FDA Going After Delta-8 Companies

It was coming. We knew it by Shopify. And whatever happened is probably just the beginning of the story. We know the government isn’t thrilled about the cannabinoid industry, and now its making its first big, direct move, by using the FDA to go after delta-8 THC companies.

The FDA going after delta-8 companies is a predictable move, but who knows how this will end. We specialize in cannabis and psychedelics reporting, which you can follow along with by signing up for the THC Weekly Newsletter. You’ll also get prime access to deals on an array of cannabis products like vapes, edibles, and smoking paraphernalia. Plus, we’ve got tons of cannabinoid compounds like delta-8 THC as well. Please remember, *cannabinoid compounds are not preferred by everyone. We only support people buy products they are comfortable with.


What’s the news?

The CBD industry is already aware of how much the FDA doesn’t like it. The FDA has sent out letters to tons of companies over the years, reminding them about federal laws, and to stop producing and selling products that go against them. For the most part, this hasn’t had the biggest impact, and CBD, which is now cleared for medical use by the UN via updates to the Single Convention, is found pretty much everywhere.

On May 4th, 2022, the FDA made its first big, direct move in the cannabinoid space, by sending out warning letters to delta-8 companies, warning them that the products they are producing and selling, violate federal law. Five companies were targeted thus far, but perhaps more will receive letters in the future. After all, Shopify had to remove a lot of products, and the very same vendors are the targets of such letters.

The companies targeted by the FDA for their delta-8 products, are ATLRx Inc., BioMD Plus LLC, Delta 8 Hemp, Kingdom Harvest LLC, and M Six Labs Inc. These warning letters don’t leave CBD out, making mention of the company violations on that front too. According to Jonathan Havens, co-chair of Saul Ewing Arnstein & Lehr’s Cannabis Law Practice and the Food and Beverage Practice, “the five warning letters represent the first enforcement actions taken by FDA against delta-8 marketers.”

Part of the issue has to do with medical claims. According to the government agency, there are no approved drugs that contain delta-8, and so using delta-8 to make any claim for a medication, means making an unapproved claim, for a drug which is also unapproved. The FDA also attacked the idea of the mis-branding of products, with the complaints of not giving good enough instructions, as well as putting delta-8 in food products.

Said FDA Principal Deputy Commissioner, Janet Woodcock, “The FDA is very concerned about the growing popularity of delta-8 THC products being sold online and in stores nationwide… These products often include claims that they treat or alleviate the side effects related to a wide variety of diseases or medical disorders, such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, chronic pain, nausea and anxiety. It is extremely troubling that some of the food products are packaged and labeled in ways that may appeal to children. We will continue to safeguard Americans’ health and safety by monitoring the marketplace and taking action when companies illegally sell products that pose a risk to public health.”

Of course, delta-8 THC has, indeed, been found useful for all the conditions mentioned, which does beg the question of why the government is trying so hard to protect its population from these compounds, especially in light of the no-death count attached. It has repeatedly been shown that additive products are the real main issue, and that cannabis compounds have yet to be associated with death. This is important because another government agency, the CDC, just requested to lower prescribing guidelines for opioids, which already kill as many as 70,000+ a year, even as other non-addictive, no death-toll measures like ketamine and cannabis, exist.

How did this come about?

This newer issue is a counterpart to the CBD issue, which has been going on for awhile now. The cannabinoid industry, led by delta-8 THC, is based on the idea of extracting cannabinoids from the hemp plant for use in products. But there’s a problem with this. Though some of the compounds can technically be extracted from hemp, like delta-8, they can only be extracted in tiny amounts, so that for product production, synthetic processes must be used. This takes these products out from under the definition of hemp, making them federally illegal.

CBD on the other hand, can be extracted in large enough quantities that the same issue of synthetics isn’t relevant. However, neither is cleared by the US federal government for internal use, and the only reason there’s a conversation, is as a result of the 2018 US Farm Bill. The bill instituted a new definition for hemp, in order to promote the industrial hemp industry. In so doing, it separated high-THC cannabis from low-THC cannabis, and defined ‘hemp’ as only certain parts of the actual plant, without including synthetics. It should be noted, however, that even though the US government says CBD is not legal in this way, it did approve epidiolex, a big-pharma synthetic version of CBD. It has also approved synthetic versions of THC (dronabinol).

Synthetics of any Schedule I substance (which are not big-pharma made and approved), are also Schedule I under the Federal Analogue Act. When compounds are made using synthetic processes, or that don’t exist in nature (delta-10), they are not covered under the definition of hemp. Nor is anything (plant or product) that has over .3% delta-9 THC.

hemp

Two of the many issues with the cannabinoid market, are that large amounts of delta-9 THC are often found in products, and that synthetic processing is used to make them. Though the industry uses the term ‘hemp-derived’, this only means that some aspect of it came from the hemp plant, although in reality, even this isn’t necessarily true. As the industry is not regulated, we simply don’t know what we’re buying, and that presents its own problem.

Though regulating the market could settle much of this, the federal government doesn’t want to do that. But it also doesn’t want to lose tax revenue, and that creates a conundrum. The government tends to take money from big pharma, not little mom-and-pop, so anything that can’t be transformed into pharmaceutical profits easily, isn’t desired by the government. It’s just like with Quaaludes, which were too easily made outside of pharma companies, making for a black market that the US couldn’t control.

What else has been done?

The FDA sending warning letters to delta-8 companies is the first big, above-board move by a government agency to try to stop this industry, but it wasn’t the first move made. A couple months ago, the biggest shopping sales platform, Shopify, started sending out its own similar letters, telling vendors they could not sell products with more than .3% delta-9 THC, and that they had to be in general compliance with federal law, which also rules out synthetics. Thus, tons of companies were affected.

Shopify didn’t stop with letters, and immediately forced companies to drop products from their online catalogues, that don’t meet regulation. This most certainly was a hit to the industry, though the lack of overall sales figures in general, makes it hard to know how much. Cannabinoid products are sold all over the place, and show up in a lot of small roadside stores. How much the industry relied on on-line sales, particularly from Shopify, is not clear.

Shopify didn’t make a statement about the US government making it do this. Nor did the US government make a statement about being involved in the Shopify issue. But most companies won’t shoot themselves in the foot if they don’t have to, and it’s hard to believe that Shopify would all of a sudden care about something it never cared about before. This was not an ongoing fight, but a directive that came out of nowhere. It suffices to say there was likely pressure from higher up, and that Shopify itself could have been shut down if it didn’t comply.

Are these products dangerous?

The US government hasn’t legalized cannabis yet, but we already know that that specific legalization is not what determines the safety of the plant. So regardless of whether something is federally illegal or not, whether it’s dangerous or not is an entirely different question. It’s almost joke level funny that Ms. Woodcock would speak about the dangers of compounds with no death toll, while close to 100,000 people die a year from government sanctioned opioids.

opioids

On top of that idea, the US government is getting close to passing a bill to legalize cannabis, whether it wants to call it a ‘legalization’, or a ‘decriminalization’. The MORE Act already passed the House and is now up for the Senate. And if that doesn’t make it, Senate Majority leader Chuck Schumer has his own baby, the Cannabis Administration and Opportunity Act, which he’s carefully shopping around for support, and which hasn’t been officially offered, so as not to run out the clock prematurely.

Though a lot of reasons could be given for why the federal government is working hard now to pass something, one of the biggest reasons is that it must play catch-up with its states, so as not to seem powerless. Legalization measures are moving in only one direction, and its away from federal mandate. Soon enough, more and bigger publications, will point out how few people actually live under federal law concerning cannabis at this point. And as the government can no longer stop this train, it must now get on it, and pretend that was always the goal.

Conclusion

How much of an effect these FDA letters will have on the delta-8 industry is not known, and it might take some time to see results. The US government is obviously frustrated, but it’s also not in a position of power considering failed drug wars, and the lack of danger associated with this particular drug.

Maybe the delt-8 market isn’t the most savory. Maybe there are problems associated. But if the government really wanted to protect its people, it would do something substantial about the opioid epidemic, instead of railing against a plant (or its synthetic counterparts) which doesn’t realistically hurt anyone.

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THCjd: What it Is and Where to Find It

In today’s recreational cannabis market, we’re currently seeing this ongoing race to isolate and synthesize the most potent, safe, and quasi-legal compounds from the cannabis plant. Since the classic and most popular cannabinoid, Delta 9 THC, is still federally prohibited, we look to alternative THCs to get the job done. At this point, most people have heard of Delta 8 THC, or maybe even Delta 10 and THCV, but even more exist, and even more are on the horizon. The newest THC to make waves? THCjd. Scroll down to learn more about this compound, and for exclusive deals if you want to try it out yourself.

New cannabinoids and new products are exciting, and we love to cover them all! You can follow along by signing up for The THC Weekly Newsletterwhich will give you immediate access to offers on cannabis products, including vapes, edibles, and other products. Also, it’ll get you premium access to deals on cannabis flowers, vapes, edibles, and much more! We’ve also got standout offers on cannabinoids, like HHC-O, Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP HHC, which won’t kill your bank account. Head over to our “Best-of” lists to get these deals, and remember to enjoy responsibly!


Different types of THC 

By now we’re all relatively familiar with Delta-9 THC, how it functions in the body, and how it affects our minds. At a base level, most consumers know that THC is the predominant psychoactive compound in cannabis – it’s the reason pot gets us high. What is less commonly known, is how many THCs there really are; and why they’re different from each other; and which one is the most potent. 

As of late, the industry seems hellbent on accessing and synthesizing hundreds of new cannabinoids, both those that have been discovered in the cannabis plant, and various analogues and isomers. THC, and the possibility of different types of THC, has recently opened the discussion in some circles regarding the differing chain lengths of THCP, THCV, THC-H, THC-O, THCB, and so forth. This chain variation can be applied to other psychoactive cannabinoids like HHC.  

Now, keep in mind that these are all synthetic cannabinoids – but the definition of ‘synthetic cannabinoids’ can mean one of two things. First, synthetic cannabinoids are compounds that do not exist in nature and must be created in a lab, like THC-O. Also, a synthetic can be a cannabinoid that does exist in nature, but in such minimal amounts that in order to manufacture enough for it to be used in consumer products, it must still be synthesized in a lab, like Delta 8 THC. 

What is THCjd? 

When it comes to some of the newest compounds, like THCjd in particular, there is little to no information available. As a matter of fact, the only bit of info I was able to find, was from manufacturers. I couldn’t find any studies or even press releases about the scientific discovery of this compound.  

That being said, it’s not crazy to think that the companies who are making these products, doing the extractions, and working closely with these compounds don’t have the ability to use their extensive industry knowledge to formulate interesting new cannabinoids, like THCjd. According to some of the companies selling it, “THCjd is a rare, naturally occurring” cannabinoid. But again, I was unable to find any information about it in any type of scientific journal or official literature, in any capacity. Although it’s certainly possible that some of these companies are doing research behind the scenes that the general public doesn’t know about.  

The overall consensus is that THCjd is safe, creates an indica-like, couch lock type of high, and that it’s up to 19x more potent than delta 9 THC. As of now, it’s legal because no laws have been established yet to regulate it. 

Where to get THCjd

If you’re interested in being among the first group of consumers to try THCjd products, then you’re in luck because we have a few deals for you in our newsletter. Again, this is a very new compound so if you choose to buy it, make sure you go with a reputable brand. One of our favorites intro products to THCjd is the new THCjd/THC-H live resin gummies from Delta Extrax (see deal below). Check it out and make sure to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter for more exciting deals.  

Try THCjd Live Resin Gummies for Only $19.49!

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An exciting new line of high potency gummies containing some new cannabinoids you’ve likely never heard of (scroll down to learn more about each one). These gummies each contain 125mg of active cannabinoids: Delta 9 THC, THCh, THCjd, THCP, and Live Resin Delta 8 THC. They come in 3 delicious flavors: Purple Berry, Root Beer Float, and Sour Peach.

TIP: Use the ’35testers’ coupon code to try these THCjd live resin gummies for only $19.49  each!

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If you’re interested in trying out THCjd products, make sure to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter, your top source for all things relating in the cannabis industry, including exclusive deals.  

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Different Types of HHC: What Currently Exists and Future Possibilities

The race to discover and create increasingly potent cannabis compounds is in full swing. This is why we now have so many different versions of THC that manufacturers are beginning to use in their products, and now we’re starting to see a similar trend with the other class of psychoactive cannabinoids: hexahydrocannabinols.  

New cannabinoids and new products are exciting, and we love to cover them all! How many different types of HHC are there? Or will there be? It’s hard to say at the moment. You can follow along by signing up for The THC Weekly Newsletter, which will give you immediate access to offers on cannabis products, including vapes, edibles, and other products. Also, it’ll get you premium access to deals on cannabis flowers, vapes, edibles, and much more! We’ve also got standout offers on cannabinoids, like HHC-O, Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP HHC, which won’t kill your bank account. Head over to our “Best-of” lists to get these deals, and remember to enjoy responsibly!


What is HHC? 

HHC, or hexahydrocannabinol, is a psychoactive compound found in cannabis plants. Although still part of the fringe market, it has been gaining some popularity, as far as alternative cannabinoids go. Regarding HHC research, it’s nearly non-existent. However, both natural and synthetic cannabinoids have been found to suppress tumor growth in numerous different animal studies.   

One study in particular examined the angiogenic effects of several hexahydrocannabinol analogs to see how they can be used in cancer therapies. It was determined that HHC could block the growth of the blood vessels that feed tumors, rather than blocking growth of the tumor itself. So, it basically works as an angiogenesis inhibitor that starves tumors.  

There is a biologically active naturally occurring (−)-hexahydrocannabinol, as well as its synthetic enantiomer (+)-hexahydrocannabinol. The synthetic HHC, which can be found in spice, has the chemical formula: 9-Nor-9β-hydroxyhexahydrocannabinol, and the natural variety, found in trace amounts in cannabis pollen, goes by the formula: 6aR,9R,10aR-Hexahydrocannabinol.   

As the name suggests (Hexahydrocannabinol vs Tetrahydrocannabinol), HHC has many similarities to THC. It’s basically a simplified version of Delta 9 THC. Both HHC and THC have very similar molecular structures and comparable effects. With HHC, all the double bonds have been broken and replaced with hydrogen (AKA hydrogenation). It was discovered during research in the 1960s and 70s in which the goal was to find the most basic cannabinoid-like substances that could still bind to CB receptors. 

High Potency: HHC-O and HHC-P 

As of late, the industry seems hellbent on accessing and synthesizing hundreds of new cannabinoids, both those that have been discovered in the cannabis plant, and various analogues and isomers. HHC, and the possibility of different types of HHC, has recently opened the discussion in some circles regarding the differing chain lengths of HHC, HHCV, HHCB, HHCP, etc. These are the same chain lengths we see in various THCs.

Now, keep in mind that these are all synthetic cannabinoids – but the definition of ‘synthetic cannabinoids’ can mean one of two things. First, synthetic cannabinoids are compounds that do not exist in nature and must be created in a lab, like THC-O. Also, a synthetic can be a cannabinoid that does exist in nature, but in such minimal amounts that in order to manufacture enough for it to be used in consumer products, it must still be synthesized in a lab, like Delta 8 THC. 

HHC-O falls into the first category, while HHC belongs to the second. In cannabis plants, HHC is found in trace amounts in the pollen. HHC-O, on the other hand, is the acetate version of HHC. What about HHC-P, a carbon version of HHC? There is current interest in HHCV, HHCB, HHCP? These are apparently extremely easy to make from their THC counterparts.  

We’re seeing a small influx of new, HHC-P products, hitting the store shelves, but it’s close to impossible to find any information about this cannabinoid that comes from a neutral, fact-based party rather than from the companies who are selling it. It’s likely because, the companies selling the compounds are also the ones who are creating them in the first place, and no one else really knows about these compounds or has had the opportunity to study them yet.  

A bit more on the acetylation of compounds  

HHC-O is created via a process known as LTA decarboxylation. To understand what this means, let’s backtrack a little. We all know about delta 9 THC, the primary psychoactive compound in the plant. Delta 9 THC is a result of the light/heat induced decarboxylation of THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid). Similarly, HHC-O is a result of the decarboxylation of HHC, however, it’s done using a completely different method: LTA decarboxylation.   

LTA decarboxylation uses a very toxic compound known as lead tetraacetate to promote oxidation and create oxidative decarboxylation, resulting in acetate ester. Acetate ester is not naturally occurring and can only be produced using some sort of chemical catalyst. As such, HHC-O-Acetate is a synthetic analogue of HHC. Although it’s gaining popularity, especially in vape products, it’s important to know that this is NOT a compound found naturally in cannabis, it is completely synthetic from all standpoints.   

All this is not to say that synthetics are inherently bad. If they’re safe and produced by an experienced professional, they can be fun and certainly have their place in both medicinal and recreational settings. But you’re definitely not going to get the same kind of high or experience with these products as you would with the real thing. If you know what to expect, you won’t be disappointed though. 

Where to find different HHCs? 

Right now, the best place to find HHC, HHC-O, and possibly HHC-P, is from a trusted online retailer. Even HHC, which has commercially available for about 6 months now, is not as common as other alternatives cannabinoids. As you already know, whenever a new and interesting product hits the market, we’ll be among the first to secure some amazing deals for our readers.  

If you’re interested in trying out HHC/HHCO/HHCP/etc. products, make sure to subscribe to The THC Weekly Newsletter, your top source for all things relating in the cannabis industry, including exclusive deals.  

The post Different Types of HHC: What Currently Exists and Future Possibilities appeared first on CBD Testers.

Let’s Grow Weed in Space!

The world of technology is a wonderful thing, and we already live on a planet filled with amazing accomplishments that we often take for granted. We fly in planes, and drive in cars, and have operations performed with lasers. We can literally grow edible meat in a Petri dish! So, is it that far out to think we might be able to grow weed in space? Think again if it sounds incomprehensible, because the out-of-this-world idea, might become a real thing.

The idea to grow weed in space might sound super far out there, but it’s actually a reality of modern technology. Not only is cannabis researched in space, but whole new ways of growing it have been devised. We cover everything related to the growing industries of cannabis and psychedelics, which you can keep up with by subscribing to THC Weekly Newsletter. You’ll also get direct access to offers on edibles, vapes, and lots of other cannabis paraphernalia, including cannabinoid products. We do remind you, *cannabinoid compounds are not everyone’s first choice. We don’t advise anyone purchase a product they are not comfortable with!


Zero-gravity research?

Since 2017, Kentucky-based start-up company Space Tango has been conducting some pretty interesting research into microgravity. Space Tango is a tech company that develops health and technology products, and does so in space. This means scientists at the International Space Station are able to hold experiments in controlled gravity environments. These experiments are done through inventions like CubeLab, which is a box that allows for experimentation within a controlled environment, and ST-42 which is a “reusable, re-entry free-flying orbital platform” that “utilizes microgravity to manufacture health and technology products…”

According to the company, “Microgravity is a unique attribute of low-Earth orbit, that when utilized as an innovation platform yields solutions that simply do not or cannot exist terrestrially. Microgravity can affect the physical properties of materials and fluids, as well as biological systems.”

It goes on to say: “Coupled with expertise in science and engineering, our capabilities include design, integration, safety and regulatory processes. Space Tango works with partners in the following areas: cell culture, thin film manufacturing, flow chemistry, tissue chips, plant science, and microbiology.”

Can we grow weed in space?

Space Tango has created a way for research to be done in microgravity situations, and one of its uses thus far is with plant science. As of a 2020 writing, Space Tango sent out eight missions, did 88 experiments, and delivered 53 payloads, starting from 2017. One of the lines of research currently under investigation, is growing cannabis in zero-gravity conditions. The goal of said research is to find hemp strands for medical use.

As of the 2020 writing, Space Tango has two micro labs on the International Space Station, which are housed in microwave-sized areas called ‘clean rooms’. The company uses its CubeLab technology to see how cannabis will do in different gravity situations. To get an idea of the popularity of knowing how something will grow in zero-gravity, beer makers Anheuser-Busch sent barley into space to investigate how it grows in near zero-gravity environments, as well.

The beauty of CubeLab technology is that the boxes operate autonomously, allow for near real-time monitoring and data downloads, can be operated from earth, and create mini microgravity chambers that can account for issues of stress to plants, like force and gravity. As THC is globally illegal, it’s not the subject of testing right now, although this will likely change if laws do. Right now, it’s all about hemp.

Space Tango’s main point of study is to see if certain strains grow better without the stress of gravity. Says Dr. Joe Chappell of the Space Tango Science Advisory Team “When plants are ‘stressed,’ they pull from a genetic reservoir to produce compounds that allow them to adapt and survive… Understanding how plants react in an environment where the traditional stress of gravity is removed can provide new insights into how adaptations come about and how researchers might take advantage of such changes for the discovery of new characteristics, traits, biomedical applications and efficacy.”

Space Tango’s own research into zero-gravity cannabis started a few years ago, but the company also works with Atalo Holdings, a provider of hemp genetics, and Anavii Market, an ecommerce site for hemp-derived CBD products. Space Tango set up its research alongside these companies. According to Space Tango co-founder and chairman Kris Kimel in 2020, the company is launching payloads for both corporate and university customers, around six times a year.

Who else is looking to grow weed in space?

Another company coming at it from a different angle is Bioharvest. Bioharvest is a biotechnology company that researches plant cell growth for industry, using liquid bioreactors. According to a Futurism article featuring Chris Hadfield, a retired astronaut hailing from Canada who has spent time on both the ISS (International Space Station) and Mir Space Station, the company is working on creating zero gravity-enhanced nutrients for future astronauts, and is already working with cannabis.

space weed

In fact, Bioharvest has found a way to grow only cannabis trichomes using bioreactors; which means that researchers can now grow just the part of the plant in which cannabinoids are produced. This, according to Hadfield, is “actually replicating the natural growing process of the part that is of use to us but without the whole plant.” It also means getting what’s important without wasting resources like water, or using pesticides.

The company announced in August that it had created a way to make stable coral-like structures containing many trichomes, which could technically change the way cannabis is grown in general. This could mean producing a lot of cannabinoids in less space, and without dealing with the rest of the plant. Sort of in line with growing meat in a Petri dish and not worrying about killing an animal…

Of the technology and legal requirements, CEO Sobel stated that when cannabis is legal throughout the US, the technology they’re working on “may present a breakthrough from a biological science perspective.” He went on to say, “We see the potential ability for valuable minor cannabinoids to be grown at significantly higher quantities compared to its growth on Earth.” This is interesting since the current cannabinoid market operates from synthesizing compounds, due to only tiny amounts naturally produced. Perhaps Bioharvest’s technology could open up a real cannabinoids market, without synthetization.

As it turns out, Bioharvest and Space Tango are working together in order for Bioharvest to “modify its bioreactors for usage in the International Space Station.” This isn’t shocking as Bioharvest created one end of the spectrum, but requires Space Tango’s technology for the ability to test its products in alternate gravity settings.

Are astronauts smoking weed in space?

The answer to that is a hard no. As Hadfield also explained, and which is probably obvious, being in space is not an easy situation, and there are no simple fail-safe measures. Which means if something goes wrong, the small crew is all the small crew has, and the idea of not being in one’s correct mind is not the best idea. As he put it:

“On the space station, if there’s an emergency, you are the fire department. You can’t have intoxicated yourself or inebriated yourself or whatever, just because if something goes wrong, then you’ll die.”

astronauts and weed

Though Hadfield said there is certainly some interest in recreational space cannabis, this isn’t the idea at the moment. Added to that sentiment, Sobel reminded Futurism that “the substance is not yet regulated for the International Space Station.” Chances are, until international policy changes, space will remain THC-free.

For his part, Hadfield pictures a more densely populated space in the future, saying, “Once the population gets large enough, once you get to a stable enough situation, people are gonna want, you know, a drink… People are gonna want some pot.” Right now, however, recreational space weed is still far off. Elon Musk might be planning to sell tickets to Mars, but we’re not at a point for crowds of regular folks to pile on space crafts just yet. Maybe it will happen soon, but maybe it won’t.

Growing marijuana in space might only be for use here on planet earth, but the idea of using the space in space, and the ability for different levels of gravity, does provide an interesting answer for where and how to grow weed. Plus, with the ability to cultivate just trichomes, an entirely new way to grow the plant may become the norm within years.

Conclusion

Technology is truly amazing. Whether talking about boxes to do gravity experimentation in space, or growing just trichomes of the cannabis plant, what humans can accomplish is incredible. While there are certainly many questions that need answers, that we might soon be able to grow weed in space is becoming more of a reality every day.

Of course, if you’re totally cool with the regular thing, and don’t need such dramatics to get high, there are plenty of options on the ground. From standard outside growing, to indoor, to hydroponics, to aeroponics, the average person can grow some pretty decent weed. Prospective growers can choose from a large range of seeds, lights, and other growing equipment to create the perfect growing situation, for earth. I mean, it might not be out-of-this-world, but pretty good stuff is grown right here on this planet!

Welcome readers!! Thanks for stopping by CBDtesters.co/Cannadelics.com, your best source for independent news covering the cannabis and psychedelics fields. Join us regularly to stay current on the exciting universe of cannabis and psychedelics, and sign up for The THC Weekly Newsletter, to ensure you never miss an important story.

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The Third Species: Cannabis Ruderalis

We talk all the time about marijuana vs hemp, but technically, it’s all the same thing. Where there is a distinction in terms of taxonomy, is between Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. However, there’s one more to consider in all this, and we don’t hear its name much. What is this third species, Cannabis ruderalis, and what can it do?

There is a 3rd species in the cannabis genus, but we rarely talk about it, even though it’s frequently used. Perhaps Cannabis ruderalis will have a bigger name in the future. We’re a news site focusing on the cannabis and psychedelics fields of today. Keep up with everything by signing up to THC Weekly Newsletter, which puts you first in line for deals on tons of cannabis products, likes vapes, edibles, and other smoking paraphernalia. Plus, get premium access to cannabinoid compounds like delta-8 THC. Please remember, *cannabinoid compounds are not liked by everyone, and we only promote people use products they are comfortable with.


Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa

Let’s start with what we know. We know that Cannabis is a genus under family name Cannabaceae, and that genera have different species under them. We know that sativa and indica are two species within this genus, which are sometimes considered the same species. When looking at them together, generally just the name Cannabis sativa is used. They are both associated with high-THC, although some plants are also high – or higher – in CBD.

The plants themselves do look different. Indicas grow shorter, and have more dense branches, sativas are taller, with more spread apart branches. Indicas have shorter and broader leaves, while sativas have longer narrower leaves. In terms of psychoactive effects, indica plants are more associated with a body high, pain relief, and anti-anxiety properties, whereas sativa plants create a more cerebral and energetic high. However, some say this distinction doesn’t exist and the differences are only related to compounds like terpenes.

Both indicas and sativas range in the amount of THC and CBD they contain, with each species capable of producing high-THC or high-CBD plants. While ‘hemp’ and ‘marijuana’ are often referred to as two separate species, this is not the case at all. In terms of taxonomy, the classification of the plant doesn’t change based on THC content.

What is Cannabis ruderalis?

Whether indicas and sativas are technically the same species or not, there is a third part to consider. This third part also could be considered its own species, or lumped in with the other two, as a subspecies of sativa. This third species, Cannabis ruderalis, is just as much under the heading of ‘cannabis’, as the other two.

Cannabis ruderalis is native to Central and Eastern Europe, and in Russia and surrounding countries. Ruderalis plants grow smaller than the other two species, rarely topping two feet high. The stalks are thinner and flimsier, with less fiber, and less branching out. The leaves that grow on ruderalis plants are long and thin.

Sativa leaves have nine points, indicas, seven, and ruderalis plants have three main points, with two smaller points. Ruderalis plants are fully grown in 5-7 weeks from seed to harvest, which is a much shorter growing time than indicas or sativas, which require 2-3 months. Ruderalis plants also require no standard light cycle, and flowers grow out of maturity, making it autoflowering by nature.

Ruderalis is hardier than its brothers, and grows in more difficult and colder areas like the Northern Himalayas, or Siberia. It was initially found in 1924 by Russian botanist Dmitrij Janischewsky. At that time Janischewsky created the third species designation on account of its different structure and flowering habits.

Though larger forms of the plant do exist, and have been found in the same areas, the lack of human selection of these plants, have kept them solely acclimated to their own environment. Ruderalis has never had the popularity of its brothers because if its low THC content, which makes it less valuable for recreational and ceremonial use. However, it is often high in CBD. Though it can be used for hemp production, its smaller stature makes it less desirable than the other cannabis species.

Regardless of its low THC content, Cannabis ruderalis is regulated the same as regular cannabis plants, and is not a part of the hemp designation, as that only refers to Cannabis sativa. This acts as an oversight in that ruderalis plants can be a good source of CBD, with a naturally low amount of THC. Nonetheless, unless cannabis is legal for recreational or medical use in a place, use of ruderalis is illegal.

ruderalis

Benefits of Cannabis ruderalis

Do we use Cannabis ruderalis at all? The answer is yes, we do, though it’s not well-known to consumers, nor advertised in any way. Ruderalis plants have a few specific attributes that make them good for hybridization with the other cannabis species.

  • One of the mains attractions, is its ability to autoflower, which is specific to ruderalis only of the cannabis species. Have you ever wondered why you can buy autoflowering indica or sativa seeds? Because they’re hybridized with ruderalis plants for this purpose. Autoflowering makes things easier in general for growers, as it means the plant will leave the vegetation state for the flowering state, on its own. Since it does this within its own time frame, and without regard to light patterns, this attribute makes for the possibility of multiple harvests within a single year.
  • Ruderalis plants also have great disease and insect resistance, which make for another reason for their hybridization with other cannabis species. This is an aspect of being a ‘ditch weed’ that can grow nearly anywhere. In nature, it shows up in very difficult places to grow, and is able to deal with just about anything.
  • Its ability to grow in more harsh climates makes it useful too, adding a sturdiness to other sativa and indica plants. Ruderalis seeds are so strong, they can even survive a season in frozen ground. This species is the only cannabis species that naturally grows in cold temperatures.
  • Cross-breeding with ruderalis plants keeps the new plants a bit smaller. For growing in certain places, like inside, or in a confined area, this can offer benefits as well. Smaller plants are not always preferable, but for some growing situations, the smaller size makes for an easier grow.
  • The shorter growing season is also an attractive quality for growers, and hybrids are frequently made to access this attribute. C. ruderalis has been crossed with different sativa and indica strains to produce autoflowering plants which are fully mature in 10 weeks. This makes for a substantially shorter growing period than with the other species alone.

Other uses of this species

marijuana plants

Cannabis ruderalis makes an appearance in Russian and Mongolian natural medicine traditions, as its known indigenously in these places. It’s lack of THC kept it from being used the same way as sativa or indica plants. Whereas those two species were often employed as aids in ceremonial and ritualistic activities in different cultures, (due to the psychoactive effects), ruderalis is known as a medicine only in history.

Ruderalis strains were apparently hybridized with strains from the company Bedrocan to come up with the medication Bediol. The high CBD concentration of the species makes it good for anxiety patients and epileptics. Ruderalis formulations are also used in medications for cancer, sclerosis, and appetite loss, much like its brother species.

Ruderalis is not studied as much as the other two, and is less frequently directly used. Though it can be useful in medical preparations, and might become more relevant for these uses in the future, it’s main use now is in hybridization for accessing the unique characteristics listed above.

Conclusion

With all the cannabis hype these days, its funny that Cannabis ruderalis has taken such a back seat. As it contains the same general cannabinoids, and can be a high CBD species, the implication is that it has the same general medicinal uses (or similar) as the other species. I wonder if in the future, more will be done with ruderalis on the medical front.

Ruderalis is used more than people probably think, just not directly. The genetics provide ways to make indicas and sativas autoflower, which means having a specific light scheme isn’t necessary. It also can create hybrids that need a shorter growing time, and which can withstand more than other cannabis species in the way of cold weather, pests, and all around lousy growing conditions.

Hello everyone! Thanks for dropping by CBDtesters.co, the #1 online platform for news coverage of the cannabis and psychedelics industries. Check out the site frequently to stay up-to-date on the ever-changing landscape of cannabis and psychedelics, and check out The THC Weekly Newsletter, to keep on top of every new story.

The post The Third Species: Cannabis Ruderalis appeared first on CBD Testers.

Cannabinoid Market Sales Data: Where Is It?

It’s odd to have a large and ongoing conversation on a topic, yet not be able to reference information for it. Such is the case right now with the cannabinoid market in the US, which includes the likes of delta-8 THC, HHC, THCO, and delta-10 THC. Writers keep talking about product popularity and market expansion, but in the end, there is no real cannabinoid sales data to elucidate the situation. Where is it?

Finding cannabinoid sales data is quite difficult, which means understanding the size and depth of the market is nearly impossible. Maybe in the future, more companies will release data, but for now we’ll have to wait and see, and speculate only. We cover tons of topics in the emerging cannabis industry, and put out the THC Weekly Newsletter, so you can subscribe and keep up with everything going on. Plus, sign up and you’ll get some sweet deals on products like edibles, vapes, and other cannabis paraphernalia, including cannabinoid compounds. Keep in mind, *cannabinoid products are not everyone’s cup of tea, and we only encourage people to use products they are comfortable with!


What is the cannabinoid market?

The cannabinoid market is a market made up of different naturally occurring, or synthetically-made, cannabinoids, which are sourced from hemp plants. This includes hemp-derived delta-9 THC, and CBD. All the cannabinoids in the cannabinoid market, apart from hemp-derived CBD, either only occur in small amounts that are not enough for product production (delta-8), or simply don’t appear in nature at all (delta-10).

This market came to being with the 2018 US Farm Bill, and the legalization of industrial hemp and industrial hemp products. This was done by way of a new definition for hemp, which separates it from high-THC marijuana. Anything under .3% THC is considered ‘hemp’, while plants with above .3% THC are considered ‘marijuana’. The definition for hemp, however, only includes the plant itself, and does not include synthetic forms – or analogues – of any of the compounds found within hemp.

This is important, because though all cannabinoid products are sold as ‘hemp-derived’, none of them exist for public consumption without synthetization. This discrepancy becomes more profound when considering that some of these compounds don’t exist in nature at all. Though I suppose ‘hemp-derived’ is a loose enough term to fool consumers into thinking what they’re getting is a direct product of the hemp plant, this is 100% false. Since they use synthetic processes, none of these products fall under the definition of hemp, making them prosecutable (in theory) under the Federal Analogue Act.

The idea that they are in fact illegal, despite marketing lines from vendors claiming federal compliance, was backed up when the biggest sales platform, Shopify, banned all items that do not meet federal regulation. While this is often cited as a response to the under .3% THC issue, the much more damning aspect is that these products all necessitate synthetization.

This doesn’t make the compounds dangerous, as none seem to be thus far. But as an unregulated market, and with unscrupulous vendors willing to create lies to sell products – even going as far as using bogus third-party testing facilities to gain user trust, the ability to know what else is added to products, or if they’re cut with something, is impossible. Plus, since all use synthetization methods which the companies are not being open about, we know nothing about these processes, or what dangerous chemicals they might leave behind in a final product.

How does it exist if it’s not legal?

Great question! Why would a country that loves having drug wars, put up with an illegal drug market that’s right under its nose? Drug wars are highly unpopular, have caused extreme damage, and maybe most importantly, have never done anything useful. This means a lot of taxpayer money spent to ruin lives, and not much more. While the federal government sold the idea of these wars more easily in the past, it’s much harder these days.

And especially when the drug in question is weed, or anything related to it. Not only are we talking about a drug with no death count (in great contrast to the current opioid issue), but it’s one where about half the country already live in places where its legal, making it that much sillier to wage wars against it. At least not outwardly. Though Shopify didn’t make a statement about the federal government, it could be assumed that this is why the site did a 180º turn so quickly. The federal government might not be able to get the public onboard with a drug war, but it can enforce its own sales laws.

A last point about the government openly going after these compounds, is that it’s a dicey move if the people catch on. What do I mean? The government itself most certainly pushes synthetic cannabis products in the form of synthetic pharmaceutical cannabinoid medications like epidiolex (CBD) and dronabinol (THC). As in, pretty much exactly what it puts out smear campaigns for (synthetics are dangerous!) are exactly what its pushing.

The more the government outwardly comes down on synthetics, the more it puts itself in the position of needing to answer the question of why pharmaceutical synthetics get a pass, while others do not. To make it even more questionable, many of the illegal synthetics, like THCO, were made by the US government during the 1900’s, and none are attached to a danger profile. The US government would obviously know this since it made them.

Where’s that cannabinoid market sales data?

The problem with an enterprise in an illegal industry reporting any kind of information, is that it makes it known. Though there are plenty of estimations for how much money drug cartels and other criminal organizations bring in, no one knows for sure, because illegal operations don’t report to any government. This goes beyond simply not paying taxes, too. It doesn’t bode well for any black market operation to have private information known by governments.

This is itself a damning notion to the idea of the ‘federal compliance’ that these companies like to advertise. If they were federally compliant, and doing well, they’d be happy to report their earnings, But they’re not doing that. Not directly to government agencies, and not to press or anyone else. For as much as people like to talk about the market, and its size and popularity, no cannabinoid market sales data exists publicly to back any of it up.

Does this mean sales aren’t quite as high as marketing would have us believe? Possibly. Or, they could be higher, and keeping numbers out of the press maintains a level of privacy for these companies. If it was known for sure that they were really making bank, the government might be that much more earnest about getting involved. At least for now, the whole thing is questionable, and under a shield of confusion; meaning no one really knows the size of it, and nothing has been confirmed.

company data

Personally, I’m a bit stumped. While I never meet anyone who knows what these products are, the market does seem to truck along. That it’s a marginalized industry is for sure, but in a country with around 350 million people, even marginalized industries can do okay. From my experience, most people who buy these products don’t understand what they are, or where they’re from. Given the choice between a synthetic, and something actually plant-based, most seem to prefer the real option. This means the industry likely will never fully compete with the real one, whether black market or above board. Having said that, if a product is in every little roadside store, and offers something not otherwise available in certain locations, it can still net a decent profit. It suffices to say that though the cannabinoid industry has not released sales data, that money is coming in.

Does anything exist?

Most companies involved with the cannabinoid market are not large corporations or publicly traded, which is how this information stays hidden. Publicly traded companies must submit information to both the government and shareholders, that private companies do not. It’s through one of these publicly traded companies, that we get anything at all in terms of the cannabinoid market and sales data.

In December 2021, Hemp Bench Marks published a form that was submit to the Securities and Exchange Commission, by the publicly traded company LFTD Partners. This now represents the only situation in the field where such data has been released, and this company is the parent company to brands like Lifted Made which produces URB Finest Flowers.

As per its own description in the S1/A filing, “Our business is primarily engaged in the identification, structuring and seeking to execute on acquisitions of all or a portion of one or more operating businesses involving the manufacture, sale and distribution of products infused with hemp-derived cannabinoids (including but not limited to delta-8-THC, delta-9-THC, delta-10-THC, CBD, CBG and CBN).” 

As per Q2 of 2020 filing information, LFTD brought in over $1.26 million for net sales, and “49% of sales were generated from the sale of e-liquid and disposable e-cigarettes, 47% of sales were generated from the sale of hand sanitizer, and 4% of sales were generated from the sale of hemp and hemp-derived products.” By the next year at the same time, “LFTD reported over $6.69 million in net sales, a more than five-fold increase year-over-year. Ballooning sales were driven almost entirely by hemp-derived cannabinoid products” The company further stated, “95% of sales were generated from the sale of hemp and hemp-derived products, and 5% of sales were generated from the sale of e-liquid and disposable e-cigarettes.”

Revenue went up again in Q3 of 2021, with the company bringing in $8.8 million. This can be seen in an accompanying 10Q form LFTD filed to the SEC in which it shows that hemp-derived products brought in nearly all revenue in the most recent quarter: “During the three months ended September 30, 2021, approximately 99% and 1% of sales were generated from the sale of hemp and hemp-derived products and e-liquid and disposable e-cigarettes, respectively.”

LFTD was in the process of acquiring Savage Enterprises at the time this information was released. Savage Enterprises is a similar company which is not publicly traded. However, because of the business deal, Savage did have to release some info as well. According to filed documents, Savage’s sales nearly doubled between Q3 of 2020 to Q1 of 2021, going from just over $2.77 million to over $5.26 million. It then pretty much doubled in each following quarter, rising to over $10 million by Q2 of 2021, and then to over $20 million in the most recently accounted for quarter. Savage says its rise in revenue is “primarily driven by the growth of its award-winning hemp products brand Delta Extrax, under which Savage sells hemp-derived delta-8-THC, delta-9-THC, delta-10-THC, THC-P, THC-O, HHC, and other emerging cannabinoid products.”

What does this mean in terms of entire market data? Which products specifically are selling? And how do these numbers compare to other comparable companies? None of that is known. Seeing numbers from one company (or even two) can be misleading because there’s no basis for comparison, or way to know if the numbers represent a lot or a little of a total industry. Another point to consider, is that this deal never went through. LFTD cancelled it in mid-December, not long before Shopify began banning cannabinoid products. How much Shopify’s move hurt these companies is unknown, nor it is understood if other commerce sites doing the same, could stymie the growth these companies have made.

sales data

Is the cannabinoids market dangerous?

I suppose one could say that this depends on how danger is defined. If it’s the possibility of anything bad happening, then I suppose there’s some danger, though in the form of additives, or processing methods, not the compounds themselves. Weed and weed products don’t come with a direct death toll, but plenty of other drugs do.

Like opioids, which the government not only promotes by allowing pharmaceutical companies to sell them, but which wants to lessen guidelines for prescribing, even as 70,000+ people die of opioid overdoses a year. And even as these companies face billion-dollar law suits because of the damage their drugs have caused. Or there’s alcohol, which kills an even higher 95,000+ a year, which can be found everywhere, and which is known to cause indirect deaths through things like drunk driving.

That the government allows these things, but has anything negative to say about the regular cannabis industry, or the cannabinoids industry, is funny at best, and incredibly concerning at worst. Even ketamine has been pushed under the table in favor of people dying from opioids. The idea of the death toll of just these two drug classes (opioids and alcohol), makes it incomprehensibly stupid that there are still smear campaigns for anything related to cannabis.

What is concerning, is how low companies in the cannabinoid market will go to sell their products. However, even saying that is a stretch considering the lies, hidden truths, and buried drug information of pharmaceutical companies. Though I often talk them down because of the business tactics used, I will take most any of these cannabinoid companies over a government-backed pharmaceutical company. Period.

Conclusion

As a writer covering the industry, I don’t have an issue with the cannabinoids market, I just want it regulated so that it can be ensured that products aren’t cut with bad substances or additives, or made with dangerous processing techniques. Apart from that, it would be incredibly interesting if the cannabinoid industry released enough sales data to get a better picture of what’s going on. However, due to the nature of it all, this is unlikely.

Thanks for joining us! Welcome to CBDtesters.co/Cannadelics.com, your #1 source for independent news coverage of the cannabis and psychedelics fields. Check out the site daily to keep up in the always-moving universe of cannabis and psychedelics, and sign up for The THC Weekly Newsletter, so you’re never late on getting the news.

The post Cannabinoid Market Sales Data: Where Is It? appeared first on CBD Testers.

The Best 4/20 Deals Of 2022

With 4/20 finally here, companies are racing to offer the best 4/20 deals and we’ve rounded up our favorites for you! Whether it is vapes, and disposables, gummies, tinctures, edibles or flowers, now is your opportunity to stock-up on the very best products, offered with a huge discount.

This year the focus is on recreational products, lead by vape carts/disposables, and gummies. For nearly every deal included in this list, we have a special coupon code for extra savings. Don’t forget to use it as it will provide an additional discount! Many of these deals will extend for a couple days past 4/20, so if you missed the holiday, don’t fret! Just check back here to make sure you don’t lose out on these prices!

As always, the best 4/20 deals are reserved for the subscribers of The THC Weekly newsletter, so make sure to SUBSCRIBE today.


Best 4/20 Deals:

Stock up on $5 vape carts – Delta 8 and THC-O!

Looking for Delta 8 or THCO carts? Get them for only $5/cart, the lowest price ever for this product.

To celebrate 4/20, you can mix and match 4 Delta 8 or THCO vapes for $20 ($5 per cartridge). Numerous different strains/flavors to choose from including Grape Ape, Green Crack, Maui Wowie, Northern Lights, AK-47, Sour Diesel, Pineapple Express, and more! Limit 4 carts per customer, carts only!

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Premium THCP Vape Cartridges for only $21 each!

(Using the ‘420ISHERE’ coupon code)

 Premium THCP Vape Cartridges - Indica / Sativa / Hybrid Bundle
Premium THCP Vape Cartridges – $21/cart

Want to save big on the new THCP vape cartridges? Get 30% discount on the 4 pack and the 8 pack using our special 420ISHERE coupon code!  Both bundles include the following strains:  Aurora (Indica), Fruit Loops (Hybrid),  Trainwreck (Sativa) & God’s Gift (Indica). Choose the 8-pack to get the biggest discount! 
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Using THC-P might give you heavy mental and physical buzz. Using indica carts, you might also experience relaxation & relief.

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Want to save big on THC-O gummies? Get 30% discount on the list price for one of the bundles using the special  420ISHERE coupon code! Three flavors to choose from: Blueberry Pie, Sour Cherry Lime, Pina Colada and each piece contains 25mg of THC-O distillate.

Possible effects: THC-O gummies may give you an strong uplifting and happy feeling with a calming body sensation.

TIP: As this is a high-potency product, you better start low and grow slow. These new gummies are strong!

Current deal: Choose the 3 pack or the 6 pack and get an additional 30% discount using the 420ISHERE coupon code. 

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40% off EVERYTHING at Delta Extrax – From 4/20 until 4/24

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Looking for 4/20 deals? Get 40% off all your favorite products! Vapes, edibles, concentrates and more, all for almost half off.

This is a perfect opportunity to stock up. And in spirit of being festive, Delta Extrax decided to extend this sale. Originally set for only 4/20, it’s now going to last until 4/24.

A few top sellers to check out include the Euphoria Tropical Punch Delta 10 THC Gummies, Blue Raspberry Delta 9 THC Rox, Galactic Grimm’s Greens 2g Disposable, and many more interesting choices.

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These chocolate bars are creamy, delicious, and packed with hemp-derived delta 9 THC and live resin terpenes. With 150 total mg, that equals out to 12.5 mg of THC per chocolate square, which allows for proper dosing if you eat it square by square. You also get 3 different flavors to choose from: milk chocolate, dark chocolate, and peppermint. These run out fast so get yours while supplies lasts.

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Delta 8 Vape Carts - Only $10 - 4/20 deals
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Elite Flower Deal – One ounce of THCP buds for only $55.99

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4/20 deals - THCP flower
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These unique buds are infused with THCP distillate for a very potent buzz when compared to delta 8 and 9 THC. Two different strains to choose from: fruit loops (indica) or sour lifter (hybrid). For a strong, yet uplifting high, this strain is a great choice. 

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  • 1 THC-O Disposable Vape: Purple Haze (1000mg)
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4/20 deals - Entourage multi-cannabinoid bundle
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  • You get 1 vape (disposable or cartridge)
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More Great 4/20 Deals


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$10 Delta 8 Edibles - 4/20 deals
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Each pouch contains 20 gummies, each one infused with 30mg of delta-8 THC. There is a total of 600mg per bag. These gummies are available in 4 different flavors: apple rings, peach rings, sour worms, and watermelon slices. Pick your favorite or mix and match!

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4/20 Deals – Free Samples

Free Samples Of Delta 9 THC Gummies

Want to try hemp-derived delta 9 THC gummies in a variety of flavors? Delivered to your house for free? And did we mention there are vegan options available too? If you’re interested, this is the perfect deal for you!

Each of these gummies contains 10 to 15 mg of delta 9 THC and they come in a total of six flavors: Guavaberry Fruit, Blueberry Citrus Burst, Kiwi Mixer, Green Apple, Tropical Punch, and Wild Cherry. The Chronix Brand contain 10 mg each (100mg total in the bag), and the Urb brand contain 15mg each (150mg total in the package).

Three of the flavors are vegan: blueberry citrus burst, guavaberry fruit, and kiwi mixer. Because they are vegan, they don’t contain gelatin, so the consistency of these gummies is more like a mini jello-shooter rather than an actual candy gummy.

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What Hemp Products Do People Search for Most?

Without a uniform federal system, it can often be difficult to get hard numbers to paint an actual portrayal of data in the cannabinoids industry, particularly related to sales. Different publications produce their own numbers based on different metrics, but there are holes where a lot of data should be. One metric of late comes from kush.com, and seeks to answer the question of what hemp products its consumers search for most.

What hemp products do people search for most? Well, we have no formal answer to that, but kush.com pulled together some data from its site to show us what its customers are searching for. Is it helpful? You be the judge! We cover everything under the sun in the world of weed, and you can follow along by signing up to the THC Weekly Newsletter, for a daily dose of industry news. Plus, get direct access to deals on products like vapes, edibles, and other paraphernalia, and on cannabinoid compounds, as well. Check out our 420 deals to get the most out of April 20th, and to ensure a blissful and sky-high holiday!


What is kush.com

Before getting into what information was released, best to have an idea of who released it. The company kush.com specializes in supply chain solutions that alleviate risk and compliance issues for all transactions. According to the company, over 6,000 professionals currently use its service. “Kush builds bridges between producers, processors and retailers with a carefully curated network of verified and vetted buyers and sellers.”

Aside from that, kush.com’s main purpose is as a standard marketplace, which sells CBD products, ‘hemp-derived’ products, and other cannabis products. Kush.com goes by the standard industry line in terms of its products’ legality. It says that all products are federally compliant by being hemp-derived and having less than .3% THC. However, as we’ve gone over in many posts, none of these products are made without synthetization, meaning they are illegal, as has been backed up by the DEA.

Shopify already banned such products a couple months ago, likely at the behest of the US government, in an effort to curb an industry it otherwise has no control over. While kush.com doesn’t seem to be pulling shadier tactics, like using brand names of other companies to sell products, or putting dispensary logos on products, it is wholly part of what is already a questionable industry.

As such, all information coming from them should be taken with a grain of salt. However, even salty information is sometimes best if nothing else exists. The following is kush.com’s breakdown of what hemp products people search for most on its site. Maybe it’s not the information we technically want the most, but its the crumb that’s been dropped down to us for now.

What did kush.com do?

According to kush.com, it collected sales data from thousands of customers to see what they’re searching for, which included 200,000 search results. The searches come from the last few months, with nothing more said about time frames. All searches are the result of people looking for products directly on the company site, and the results do not include standard Google searches. Therefore, this metric is only related to kush.com directly.

This is also not sales data, just to be clear. None of what’s to follow indicates a direct sale, so if sales were put up against searches, it could show some very different information. These are only search results, and though they may show interest in a product, they are not indicative of company revenue.

Last thing to know is that kush.com was specifically looking at searches for different Hemp Finished Goods. ‘Hemp Finished Goods’ relates to products that come from hemp, and in this case, can mean all products from vapes to oils to edibles to lotions, and so on.

What hemp products do people search for most?

Kush.com’s search results show that the most searched for hemp products are vapes, with 28.7% of searches relating to these items. Second up was edible candy, which accounted for 18.1% of searches. Dabs and concentrates took the third spot for most searched-for hemp items, with 13.1% of searches, and packaged flowers found themselves in fourth place with 10.6% of searches pointed in that direction.

The rest of the search results go as follows: 9.8% for pre-rolls, 5.2% for tinctures, 4.6% for drinks, 3.3% for lotions, 3% for edibles, 2.3% for capsules and tablets, .8% for pet treats, and .6% for bath bombs. It should be noticed that many of the categories overlap. For example, edibles got 3%, but drinks got 4.6% and candy got 18.1%, which equal 22.7% together. Or you can put together flowers and pre-rolls for 20.4% of search results.

hemp products

Vapes, edibles (particularly candy), and flowers were the most searched for finished hemp products on kush.com’s site. If nothing else, vendors on kush.com can use this to determine the best way to list products. After all, if selling infused chocolates, it looks like more people will search under ‘candy’ than ‘edibles’, making it easier to get to consumers by listing the product as ‘candy’.

It bears repeating, this has nothing to do with sales information, and though the data could be similar, searches don’t predict sales. It could be that kush.com had its highest sales in flowers, not in vapes. Or that only 1% of clients went on to buy a tincture, though over 5% of search results indicate interest. If kush.com had released accompanying sales data, we’d be able to more closely investigate how close these aggregated searches are to final sales data, but for now, this is the most we’ve been given.

Of course, that’s also one of the bigger questions of this hemp-derived industry in general. Just how big are sales? The cannabinoid market is a very controversial one, but its also a very below-board one, which means not many companies are willing to release their data. Or I assume that’s why it’s been so problematic finding data.

For whatever the reason is, answering the simple question of how much money do these companies bring in, has been a black hole, with infographics like this offering the most anyone wants to give. Did we really learn a lot here? Not really. Apart from vendors possibly getting insight on how to list products, we aren’t increasing out knowledge base with anything interesting.

Other questions it raises

Apart from how this relates to sales data, there is also the question of what particular goods were searched for. Like, in the category of vapes, what percentage of the searches were for delta-8 products, how many were for CBD, and how many for HHC? It could be that one of these categories clearly dominates, or that they rather evenly share the field. It would be very useful to know what products in each category are searched for most.

The same goes for a category like ‘candy’. Gummies have grown in interest all over, but how do they compare to chocolate bars? And are other baked goods in this category, or in another? Then there is the question of whether kush.com counted searches in multiple categories. For example, if a person searched for infused sodas, would it count in just ‘drinks’, or in ‘drinks’ and in ‘edibles’? Same question for gummies, and pet treats that are also edibles. And it can be applied to flowers and pre-rolls, as well.

cannabis statistics

I’m also curious, when looking at this kind of data, of how many searches each searcher did. It could be that the majority are just people going through the site, with each searcher checking out tons of different categories before making a purchase, or leaving without purchasing. How many categories did the average searcher check out? If its 10, then this data wouldn’t relate well to sales figures, but if its one or two, it indicates that searchers were more specific in what they were looking for, and probably more likely to buy.

Conclusion

How useful an infographic like this is, is hard to say. Sure, it provides a tiny peak at some information, but if you’re like me, and you want more expressive information on the field, something like this not only falls short, but appears to be more a marketing scheme to get traffic, then an actual scientific output meant to add to the understanding of the overall market. I’m not terribly impressed in the end. I’d be more impressed with real sales data, something that’s never released in this industry.

Whether that’s because these companies don’t want the federal government knowing their true sales information, or a lack of result to meet the built-up facade of sales, I have no idea. But they should be out there, and they’re not, and this offering is a paltry substitute, for real and useful information.

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South Dakota Officially Regulates Delta-8, HHC, and THC-O-A

The whole cannabinoid issue has gotten more intense now that Shopify has banned anything that violates the law, likely at the behest of the US government. But in some places, it’s understood that regulating might be a better option than making these compounds illegal. Case in point: South Dakota through a new bill, now officially regulates cannabinoids delta-8, HHC, and THC-O-A.

South Dakota just passed a bill that regulates delta-8 and other cannabinoids by age. How the state will account for other issues of additives and processing has not been stated. We are an independent publication covering everything important in the cannabis field, and you can keep current by subscribing to the THC Weekly Newsletter. This will give you access to premiere deals on products like vapes, edibles, and other paraphernalia, as well as offers on your favorite cannabinoid products like HHC-O, Delta 8Delta 9 THCDelta-10 THCTHCOTHCVTHCP HHC, which are in our “Best-of” lists. Remember… *If you do not prefer to use cannabinoid products, we don’t advise that you do. There are plenty of products in the world of cannabis, and each person should only use what they are comfortable with.

What’s the deal with the cannabinoid market?

The cannabinoid market is an entire market that functions federally illegally at the moment, but under some marketing-pushed misconception that the products are legal. And to be fair, they’re not illegal based on their own dangerous capabilities, since none of the cannabinoids themselves have shown danger. They’re illegal simply because the government hasn’t legalized them, and because of this, a strange black market has opened, which, without regulation, has becomes a rather dirty market.

The cannabinoid market is rather new, coming into being as a side-effect of the 2018 US Farm Bill, which specifically legalized the cultivation and production of industrial hemp, and associated products. In order to do this, and separate said hemp from the rest of the world of marijuana, a new definition was instituted for hemp, which came with two main stipulations, though one is not as clearly outright stated.

The first is that all hemp plants, and associated hemp products, must not surpass .3% THC. And the second is that the only thing legalized, are products directly made from the hemp plant, since nothing synthetically-derived fits the definition of hemp. This was backed up by the DEA in regards to a question asked about synthetic delta-8 THC. In its answer, the DEA referenced the definition of hemp, with that definition being:

“The plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of that plant, including the seeds thereof and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol [(D9-THC)] concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”

Where do synthetics come in?

At no point does it say that synthetically-derived compounds are okay, and at no point does it say that a product can include hemp-derived compounds, but not be made completely from them. Thus, anything synthetically-derived, also doesn’t fit the definition, and remains under Schedule I. Why? Because synthetics of any Schedule I substance – or its analogues – (including THC), are also Schedule I, and therefore illegal, according to the Federal Analogue Act.

Why is all this talk of synthetics important? Because the cannabinoids sold are always synthetically made, even if its stated that they’re ‘hemp-derived’. This doesn’t mean that compounds like delta-8 and HHC aren’t naturally occurring, however, they occur in such small amounts, that rather than extract them directly from hemp, they are synthetically-derived from compounds like CBD. CBD and THC are currently the only two cannabinoids that exist in large enough quantities to directly use from extraction.

When it comes to compounds like delta-10 and THC-O-A, the ‘hemp-derived’ part is even more ambiguous, as these compounds are only synthetically made, and not found in nature at all. I should be clear here, ‘hemp-derived’ is being sold as a term that means ‘directly from hemp’, as this makes products fit under the definition of hemp. But what it actually means is ‘indirectly from hemp’, or ‘hemp parts used with synthetic processing’, and this no longer fits the definition.

South Dakota officially regulates delta-8 and other cannabinoids

There are two things to consider here. First, these cannabinoids have already created a widespread market. And though it’s a fringe market, it’s still there, online, as well as in brick and mortar stores. I say ‘stores’ and not ‘dispensaries’ because without regulation, these products are sold in tons of places outside dispensaries. The second thing to consider is that the cannabinoids themselves are fine, but the lack of regulation allows for seedy business techniques, dirty and mislabeled products, fake third party testing, and for chemical additives to be used that could be dangerous.

Which makes regulating the market, a much better idea than trying to backhandedly stop it through forcing sales platforms to stop selling products. This is what just happened with Shopify. Different states are making their own regulations for cannabis in general due to changing laws, and this new cannabinoid market is now factoring into new legislation.

delta-8 THC

In early 2022, The South Dakota House of Representatives initiated HB 1292 which is a bill that regulates cannabinoids delta-8 THC, HHC, and THC-O-A. The bill specifically seeks to set an age limit for sale and purchase of these cannabinoids, restricting anyone below the age of 21 from partaking. The bill doesn’t include anything else besides this idea of regulating their sale by age.

The bill, brought forth by republican representative Rep. Taylor Rehfeldt, first sought only to regulate delta-8, but was then expanded to include HHC and THC-O-A as well. An earlier bill in the session merely sought to outlaw these substances, but Rehfeldt introduced 1292 as an effort to responsibly regulate the substances instead.

Will it pass?

It did! After passing both the South Dakota House and Senate, the bill was signed into law by Gov. Kristi Noem on March 10th. Does this make all delta-8, HHC, and THC-O-A products legal to adults 21 and above? It’s hard to say, especially considering that the biggest issue in the field, is the question of regulating the actual products to make sure they are what they’re supposed to be, and to fit into laws regarding synthetics.

Bill author Rehfeldt admits that there’s more to be done in terms of regulating the industry. In regards to chemical additives, and to deal with these possible dangers, she states: “it will be important to address those issues with all stakeholders including public health, the hemp/marijuana industry, and the business community.” She stipulates that simply starting the process by setting an age limit, is a decent beginning measure.

Currently, the bill is very brief, only accounting for the age a person must be in order to buy these products. There is absolutely nothing in the bill that further regulates these products, or what’s in them. This promotes a lot of new questions. Like, are these compounds regulated the same way as regular cannabis? And, are synthetic versions allowed? And, if so, are there specific processing techniques that must be used? Without anything else said, it means South Dakota is literally promoting the dirty tactics of the cannabinoid industry, and offering no safety to consumers.

Into the future

I have yet to see anything further stated about how South Dakota plans to deal with this issue, though I do expect some sort of follow up. What’s weird about the whole thing, is why such a parse bill would be introduced, and then passed so easily. Perhaps this could be due to two different factors.

South Dakota regulates delta-8

First off, South Dakota legalized cannabis in 2020 via a ballot measure (54%), which should have included the state among 19 legalized states. In fact, South Dakota pulled double duty at the November 3rd elections, legalizing both medical and recreational cannabis with Measure 26, and Amendment A, respectively. In what I can only call a horribly corrupt tactic, South Dakota’s governor Kristi Noem conspired with local law enforcement to bring a case forward to invalidate Amendment A. They did this on the grounds that South Dakota only supports single ballot measures. The Supreme Court of the state backed Noem, and the legalization was taken away. Perhaps one reason for the new bill, is that blow-back from the removed legalization has inspired Noem to be a little looser if she wants to keep her seat.

The second thing to consider, is that these cannabinoids are based on hemp, even if they use synthetic processing techniques for the final product. This means the hemp industry wants the products to be legally available, because it spurs on the hemp industry. It has been reported that South Dakota wants to double its hemp-growing acreage, as well as to start fiber and seed processing within state. This is impressive considering South Dakota only legalized hemp production in 2020.

According to the USDA National Hemp Report for 2021, a total of 54,200 acres  of hemp were planted in the US, but only 33,500 acres were harvested. This is split into four categories: floral hemp (16,000 acres), fiber hemp (12,700 acres), grain hemp (8,255 acres), and seed hemp (3,515 acres). Hemp grown under protection is technically another category as well (358 acres). South Dakota came in 8th place with 1,850 acres planted, but had the highest harvest rate of any state with 1,700 of those acres harvested.

Of those 1,700 acres harvested, over 1,500 were dual purpose plants that can be used for both grain and fiber, which are harvested separately. South Dakota Industrial Hemp Association executive director Katie Sieverding used the report to ascertain that the value of South Dakota’s crop was $1,789,000 for grain hemp and $480,000 for fiber hemp in 2021.

When it comes to regulation, all hemp is regulated the same. And this is probably because, while there is differentiation in how the seeds are planted, and the processing methods after, all forms can produce CBD, except for seeds. So it’s quite possible that this new and growing hemp industry, also played a major role in South Dakota and its recent bill that regulates delta-8 and the cannabinoid market. A market which relies heavily on CBD, and therefore, hemp.

Conclusion

South Dakota is definitely promoting its newly won hemp industry, and the state is probably a little angry from having its voted-in recreational cannabis legalization taken away. How much these issues factor into South Dakota passing a law which regulates cannabinoids like delta-8, is hard to say. But the one thing for sure is, South Dakota certainly opened that door, and we can only speculate as to next moves.

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Disclaimer: Hi, I’m a researcher and writer. I’m not a doctor, lawyer, or businessperson. All information in my articles is sourced and referenced, and all opinions stated are mine. I am not giving anyone advice, and though I am more than happy to discuss topics, should someone have a further question or concern, they should seek guidance from a relevant professional.

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Study Finds Hemp Feed Can Reduce Stress in Cattle

Researchers at Kansas State University have found that livestock feed containing industrial hemp can reduce stress levels in cattle, according to a recently released study.

The 2018 Farm Bill’s legalization of hemp has led to a flurry of research across the country as scientists work to discover novel ways to make use of a valuable new agricultural commodity. Previous research at Kansas State has shown that plant matter from industrial hemp has favorable crude protein and digestibility profiles, potentially making the crop suitable for inclusion in cattle feed.

Another study revealed that cattle readily absorbed cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) after being fed hemp flowers produced for CBD production. Michael Kleinhenz, assistant professor of beef production at the Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, says that the previous research has implications for the viability of industrial hemp as a livestock feed.

“If hemp is to be utilized as an ingredient in the ration of cattle, it is prudent to know and understand the pharmacokinetics and potential biological effects of cattle exposed to repeated doses of cannabinoids present in industrial hemp,” Kleinhenz said in a statement from the university.

Kleinhenz and a team of researchers decided to study whether the cannabinoids present in industrial hemp would have an effect on the stress and activity levels of cattle that were given feed containing hemp.

“Cattle experience a variety of stress and inflammation,” Kleinhenz explained, noting that animals that are being transported or weaned are particularly vulnerable.

Researchers Observe Benefits of Hemp Livestock Feed

To conduct the study, the researchers fed industrial hemp to a group of 8 Holstein steers. The hemp was mixed into grain that was given to each animal individually to ensure a complete and consistent dose. A control group of 8 steers was given feed that did not contain hemp. The animals were monitored for cannabinoid levels, blood stress markers and activity levels including the number of steps taken per day and the amount of time spent lying down. The researchers then analyzed the data to compare the results between the two groups of animals.

“Our most recent data shows how cannabinoids via industrial hemp decreased the stress hormone cortisol as well as the inflammatory biomarker prostaglandin E2,” Kleinhenz said. “This shows that hemp containing cannabidiolic acid, or CBDA, may decrease stress and inflammation in cattle. Thus, hemp may be a natural way to decrease stress and inflammation related to production practices such as transportation and weaning.”

The researchers also determined that the group of cattle given feed containing industrial hemp spent more time lying, which can aid digestion by helping the animals produce saliva and chew their cud. The study revealed that while cannabinoids could be detected in the animals that had been fed industrial hemp, the level did not increase over time.

“Our new research helps us better understand how cannabinoids present in industrial hemp interact with bovine physiology and pharmacology,” Kleinhenz said. “For instance, we now know that repeated daily doses of CBDA via feeding hemp does not result in accumulation of cannabinoids in the blood. Additionally, it solidified previous research and shows that each cannabinoid has its own absorption and elimination profile.”

Kleinhenz said that the initial data collected by the team is essential if the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Association of American Feed Control Officials are going to approve industrial hemp as a feed for livestock. He also noted that more study will be needed to learn if the same effect on stress levels is observed in animals undergoing stressful situations.

“Further work is needed to determine if cannabinoids can alter the stress response in cattle during stressful times such as transportation and weaning, but we hope this research is a step forward in the right direction.”

Funding for the research was provided by a grant from the Agriculture and Food Research Initiative of the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture. The full study, “Short term feeding of industrial hemp with a high cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) content increases lying behavior and reduces biomarkers of stress and inflammation in Holstein steers,” was published online this month by the journal Scientific Reports.

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