A small study of children with treatment-resistant epilepsy has found that whole-plant cannabis therapies reduced seizures by 86 percent, according to research published recently by the journal BMJ Paediatrics Open.
To conduct the study, researchers collected retrospective clinical data from caretakers and clinicians of 10 children with intractable, or drug-resistant, epilepsy. All 10 patients recruited for the study had not responded to CBD products.
When the patients were given a whole-plant cannabis oil containing THC, CBD, and other cannabinoids as well as compounds including terpenes and flavonoids, the frequency of their seizures decreased by nearly 90 percent.
“Seizure frequency across all 10 participants reduced by 86 percent with no significant adverse events,” the authors of the study wrote.
The dosage of cannabis oil was determined by each patient’s physician. On average, the children in the study received about 5mg of THC per day, although they did not get high from the medication. Parents reported results to researchers by phone or via video conference calls. Few adverse effects, including excessive tiredness before exact dosing was determined, were reported to researchers.
“All parents reported that the whole-plant products were well-tolerated and the children showed improvements in their mood, behavior, eating anding as well as substantial improvements in their cognitive [mental] abilities,” said study author Rayyan Zafar, a fellow at the Centre for Psychedelic Research and Neuropsychopharmacology at Imperial College London.
The research also revealed that using the cannabis oil resulted in a dramatic reduction in the number of other medications taken by the patients in the study. At the onset of the research, patients were taking multiple medications daily, a figure which declined significantly after treatment with cannabis oil was begun.
“Participants reduced use of antiepileptic drugs from an average of seven to one following treatment with medical cannabis,” the researchers wrote.
Researchers Support Improved Access to Cannabis Therapies
Although U.K. Home Secretary Sajid Javid (now the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care) announced in 2018 that cannabis medicines would be made available to patients “with an exceptional clinical need,” so far few patients have received a prescription from the National Health Service. The authors of the study “noted significant financial costs of £874 per month to obtain these medicines through private prescriptions” and believe that the data collected on whole-plant cannabis therapies provide evidence to introduce such medications into the NHS under current prescribing guidelines.
“Such a move would be hugely beneficial to the families, who in addition to having the psychological distress of looking after their chronically ill children, have also to cover the crippling financial burden of their medication,” the authors concluded.
Parents Cautioned Against Unsupervised Cannabis Treatment for Seizures
Dr. Kevin Chapman, a neurologist at the Phoenix Children’s Hospital and spokesperson for the American Epilepsy Society, said that more research is needed and warned parents not to try to medicate their children with cannabis from a dispensary, saying “it’s still buyer beware.”
“There isn’t enough evidence to support using these products at this time especially instead of prescribed epilepsy treatments,” Chapman said.
The authors of the study acknowledged that there are risks treating young people with psychoactive compounds, but noted that commonly used medications for epilepsy also have serious side effects. Dr. Peter Grinspoon, a primary care physician at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston and a board member of the advocacy group Doctors for Cannabis Regulation who was not involved in the study, noted that worries about how cannabis therapies may affect children should be considered in the context of the risks associated with other commonly used medications.
“I’d imagine that any concerns about the use of THC in a pediatric population would be at least in part alleviated by the drop of anti-epileptic drugs, many of which have side effects,” Grinspoon told UPI.
“It is not difficult to understand why there is such a determined parents’ movement in support of access to cannabinoids for pediatric epilepsy,” he added.
The researchers noted that the individual dosage and blend of cannabis oil was tailored to each patient by their doctors and warned against using the medication without proper supervision.
“Medical oversight is important,” Zafar said. “We encourage parents interested in using these medicines for these children to approach clinics and discuss this option with their physician.”
The authors of the research cited several limitations of the study, including using data that was retrospective and relied on caregiver recall, although parents often kept diaries for recording seizures as documentation of their experiences as they occurred. They also noted that the study was not randomized and did not include a placebo group with which to compare results.
Researchers also cited the small sample size of the study as a limitation, but noted that the results were consistent with other research. The authors called for further study into the benefits of whole-plant cannabis products for epilepsy patients who experience seizures.
A report on the research, “Medical cannabis for severe treatment resistant epilepsy in children: a case-series of 10 patients,” was published on December 14 by BMJ Paediatrics Open.
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Not too long ago, if you wanted to get high, you smoked a joint or ate a brownie. These were the options. Now you can vape it, eat a gummy, drink down an infused beverage, puff it in an inhaler, put it under the tongue as an oil, or dab it. So, what is this new dab thing, and how is it done?
Dabs are a newer way to vape that have grown in popularity over the last few years. Some people prefer to vape in the more standard vape cart fashion, and that’s fine too. Some products, like delta-8 THC, are easier to find as vape carts, though the compound is available as a dab as well. This alternate form of THC provides a slightly less intense high, and less head-cloudiness than delta-9, while not creating the same kind of anxiety. If you like to use vape carts, check out our array of delta-8 THC, delta 10, thcv and thco deals, along with many other compounds, and pick your perfect product.
Let’s get right into it! First and foremost, dabbing is not done with a fresh or dried plant, it’s done with extracted oil or concentrate. So, in order to dab anything, the first thing that must happen is you must make or obtain a concentrated oil. This can mean BHO (butane hash oil), butter, shatter, or wax, which are technically all almost the same thing with differences in consistency more than anything else. Since these extracts can be made for cannabinoids like delta-8 THC, THCV, THCA, and CBG among others, a person can use their concentrate of choice when dabbing.
These concentrates are almost uniformly made by using a solvent like butane or carbon dioxide to extract cannabinoids like THC. In order for this to happen, the solvent melts the trichomes which house the cannabinoids, and the cannabinoids and terpenes are released into the solvent where they bind directly with it. The solvent is eventually burned off with heat at the end, to leave just the oily extracted cannabinoids and whatever other material can survive the process. Cold extractions, like for live resin, are better at preserving terpenes which can get ruined in heating processes. Though the consistency of butter is smoother like butter, and the consistency of shatter is harder and stiffer like glass, extracted concentrates do tend to generally be thick and sticky, regardless which kind they are.
Making such extractions can certainly be done in home, and are all the time. However, using solvents does come with a need for precaution, and those doing DIY jobs should be careful to follow all necessary safety precautions. In reality, when it comes to home-ops, its sometimes best to stick with safer methods, and leave these extractions to professional labs. For those who would prefer not to play chemist, the advent of legalizations and dispensaries has meant a massive selection of concentrated oils that can be bought in any legalized location, including for medical use where this is legal. Prospective dabbers can try different types of concentrates to find the experience that works best for them.
Dabbing is essentially another form of vaporizing, but done with a very different type of equipment. The concentrate is not burned, but heated to vaporization temperatures, with the vapor is breathed in as if it were bong smoke. This method produces what some see as a cleaner, more intense vapor. While compounds like CBD oil can most certainly be dabbed, the main allure of a dab rig is the ability to use high-THC concentrates in order to get a really strong high. Terpenes can also be extracted and used, but often fair less well when it comes to preserving volatile compounds during extraction.
Because of how quickly dabbing works, and the intensity of it, dabbing is beneficial for many recreational and medical users. Those with chronic pain and nausea issues often report dabbing as the quickest, most effective way of dealing with symptoms.
What is a dab rig?
We already know that this has nothing to do with lighting up a joint, popping down a gummy, or switching on a vape. In fact, even the name of what’s being done, ‘dabbing’, (with verb form, ‘to dab’), implies an entirely different technique, that uses some kind of specific instrument. And it does. In order to dab anything, you’ll need a dab rig. What’s this? A dab rig is simply a specific type of bong-like structure – or water pipe – made explicitly for smoking thick oils/concentrates by using water to filter the vapor, much like with a bong. These bongs are generally made of glass, and involve the use of a nail which is made of titanium, ceramic, glass, or quartz. In this sense, a dab rig truly is just a bong with special attachments.
While dab rigs can vary a bit in design, they all function in about the same way, and it goes something like this. There is a main bowl (downstem) up top, with what is called a ‘nail’ sitting on top. A ‘nail’ is not the nail of construction which gets hammered to hold two pieces of material together. But rather, this ‘nail’ is a small, shallow dish-like piece that slides in the main bowl of the rig, and is the part that heat is applied to in order to vaporize the concentrates.
Some nails require an extra piece called a ‘dome’, which goes over the nail when heated in order to distribute the heat evenly, as well as hold onto the vapor. In these cases, the nail is heated first, and then the dome is placed over it, and the concentrates then put on the nail for vaporization. Nails without domes have larger dishes, and a hole in the center which allows the vapor to travel through. Either kind can be used, although if a dome is not available, a carb cap can be used along with a domeless nail.
A carb cap simply covers the concentrate as its vaporizing, and is then taken off when the user is ready to inhale the vapor. This can even allow dabbing at a lower temperature which can mean a cleaner taste, and therefore might be preferable to some. Something called a ‘percolator’, or ‘perc’ is also used as part of the dab rig, and this is similar to a standard bong.
This piece is what allows the bubbling action which helps filter the smoke/vapor being produced, through the water chamber. There are several different kinds of designs for this, ranging from disk percolators – shaped like discs with holes in them – and stackable within a rig for customization, to honeycomb percs with a honeycomb style collection of smaller holes for more bubble production, to helix percs which have multiple arms that twist around each other under the water. When searching for a dab, you’ll find even more options than this.
If you’re going to dab, how is it done?
So, you have your dab rig and now you need to know how it’s done. A dab can be heated in two ways. The first is with fire, like a torch lighter. The second is with an electric dab nail. Most people using torches prefer butane over propane because propane is less refined and might create a dirtier vapor. There are different opinions on this. You can make your own decisions. Propane can also heat the nail more intensely, which can cause it damage, also making butane a more preferable option. Electronic nails – or e-nails – will generally have a digital display that shows exact temperatures. As per the name, an e-nail uses an electric current instead of a flame, making for a semi-electric bong.
Regardless of which kind, the nail is heated and the concentrate is put on top – with or without the dome depending on the type of dab rig. The nail is heated to the correct temperature depending on the concentrate used, and the vapor is pulled through the bong, through the water, and to the user. Generally speaking ideal temperatures will be between 315 to 450 Fahrenheit. In order to get the concentrate onto the nail (we are talking about getting a sticky oil onto a heated dish), a dab tool called a ‘dabber’ is used to scoop up the concentrate and stick it onto the heated nail. These come in metal and glass.
Small hits should be used for a dab since the vapor produced is very strong. A user should also start slow, so as not to take in too much THC. Though THC won’t ever kill you, taking in too much can cause a THC overdose which is a uniformly not fun experience that can make a user feel like they are much sicker than they actually are.
What else is necessary?
Dabbing has gotten pretty big, and that means a range of other accessories and equipment that goes with the setup. For one, there are cleaning tools not unlike for a regular bong, which include pipe cleaners, wipes, cotton swabs, and cleaning solutions. Many people also prefer to store their dabs in specific dab cases. There are cases that offer padding and space for each piece, and which can make transporting it that much easier. Then there are also storage containers for concentrates that generally come in silicone or glass, and which are made so that the concentrate won’t stick to them.
Some people use another add-on piece called an oil reclaimer. This goes between the nail and the water chamber, and collects oil that has runoff, as well as that which condenses from the vapor. This can be scraped out, or heated off, when enough builds up. There are also tools like dab mats – to put the rig on so it won’t slide, and multi-tools that involve the ability for scraping, cleaning, tamping down, cutting, and some even have a flashlight attached.
Everyone has their own preferred method of ingesting cannabis, and each method can come with potential downfalls, or things to be wary of. Let’s remember smoking by way of lighting plant material on fire is still the #1 method for using cannabis, and this remains the most dangerous of all, helping to contribute to the 480,000 deaths a year that exist from smoking.
While many like to believe that smoking cannabis is less dangerous than smoking cigarettes, apart from a possible lesser number of chemicals – which does make a difference, no doubt – the idea that something is being lit on fire and breathed in, makes smoking anything dangerous, and therefore there is no reason to believe smoking cannabis is safer than smoking cigarettes for the most part.
Dabbing takes out the issue of breathing in burning material, but it comes with the issue of requiring a concentrate. The main way of creating concentrates is with highly flammable solvents like butane. This poses danger in two ways. One, by making it possible for explosions during the extraction process. And the second, by making it possible that the user is exposing themselves to ‘dirty oil’, in which the solvent is not all removed during the burning out phase, leaving the user exposed to harsh chemicals. This is why lab tested products are important, to ensure the cleanliness of the extract. It’s also important to use high grade solvents, a close-loop system, and to be fully trained in how to do the process.
No matter how you like to do it, there are options available, and its not shocking that there are so many newer ways of consumption coming out all the time. When it comes to using a dab, and how it’s done, many people prefer this to other more standard methods of vaping and smoking. And perhaps for those with extreme medical issues, this form of ingestion really can provide a quicker, more intense relief to symptoms. Interested parties should check out dab rigs, and pick out a product that meets their dabbing needs.
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Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advise, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.
When it comes to consumer packaged goods, especially those with natural ingredients, preserving freshness and quality is a top priority. Unfortunately, many of the existing additives and preservatives currently on the market are incredibly unhealthy – toxic and cancerous really – so there is a definitive need for safer alternatives.
Researchers from the University of South Florida are looking at cannabidiol as a possible solution. According to their study published earlier this year in the Postharvest Biology and Technology, CBD oil can be used as a natural preservative to extend the shelf-life of food by inhibiting yeast, mold growth, and microbial load. So, how exactly does this work and is it a practical, cost-effective option?
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Medical Benefits and Applications of CBD Oil
CBD has been heavily promoted as an effective treatment option for numerous different health conditions, but the only one disorder to have government-backing for cannabidiol treatment is epilepsy. In numerous studies, CBD was able to reduce the number and intensity of seizures, and in many cases, stopped them altogether.
Last year, the medication Epidiolex was removed from the controlled substances list, making it the only CBD-based therapy to receive full FDA approval. Epidiolex, now being subscribe in the US, Japan, and 30 European countries. is used to treat two extremely rare and debilitating forms of childhood epilepsy that typically don’t respond to pharmaceutical antiseizure medications – Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gestaut syndrome.
Additionally, there is sufficient research indicating that CBD can be used to curb chronic inflammation and neuropathic pain, two of the most difficult types of pain to treat. Chronic inflammation has also been identified as the root cause of many other ailments such as heart disease, diabetes, cancer, arthritis, and bowel diseases. A study from the European Journal of Pain showed that even when applied topically, CBD could help eliminate pain and inflammation caused by arthritis.
CBD is also highly effective in the treatment of mental health conditions and sleep disorders. When compared to melatonin, CBD scored favorably in the areas of helping patients fall asleep, stay asleep, and achieve more restful sleep. CBD has also shown promising results when studied for the treatment of PTSD, anxiety, and depression. As a matter of fact, Dr. Sue Sisley and the Scottsdale Research Institute in Arizona have been researching this topic since 2009, in hopes of offering military veterans with PTSD a safe access to cannabis oil therapies.
Other lesser-studied potential uses for CBD include skin conditions, digestive disorders, addiction treatment, cancer therapy, and neurodegenerative conditions. Because of legal roadblocks, it has been difficult for researchers to conduct full scale studies on the true capabilities of this or any other cannabis compound, but the anecdotal evidence is certainly there.
CBD Oil As a Natural Food Preservative
Food quality is a complicated matter. One on hand, there are farmers and industry stakeholders that obviously want to profit off food products, and adding preservatives is one easy way to make that happen. On the other hand, we have a growing number of health-conscious consumers who are reading the labels, researching the ingredients, and opting for the healthiest alternatives, typically meaning those without any artificial additives.
Extensive research has found that prolonged consumption of artificial preservatives can cause serious health conditions such as hypersensitivity, allergy, asthma, hyperactivity, neurological damage and cancer. They are also known to weaken heart tissues, which can be especially dangerous for elderly people.
It can be hard to find that middle ground, which become evident at the grocery store when we’re stuck sorting through near-rotten produce or “fresh” ones coated in cancer-causing chemicals to make them last longer. Utilizing CBD oil as a food preservative can help on both sides of the fence by extending the shelf-life of food products using a healthy, all-natural compound. A recent study, published March 2021, found that adding CBD oil to strawberries increased the strawberries’ shelf life and reduced the microbial load found on the fruit.
“Strawberries were evaluated for visual quality and microbial load before and during storage,” researchers stated. “Results from this study showed that CBD oil was effective at maintaining the visual appearance of strawberries…compared to the fruit that was not treated.”
The study involved applying CBD oil to the surface of the strawberries after harvest, and storing them for eight days at 1-10 degrees Celsius. They found that the strawberries coated with CBD oil had a more pleasant visual appearance and vibrancy, and they had a lighter microbial load compared to the untreated strawberries. Since hemp itself is considered a superfood, using its extracted compounds to preserve other food products is a win-win for everyone.
CBD and Antibiotic Resistance
Antibiotics are considered to be one of the greatest medical advancements of all time. If it weren’t for antibiotics, humans would still be dying of pneumonia and succumbing to deadly infections from a simple cut on the hand. However, bacteria are becoming immune to the effects of these medications which is leading to higher medical costs, prolonged hospital stays, and increased mortality.
A study by the University of Queensland’s Centre for Superbug Solutions found that CBD killed all strains of bacteria to which it was exposed, including some that are very resistant to conventional antibiotics. Even after 20 days, the bacteria did not develop resistance to CBD. Which most other antibiotics, the resistance began in less than 3 weeks.
In other studies, such as this one from 2008, researchers successfully treated MRSA with a combination of all five major cannabinoids – Cannabidiol (CBD), Cannabichromene (CBC), Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabinol (CBN) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). As far back as 1981, scientists discovered that CBC and CBG were effective at treating moderate antibacterial infections. Even further back in 1976, researchers found that dose as small as 1-5 micrograms per milliliter of THC successfully killed streptococci and staphylococci.
This is a very interesting and auspicious finding, but there are many limitations and unknowns. Even researchers who were part of the study remarked that they “still don’t understand exactly how it works” and that “there are still many uncertainties surrounding the use of CBD as a food preservative and the science and benefits behind using CBD in food formulations.”
Nevertheless, it’s an important discovery that, if cost effectiveness is taken into consideration, could have major implications for the food industry in the very near future.
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As the cannabis industry gets bigger, new methods come out to extract compounds better, or create stronger concentrates. This is the case with live resin concentrate, the first concentrate to be made using the benefit of well-below-freezing temperatures.
There are so many ways to consume cannabis products, from live resin concentrate to shatter to delta-8 THC. While the first two are generally high in delta-9 THC, delta-8 THC products provide users with an alternate form of THC which causes less anxiety and paranoia, and gives a clear-headed, energetic high.Some might even say this makes it the superior THC. We’ve got really great delta-8 THCdeals for you to try this new version of THC, to see if it’s the better THC for you.
What are concentrates?
Cannabis concentrates are all the rage these days, but what does this actually mean? A concentrate is the final product of an extraction process in which specific parts of the plant are distilled down to a condensed level. Concentrates are made to contain the trichomes of the plant, the part that holds cannabinoids and terpenes, (or just the cannabinoids and terpenes from inside), without the rest of the plant material. There are different kinds of concentrates that can be made from cannabis. Most of them are nearly the same except for small differences in texture, strength, and what solvent/extraction method is used. Examples of concentrates are:
Wax – An extract made by rinsing cannabis with a solvent like butane. It can be as high as 90% THC, and usually has at least 70% THC. Much like the name implies, the consistency is gooey, or syrup-like, and the color is opaque.
Shatter – Another concentrate made using solvents like butane or another hydrocarbon. (When butane is used, it’s called butane hash oil). The solvent is pushed through a container with the cannabis, where it strips the plant of its compounds like THC and CBD, and then is refined further if necessary. In the end, excess solvent is purged out using a vacuum chamber. The primary difference between shatter and wax, is in the consistency. Shatter is hard and brittle like glass.
Hash oil – This term is for oils that are extracted using solvents. This can be done with alcohol, carbon dioxide, or butane – which creates butane hash oil. Depending on the consistency of the final product, and the solvent used, hash oil can fit into other categories of concentrates.
What is live resin?
Most other concentrates besides live resin are made in similar fashions, and sometimes vary from each other in nothing more than consistency. Live resin concentrate is a bit different, however, because the process to create it is not like the other concentrates. Live resin concentrate is made using cryogenic temperatures in a closed-loop system.
A closed-loop system is a system/device/set of devices, that can operate automatically to regulate a process to get to a desired result. It can do so without human interaction, which is the opposite of an open-loop system, which requires human input. It also indicates a loop structure, meaning the process ends at the same place it begins. Many concentrates are made on a closed-loop system, but what sets live resin concentrate apart from other concentrates, is that it is extracted in sub-zero temperatures, using the freezing temperature to help preserve plant constituents. Live resin is also created using a solvent like butane, but because of the low temperature, terpenes and other plant materials, are not ruined by heat.
Live resin is generally dark yellow in color, with a consistency somewhere in between the more solid waxes, and the less solid oils, though the exact consistency will depend on the product and provider. Live resin, like other concentrates, is very sticky, and requires a dab tool in order to not end up being covered by it.
How is live resin made?
The process for creating live resin goes like this: freshly harvested plants are immediately frozen down to -292 F. This includes the entire plant, with no leaves, stalks, or branches removed. For this reason, it’s considered a ‘full spectrum’ process. Creating live resin is a more difficult and expensive process than creating other concentrates, because of the use of cryogenic temperatures.
To create live resin, butane or propane is cooled to a cryogenic level in one tank, and then pressurized and pushed through another tank which contains the cannabis. As with other extractions, the solvent dissolves the trichomes in order to bond directly with the terpenes and cannabinoids housed inside. It carries this material with it into another tank where it releases other accumulated material like waxes, fats, and lipids. From that tank it goes to another tank where its heated to remove the butane in a ‘purging’ session, which leaves behind a concentrated oil. Remaining solvent is filtered back through a tube to the first tank from which it started, ending the closed-loop cycle.
At this time, the resin has been left in a volatile state, meaning it has a high vapor pressure, with low water solubility. This makes it easy to vaporize. Remaining C02 molecules are vapored out, leaving just live resin at the end. The finished concentrate is often less than 4% of its original weight.
Why cold is beneficial
The idea of using cold to preserve things is hardly new at all. Everyone has a freezer, and we already know that nearly anything can be frozen and then thawed, like meat, veggies, bread, dairy products like ice cream, soups, fruit…and even batteries. (In terms of batteries, this only goes for NiCd and NiMH rechargeable batteries.)
Using freezing temperatures does two different things that are both beneficial for food, as well as cannabis and extracts. The first is that it works to preserve food and the nutrient content therein. Food biodegrades over time, and this process starts right after a plant is harvested (or the animal killed), and can go pretty fast. Think about the short period of time it takes for your bananas to become brown. And then black. Sometimes only days. Freezing essentially stops things in motion, freezing a product into its current state, and allowing it to remain that way. This helps slow down or stop the process of degradation and maintain the nutrients in food.
Freezing also does another thing, it keeps pests and microbes from getting into your food. This is important when considering bacteria like salmonella, and the accompanying food-poison it can cause, or thinking about why bread gets moldy so fast. It’s also why I put honey in the refrigerator, so I don’t find ants crawling up the side of the jar. Freezing creates an unhospitable environment for these life forms, and allows you to keep your food longer without having them in it. It should be remembered that freezing rarely kills microbes, but puts them in a dormant state where they can’t cause harm. When thawed, they can come out and multiply again.
Fresh frozen cannabis
Much like the idea of freezing cannabis to create an extract with less damage to constituent parts, cannabis can actually just be frozen on its own to reap the same general benefits. The term ‘fresh frozen cannabis’ describes cannabis that is harvested, has its leaves, branches and stems removed, and then is put immediately into a freezer set at -38 degrees F. The buds are generally put in vacuum seal bags, and weighed out to a precise amount before storage. The idea is to get the plants in the freezer within an hour of them being cut.
This is very different from a standard harvesting process which includes cutting the plant, taking off stems, leaves, and stalks, and then curing it by hanging it for an extended period of time to dry it out, before storing it in an airtight container. During this process, light, heat, mold, and standard degradation can effect the cannabis, sometimes even ruining the product.
Many producers choose to freeze their harvests right away now. This is beneficial considering that supply often exceeds demand, and producers are left with more product than they can immediately move. Keeping it frozen helps preserve the product until it can be sold, or processed into something else. The freezing process also reduces the amount of time necessary for harvesting, since the whole drying out part is removed.
Live resin brands to try
If you’re excited to try out this new concentrate, you have several options for companies and product types. Live resin can be vaped in a cartridge, with the following top companies offering live resin cartridges: Binske, MPX, AiroPro, Remedy, and Fuze. Then there’s live resin sugar, a delicious way to consume live resin, with companies like Apothecary Farms whipping up fresh frozen extracts in their Ambrosia Line.
Interested users should also check out the 2015 Oregon Dope Cup People’s Choice Award for Live Resin winner Dirty Ant Farm (also the 2016 runner-up in the same category). And for people who like their concentrates to come in gummy form, there’s PotMates, which produces Alien Food Gummies, a sweet live resin concentrate treat.
At this point, there are tons of ways to ingest cannabis, from the plant itself, to any number of extracts that can be gotten out of it. Live resin concentrate represents a new type of processing, and the employment of different technology to make it happen. Live resin and fresh frozen cannabis together illustrate well how cold can be used to create strong, less damaged concentrates, that contain more of the stuff we want from the plant.
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Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a medical professional, I have no formal legal education, and I’ve never been to business school. All information in my articles is sourced from other places which are always mentioned, and all opinions stated are mine, and are made clear to be mine. I am not giving anyone advise of any kind, in any capacity. I am more than happy to discuss topics, but should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a professional in the relevant field for more information.
We know there are a lot of ways to take different drugs, but that not every way works for every drug. When we think of something like a hypodermic needle, chances are, heroin will come to mind, and probably not cannabis. But should it? As we (thankfully) start moving away from smoking these compounds, other ways of ingesting them arise. When it comes to cannabis and compounds like delta-8 THC, here are some of the best delivery methods available today that don’t involve smoking or vaping.
Delta-8 THC is the new answer to the anxiety and paranoia caused by delta-9 THC in standard marijuana. And if you’re looking to try delta-8 THC, there are plenty of delivery methods to get the best possible effects from it. Take a look at our awesome delta-8 THCdeals and give this newer version of THC a shot.
The most common way that cannabis has been used throughout history, is as a smokable product. Long before there were laboratories to create all kinds of high-tech vaping devices, and before there were cookbooks full of edible recipes, or the ability to make tablets, there was smoking. Even back then, vaping was a thing, although vapor would have been created the good old fashion way, by heating a substance over time until it vaporized.
There is plenty of evidence that cannabis was used in other ways through history. For example, as a topical treatment for skin ailments. But none of these other ways would have detracted from lighting the plant on fire as the primary way to consume it. And so, for something like cannabis, the idea of smoking it, goes hand-in-hand with the drug in general. This means that the majority of people using it, are subjecting themselves to the detriments of breathing in smoke, which is bad regardless of the material burning. While vaping is often weirdly demonized, and called unsafe, the sheer injury and death statistics of smoking vs vaping say otherwise.
After all, since the beginning of vaping back in the early 2000’s, right up until early 2020, there were all of 68 confirmed deaths related to vaping, and 2,807 hospitalizations, according to the CDC. The comparative number is the number of cigarette deaths per year, and that in the US is 480,000, also according to the CDC. Somehow, the CDC has turned this comparison into vaping being an ‘epidemic’. It seems the only ‘epidemic’ here, is an ‘epidemic’ of people choosing a safer smoking method, and causing themselves less harm. It’s an epidemic of people doing the generally smarter thing.
In fact, when using words like ‘epidemic’, its best these organizations stick to where the problems actually are. Like opiates, which killed in the neighborhood of 50,000 people in 2019 alone – a trend which was started by our very own pharmaceutical companies and the government regulatory bodies that were supposed to look out for us. Or alcohol, which is essentially the leading cause of preventable death in the world, accounting for as many as three million deaths worldwide each year, and 95,000 deaths in the US alone from excessive alcohol.
Cannabis delivery methods
When thinking of cannabis in general, any relevant delivery method will be viable. However, when dealing with something like delta-8 THC, which is an oxidized version of delta-9 THC, only occurring naturally in very small amounts, the idea of how it can be consumed becomes more relevant. So, let’s check out delivery methods other then smoking and vaping.
Oral methods – pills, oils, edibles, and syringes
Apart from smoking and vaping, oral administration is most popular. However, there is way more than one way to do this. Let’s take a look at the options:
Pills/tablets/capsules/soft gel capsules/tinctures – Like with any other medication that’s taken in this way, cannabis, and derivatives like delta-8 THC, can be taken in standard medication form – as a solid pill, or as a capsule containing decarboxylated flower or oil, that can be strain specific, full spectrum, or a specific cannabinoid like delta-8 THC or CBD.
The other option is for sublingual administration. Sublingual administration means putting an oil, tincture, or dissolvable tablet under the tongue for quicker uptake into the blood stream through the massive connection of blood vessels under your tongue and in your cheeks. This also allows a compound to bypass the digestive system, like it will have to do if it is swallowed down as an edible or pill. This digestive process turns it into C21H30O3, which is called 11-hydroxy-THC, whereas allowing it to absorb sublingually means a quicker onset, since it hits the bloodstream faster. Bypassing the digestive system makes it closer to the high obtained through smoking.
Edibles – Edibles are the other form of oral administration, and instead of looking like medicine, they look like food. Edibles can range from a batch of home-made chocolate-chip weed cookies, to well-portioned lab-made gummies. Regardless of what form the food takes, the main aspects of edibles are that they taste good, are easy to get down, and portioned specifically.
With more precise laboratory ways to measure portions, newer cannabis companies are creating edibles with very precise amounts, often segmented within the piece of food. I’ve had chocolate CBD bars where every square was exactly the same, and cannabis gummies that were segmented with each segment being 5mg. Edibles can be candy, liquids, baked goods, sauces, butter, and more. You can find edible products for whatever aspect of the cannabis plant you want most, in whatever form you want it.
Syringes – The idea of cannabis and syringes is a new concept, but it’s not exactly how it sounds. While the term ‘syringe’ might conjure pictures of junkies shooting heroin, cannabis syringes, which are one of the best delta-8 THC delivery methods, are simply large plastic syringes with no needles, in which oil can be put. Why is this method beneficial? Oils are often dense, and it can be hard to know the exact amount being used. The syringes don’t do anything particularly special, but they have a measuring scale so users can be more precise in their usage. Generally speaking, syringes are used for sublingual admiration, and make that process much easier.
As the word dermal implies, these are methods that have to do with having the compound come into contact with – and be absorbed into the bloodstream through – the skin. Most people probably don’t think of it this way, but you can actually put a cannabis application on your skin, and have it absorb into the bloodstream.
Patches – Patches can be seen in medicine for different reasons and for different ailments. One of the predominant reasons is for pain management, though we’ve gotten very used to seeing them in today’s culture for nicotine administration as a way to avoid smoking. Most patches are a piece of plastic with an adhesive coating, which is infused with some amount of medicine in a specific amount. Patches allow slower release for absorption, meaning they can last a long time – all day, or all night. Though cannabis patches are often used for pain in a specific area, they can also be used for any other benefit of the plant.
Topicals – Creams/lotions/oils – Cannabis, and it’s derivatives like delta-8 THC are often used with skin delivery methods, using products like creams and lotions. Many of these products offer relief or benefits that don’t include psychoactive effects, as these products have not necessarily been decarboxylated to turn THCA into delta-9 THC. As with other delivery options mentioned, this is not a hard and fast rule, with some products containing high amounts of THC, and some containing other cannabinoids like CBD, CBN, or delta-8. Topicals can be used for medical benefits like skin rashes or pain, or simply to moisturize, and promote healthy skin.
Injections – IV and IM – You’ll most likely never do this, or maybe that’s me speaking to the truths of today, without considering the changes of tomorrow. Whether it will actually become a ‘thing’ to do outside of a medical setting, is hard to say, but it certainly gives a good option. To be clear, cannabis injections have been used for around 50 years, so it certainly isn’t anything new.
IV administration has been used mainly for delta-9 THC, and a major benefit of it is that it gets rid of the problem of variation in bioavailability between people. Active compounds are not always available for the body to absorb, even if in the body, and different people will have their own physiological aspects that can lower or raise bioavailability. With IV injections, everything is absorbed, and this is no longer an issue. In that sense, this is the most precise way to dose.
IV injections relate to sticking a needle in a vein. IM, or intramuscular injections, relate to sticking a needle in a large muscle for administration. If you ever had to take a shot in the butt, this is why.
Is it possible for people to do this on their own? Well, maybe, but it would have to become a much better process first. This reddit post was made by a guy who was able to self-inject cannabis kief. It is not a standard process, its not even advisable by the guy who did it, and there are probably better ways to do it. However, it gives an idea of what a person might expect from doing such an activity, and brings up the real possibility of cannabis injections being a more mainstream application measure in the future.
Nasal sprays, eyedrops, inhalers & inserts
The idea of injections might still be too extreme for the recreational population, but there are already plenty of products for cannabis and delta-8 THC administration through other delivery methods like nasal sprays, eyedrops, and inserts.
Nasal sprays – Starting in 2017, with the release of Vera Wellness’s ‘nasal mist’ spray, it’s been possible to snort your cannabis products as well. It is said to increase bioavailability by being taken in through transmucosal (through the skin of the inner nose) delivery, and that some of the negative products produced from heating, like pyrolytics, wouldn’t be an issue. Dr. David Casarett, the palliative care chief at Duke University, explained how the nasal membrane has a lot of enzymes that can be deactivated by contact with CBD, which can actually halt the body temporarily from metabolizing other drugs like THC. For this reason, users are prompted to start with a low level and up the dose slowly.
Eyedrops – Much like IV and IM injections, eyedrops are not a common form of administration, and might not ever be. But they are great for specific ailments, like glaucoma. As a form of delivery that doesn’t involve inhaling a substance, it also ranks as a safer way to take the drug, so long as the eyes are not damaged. More than needles, this actually could become a popular way to get cannabis in the system.
Inserts/Suppositories – What if you had a yeast infection, and wanted to treat it with a cannabis medicine? Or perhaps a herpes outbreak where an anal suppository might be useful? Well, these things are possible to. Cannabis suppositories can be found for the vagina, anus, and penis. And this isn’t anything new. Inserts have been used to combat yeast infections, herpes infections, vaginal infections, and a host of other diseases whether sexually transmitted or not. Now they can be done with cannabis.
Inhalers – Though these can go under oral administration, I’m putting them here. Cannabis inhalers are exactly what they sound like, an inhaler where a metered amount of cannabis, or cannabis derivative, is given per breath. Inhalers actually produce a vapor, which is inhaled, while not producing any other cannabis-related odor.
When it comes to how to get cannabis, or specific cannabinoids like CBD, delta-8 THC, or CBC in your system, there are several different delivery methods that don’t involve any sort of smoking or vaping. Not all of these are popular – though the popularity of all will likely grow. For anyone looking for alternate methods of consumption, these are some of the options to consider.
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Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a medical professional, I have no formal legal education, and I’ve never been to business school. All information in my articles is sourced from other places, which are always referenced, and all opinions stated are mine, and are made clear to be mine. I am not giving anyone advise of any kind, in any capacity. I am more than happy to discuss topics, but should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a professional in the relevant field for more information.
Dosing is one of the most important considerations when taking any type of product medicinally. With most medications, that’s pretty easy to keep track of, but when it comes to cannabis products, especially oils and some concentrates, product dosing becomes a nearly impossible challenge.
“Pucks” and different types of small jars and containers are most common for storing, transporting, and distributing cannabis oils and concentrates. Sure, you could freeze your shatter, then cut and weigh it into equal doses, but what about products that are more vicious and difficult to work with, like cannabis batter? In this case, Delta-8 THC Syringes would be the perfect option. It’s an all-in-one solution that can be used to store, move, and dispense cannabis products in the same dose every time.
Unfortunately, syringes have a very negative reputation in drug culture, because of the obvious connection to intravenous use of harder substances. Much of our society lives with the preconceived notion that syringes either belong in the hands of medical professionals, only to be used for heavily regulated medications, or in the hands of heavy drug users.
Needless to say, if you were to pull a Delta 8 syringe out of your purse or pocket, you’ll probably get some strange looks from people. Despite the fact that Delta-8 THC syringes are used in a completely different manor than intravenous syringes, the illusion of syringes being bad is really hard to shake. Because of this, some users prefer the term applicator in place of the word “syringe.” Another reason to call it an applicator is because of the device at the tip. Although some opt to remove this portion, the term still applies.
Delta-8 THC syringes are one of the best tools for medicating with Delta-8 THC products. They can be used to store and administer oils, pastes, and other products that are difficult to work with by hand. Let’s take a closer look at this innovative new product.
Before we get deeper into the conveniences of using Delta-8 THC Syringes, it’s important that you have a firm grasp on the many medical benefits of the cannabis plant. The reason cannabinoids are so effective and are able to target such a varied range of conditions is because of the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS is a network of receptors that can be found throughout the bodies of nearly all living creatures including mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish. We naturally create cannabinoids in our bodies – called endocannabinoids – which bond to these receptors to regulate different processes in our bodies and maintain internal balance and harmony.
So far, researchers have been able to identify two separate endocannabinoids: 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and anandamide (AEA), as well as two main receptors: CB1 and CB2. 2-AG is a full agonist of both the CB1 and CB2 receptors but it has a more direct association with the CB2 receptor. Because of this, 2-AG is thought to have a substantial influence over the immune system. Anandamide – The “Bliss” Molecule of the Endocannabinoid System Anandamide – or AEA – is frequently referred to as the “bliss molecule” and it has a major impact on our state of homeostasis.
AEA can help manage things such as appetite, sleep wake cycles, pain response, and then some. Our bodies continuously cycle through anandamide. It breaks down very easily, so it doesn’t stay in the body for long. However, our bodies create it on-demand to maintain homeostasis. There is a condition referred to as ‘cannabinoid deficiency’, characterized by a body’s inability to produce endocannabinoids. Some experts theorize that many illnesses we suffer from, stem from this shortage of endocannabinoids. This is why medicating with phytocannabinoids, or plant-based cannabinoids, can be so effective.
Spasticity or neuropathic pain associated with fibromyalgia
Post Herpetic Neuralgia
Irreversible spinal cord injury
Terminal illness requiring end-of-life care
Uncontrolled intractable seizure disorder
Why Delta-8 THC Syringes Make Sense
So now that you know the benefits of medicating with cannabis, let’s look at the benefits of doing so using cannabis syringes. Starting with the obvious, with the cannabis syringe (or applicator), you are able to dispense whatever volume of product that you need. Many have their volume indicated in marks on the body of the syringe, giving you relative measurements for dosage, making it much easier to experiment with dosing. That way and you can more easily keep track of which doses worked for you and at what times.
Another benefits regards the packaging aspect of Delta-8 THC Syringes. When using a syringe or applicator, very little oil is lost in the application process. When using other dispensing methods for products with an oil-like consistency, one of the most common complaints is loss of product while it’s in use. There are numerous techniques to get your concentrate or oil out of puck when it starts to get to thin or sticky to manipulate, but with Delta 8 syringes you don’t have to waste your time with any of that. With these applicators you get all of the concentrate in the exact portions you want.
How to Use
Well, a syringe is a syringe, so let’s start with the basics. You have a product in there, you push on the plunger on the back of the syringe, the product comes out. Pretty basic. Many oils are meant to be dispensed into a beverage or directly into the mouth, while concentrates and other products can be dispensed top of a bowl or into some type of dab rig or other device.
Some syringes come with a metal tip applicator but many choose to discard that. Not only does it make the application process slightly easier, it makes the whole set up look just a tad bit less like a syringe and needle. It’s a small victory but a victory no less, especially if you’ll be utilizing your Delta-8 THC Syringes in a public place.
Delta-8 THC Syringes – Final thoughts
By utilizing cannabis syringes, you’re helping to normalize product that can help people achieve more accurate, effective, and safe dosing. A huge part of the legal fight against cannabis comes down to public perception, so if we continue to normalize everything cannabis, we continue to strike back against the ridiculous notions that cannabis is bad, “stoners” are no different than hard drug users, and there are no medical uses for cannabis – because we all know none of that is even close to being truth.
Christmas is only four days away so for this week’s segment we’re going to be making some delicious holiday treats! For this special holiday segment of Cooking with Cannabis 101, we’ll be making critical kushmas gingerbread cookies using cannabis oil. For this recipe of critical kushmas gingerbread cookies we’ll be using Organigram’s cannabis oil. Alternatively, […]