Live Resin – The Cold Cannabis Concentrate

As the cannabis industry gets bigger, new methods come out to extract compounds better, or create stronger concentrates. This is the case with live resin concentrate, the first concentrate to be made using the benefit of well-below-freezing temperatures.

There are so many ways to consume cannabis products, from live resin concentrate to shatter to delta-8 THC. While the first two are generally high in delta-9 THC, delta-8 THC products provide users with an alternate form of THC which causes less anxiety and paranoia, and gives a clear-headed, energetic high. Some might even say this makes it the superior THC. We’ve got really great delta-8 THC deals for you to try this new version of THC, to see if it’s the better THC for you.

What are concentrates?

Cannabis concentrates are all the rage these days, but what does this actually mean? A concentrate is the final product of an extraction process in which specific parts of the plant are distilled down to a condensed level. Concentrates are made to contain the trichomes of the plant, the part that holds cannabinoids and terpenes, (or just the cannabinoids and terpenes from inside), without the rest of the plant material. There are different kinds of concentrates that can be made from cannabis. Most of them are nearly the same except for small differences in texture, strength, and what solvent/extraction method is used. Examples of concentrates are:

  • Wax – An extract made by rinsing cannabis with a solvent like butane. It can be as high as 90% THC, and usually has at least 70% THC. Much like the name implies, the consistency is gooey, or syrup-like, and the color is opaque.
  • Shatter – Another concentrate made using solvents like butane or another hydrocarbon. (When butane is used, it’s called butane hash oil). The solvent is pushed through a container with the cannabis, where it strips the plant of its compounds like THC and CBD, and then is refined further if necessary. In the end, excess solvent is purged out using a vacuum chamber. The primary difference between shatter and wax, is in the consistency. Shatter is hard and brittle like glass.
live resin cannabis concentrate
  • Hash oil – This term is for oils that are extracted using solvents. This can be done with alcohol, carbon dioxide, or butane – which creates butane hash oil. Depending on the consistency of the final product, and the solvent used, hash oil can fit into other categories of concentrates.

What is live resin?

Most other concentrates besides live resin are made in similar fashions, and sometimes vary from each other in nothing more than consistency. Live resin concentrate is a bit different, however, because the process to create it is not like the other concentrates. Live resin concentrate is made using cryogenic temperatures in a closed-loop system.

A closed-loop system is a system/device/set of devices, that can operate automatically to regulate a process to get to a desired result. It can do so without human interaction, which is the opposite of an open-loop system, which requires human input. It also indicates a loop structure, meaning the process ends at the same place it begins. Many concentrates are made on a closed-loop system, but what sets live resin concentrate apart from other concentrates, is that it is extracted in sub-zero temperatures, using the freezing temperature to help preserve plant constituents. Live resin is also created using a solvent like butane, but because of the low temperature, terpenes and other plant materials, are not ruined by heat.


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Live resin is generally dark yellow in color, with a consistency somewhere in between the more solid waxes, and the less solid oils, though the exact consistency will depend on the product and provider. Live resin, like other concentrates, is very sticky, and requires a dab tool in order to not end up being covered by it.

How is live resin made?

The process for creating live resin goes like this: freshly harvested plants are immediately frozen down to -292 F. This includes the entire plant, with no leaves, stalks, or branches removed. For this reason, it’s considered a ‘full spectrum’ process. Creating live resin is a more difficult and expensive process than creating other concentrates, because of the use of cryogenic temperatures.

To create live resin, butane or propane is cooled to a cryogenic level in one tank, and then pressurized and pushed through another tank which contains the cannabis. As with other extractions, the solvent dissolves the trichomes in order to bond directly with the terpenes and cannabinoids housed inside. It carries this material with it into another tank where it releases other accumulated material like waxes, fats, and lipids. From that tank it goes to another tank where its heated to remove the butane in a ‘purging’ session, which leaves behind a concentrated oil. Remaining solvent is filtered back through a tube to the first tank from which it started, ending the closed-loop cycle.

At this time, the resin has been left in a volatile state, meaning it has a high vapor pressure, with low water solubility. This makes it easy to vaporize. Remaining C02 molecules are vapored out, leaving just live resin at the end. The finished concentrate is often less than 4% of its original weight.

Why cold is beneficial

The idea of using cold to preserve things is hardly new at all. Everyone has a freezer, and we already know that nearly anything can be frozen and then thawed, like meat, veggies, bread, dairy products like ice cream, soups, fruit…and even batteries. (In terms of batteries, this only goes for NiCd and NiMH rechargeable batteries.)

Using freezing temperatures does two different things that are both beneficial for food, as well as cannabis and extracts. The first is that it works to preserve food and the nutrient content therein. Food biodegrades over time, and this process starts right after a plant is harvested (or the animal killed), and can go pretty fast. Think about the short period of time it takes for your bananas to become brown. And then black. Sometimes only days. Freezing essentially stops things in motion, freezing a product into its current state, and allowing it to remain that way. This helps slow down or stop the process of degradation and maintain the nutrients in food.

Freezing also does another thing, it keeps pests and microbes from getting into your food. This is important when considering bacteria like salmonella, and the accompanying food-poison it can cause, or thinking about why bread gets moldy so fast. It’s also why I put honey in the refrigerator, so I don’t find ants crawling up the side of the jar. Freezing creates an unhospitable environment for these life forms, and allows you to keep your food longer without having them in it. It should be remembered that freezing rarely kills microbes, but puts them in a dormant state where they can’t cause harm. When thawed, they can come out and multiply again.

Fresh frozen cannabis

Much like the idea of freezing cannabis to create an extract with less damage to constituent parts, cannabis can actually just be frozen on its own to reap the same general benefits. The term ‘fresh frozen cannabis’ describes cannabis that is harvested, has its leaves, branches and stems removed, and then is put immediately into a freezer set at -38 degrees F. The buds are generally put in vacuum seal bags, and weighed out to a precise amount before storage. The idea is to get the plants in the freezer within an hour of them being cut.

This is very different from a standard harvesting process which includes cutting the plant, taking off stems, leaves, and stalks, and then curing it by hanging it for an extended period of time to dry it out, before storing it in an airtight container. During this process, light, heat, mold, and standard degradation can effect the cannabis, sometimes even ruining the product.

Frozen cannabis

Many producers choose to freeze their harvests right away now. This is beneficial considering that supply often exceeds demand, and producers are left with more product than they can immediately move. Keeping it frozen helps preserve the product until it can be sold, or processed into something else. The freezing process also reduces the amount of time necessary for harvesting, since the whole drying out part is removed.

Live resin brands to try

If you’re excited to try out this new concentrate, you have several options for companies and product types. Live resin can be vaped in a cartridge, with the following top companies offering live resin cartridges: Binske, MPX, AiroPro, Remedy, and Fuze. Then there’s live resin sugar, a delicious way to consume live resin, with companies like Apothecary Farms whipping up fresh frozen extracts in their Ambrosia Line.

Interested users should also check out the 2015 Oregon Dope Cup People’s Choice Award for Live Resin winner Dirty Ant Farm (also the 2016 runner-up in the same category). And for people who like their concentrates to come in gummy form, there’s PotMates, which produces Alien Food Gummies, a sweet live resin concentrate treat.


At this point, there are tons of ways to ingest cannabis, from the plant itself, to any number of extracts that can be gotten out of it. Live resin concentrate represents a new type of processing, and the employment of different technology to make it happen. Live resin and fresh frozen cannabis together illustrate well how cold can be used to create strong, less damaged concentrates, that contain more of the stuff we want from the plant.

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DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a medical professional, I have no formal legal education, and I’ve never been to business school. All information in my articles is sourced from other places which are always mentioned, and all opinions stated are mine, and are made clear to be mine. I am not giving anyone advise of any kind, in any capacity. I am more than happy to discuss topics, but should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a professional in the relevant field for more information.

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Cannabis Trends Started in America: Vapes, Edibles, and Delta-8 THC

When it comes to starting global cannabis trends, America is like the big old light outside that all the fireflies keep trying to get at. Sure, other countries have their own trends, but on a global stage, no other country dominates like the US. In terms of cannabis trends started in America, perhaps the biggest are vapes, edibles, and delta-8 THC.

Are you familiar with one of the biggest growing cannabis trends in America? Delta-8 THC is giving regular THC a run for its money, and establishing a new way of using cannabis. With less psychoactive effect, and a clear-headed high, delta-8 offers most of the same benefits as delta-9, and without the associated anxiety and paranoia. If this sounds good to you, we’ve got great delta-8 THC deals for you to go ahead, and try it out for yourself.


One of the biggest cannabis trends to gain popularity in America before going international, is the cannabis vape. The idea of vaping materials is not new, and has been traced back as far as ancient Egypt, around 1554 BC, when hot bricks or stones were specifically mentioned for use with inhaling black henbane vapors.

I bought my first weed vaporizer in 2004. I was on a trip to Los Angeles at the time, and I was checking out head shops, since we didn’t have as many back East, where I’m from. At the time, the idea of vaporizing anything wasn’t on my mind, but once it was explained to me by the salesperson inside, I immediately saw an answer to the growing issue I was having smoking flowers in pipes and bubblers. It was killing my lungs, and I knew it.

I was sold almost instantly, and shipped the Vapor Brother’s box vaporizer back East, along with the small stash of smokable herbs (non-cannabis) that came with it. At the time, the vaporizer was still patent-pending, which was emblazoned on the side of the product. I spent years explaining to people what it was and what it did.


When I moved away from the US in 2010, I didn’t bring my vape, thinking I could pick up a new one where I was going. I found this to be untrue in the end, as at that time, the idea of vaping anything was almost nonexistent. It wasn’t until the growth of the e-vape market for tobacco that vaping really caught on, replacing both cigarettes and joints for many people. But in 2010, it was still mainly an American thing.

The Vapor Brothers vaporizer was well-built, and probably would have lasted the rest of my life if I hadn’t confused the electrical information, and plugged it into the electrical socket of a 230v country, without an adapter. Novice mistake, I know. Around that time I was able to replace it, but only by ordering online, as no local store sold such products yet. Since that time, I’ve used a range of vaporizers, with my current one being the Dynavap M. When it comes to cannabis vaporizers, I was one of the first to get in on the new trend, and even now as vaping has been spreading globally, it still remains bigger in the US than anywhere else.

This can be seen in studies like this one, which compares smoking patterns between the US, Canada, and England. As of 2019, when looking at the past 30 days, 30% of US respondents reporting vaping, while only 18.6% of Canadians vaped in that time, and 14.3% of the English constituents. It can be seen again in this market report from 2019, which shows North America accounting for 49.2% of the global cannabis vape market.


The ancient history of edibles goes back pretty far too. Some of the earliest references date back to around 1500 BC in China, where cannabis was used as a tea. These texts were written in the past tense, leading researchers to believe that the practice actually predates this time. There are also plenty of references to it by the year 1000 BC, when it started being used as bhang by the Hindu culture in India. This drink remains popular in India today, and is one of the reasons for the current language in the Single Convention on Narcotic Substances treaty.

But that’s ancient history, and we’re more interested in the growing culture of edibles today. If we skip to the 1800’s, the start of modern cannabis edibles can be seen in Paris, by elitist book writers who met at Club des Hachischins (hash-easters club) to drink hash-infused coffee and teas, and eat hash-infused candy. And it was here that the current edibles movement started, by way of an American woman named Alice B. Toklas.

Toklas was the life partner of author Gertrude Stein, and became part of Paris’ art and literature society in the first half of the 20th century. In 1954, Toklas published the book The Alice B. Toklas Cookbook, which contained her recipe for ‘Haschisch Fudge’. While they are called ‘brownies’, her concoction is not quite brownies at all, and uses ground flowers over hash. This might not have started the fad it did, if it wasn’t for Peter Sellers, and his 1968 movie I Love You, Alice B. Toklas, which features an uptight attorney who eats Toklas’ special brownies. This was the birth of the ‘pot brownie’, which became a staple in US cannabis culture, especially with the rising counter-culture of the 60’s, and the general hippie movement.

cannabis trends edibles

This was followed up in the early 1970’s by Mary Rathbun (Brownie Mary), a cannabis activist who began selling cannabis brownies in San Francisco, mainly to AIDS patients. Around this time, American tourists began asking for – and getting – cannabis brownies in Jamaica, as the locals were happy to make them for tourists, even though it was not a part of local culture. Today, the use of cannabis edibles in the medical cannabis market, has exploded into a market all its own.

Right now, it’s not easy to find current data on cannabis edible markets globally. Apart from wild future predictions – that are generally never correct – there isn’t a lot of consistent information about edible usage in the last few years. Even so, reports that have come out, roundly state that North America has the biggest market, and that it will likely stay this way for the foreseeable future.

Delta-8 THC

The thing about vapes and edibles is that, though they started as US cannabis fads, they have since become global trends. When looking at current cannabis trends in America, the biggest standout is delta-8 THC, and its still so new, that it’s like going back in time to Los Angeles in 2004, and seeing the new vaping machine with the ‘patent pending’ on the side. It’s new, and it’s catching on like wildfire here… but it hasn’t made it around the world just yet. In that sense, delta-8 is the trend that’s waiting to explode.

Delta-8 is a naturally occurring derivative of delta-9 THC, the THC generally associated with the cannabis plant. When delta-9 comes into contact with oxygen, it oxidizes by losing electrons, which changes the formulation ever so slightly. Chemically, this change in formulation, is nothing more than the changing of a double carbon bond from the 9th carbon atom on the chain (where it is for delta-9), to the 8th carbon atom on the chain. It’s chemical structure of C21H30O2 is actually unaffected.

What makes delta-8 interesting? For one thing, that slight chemical change affords it some slightly different abilities from delta-9. It causes less psychoactive effect, which is optimal for medical patients who do not want the strong psychoactive effects when getting treatment. It’s also associated with less anxiety and paranoia, also beneficial for users who have issues with anxiety from delta-9. On top of that, it’s known for producing a more clear-headed and energetic high, which means, not only will it not couch-lock a person, but it can be used for athletic activities. Apart from all that was just mentioned, it actually has similar, if not nearly-identical, properties to delta-9, and has already been shown to help with nausea, vomiting, appetite stimulation, inflammation, anxiety, and neurodegenerative diseases.

The trend of delta-8 was started in the US as a result of the 2018 US Farm Bill which legalized the cultivation of hemp, and production of hemp-based products. As delta-8 can be sourced from any delta-9, the ability to produce it from low-THC hemp, fit it into a legal loophole, and allowed for a semi-legal production of THC. Its actual legality is questionable, as the allowable limit for THC in hemp-based products is .3% from beginning to end of processing, meaning that simply using plants with lower THC amounts isn’t helpful if the product itself, or any point in the processing cycle, involves going over this limit.

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This is added onto by the idea that all synthetics are automatically illegal, as the definition of ‘hemp’ does not cover synthetics at all. And even though delta-8 is naturally occurring, it occurs naturally in such small amounts that human help is required in order to produce large enough amounts for use. This calls into question whether it could be considered a synthetic. Neither the DEA’s Interim Final Rule, or the recent USDA Final Rule, have done anything to clarify this point. There also has been almost nothing done to curb the growing industry, which says something for how much the government sees fit to do anything about it.

These legal ambiguities are worldwide for delta-8, and this could halt its spread recreationally. On the medical front, however, delta-8 provides enough different benefits from delta-9, that it can offer improved experiences for patients. And this should make it one of the biggest global cannabis trends (that was started in America), within the next few years.


Things change and morph over time. What starts as a trend in one place, can turn into a worldwide fad over night. Such has been the case with cannabis trends like vaporizers and edibles, which gained popularity in America, before becoming global phenomenon. And such will likely be the case with delta-8 THC. After all, no one ever said the US was the most important country, but no one stopped looking to it for trendsetting ideas, either.

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DisclaimerHi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a medical professional, I have no formal legal education, and I’ve never been to business school. All information in my articles is sourced from other places, which are always referenced, and all opinions stated are mine, and are made clear to be mine. I am not giving anyone advise of any kind, in any capacity. I am more than happy to discuss topics, but should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a professional in the relevant field for more information.

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Why Cannabis Edibles Don’t Work For Some People

Cannabis edibles are trending big time. Not only do they offer many advantages that smoking simply does not, such as added discretion and no carcinogens, but for most users, they also provide a much more potent and long-lasting high. Unfortunately for some people, edibles just don’t work… at all.

This can leave a consumer with many questions. Are the edibles bad or is there anther reason why they’re ineffective? Can someone be immune to cannabis edibles? Surprisingly, yes, this is possible; and it relates to the complex way in which our bodies absorb and metabolize cannabinoids.

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The difference between edibles and other consumption methods

Let’s start with the basics… why do cannabis edibles affect our bodies so differently than smoking or vaping? Just like anything else that goes through our digestive systems, cannabis edibles need to metabolize before the effects can be felt. It’s not an instant sensation like the aforementioned alternatives would be and it can take anywhere from 30 minutes to 2 hours to kick in, but the effects last much longer.

Food and supplements need to be processed by the liver, meaning more of the cannabinoid will be filtered out of your system because of the slower absorption time. There are also some individual factors that impact the onset and intensity of the effects, such as the specific cannabinoid consumed or a person’s metabolism.

Take THC for example; whether you’re consuming Delta 8 or Delta 9, the body processes all tetrahydrocannabinols the same, by converting them to a metabolite known as 11-hydroxy-THC. This process is known as first-pass metabolism. According to neuroscientist and medical cannabis adviser, Dr. Adie Rae, “The liver is responsible for this transformation, and specifically, the drug-metabolizing enzyme known as cytochrome P2C9 or CYP2C9. Even when you smoke, your liver still sees some delta-9 and turns it into 11-hydroxy-THC, but you get way more 11-OH when you eat cannabis.”  

When it comes to other cannabinoids, they also produced metabolites as well. Most abundant are hydroxylated 7-COOH metabolites, which are derivatives of CBD/cannabidiol. Like THC, CBD has first-pass effects in the liver. However, our bodies absorb these metabolites differently, and unlike THC, a large portion of CBD is excreted unchanged in the feces. So in other words, when you consumes a CBD edible, a significant portion of the active cannabinoid is going straight to your bowels, waiting to be wasted.  

You will still feel the effects of CBD even orally, but it will take a while longer and won’t be anywhere near as noticeable as the effects from a THC edibles, psychotropic activity notwithstanding. However, the effects you do feel will last much longer than if you had inhaled the CBD, and that rings true with any orally administered cannabinoid.

There are numerous benefits to choosing edibles over smokeables. First and foremost is the impact on your health. When you smoke – anything, cannabis included – you’re exposing your body to carcinogens and other harmful chemicals. Another reason people might choose edibles is because of the long-lasting effects. If you’re using cannabis to manage a chronic condition like ongoing pain, anxiety, etc., it makes more sense to eat an edible a few times a day as opposed to finding somewhere that you can smoke or vape every hour or two. They’re also more discreet, making them easier to travel with and use on the go or in the workplace.

Are some people immune to cannabis edibles?

Technically, yes. Because edibles can be so discreet, potent, and beneficial, many people find themselves seriously disappointment when they take some and realize they don’t work for them. Obviously there is no exact number on this, but even in my personal life I’ve met quite a few people who say they don’t feel anything when they use edibles, myself included.

Ok, to be fair, I wouldn’t say I don’t feel anything… but I definitely don’t experience any type of psychoactive effects. When I use edibles, I feel really tired and nothing more. Estimates indicate that anywhere from 10-15% of cannabis user do NOT experience the desired effects from cannabis edibles, and we can thank our intricate and complicated digestive systems for that.

Research shows that the effectiveness of cannabinoids administered orally can vary based on numerous different factors. Generally speaking, when people are unable to process cannabis edibles it can be narrowed down to one of two complications: digestion/absorption issues or metabolic issues.

Digestive issues

Sometimes, using cannabis for Gastrointestinal disorders can be a bit of a catch 22. On one hand, cannabis can be extremely helpful for someone suffering from these conditions; on the other hand, GI issues can often have a negative impact on how the body digests and absorbs cannabinoids. If a person is unable to absorb fats and nutrients, it’s highly likely that they will not be able to absorb cannabinoids either.

Disorders that can affect how your body absorbs and digests cannabis include: Fat malabsorption syndrome, Irritable bowel disease, Irritable bowel syndrome, gallbladder removal surgery, Lipase deficiency, Pancreatic issues, Issues with bile production, Cystic fibrosis, Chronic diarrhea, or history of other GI surgery.

Additionally, several medications are known to affect digestion and absorption as well. Just think about how many medicines you’ve come across in life that list “gas, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, nausea, etc.,” as possible side effects. This applies to both pharmaceuticals and over-the-counter medications.

Metabolic issues 

Another possible scenario is that metabolic issues are hindering your body’s ability to process cannabinoids. When using edibles, the cannabinoids are metabolized in the liver before being dispersed into your bloodstream. To be fully processed, the cannabinoids must pass through the incredibly complex CYP450 metabolic pathway, in which metabolic enzymes are produced to help our bodies further utilize certain compounds.

If a person’s body produces too little or too many CYP enzymes, they won’t be able to properly metabolize cannabis products. Some will metabolize them too quickly or too slowly so they won’t be able to properly take effect, others won’t metabolize them at all.

There are many conditions that can affect metabolic enzyme production. According to research from Prof of Pot, one of the reasons could be genetic. “There is a very strong genetic component that influences cannabis metabolism. These genetic components are the reason each individual responds to cannabis so differently. Some people are considered rapid cannabis metabolizers, while others are ultra-slow metabolizers. How your body processes cannabis could be genetic.”

Other elements that could work against your metabolism include age, muscle mass, diet and medications, age, hormone function and production, level of physical activity, and environmental factors such as temperature.

Could it be something else?

The good news is, aside from the above health conditions, there are some simple issues that could be preventing you from experiencing cannabis edibles to their fullest. One of the most obvious being that the dosage is too low, in which case, just find products with a higher concentration of cannabinoids and if that’s not possible, simply eat a few extra.

Assuming you’ve already taken that into account, then you can consider another common issue – maybe you’re using the wrong type of edible. All edibles are made with different strains, meaning they have a different blend of terpenes, minor cannabinoids and other compounds. If you’ve been trying mostly the same types of products to no avail, it might be time to start looking at some different brands and really learning more about the specific ingredients in each edible you’re trying.

And finally, another common issue I hear about is people trying to take edibles on an empty stomach. This is something I typically run into with recreational users rather than medical ones. It’s a commonly held belief that if you’re drinking to get drunk, the quickest way to achieve that is by drinking on an empty stomach, and many people apply the same principal to cannabis.

However, when it comes to edibles, it doesn’t work quite the same way. Yes, the cannabinoids will be processed faster if you take your edible on an empty stomach, but that’s not necessarily a good thing. Again, with cannabis edibles, absorption time and metabolism are everything. If your body metabolizes cannabinoids too quickly, you won’t get the desired effects. Try eating a nice meal, drink some water, and think of the edibles as an ultra-relaxing dessert.

Final thoughts

For some people, edibles simply don’t work no matter what they do. Just like certain types of conventional medications don’t work for everyone – for example, I don’t do well with antibiotics – cannabis edibles don’t work for everyone either. Some patients claim to benefit from dietary supplements (Lipase specifically), or by making sure to accompany their edibles with an additional fat.

If nothing helps, you might want to try a sublingual tincture, nasal spray, or vaping. You could also try speaking to your local dispensary workers or even check out a cannabis helpline to see what options might be more suitable for you.

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German Court Ruling Now Allows Hemp in Food

To be clear, the recent court decision is not specifically related to hemp in food, but by clearing hemp tea sellers of trafficking charges, the German court ruling opened a door to allow hemp products in food.

The world of cannabis just got bigger as a German court ruling opened the door for hemp to be used in food. This is as exciting as the advent of delta-8 THC products, and the ability to get the same kind of benefits as standard THC, while experiencing less psychoactive effects, and less anxiety. We can even help you get started if you’re a beginner with this new THC. Check out our awesome delta-8 THC deals, and join in on the excitement!

Germany and cannabis

Before getting into how a German court ruling on drug trafficking could allow hemp in food, let’s take a look at how cannabis is governed in Germany. According to Germany’s Federal Narcotics Act, cannabis possession is illegal and offenders can face up to five years in prison. Use crimes are not specifically mentioned in the Act, and therefore, offenders are usually sent to some kind of program instead of prison, at least for small amounts. In Germany, the term ‘small amount’ is judged not by the quantity held, but the quantity of THC within the product. And different regions of Germany use different amounts to denote this ‘small amount’. Generally speaking, it means in the neighborhood of 6-15 grams.

Cultivation, sale, and supply crimes are all illegal. Most of these crimes can earn an offender up to five years in prison, although supply crimes can go up to 15 years, depending on the specifics of the case. Supplying to minors, using weapons, and/or having very large quantities are some of the extenuating factors that can lead to higher prison sentences.

Germany does have legal medical cannabis. This started in 1983 with nabilone – a synthetic derivative of THC. In 1998, the pharmaceutical THC medication dronabinol was also approved. However, it wasn’t until 2017 that the country instituted a real medical cannabis program, opening the door for more disorders to receive treatment with cannabis medications. Since 1996, Germany has also allowed the legal cultivation of industrial hemp.

German ruling hemp food

In 2019, Germany passed a law to institute a regulated system for the export of medical cannabis products. In that same year, Germany was both the biggest importer AND exporter of cannabis oils in the EU. Obviously, there’s a disconnect here, as Germany is putting precedence on its export market, rather than supplying itself first.

In 2019, Germany paid out approximately $240.9 million for cannabis oil imports, making up 7.8% of the market that year. It was second only to the US. That year it also exported $229.8 million, making it the 4th biggest global exporter of cannabis oil, and the biggest out of the EU, accounting for 8% of the global market.

What is this hemp tea case?

The German hemp tea case involves Marcel Kaine and Bardia Hatefi, operators of the store Hanfbar, in Braunschweig, Germany. Hanfbar was a retail store that was selling hemp tea. It was announced in 2020 that prosecutors in the case were seeking jail time of three years, and 2.5 years respectively, according to the newspaper Braunschweiger Zeitung. Hanfbar had been selling CBD oil, as well as hemp food and drink products since 2017.

The meat of the case is in the idea that hemp tea is technically banned under the German Federal Narcotics Act. The reason for this, is that the law states that hemp products can’t be used for the purpose of intoxication. Ingestible products are generally regulated by (BfArM) the German Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices, which follows rules set by (BfR) Germany’s Federal Institute for Risk Assessment. BfR is a part of the Ministry for Food and Agriculture which offers scientific advice for food consumption regulation. The Ministry of Food and Agriculture set the following guidelines about THC use in ingestible products:

  • Beverages can have up to 5 micrograms per kilogram of beverage
  • Oils can have up to 5,000 micrograms per kilogram
  • Food products can have up to 150 micrograms per kilogram

The defendants in the case argued that the charges were unjust, and that similar products were already widely available. Hanfbar is actually a vegan café, and the products being sold were hardly meant for intoxication. In fact, the view on hemp according to Hanfbar, is that its “the key to a sustainable and conscious lifestyle.”

hemp tea

Prosecutors claimed the defendants showed a “blatant lack of understanding about the illegality of their actions”, and were unable to be worked with given their indifference to previous police raids. The defendants in question were originally charged with drug trafficking…for selling hemp tea, and found guilty! As it turns out, the prosecutors are now eating their words.

German court ruling now allows hemp in food products

On March 26th, 2021, it was reported that (BGH) Germany’s Federal Court of Justice, annulled charges against both Kaine and Hatefi. They did so on the basis that the Narcotics Act does not actually ban the sale of hemp leaves and flowers directly to consumers for consumption. By overturning this case, going against a regional court ruling, and setting this new legal precedent, the high court of Germany just opened the door for hemp to be used in food products throughout Germany.

The Federal Court of Justice didn’t come down on lower courts for an error in judgement, but it did state that regional courts had not fully examined whether the defendants had meant their products to be used for intoxication purposes.

According to Hempro International GmbH, one of Germany’s leading hemp companies, “From now on it is more a matter of the actual intake of the psychoactive substance THC… The supply and possession of unprocessed industrial hemp products to end consumers is therefore not subject to the Narcotics Act as long as deliberate abuse for intoxication purposes is excluded.”

Hempro, for its part, has current legal proceedings of its own regarding cannabis. The company is actively suing the city of Düsseldorf after it banned marketing and sales of CBD products in extract form. It also has a case against the city of Braunschweig since 2019, which contests the city’s use of a stop-sell order that was levied against one of the company’s wholesale buyers. In light of this legal reversal for Kaine and Hatefi, Hempro hopes that its own cases will be resolved soon.

The verdict was also celebrated by (BvCW) Germany’s Cannabis Industry Association, which released the statement: “This means a great relief for the sellers, who have so far been often affected by raids that damage their business.”

EU and cannabis

What next?

It’s possible this verdict will, in fact, influence the cases Hempro has in the works currently. The more substantial outcome, however, is that the highest court in Germany just said that so long as the intention is not to cause intoxication, that hemp leaves and flowers can be used in food and beverage products at will. As most people don’t go to hemp when looking for intoxication, this would include pretty much any edible hemp-based product.

The case also highlights how a ruling in one specific avenue, can have resounding effects throughout an entire industry, and beyond. This is similar to France vs the EU, where the EU’s ruling that France cannot restrict imports of CBD oil into France by other EU countries – that were made in compliance with EU law, made CBD legal throughout all of the EU. In the current case, by Germany trying to put a couple guys out of business, what the country actually ended up doing, was expanding the legal boundaries of the hemp industry to include food and beverage products.


There’s something special about a case like France vs the EU, or the German hemp tea case. Maybe because the intent was so malevolent, that the opposite and stronger outcome feels that much more like a victory. And in both instances, new case law was essentially formed by governments trying to impose unnecessary and unfair restrictions on their people, and losing. So, here’s to Marcel Kaine and Bardia Hatefi, two of today’s current cannabis heroes, who successfully fought to overturn their verdict, and in doing so, elicited a German court ruling that now allows hemp to be used in food.

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Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a medical professional, I have no formal legal education, and I’ve never been to business school. All information in my articles is sourced from other places, which are always referenced, and all opinions stated are mine, and are made clear to be mine. I am not giving anyone advise of any kind, in any capacity. I am more than happy to discuss topics, but should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a professional in the relevant field for more information.

The post German Court Ruling Now Allows Hemp in Food appeared first on CBD Testers.

How to make edibles with flower or concentrate—and which method is better

Cannabis edibles have flooded the marijuana market. Some of these edibles are made with flower, while others use concentrates. But is there any real difference between the two? Here we will discuss edibles and what it takes to make an edible with a stellar high. Cannabis edibles are made with flower or concentrates and come […]

The post How to make edibles with flower or concentrate—and which method is better appeared first on Latest Cannabis News Today – Headlines, Videos & Stocks.

The Fast-Acting Benefits of ReCreate’s CBD + THC Gummies

Designed for a higher function, ReCreate’s cannabis-infused products contain optimal levels of full spectrum CBD, fast-acting THC, and functional botanicals. 

Intended to become a life-enhancing part of your daily routine, ReCreate offers a variety of precise formulas that deliver consistent and repeatable effects including: Everyday, Energy, Focus, Immunity, Recovery, Relax, Relief and Sleep. 

Their new line of gummies offers the same great wellness benefits but gives consumers more variety and added convenience. Whether you are incorporating them into your daily wellness routine, or taking them as needed, their small size makes it easy to consume wherever you are.  Plus, they work fast. 

Quicker Onset Than Your Average Edible

ReCreate gummies are conveniently ready to assist you in achieving a desired state of wellbeing whenever you need it. You might be used to waiting a while for effects to kick in from edibles, but these aren’t your average cannabis-infused gummies. 

While the effects are not instant, the nano-encapsulated cannabis used in ReCreate gummies lends to consistent, fast acting results.  Nano-encapsulated cannabis is more bioavailable than traditional cannabis extracts, meaning your body can absorb and process the cannabis faster. 

This industry-leading innovation allows for one of the fastest, smoothest onsets in the market. 

Boosted Benefits With Botanicals, CBD and THC 

Each resealable, child-resistant package contains ten colorful heptagon shaped gummies evenly coated in what looks like granulated sugar, but is actually monk fruit. 

The flavor profile varies with each formula – whichever is selected will greet you with a whopping blast of fruity aroma, proudly boasting bold flavors reminiscent of popular mix-in drinks. Expect to taste the cannabis a bit – these aren’t designed to hide it. The synergy of cannabinoids alongside ReCreate’s carefully selected functional botanicals sets the company apart from standard edibles.

ReCreate Energy (CBD+THC+Yerba Mate) packs a punch of sweet watermelon with a touch of sour lemonade. Natural, vegan and gluten-free, these plant-based gummies are designed to uplift your spirits. Yerba Mate, the key botanical in this formula, is well known for its ability to reduce fatigue with its energy boosting properties.

Recreate Recovery Gummies

ReCreate Recovery (CBD+THC+CBG+Cordyceps) is a kick in a pouch with a tangy tangelo flavor. The Recovery formula, labeled on the package as “Tangelo Gummies,” provide joint support needed for those with active lifestyles. Fun Fact: the key botanical, Cordyceps, was originally used by Tibetans.

Recreate Relax Gummies

ReCreate Relax (CBD+THC+CBN+Ashwagandha) has a sweet burst of strawberry-kiwi. Ideal for those seeking additional support for managing everyday stresses and finding a sense of calm. You can give thanks to Ashwagandha for this natural relief – the Ayurvedic herb has been cultivated in India for generations. 

**One vegan, gluten-free gummy is considered a single dose, but it’s always important to start with a low-dose of anything new you consume (which could be a half of a gummy for your first time) and wait to assess the effects before increasing the  dosage. Take into consideration that consuming edibles involves metabolization through the gastrointestinal system and may provoke effects that feel different/more intense than other methods of cannabis consumption. 

Quality You Can Trust

Sourcing matters––there, we said it. ReCreate is powered by the Stanley Brothers, creators of the iconic Charlotte’s Web. These global leaders know a thing or two about delivering a quality product – from ingredients, to packaging and branding, to customer service. 

The Stanley Brothers are also proudly committed to the health and wellness of the world, and they act on this mission by implementing socially and environmentally responsible cultivation and production practices. 

While we are big fans of the gummies, don’t let our enthusiasm refrain you from exploring ReCreate’s tinctures and chocolates too––you’ve got options.

The post The Fast-Acting Benefits of ReCreate’s CBD + THC Gummies appeared first on Cannabis Now.

How to Taste & Pair Food with Cannabis

of the most exciting elements of cannabis, in a culinary sense, is its ability
to interface with food and drink in very interesting and powerful ways. Much
like a dry, acidic, citrus-forward rosé is the perfect partner to a piece of
seared fish, the uncanny citrus qualities of Tangie, for example, complement a
ponzu-soaked piece of sashimi.

Today’s modern cannabis products, such as separated terpenes, can give you incredible versatility, creating a rich dining experience as aroma and flavor notes bounce back and forth.

While you are able to impart some complementary or contrasting flavors with infusion methods that use lower heat, or by adding terpenes directly to food, you can also have great success pairing cannabis flavors with food via smoked or vaporized cannabis, specifically high-terpene concentrates. And, unlike alcohol, cannabis’s ability to bring the user up or down with its different effects gives it an additional layer of experience, so a cannabis sommelier can start a meal with an uplifting, bright variety and end it with a rich, relaxing one.

When planning a cannabis-pairing dinner, think about the strongest flavor elements in the food and try to play off of those. Often, the most intense element is not the main protein or starch but rather a sauce or herbal component of a dish that makes it unique.

Try to think about contrasting flavors as much as complementary ones; it’s not always about picking something that tastes similar or goes with the dish in a conventional sense. An intriguing pairing can surprise guests and make them appreciate both the food and the cannabis more than they would have either on its own.

To help you get started with understanding the ways to pair and contrast with cannabis, the following are some of the most common scent and flavor categories that you’ll come across.


function of terpenes is to deter predators from eating or otherwise damaging
the plants. To do this, sometimes certain varieties will emit a smell that can
be described as foul or overwhelming. Over the last decade, connoisseurs have
tended to seek out these varieties, with the incredibly pungent, sharp scents
cutting right through the overmatched plastic bag or jar attempting to keep
them at bay. Known as “gassy” or “sour,” these flavors can include elements of
kerosene, glue, skunk, tires, rubber and bad breath.

While smoking something that smells like the old tennis balls in your grandpa’s attic may not seem like an activity you want to do, these varieties also tend to be some of the most potent and unique, often with hordes of fans obsessing over their subtle differences. Pairing a gassy strain can be difficult, but these tend to do best with dishes that will stand up to them, such as smoked meats and herb-forward sauces (think chimichurri), but they also go suspiciously well with coffee.

of the most notorious gassy, acrid varieties are Chemdog, Gorilla Glue,
Headband, any OG Kush variety, Sour Diesel and Triangle Kush.


While other flavor categories often have hints of citrus in the mix, there are some strains that have such a strong and uncanny citrus aroma that it’s at times hard to distinguish them from the real thing. The presence of limonene (which is found in grapefruit, lime and lemon oils) is generally the reason a strain smells citrusy, but whether they smell like sweet lemon candy or garlic and lemon depends on the specific ratio and combination of other terpenes present.

Citrusy varieties tend to be mentally uplifting and
physically invigorating just like limonene itself, which makes sense because
you more commonly find citrus-heavy flavors in strains that have traditionally
been described as sativa. To pair most effectively with citrus varieties, think
about how you’d use citrus in cooking; it’s usually best to help brighten up a
dish or add a lasting aftertaste that lingers on the palate.

Some varietals that exhibit a citrus-dominant aroma and
flavor are Grapefruit, Jack’s Cleaner, Jilly Bean, Lemon Diesel, Lemon G-13,
Lemon Tree, Orange Cookies, Papaya, Soma’s New York City Diesel (NYCD) and


Like some of the more complex and challenging wines of the world, cannabis has a whole host of rich, dank, earthy flavors present at times. Leather, smoke, coffee, soil, peat and vegetation are some of the terms used to describe such strains, which tend to have been categorized as indicas over time. These varieties are often relaxing or sleep-inducing, perhaps due in part to the presence of terpenes such as myrcene and beta-caryophyllene, both of which are thought to have anti-anxiety properties.

Some rich and earthy varieties include Bruce Banner, Bubba
Kush, Deadhead OG, Deep Chunk, Girl Scout Cookies, Hindu Kush, LA Confidential,
Master Kush, Sour Bubble and Sunset Sherbert.


Cannabis is a flower after all, so it’s expected that some varieties simply smell light and fragrant like other flowers. While certain strains kick down the door to your brain like a sensory SWAT team, others lightly dance in — calming and tranquil, blending in rather than taking over. One terpene that is very common in floral varieties is linalool, which is also the most common terpene, found in lavender and many other botanicals such as bay laurel, coriander and sweet basil. These strains can range from very soft, pleasing scents to slightly more complex, grassy ones. Floral aromas are great to use in dishes such as subtly flavored baked goods and to scent sauces and drizzles in unobtrusive ways.

Floral varieties of cannabis include Blackberry Kush, DJ
Short’s Flo, Grape Ape, Grape Stomper, Lavender, Purple Urkle, Strawberry Cough
and UK Cheese.


The general flavor present in cannabis can be described as
“herbal.” Though this admittedly covers a huge variety of scents, they are
similar in that they can be found in other herbs such as rosemary, sage and
eucalyptus, and also in things like pine trees. The most common terpenes in
herbal varieties tend to be alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, beta-caryophyllene,
humulene and terpinolene, the combination of which can cover the spectrum from
the tangy citrus spice of a Jack Herer to the pine-forward floral sweetness of
a Maui.

Common herbal varieties include Blue Dream, Jack Herer,
Malawi, Mango Haze, Maui, S.A.G.E., Super Silver Haze and Trainwreck.

Sweet and/or Fruity

The first time you smell weed that is truly sweet, it’s a
life-changer. Since the odor that most casual users associate with cannabis is
along the acrid, skunky side of things (because that’s the way smoke usually
smells), they’re often totally surprised to find aromas ranging from lemon
drops to cotton candy to green papaya, or a combination of ten sweet things all
rolled into one.

Sweet varieties usually run a spectrum from the almost
creamy, neutral sugary side to the tangy, tropical fruit side, all of which
offer a lot of options when it comes to pairing. Though it’s tempting to pair
sweet with sweet, it is often more interesting to use the sweet strains as a
way to cut through something acidic or to enhance something herbal. If a strain
has the distinct qualities of a specific fruit, sometimes the flavor will come
through clearly enough to replace the actual fruit in a recipe, similarly to
the way you can use a fruit extract.

strains that fit into this category include Banana Kush, Blueberry, Bubblegum,
Cinderella 99, Island Sweet Skunk, Lemon Skunk, Purple Urkle, Super Lemon Haze,
Vanilla Kush and Zkittlez.

Originally excerpted in the print edition of Cannabis Now.

The post How to Taste & Pair Food with Cannabis appeared first on Cannabis Now.

Tuesday, March 30, 2021 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Tuesday, March 30, 2021 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// New York Lawmakers May Vote For Legalization On Tuesday (Green Market Report)

// New Mexico GOP Senator Circulates Draft Marijuana Bill Ahead Of This Week’s Special Session (Marijuana Moment)

// Mexican Senate Will Pass Marijuana Legalization Bill As Revised By Deputies Top Lawmaker Says (Marijuana Moment)

These headlines are brought to you by MJToday Media, publishers of this podcast as well as our weekly show Marijuana Today and the most-excellent Green Rush Podcast. And check out our new show Weed Wonks!

// Virginia gets real on legalization aims to move up start date to 2021 (Leafly (AP))

// Ohio’s growing medical marijuana market poised to reach $400 million in sales a year (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Ayr Wellness Buys Garden State Dispensary For $101 Million (Green Market Report)

// New Bill Would Scrap Controversial Changes To Maine Medical Marijuana Program (Marijuana Moment)

// Kansas Lawmakers Approve Medical Marijuana Legalization Bill Clearing It For Floor Vote (Seven Days VT)

// Scott Announces Picks for Vermont’s Cannabis Control Board (Boston Globe)

// Can landlords really ban marijuana edibles? Usually not but that hasn’t stopped them from trying ()

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