to politics, LA is a Democratic safe seat, and has voted in the Democratic Party every year since 1988. The governor of Los Angeles is the Democratic Party member John Bel Edwards. This highlights to liberal attitude of California as a state, which we’ll delve more into later. So is LA a nice place to live? Well, the truth is that LA is like marmite: some people love it, and some people can’t stand it. But let’s take a look at some of its major highlights. 

Hollywood

Marilyn Monroe, one of the greatest singers, performers and actors of the 1950s, said this about Hollywood: “Hollywood is a place where they’ll pay you a thousand dollars for a kiss and fifty cents for your soul.”

Hollywood is a neighbourhood in LA, which is the home of everything related to the entertainment industry: the Oscars awards, Paramount Pictures, star-studded walk of fame and the TCL Chinese Theatre.

Hollywood became a centre of the film industry in the early 1900s because film-makers were free from suing threats there. In addition, it had warm weather and stretching landscapes that are perfect for film locations. Now, Hollywood is still the home of film, and home to some of the most famous celebrities alive.

Music Industry 

LA isn’t just famous for its acting industry, it also is the dream location for all aspiring music artists and is home to some incredible music labels. Not only are there some incredible music companies in LA – such as Live Music, Universal and Sony – but it was also a place where the 90s rap genre really flourished. Artists like Dr Dre, Easy E, Snoop Dogg and all of NWA all came to LA to record and play some of their best music. LA is still very much a hub of entertainment opportunity. 

Beaches 

Los Angeles may have an incredible entertainment industry, but it also has some geographic wonders too. In fact, LA has some of the best beaches in America. Santa Monica, Malibu, Huntington and Redondo are just some of the incredible sun-kissed beaches that LA has to offer. If you get bored of the stressful hustling and bustling of Hollywood, the beautiful beaches will soon calm you down.

Is Cannabis Legal in Los Angeles?

Short answer: yes. Long answer: whilst some laws are universal in America, most differ from state to state; and there are 50 of them, so that’s a lot of potentially varied laws

There are actually two different sets of laws; federal laws and state laws. … Constitutional law permits each state to create and enforce additional laws for their state. Each state is considered sovereign and has the power to create laws as needed. Each state is considered unique with its own characteristics.”

In America, their cannabis policy revolves around the Controlled Substance Act of 1970, which states that the use and possession of cannabis is illegal under any circumstance. However, this is not the case in some states. One of these cannabis-accepting states being: California. The act splits all drugs into five ‘schedules’. 

The 5 Schedules

Schedule I

  • This includes: cannabis, LSD, heroin and ecstacy.
  • This is the most serious schedule, as the law-maker believes these are the most addictive and most likely to be abused. 

Schedule II

  • These include: cocaine and mephedrone.

Schedule III

  • These include: ketamine and anabolic steroids. 

Schedule IV

  • These include: xanax and valium.

Schedule V

  • These include: lomotil and motofen. 

However, despite cannabis being part of the Schedule I group, it’s still legal recreationally in 18 states, and medically in 37. How can this be? This is because these specific states have passed cannabis reform bills that have bypassed federal law. California is one of those states. In California, cannabis has been legal medically since 1996, and recreationally since 2021. 

The Specific Cannabis Laws in LA

Since June 2021, recreational cannabis is legal in California. Since then, the law states that

“You must be 21 or older to have, purchase or use recreational cannabis. This includes smoking, vaping and eating cannabis-infused products. You may possess 28.5 grams of cannabis plant material (about an ounce) and 8 grams of concentrated cannabis. It is illegal to give or sell retail cannabis to minors.”

As you can see, California is rivaling Amsterdam with its cannabis laws. It seems like yet another weed-topia. However, as we’ve mentioned countless times, cannabis culture isn’t about the laws, it’s about the people. So what do the people of LA think of cannabis, and what are their lives like with all cannabis now becoming legalized. 

The City’s General Attitude To Cannabis 

The state of California has a population of 40 million people and it was recorded that California produced 13.5 million pounds of cannabis. That’s almost half a gram for each individual living there. This just goes to show how much cannabis is being produced and enjoyed in California and, more specifically, Los Angeles. The city champions its laid back attitude and cool aesthetic, which is only improved by legal cannabis. Like Amsterdam, LA is another perfect model for any city that one day wishes to also legalize recreational cannabis. But let’s take a look at how cannabis affects day to day life. 

Cannabis Dispensaries

Cannabis dispensaries, like coffeeshops in Amsterdam, are places where Americans can purchase recreational cannabis. There are now over 1000 cannabis dispensaries and definitely more on the way. This has created many jobs in Los Angeles. In fact, the cannabis industry in Los Angeles has made $3.1 billion in sales since 2019. This makes LA the highest cannabis-selling state in America. This also highlights how lucrative the cannabis dispensary industry is in America, and how much the American people utilise it. 

Beach Lifestyle

As you’ve realised, the beach lifestyle in Los Angeles is part of the culture and the way of life. The relaxation, the water, perhaps even the surfing; it’s all part of a meditative lifestyle. As you can imagine, beach culture also goes hand-in-hand with cannabis culture. Los Angeles is full of weed-enthusiasts who chill out at the beach, converse, listen to music and promote a relaxed way of living. It’s good to know that whilst there’s the hectic entertainment industry, with its money and fame, there’s also a parallel universe of hippies enjoying cannabis with the sound of the ocean. From one extreme to the next – that’s Los Angeles for you.

Tourism

Just like Amsterdam, cannabis tourism is rife in Los Angeles. That’s not just Americans escaping their state where cannabis is illegal, but also people from across the water. There are tours, cannabis crawls, multiple strains of cannabis; the place is built for weed tourism. This brings with it a traveller culture, and more diversity. Lots of people, from many walks of life, all with the same love for the marijuana plant. 

Conclusion

There you have it, cannabis culture in Los Angeles. Places like LA are seriously testing the waters for the future of cannabis-accepting cities, and the world will thank them in time to come.  Like Amsterdam did before in, LA is leading the charge and may one day be part of a United States of America where all states have fully legalised cannabis. But in the meantime, whilst we wait, why not go check out the cannabis culture in Los Angeles for yourself?

Hello and welcome… Thanks for joining us at CBDtesters.co, your #1 web source for the most intriguing and thought-provoking cannabis and psychedelics-related news of today. Stop by daily to get your fix in this constantly-changing universe of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and remember to sign up for The THC Weekly Newsletter, to ensure you’re never late on getting a story.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advice, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Exploring Cannabis Culture: Los Angeles appeared first on CBD Testers.

5-Year High: When LSD Was Legal in Switzerland

Switzerland is the birthplace of modern psychedelics, giving us Albert Hofmann, who tripped his way into scientific infamy in 1943. Since that time Switzerland has been a front runner in psychedelics research. And for a short period of time a couple decades ago, LSD was actually legal in Switzerland for five years. Why was this done? And what was the result?

It’s not common knowledge that LSD was legal in Switzerland between 1988-1993, but it was. That policy is not current today, however, psychedelics are quickly moving toward legalization in many places. In the US, psilocybin and MDMA are both getting closer, but for now, are still illegal. The US has many other options though, like the emerging cannabinoid market offering the likes of delta-8 THC, THCV, HHC, and more. Check out our after-holiday deals to get great discounts on all compounds, and start your new year off right.


A little history on LSD and the infamous Albert Hofmann

In 1929, a young Albert Hofmann, who had just graduated from the University of Zurich with a chemistry degree, began working for chemical company Sandoz. Sandoz, for its part, though started in 1886, was only 12 years into its pharmaceutical program. This was spawned by the isolation of the compound aotamine, from ergot, a fungus that is found in tainted rye. Ergot had already been used in history as a part of natural medicine traditions as a way to quicken childbirth and deal with the bleeding subsequent to it. When found in rye, it can be quite dangerous however, causing a person to get very sick.

Aotamine was isolated for its ability to constrict blood vessels to help stop bleeding. This was done by Arthur Stoll in 1917, kicking off Sandoz’s pharmaceutical lab. In the following years, different compounds of ergot were isolated as well, and it was found they all shared the same nucleus, called lysergic acid, or Lysergsaure in German. These compounds were made into medicines which brought in much money for Sandoz.

Albert Hofmann entered the picture in 1929, and began working on a synthetic process to build ergot compounds using their component parts. He successfully synthesized compounds of ergot as well as from other medically relevant plants. He began combining lysergic acid with other compounds to see the effect, and on the 25th combination he mixed lysergic acid with diethylamine, an ammonia derivative. He called this LSD-25, also known as lysergic acid diethylamide.

invention LSD

First acid trips

As it did not meet his needs of stimulating circulation and respiration, it was put on the back burner, however it was noted that lab animals became excitable with its use. It was five years before Hofmann went back to try LSD-25 again, and this time, he himself felt strange in the process. Enough that he left the lab to go home, later writing to his boss, Stoll:

“I was forced to interrupt my work in the laboratory in the middle of the afternoon and proceed home, being affected by a remarkable restlessness, combined with a slight dizziness. At home I lay down and sank into a not unpleasant intoxicated-like condition, characterized by an extremely stimulated imagination. In a dream-like state, with eyes closed (I found the daylight to be unpleasantly glaring), I perceived an uninterrupted steam of fantastic pictures, extraordinary shapes with intense, kaleidoscopic play of colors.”

After ruling out that the reaction came from something like chloroform, Hofmann finally realized that it was likely the LSD-25, even though his only place of exposure was his fingertips. This led to his testing it on April 19th, 1943, a day that went down in history as National Bicycle Day in honor of Hofmann’s experimentation. On that day, without telling anyone but a lab assistant, Hofmann ingested a dissolved 250 millionths of a gram of lysergic acid diethylamide tartrate – the crystalized version, and waited. Within 40 minutes he was experiencing an intense acid trip that led him to be taken home on a bicycle by his lab assistant, which he subsequently described as such:

“Everything in my field of vision wavered and was distorted as if seen in a curved mirror. I also had the sensation of being unable to move from the spot. Nevertheless, my assistant later told me that we had traveled very rapidly. Finally, we arrived at home safe and sound, and I was just barely capable of asking my companion to summon our family doctor and request milk from the neighbors.”

When LSD was legal in Switzerland

Though Switzerland is the home of LSD, and the site for much psychedelics testing, it also illegalized the compound along with much of the world back in the mid-to-late 1900’s. Sandoz had patented LSD, and was selling it as a treatment for anxiety and other psychiatric disorders. By the 1970’s, smear campaigns started in the US as a means of promoting the Vietnam war, and LSD was illegalized nearly everywhere including Switzerland.

Currently, this is still the case, but weirdly, for a five-year period, it was not. In 1988, LSD was made legal in Switzerland for therapy purposes when the Swiss Federal Office for Public Health granted permissions for use to several therapists. This was not far-reaching however, as only five doctors were given the ability to use it, all in private practice. All the doctors were members of the Swiss Medical Society for Psycholytic Therapy, and all used the psycholytic method of combining psychedelics with therapy, also called psychedelic-assisted therapy. Psycholytic is more about smaller dosing, psychedelic-assisted is more about using larger doses.

psycholytic therapy

Of the five doctors given permissions when LSD was legal in Switzerland, three of them prescribed during the entirety of the legalization period: Dr. Marianne Bloch, Dr. Jurai Styk and Dr. Samuel Widmer.

One of the big players in psychedelics research today – Dr. Peter Gasser, was a therapist-in-training at the time, and was able to observe some sessions that took place. Of the whole thing he said, “It was quite surprising for everyone… I think after that, no-one really knew why they got such permission. It was quite free, they could do what they wanted.”

Gasser worked with Dr. Samuel Widmer, one of the five prescribing doctors during this five years of legality. Widmer at that time was able to write prescriptions for both LSD and MDMA. It only lasted five years though, with the government shutting down the program in 1993. Subsequent to it being shut down, Dr. Gasser was charged with evaluating results of this brief experiment on behalf of the Swiss government. Why this entire experiment was done, other than as a manner of research, was not explained.

Afterwards

Though Gasser could report that most patients were happy, one of the failings of the program is that is was only meant for active therapists, not researchers, meaning there was no control group to compare data to. A control is a person who is not be given the drug for the sake of comparison to someone who is given it. This is something Gasser referred to as a “missed opportunity”.

One thing of particular note though, is that of five years of giving prescriptions, and over a hundred case histories, there were no severe incidences with the drugs, or need for hospitalizations. All this started Gasser on a mission of reopening a therapy project by government standards. This took him 10 years to do, and resulted in a 2014 publication Safety and Efficacy of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide-Assisted Psychotherapy for Anxiety Associated With Life-threatening Diseases.

Gasser’s mentor Dr. Widner didn’t leave the world of psychedelic therapy when the government program ended. Instead, he got around laws by running a commune called Kirschblütengemeinschaft, where it is said he lives with two wives and around 200 followers. He offers both psycholytic treatment, and education in administering psycholytic therapy. Swiss newspaper Ages Anzeiger reported at one point that Widner had trained hundreds of doctors in Austria, Switzerland, and Germany. This was confirmed by German journalist Hans-Peter Waldrich who spent time in underground therapy groups.

The word *underground is important here. These groups, and what Dr. Widmer do, do not operate legally, which is why reports are few and far between. One of the things about having it legalized for five years, is that it helped spur on this underground therapy scene, which the government was never able to do anything about. It is often said that its much easier to get acid for recreational purposes in Switzerland, than for a doctor to get it for research. But this means a lot of ability for doctors to administer mind-altering drugs without regulation, and there have been reports of misconduct by some of these doctors.

secret therapy group

Dr. Widner himself has earned some of this dissent, with his protégé Gasser stating: “He’s a talented person. He was, at least, a good therapist. But then he became this guru, and I think he made it very difficult… He left our medical society in 1995. I think this was necessary. He went his own way and we went our own way.”

Conclusion

One of the strange things about the five years when LSD was legal in Switzerland, is that there isn’t a lot written about it, almost like it was shoved back into the underground at the end. Many publications, even about the history of acid, will skip over this part in history, and its actually through research papers that much of this info can be found.

Why so quiet? Hard to say… But Switzerland definitely isn’t advertising that it did this, even now that psychedelics are up for legalization again in many places. Perhaps with enough changing tides, these five years will come back into the spotlight, and hopefully, right along with them, a new legalization measure for psychedelic medicine.

Welcome readers! Thanks for stopping by CBDtesters.co, your #1 web spot for the most thought-provoking and important cannabis and psychedelics-related news worldwide. Come visit us regularly to stay aware of the ever-moving universe of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and check out the The Psychedelics Weekly Newsletter, so you’re the first to get all the good stories.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post 5-Year High: When LSD Was Legal in Switzerland appeared first on CBD Testers.

Pfizer Entering Cannabis Space Through $6.7 Billion All-Cash Acquisition

Pharmaceutical giant Pfizer Inc. is getting involved in the medical cannabis industry through the $6.7 billion, all-cash acquisition of Arena Pharmaceuticals, a California-based company specializing in autoimmune and cardiovascular treatments, who also has a cannabinoid medication currently in their pipeline.  

The two publicly traded companies confirmed the deal last week. As per the agreement, Pfizer will own all outstanding shares of Arena, which they purchased for a total of $100 per share. This marks their eighth major acquisition over the last 20 years.  

Like with most other beneficial compounds, big pharma is looking to take over cannabis too. Only, when pharma comes in, you get much less of the natural healing compounds and a whole lot of synthetics and derivatives. That said, now is the time to shop for products, while we still can. For more articles like this one, and for exclusive deals on flowers, vapes, edibles, and other legal products, remember to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter for deals on legal cannabis products, as well as all the latest news and industry stories. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Pfizer and their rise to fame 

Pfizer Inc. is a multinational, American-headquartered, pharmaceutical and biotech corporation based in Manhattan, New York City, NY. The company was founded by two German immigrants in 1849, Charles Pfizer and his cousin Charles F. Erhart.  

By the 1950s, Pfizer was now a global company with offices in Canada, Belgium, Brazil, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, Puerto Rico, and the United Kingdom, as well as many locations throughout the United States. In 1960, their major US research facility was moved from New York City to Groton, Connecticut.  

In 1980, Pfizer released its first billion-dollar product – Feldene (piroxicam), a prescription-only anti-inflammatory treatment. Their next major product to receive approval was Diflucan (fluconazole) in 1981, an oral medication used to treat several types of fungal infections including candidiasis, blastomycosis, coccidiodomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, dermatophytosis, and pityriasis versicolor. 

In 1989, Pfizer accidentally created one of their most popular medications, Viagra. Initially intended to treat high blood pressure and angina, early trials showed it was not effective for these conditions. It did, however, have an interesting side effect. Trial volunteers reported increased erections after taking the medicine. It was patented for this purpose and received approval from the FDA in March 1998. By the end of 1999, Pfizer had already made $1 billion off Viagra sales.  

Along with Viagra, Pfizer also released Zoloft around the same time. Zoloft is a highly controversial anti-depressant that has been the central focus of hundreds of lawsuits. At the heart of many cases was an increased risk of violent behavior, mania, aggression, and even suicidal tendencies; the exact conditions a medication like this is supposed to alleviate. These symptoms were common at the start of treatment or anytime the patients’ doses were changed.

Additional side effects of Zoloft include: agitation, hallucinations, fever, overactive reflexes, tremors; nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, feeling unsteady, loss of coordination; trouble concentrating, memory problems, weakness, fainting, seizure, shallow breathing, or breathing that stops. 

COVID-19 Vaccine 

Despite their long list of existing – albeit sometimes questionable – medications and practices, it wasn’t until the start of this year that Pfizer truly became a household name in nearly every country on earth, following the development of their mRNA COVID-19 vaccine. As controversial as this vaccine may be, there is one thing that no one can deny – it’s a serious money maker.  

By June, the company had already made roughly $11.3 billion off the vaccine, based on their Q1 and Q1 reports. Now that the booster is available, Pfizer expects its Covid-19 vaccines to bring in roughly $33.5 billion in revenue by the end of 2021, which would make it one of their best-selling medications, ever.  

According to a review of 120,000 COVID-19 hospitalizations between June and September 2021, 15 percent are breakthrough cases, and that number is expected to rise significantly with the omicron variant. Some experts believe that soon, most Covid cases will be breakthroughs. A “breakthrough” case refers to new covid cases in vaccinated patients.  

Considering the short-lived efficiency of the vaccine, and the fact that pharmaceutical companies are pushing for boosters every six months, there’s certainly a lot of money to be made in the vaccine game, for those who were able to get a foot in early on.  

Who is Arena Pharmaceuticals? 

Arena Pharmaceuticals is a biotechnology company based San Diego, California and founded in 1997. Their main area of study, up until now, has been in the fields of autoimmune, cardiovascular, and gastrointestinal diseases and they’ve been working on different small molecule medicines for these conditions.

The cannabinoid medication they’re formulating is called Olorinab (APD371). It’s an oral medication that will function as a full agonist of the CB2 receptors. They are researching the effectiveness of this treatment against numerous different health conditions and symptoms, but they are focused primarily on visceral pain associated with gastrointestinal illness.  

In other, non-cannabinoid areas of the pipeline, Arena has been working on medications for the treatment of many different immuno-inflammatory diseases, heart conditions, gastroenterology, and dermatology. Currently, all their drugs are still in the development stage.  

About the $6.7 billion all-cash deal 

“The proposed acquisition of Arena complements our capabilities and expertise in Inflammation and Immunology, a Pfizer innovation engine developing potential therapies for patients with debilitating immuno-inflammatory diseases with a need for more effective treatment options,” stated Mike Gladstone, global president & general manager, Pfizer Inflammation and Immunology.  

“Utilizing Pfizer’s leading research and global development capabilities, we plan to accelerate the clinical development of etrasimod for patients with immuno-inflammatory diseases,” he added. Etrasimod is Arena’s prime future treatment option for immune-mediated inflammatory disease.  

President and CEO of Arena Pharmaceuticals, Amit D. Munshi, stated that they are “thrilled” to have been acquired by Pfizer, and remarked on “Arena’s potentially best in class S1P molecule and our contribution to addressing unmet needs in immune-mediated inflammatory diseases. Pfizer’s capabilities will accelerate our mission to deliver our important medicines to patients. We believe this transaction represents the best next step for both patients and shareholders.” 

Big Pharma Entering Cannabis Space 

As big of news as this is, it’s not the first example of a large pharmaceutical company getting involved in cannabis, and it certainly won’t be the last. Most recently, earlier this year, Jazz Pharmaceuticals purchased GW Pharmaceuticals, a cannabinoid drug company from the UK that developed Epidiolex, the first FDA-approved CBD medication. It has also earned approval in Japan and most of Europe. Epidiolex is used to treat two rare forms of childhood epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome and Dravet Syndrome.  

Back in 2018, Tilray, a major Canadian-based cannabis corporation, finalized a supply and distribution deal with Novartis AG, a Swiss multinational pharmaceutical company. Johnson & Johnson is also eyeing the industry, and has even allowed cannabis company Avicanna to utilize their 40,000-square-foot research facility, Innovation JLABS@Toronto. This type of setup can provide startups with flexible and stable labs to test products, without the “investor” actually taking a financial stake in the company.  

Final Thoughts 

The main takeaway here is that big pharma is very familiar with the benefits of cannabis, and once it’s federally legal, large pharmaceutical companies will be making major moves in the medical sector. With companies like this, it’s all about the money, and they’re just waiting for the right time to pull the plug. But keep in mind that the minute real THC (not synthetic) is used in a pharmaceutical drug, it can no longer be sold as a wellness supplement or recreational product. So if the day ever comes that pharmaceutical companies start using plant-extracted THC in their formulations, the industry as we know it will cease to exist.

Hello and welcome! Thanks for stopping by CBDtesters.co, your #1 web source for cannabis and psychedelics-related news, offering the most interesting stories of today. Join us frequently to stay on-top of the quickly-moving world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and remember to check out The THC Weekly Newsletterto ensure you’re never late on getting a story.

Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Pfizer Entering Cannabis Space Through $6.7 Billion All-Cash Acquisition appeared first on CBD Testers.

Is Jamaica’s ‘Good Ganja Sense’ Campaign the Future of Cannabis Education?

“The foundation of every state is the education of its youth” – Diogenes

Education is crucial. Wherever you’re from, however much money you have, knowledge is what creates a fair and even society. It’s a lack of knowledge and a lack of education that can lead to misjudgements. People fear what they don’t understand. People hate what they don’t understand. People misuse what they don’t understand. Like any difficult-to-discuss topic, cannabis education is often thrown under the carpet and forgotten about.

Much like sex education, many nations leave it to be dealt with by itself and expect that not to lead to a potentially dangerous relationship with it. The truth is, educating the youth on topics like drugs and sex will lead to a better understanding of it and, hopefully, a better and more knowledgeable existence with it. This is what Jamaica seems to be doing with cannabis education. A country that has such a lustrous history with cannabis, has decided to take a step further and put cannabis education at the forefront with their new campaign: Good Ganja Sense. Is this a good idea? What does this entail? Is this a model for other nations to copy in the future? Let’s delve into it. 

Jamaica has always been a cultural epicenter for cannabis, but legally, they have fallen behind many other countries. This ‘Good Ganja Sense’ campaign aims to change that through widespread education. Make sure to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter for deals on legal cannabis products, as well as all the latest news and industry stories. Also save big on Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP & HHC products by checking out our “Best-of” lists!


Jamaica & Cannabis 

The relationship and history between Jamaica and cannabis is special. Cannabis was welcomed into the country in the mid 1800s by servants from India who came during the British rule of both Jamaica and India. The term ‘Ganja’ actually came from these Indian servants and is, in fact, an Indian term. The term ‘Ganja’ is now the most popular and common phrase to describe cannabis in Jamaica. 

Rastafarianism

After the introduction of ganja into Jamaican lifestyle, next came Rastafarian culture. This was and still is a black religious consciousness movement. Created and found in Ethiopia, Ratarianism translates to mean ‘revered one’ or ‘respected one’. Cannabis is used in the religion’s ceremonies and meditations. Cannabis is an integral part of the religion. Leafly states:

Rastas gather to smoke the “holy herb” and discuss moral quandaries while passing the ganja clockwise around the circle. In times of war, the passing of the ganja is done counterclockwise to connect with “Jah,” the singular God that Rastas worship.

Rastafarians understand how cannabis can open the mind and lead to a deeper understanding and faith. They see it as the key to understanding.

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Bob Marley

It is believed that around 60-70% of Jamaicans use cannabis regularly. It is an integral part of society, perhaps more than any other nation. Only around 1% of Jamaica is Rastafarian, however, it’s not only religion that increased the popularity of ganja in Jamaica. In fact, Bob Marley was also an integral reason for this. Bob Marley was a Jamaican singer-songwriter who wrote incredible reggae music over the 70s. His band, Bob Marley and the Wailers, and their popularity spread the use of cannabis and rastafarianism around the world. They sold around 20 million records. 

The 2015 Dangerous Drugs Act Amendment

Before 2015, ganja was completely illegal in Jamaica. Whilst it was still used often by Rastas and other people, the actual substance was not allowed and users could face fines and prosecutions. However, in 2015 the Dangerous Drug Act Amendment caused a change in Jamaica cannabis law. Under the new regulations, possession of 2 ounces or less of cannabis was no longer a criminal offence. However, it may result in a ticket, similar to a traffic ticket, which the possessor will have 30 days to pay. Furthermore, people who defined themselves as Rastafarians are now able to apply for authorisation to cultivate cannabis for religious reasons. It was a big step towards cannabis legalization, but people started to believe that drug education had not caught up with cannabis law. That is where Good Ganja Sense stepped in.

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The Good Ganja Sense Campaign

In response to this new change of drug law, and a slow response in cannabis education, the National Health Service of Jamaica made it their goal to improve the education around ganja; both in its benefits and its potential risks. 

What Actually Is It? 

The Good Ganja Sense campaign is a website that contains a lot of information, written by professionals, that focuses on the world of cannabis. Its aim is to make people more aware, through well-written, evidence-based articles, about the truths of cannabis.

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Who Are They?

The company and initiative is run by Michael Tucker, who is the director of NCDA. NCDA stands for the National Council on Drug Abuse, which is a public agency run by the Ministry of Health in Jamaica. Therefore, this is a government plan and government initiative. This is important to realise as not all governments around the world would have the confidence and belief to create something like this. The website states that because of the 2015 Amendment:

“This legal change has made it necessary for us to double our efforts to address the challenges of the culture of use and misuse of the ganja in Jamaica, especially among young people.”

When the State Minister, Juliet Cuthbert-flynn, was interviewed about the initiative, she said:

“We are in a digital world where people are finding information for themselves, and the information may be false or it very well may be true, depending on where they go…Ganja will no longer be underpinned by what has been passed down through oral traditions and old tales, but fact-based information that is now available at the fingertips. “

So, what do they actually want to do? 

What do They Want to Do?

The Good Ganja Sense campaign contains slogans like ‘go with the science’ and ‘burn ganja myths’, which highlights exactly what they want to do. They want to separate the truth from the lies. With cannabis becoming so easily accessible to young people, they feel a duty to educate them better in the substance. The GGS prioritises four main objectives that they have. 

  1. Have cannabis-based conversations with various different social groups 
  2. Encourage people to look for real, true information and avoid myths
  3. Encourage the youth of Jamaica to discuss amongst themselves about these topics
  4. Encourage the youth to speak about personal development and how this may or may not be helped or hindered by cannabis

The GGS website mentions the importance of proper knowledge about medical cannabis. The truth is that cannabis is and can be used to treat a variety of medical problems – both mental and physical – and more people need to be aware of this. 

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Articles & Information

The Good Ganja Sense website promises to give well-informed information to those who they believe need to read it. They have a few different articles that have been fully researched and written in detail. Here are a list of these articles

  • ‘Medical Treatment’

“Due to ѕосіеtаl pressures, mаrіjuаnа саn bе оnе of thе hardest substances to gіvе up. Thе іnсrеаѕіng ѕосіаl ассерtаnсе оf mаrіjuаnа contributes tо this in thе same wау it contributes to аlсоhоlісѕ not wanting to quit”

  • ‘Decriminalization vs Legalization’

“A significant segment of the population does not know that there is a difference between decriminalization and legalization.”

  • ‘NCDA Studies’

“The 2016 NHS study found that 28% of the population 12-65 years reported that they used ganja at some point in their lifetime”

The articles contain a lustrous amount of information that both proves cannabis’ range of benefits and its shortcomings. They are a perfect example of a balanced view on cannabis, which in this day and age, is perhaps hard to find – especially from the government.

My Thoughts on Good Ganja Sense

So, the question is, what does the Good Ganja Sense campaign actually mean? Well, living in the UK, and also being aware of the types of cannabis education that happens around the world, what Jamaica is doing seems to me to be something extremely special and unique. It’s one thing decriminalizing cannabis, but it’s another thing making it your priority to teach the new generation about it.

The world has learnt a great deal about cannabis in the last decade, and Jamaica has made it their aim to ensure their population knows as much as they can. Not only that, but they’re putting their trust in the people. Rather than laying down strict laws and not speaking about ganja, they’re allowing people to make up their own mind. That is a world I want to live in. A world where we are given the facts and the information, and we can then decide for ourselves whether cannabis is a substance we want or not. Good Ganja Sense is a revolutionary idea, and I hope the rest of the world follows suit.

Welcome to CBDtesters.co, the #1 web spot for all the most recent cannabis and psychedelics-related news going on in the world today. Stop by whenever you can to stay in-the-know on the quickly-changing landscape of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and sign up for The THC Weekly Newsletterso you never miss a single thing.

Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Is Jamaica’s ‘Good Ganja Sense’ Campaign the Future of Cannabis Education? appeared first on CBD Testers.

Malta Beats Out Germany to Become First Legalized European Country

It was going to happen. Somewhere in Europe was going to give. While it looked like it might be Germany – the current biggest European market was beat out by the tiniest EU country. Yup, that’s right, Malta just became the first legalized European country (so long as Georgia is not considered Europe).

Malta passed a bill which legalized cannabis in the country (save for a signature from the Pres), making the EU that much more cannabis friendly. No place is quite as friendly as the US though, where tons of cannabis products can be found, including a host of new cannabinoids like delta-8 THC, THCV, and HHC, which can be bought, even outside of dispensaries. The holidays are a great time to stock up on your favorite products, so go ahead and check our deals, to make everyone on your Christmas list happy this year.


Malta set to become the first legalized European country

On December 14th, 2021, Bill No. 241 passed in Malta’s parliament legalizing the cultivation and use of cannabis recreationally. The vote ran 36 in favor, 27 against, and the new law stipulates that adults (18+) will be able to carry up to seven grams of cannabis, and grow up to four plants at home, with up to 50 grams stored.

50 grams stored is okay (not great), but seven grams is certainly not the most amazing accomplishment, and is a low amount in contrast to most legalized locations. Being found with more than seven grams but less than 28 grams, will incur a user a fine of €100 ($112). The main attraction to this law, is that it gives the ability to grow.

According to Owen Bonnici, the county’s Equality Minister, this new law will “curb drug trafficking by making sure that [users] now have a safe and regularized way from where they can obtain cannabis”. This along with keeping personal users from having to face criminal charges. Kids who are caught with cannabis will not face criminal charges either, but will instead be placed in some kind of treatment program.

Malta legalized cannabis

Bonnici stated: “There is a wave of understanding now that the hard-fist approach against cannabis users was disproportionate, unjust and it was rendering a lot of suffering to people who are leading exemplary lives. But the fact that they make use on a personal basis of cannabis is putting them in the jaws of criminality.” To back this up, those who have incurred criminal records from prior cannabis infractions, can apply for expungement of their records, depending on the crime.

The new law does not cover many things, and is very short of being a real cannabis legalization, or at least a far reaching one. Cannabis will still be illegal in public, with a fine of €235 ($264) attached, and smoking in front of anyone under 18 years of age incurs a fine of €500 ($562). More importantly, there is no ability to buy or sell in a free market. This means no dispensaries, no products market, no general business.

In place of this, the country will set up ‘associations’. These non-profit associations will grow and distribute either the actual plant, or seeds for cultivation, thereby keeping track specifically of what anyone receives. A person will only be able to be a part of one association, so no tricking the authorities by joining several. Associations tap out at 500 members, will only sell up to seven grams in a transaction (which makes sense as per carry laws), and won’t sell more than 50 grams to a person in a month. If a person desires seeds instead, they may receive up to 20 in a month.

How much choice users will have in these associations has not been made entirely clear, nor whether they will be operating at the behest of the government, or independently. If its the former, then Malta would join Uruguay in having a state-run system, unlike Canada and the US states.

Though the bill has not been signed into law yet by President George Vella, and though opponents of this legislation are asking him not to sign it, this last step is generally more ceremonial than not, and is fully expected to happen. Even so, I never like to count something as happened when it hasn’t, so to be perfectly on-point about it, nothing has technically been legalized yet. And it won’t be, until he signs off. He is expected to sign it later this week.

Does this really make Malta the first legalized European country?

The answer to this depends entirely on definitions. First and foremost, when looking at the EU – European Union, then yes, Malta is absolutely the first country to allow for any official recreational cannabis legalization, making it the first legalized European Union country. There is plenty of cannabis acceptance already in the EU though.

The Netherlands turns a blind eye and allows coffeeshops, but doesn’t have a recreational legalization. Spain has its social club loophole which essentially allows for near-legal use, but without official legalization. Luxembourg is on its way to allowing close to the same level of legalization that Malta just did, but its bill is still in parliament.

European Union

Germany has a new government forming which is likely to legalize and start the first fully regulated European market, but its still supposition at this point. Denmark has Christiana, an operational ‘Freetown’ where the possession and use of cannabis are ceremonially legal, despite being in a country that does not allow recreational use. And though not for an actual legalization, Italy is set for a referendum on decriminalization next year.

However, definitionally, if Georgia is considered part of Europe (albeit certainly not a part of the European Union), then the designation of first legalized European country actually goes to it. This definition is questionable as Georgia sits on the border between Eastern Europe and Western Asia, part of the former Soviet Bloc, technically a part of the Caucasus region. It is a member of the Council of Europe, Eurocontrol, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and OSCE, making a decent argument for its inclusion in Europe.

Georgia became the third country to legalize cannabis in 2018 with a Constitutional Court ruling that stated it was unconstitutional to punish a person for using cannabis as it restricts personal freedoms, and since it doesn’t hurt anyone else.

The court ruled that unless a third party somehow is being harmed, that cannabis use is okay. Unlike the Malta law, Georgia did not institute any form of cultivation law, nor associations, or regulated market. Meaning though the recreational possession and use of cannabis are legal in Georgia, the people are left in the uncomfortable position of having no legal way to procure it. Obviously not the best system, but still a reality.

Malta and cannabis in general

Malta certainly looks like it’ll be the first legalized European country, at least in the EU. And this isn’t surprising considering the country has been pushing toward less restrictive measures for quite some time. Prior to Bill 241 Malta had already decriminalized small amounts of cannabis for personal use, though it was otherwise federally illegal. 2014’s Drug Dependence (Treatment not Imprisonment) Act made the specification that those caught with small amounts for personal use will go before a Commissioner of Justice, and generally only receive a small fine.

If caught again within a two year period, the offender is required to go before the Drug Offender’s Rehabilitation Board to be reviewed for possible treatment. The small amount does cover one plant grown in a house, though more plants than that incur mandatory prison time. Even if all plants are for personal use. This negative loophole requiring mandatory prison time for offenders, has caused people to go to jail, even when growing multiple plants for personal medical usage. The increase to four legal plants will be beneficial for those who do require (or want) more.

legalized European country

Malta does have a comprehensive medical cannabis program, signed into law in 2018. A month after that bill was signed, a second bill was signed with specifications in terms of cultivation, production, use, and importation. Malta celebrated its legalization of medical cannabis with an application to import 15 kilos for medical purposes.

Though this new legalization law is certainly a step up, providing for even more freedoms, it’s still pretty stiff. It takes a step up from Georgia, but doesn’t create anything to the level that Canada, or the legalized US states have. Even so, it is a clear indication of changing times that an EU country is allowing recreational use at all.

Conclusion

Though it’s not a big country – smallest in the EU, Malta has a lot of eyes on it globally as this new passed-legislation now goes to the president’s desk for signature. While Malta represents the smallest of the EU countries, it’s opposite on the other end of the spectrum, Germany, also looks likely to be passing legislation soon.

Even if it takes longer than expected for Germany, this new move by Mata opens the EU up to new levels of cannabis relaxation, and with several countries already mulling legislation, and debating in parliaments around the continent, the next few years are sure to bring major change in EU cannabis laws.

Welcome to CBDtesters.co, the #1 web spot for all the most recent cannabis and psychedelics-related news going on in the world today. Stop by whenever you can to stay in-the-know on the quickly-changing landscape of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and sign up for The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter, so you never miss a single thing.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post Malta Beats Out Germany to Become First Legalized European Country appeared first on CBD Testers.

New Zealand Gives a Hard ‘No’ to Cigarettes

Last Year New Zealand said no to recreational cannabis in a country-wide referendum. Now, the government is attempting to go one step further. New Zealand has become one of the first countries to introduce legislation that gives a hard ‘no’ to cigarettes, instituting a ban, and criminalizing their sale.

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What the ‎#%@$ is New Zealand trying to do?

If you’re scratching your head and asking that same question, it’s a logical one. Cigarettes are one of the most widely used products/drugs in the world, making the idea of banning them a big move. But that’s what’s on the docket to happen, albeit with a plan to implement this ban in steps. Yes, it’s true, New Zealand just gave a very hard ‘no’ to smoking cigarettes.

On Thursday, December 9th, New Zealand’s Ministry of Health announced possible and sweeping regulation in the fight against smoking. The country isn’t trying to eliminate the ability for smoking altogether, at least not yet. But it is attempting to set the stage for this by announcing what is essentially a first step. The government of New Zealand has proposed a very hard ‘no’ on smoking cigarettes by making the sale of cigarettes and other tobacco products, illegal for those born after 2008. Should the proposed law go through (which headlines be darned, it has not yet!) then this is expected to start next year.

According to Health Minister Dr. Ayesha Verall, “We want to make sure young people never start smoking.”

This reform is very much appreciated by health care professionals as a way to reduce overall cigarette smoking, and as a way to limit the amount of tobacco in cigarettes. Along with the idea that New Zealand will introduce its hard ‘no’ on smoking cigarettes by way of a ban for kids, it also proposed other new tobacco controls.

New Zealand smoking law

These include restricting the amount of nicotine in cigarettes, as well as applying restrictions in terms of where they can be sold. They would no longer be found on supermarket shelves or in corner stores. While somewhere in the neighborhood of 8,000 retailers exist now, the government intends to cut this down to closer to 500.

What’s the climate for cigarette smoking in New Zealand?

According to New Zealand’s Health Ministry, about 13% of the country currently smokes. The indigenous populations, the Maori and the Pacifika, have much higher rates within their population, and have higher numbers of health-related issues as a result. The Ministry says that smoking causes one out of four cancer cases in the country, and is the leading cause of preventative death within the country, which houses five million people.

New Zealand’s immediate goal is to reduce its country-wide smoking rate by 5% by the year 2025. The overall goal, of course, is to eliminate it altogether. New Zealand does seem to understand this is tactically difficult to do all at once, and set up this system to eliminate it in stages, first by banning it from younger kids so they never start the habit. Basically, New Zealand is looking to stop smoking by generation.

In a way, this is strange timing, as New Zealand smoking rates have already been declining. In 2018, the daily smoke rate was 11.6%, which is a drop from 10 years prior when it was up at 18%. The bigger issue comes from the indigenous populations like the Māori and Pacifika, which have higher smoking rates of 29% and 18% respectively. Dr. Verrall stated about this: “If nothing changes, it would be decades till Māori smoking rates fall below 5%.”

Personally, I find this to be a strange complaint. He’s actually saying the smoking rate is falling, and is expected to fall more, even in poorer communities where the rate is higher. In fact, what he’s saying – that the expected decrease for the Māori in a few decades could bring the rate down to under 5%, is actually incredible. It’s like they’re already on the right trajectory, and yet looking to institute these weird laws anyway. Laws that will light up the black market, and encourage current smokers to pay more money for the same thing.

Will New Zealand really be able to make a hard ‘no’ on smoking cigarettes?

This is hard to say. Yeah, smoking is bad. We don’t even need to speak about it in uncertain terms, that’s how well understood the subject is. Breathing in smoke causes cancer, and cigarettes are the primary way people unnecessarily breathe it in. So, drawing a line in the sand and saying ‘I want better for my people’ doesn’t sound so bad. Sure, that’s great, and it does make a lot of sense.

New Zealand no cigarettes

But there are some issues here as well, and I say this as someone who wholeheartedly promotes the elimination of cigarettes. One of the bigger concerns – which is highly valid in this day and age, is that this will simply bolster a tobacco black market rather than keeping people away from tobacco. If cannabis prohibition and alcohol prohibition taught us anything, its that black markets love it when the government outlaws something that’s widely used, since it rarely means people will actually stop using it.

What was New Zealand’s way of trying to account for this issue? To announce that border controls will need to be bolstered by customs, and will likely require more resources. Seems kind of weak considering the previous prohibitions mentioned, especially since tobacco is a plant, and plants can easily be grown within the country, whether legally or not.

The more realistic side is noted by chairman of the Dairy and Business Owners Group – a lobbyist for local convenience stores, Sunny Kaushal, who stated, “This is all 100% theory and 0% substance… There’s going to be a crime wave. Gangs and criminals will fill the gap”.

Another main issue has to do with personal sovereignty. The idea that people should be able to choose how to live their lives, however dangerously. How well people will accept being told they can’t have this, is questionable at best, and will likely only empower the black market, since people will want to do, what they want to do. People do dangerous stuff all the time, like climbing Mount Everest, or bungee jumping off cliffs. I’ve never heard of a law against those things.

Plus, as long as something like alcohol exists, and is widely sold, coming down on something like cigarettes for their negative health benefits, will always be lacking, and nonsensical. Sure, cigarettes are bad, but if New Zealand really wanted to save its people from substances which cause the most damage, alcohol would be first on the list, or banned in tandem. And I certainly haven’t seen anything about that.

Further to that, the idea of limiting the amount of nicotine in cigarettes, as a run-up to banning them, is less likely to ween anyone off in the process, but more likely to encourage smokers to spend more money to get the same effect they’re already used to. This means more money to tobacco companies, and more money out-of-pocket for people already having a hard time getting by. Doesn’t sound very useful to the people of New Zealand.

How necessary is this?

By all accounts the smoking rate in New Zealand is already falling, and at a decent rate, making such a hard ‘no’ on smoking cigarettes a little confusing. Why institute unpopular laws when they’re not necessary? Especially when such laws are looking to so obviously promote a tobacco black market, and force people to pay out more money on weaker products.

stop smoking

Laws like this are generally used to curb problems that are out of control. If deaths were increasing, or smoking rates were going up, that would be one thing. If a ridiculous number of kids had recently started smoking, or New Zealand was one of the smokiest countries, this might be understandable. But the country is already getting it under control, so why? Is it a hit on tobacco companies, or a backhanded way to get people to pay more? And if so, why?

Truth is, younger generations have been adopting vaping at break-neck speeds. In a survey of 19,000 high school kids in New Zealand, nearly 20% were vaping every day, and often with high amounts of nicotine. This actually brings up the rate of nicotine consumption. In 2018, for example, only 3% of kids aged 15-17 smoked, and 10 years prior to this, it was at 13%. What these statistics imply, is that vaping has helped reduce smoking cigarettes, but it has widened the door of exposure to kids who might not have adopted nicotine use otherwise. If nicotine was really the issue, New Zealand would be representative of a very big problem.

Conclusion

Though bad writers like to state that this is already a done deal, it most certainly is not. In fact, there’s so much pushback that it might not go through at all, or not in the form its in now. Add onto that the lack of a need for this bill, and it becomes, well, silly. The smoking rate is already dropping in the country, making the New Zealand proposed hard ‘no’ on smoking cigarettes, one of the strangest, and most unnecessary laws I’ve seen lately. And that says a lot.

Hello and welcome to the site! Thanks for stopping by CBDtesters.co, the #1 internet location for the best cannabis and psychedelics-related news, offering up the most interesting stories of today. Read-thru daily to stay abreast of the ever-changing world of legal drugs and industrial hemp, and sign up for the The Delta 8 Weekly Newsletter, so you never miss a single thing.

DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

The post New Zealand Gives a Hard ‘No’ to Cigarettes appeared first on CBD Testers.