Ancient South American Empire Tripped On Psychedelic Beer

Leaders of a historic South American empire used a beer mixed with a psychedelic drug to maintain political control over their society and surrounding communities, according to research published on Wednesday. 

In a study published by the journal Antiquity, archaeologists revealed that leaders of the Wari people served a beer-like beverage made from the fruits of the molle tree combined with the seeds of the vilca tree and served the mixture to guests at communal feasts.

“The resulting psychotropic experience reinforced the power of the Wari state, and represents an intermediate step between exclusionary and corporate political strategies,” the researchers wrote in an abstract of the study published online by Cambridge University Press. “This Andean example adds to the global catalog documenting the close relationship between hallucinogens and social power.”

The Wari built their empire in the highlands of the Andes mountains in current-day Peru, ruling the area from about 600-1000 A.D. and predating the Inca empire by four centuries. Archeologists excavating at Quilcapampa in Southern Peru from 2013 through 2017 discovered the first evidence of psychedelic vilca seeds found at a Wari site. 

Matthew Biwer, a visiting assistant professor of archaeology at Dickinson College in Pennsylvania and the lead author of the study, said that the discovery sheds light on how South American indigenous civilizations made use of psychoactive substances.

“This was a turning point in the Andes in terms of politics and use of hallucinogens,” Biwer said, as reported by CNN. “We see this kind of use of hallucinogens as different use context than in prior civilizations, who seem to have closely guarded the use of hallucinogens to a select few, or the latter Inca Empire who emphasized the mass-consumption of beer but did not use psychotropic substances such as vilca at feasts.”

Pre-Columbian civilizations used vilca, often inhaled as snuff, as long as 4,000 years years ago. The seeds contain the psychedelic drug dimethyltryptamine, as well as bufotenine, a substance similar to the neurotransmitter serotonin. 

“What I’ve read from ethnographic sources is that you get a very strong sensation of flying,” Biwer told Inverse.

Party Hosts Rule the Empire

Previous research has revealed that the Wari used feasting and beer as a way to exercise political control over guests from surrounding communities. Researchers at the Quilcapampa site discovered evidence that the Wari were making molle beer, called chicha, in substantial quantities. Botanical remnants of molle and vilca were found and ceramics were discovered at the center of the site, an indication of where feasts were held, according to the study’s authors.

“The Wari added the vilca to the chicha beer in order to impress guests to their feasts who could not return the experience,” Biwer said. “This created an indebted relationship between Wari hosts and guests, likely from the surrounding region.”

“We argue that the feasting, beer, and vilca thus served to create and cement social connections between Wari affiliated peoples and locals as the Empire expanded,” Biwer continued. “It also was a way for Wari leaders to demonstrate and maintain social, economic, and political power.”

Biwer explained that the guests would experience social pressure to recognize the power of their Wari hosts and feel an obligation to reciprocate the favor in the future. 

“There’s political power in being able to acquire and use these hallucinogenic substances and providing these experiences,” Biwer said. “I think it provides a really good example of the connection between politics, drug use, intoxication and the social bonds.”

Researchers have not yet discovered why the Wari civilization eventually failed. But as they continue to study sites inhabited by the pre-Columbian civilization, they are learning more about how the early inhabitants of Peru lived.

“​The Wari Empire stretched from northern Peru to the far south near the Chilean border, and from the coast to the mountainous areas of the Andes,” Biwer explained. “It is the first example of an empire in South America, having collapsed around 400 years prior to the rise of the Inca Empire.”

The post Ancient South American Empire Tripped On Psychedelic Beer appeared first on High Times.

Are Regulations Around Cannabis Drinks Changing?

Regulations around cannabis drinks will likely start changing soon. Recently, cannabis companies and advocates are pushing Health Canada to reshape regulations. Cannabis beverages have become a new trend, but you might have noticed some annoyances when buying them. For example, have you ever tried buying CBD-infused beer? These drinks usually come in single cans and […]

The post Are Regulations Around Cannabis Drinks Changing? appeared first on Latest Cannabis News Today – Headlines, Videos & Stocks.

Friday, November 20, 2020 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Friday, November 20, 2020 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Mexican Senate Passes Bill To Legalize Marijuana Nationwide (Marijuana Moment)

// New Jersey Senate And Assembly Committee Pass Marijuana Sales Bills Despite Pushback From Equity Advocates (Marijuana Moment)

// Rhode Island Considers Legalization to Solve Budget Crisis (High Times)


These headlines are brought to you by Green Worx Consults, a company specializing in project management, workflow mapping and design, and Lean & 6 Sigma process. If you could use help making your business better at business, get in touch with Green Worx Consults.


// $6 billion question: Which states are likely to legalize recreational marijuana in 2021? (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Cresco Labs Delivers Another Blowout Quarter (Green Market Report)

// Harborside Q3 Gross Revenue Increases 21% Sequentially to $19.6 Million (New Cannabis Ventures)

// Ayr Strategies Q3 Revenue Increases 61% Sequentially to $45.5 Million (New Cannabis Ventures)

// TILT Holdings Q3 Revenue Increases 5% Sequentially to $40.4 Million and Company Divests Blackbird Subsidiary (New Cannabis Ventures)

// Decriminalize marijuana says NC racial justice task force created by Gov. Cooper (McClatchy DC)

// Madison Wisconsin will stop arresting people for marijuana possession (Leafly)


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Wednesday, August 5, 2020 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Wednesday, August 5, 2020 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// BC allows online payment for in-store cannabis pickup; is delivery next? (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Canada Will Let Terminally Ill Patients Use Psychedelic Mushrooms For End-Of-Life Care (Marijuana Moment)

// NM’s medical marijuana industry sees sharp spike in sales during pandemic (KOB 4 News)


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// VAPI anniversary: Killer chemicals still on the streets (Leafly)

// Chart: Cannabis consumption preferences cross generations as millennials and baby boomers favor inhalable products (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Beer Distributor Adds Hemp Beverage to Lineup (Green Market Report)

// Top House Democrat Talks Marijuana Reform With Major Cannabis Company (Marijuana Moment)

// Arizona Governor Slams Marijuana Legalization Ballot Measure In Voter Pamphlet Argument (Marijuana Moment)

// Massachusetts allows sale of quarantined cannabis vape products (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Thai Cabinet OKs expanding access to cannabis; Parliament vote needed (Marijuana Business Daily)


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Thursday, January 30, 2020 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Thursday, January 30, 2020 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Colorado Marijuana And Beer Companies Will Partner To Boost Energy Efficiency, Governor Announces (Marijuana Moment)

// Marijuana Regulatory Agency releases marijuana event rules (Huron Daily Tribune)

// Oklahoma Cannabis Market Outpaces That of Most States (New Cannabis Ventures)


These headlines are brought to you by Curaleaf, one of the leading vertically-integrated cannabis operators in the U.S. With legal medical marijuana dispensaries, cultivation sites, and processing facilities all over the United States, Curaleaf has served more than 165,000 medical cannabis patients and looks forward to helping many more long into the future. Swing over to Curaleaf.com to learn more about this very cool company!


// Marijuana law firm that helped Parnas and Fruman’s political rise cuts its ties (McClatchy DC)

// Eaze Insights- 2019 State of Cannabis report is here (Eaze)

// Berkeley Will Be the Next City in California to Allow Pot Consumption Lounges (Merry Jane)

// Santa Cruz Just Decriminalized All Natural Psychedelics (Merry Jane)

// Marijuana Tourism Will Boost Tax Revenue Illinois Governor Says In State Of The State Speech (Marijuana Moment)

// High Times Ditches Dreams of NASDAQ Listing (New Cannabis Ventures)

// MJBizDaily acquires The Emerald Conference to boost science reach (Marijuana Business Daily)


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Thursday, January 30, 2020 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Thursday, January 30, 2020 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Colorado Marijuana And Beer Companies Will Partner To Boost Energy Efficiency, Governor Announces (Marijuana Moment)

// Marijuana Regulatory Agency releases marijuana event rules (Huron Daily Tribune)

// Oklahoma Cannabis Market Outpaces That of Most States (New Cannabis Ventures)


These headlines are brought to you by Curaleaf, one of the leading vertically-integrated cannabis operators in the U.S. With legal medical marijuana dispensaries, cultivation sites, and processing facilities all over the United States, Curaleaf has served more than 165,000 medical cannabis patients and looks forward to helping many more long into the future. Swing over to Curaleaf.com to learn more about this very cool company!


// Marijuana law firm that helped Parnas and Fruman’s political rise cuts its ties (McClatchy DC)

// Eaze Insights- 2019 State of Cannabis report is here (Eaze)

// Berkeley Will Be the Next City in California to Allow Pot Consumption Lounges (Merry Jane)

// Santa Cruz Just Decriminalized All Natural Psychedelics (Merry Jane)

// Marijuana Tourism Will Boost Tax Revenue Illinois Governor Says In State Of The State Speech (Marijuana Moment)

// High Times Ditches Dreams of NASDAQ Listing (New Cannabis Ventures)

// MJBizDaily acquires The Emerald Conference to boost science reach (Marijuana Business Daily)


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Beer Sales Get Pummeled in Canada Post Legalization

One of the greatest fears the alcohol industry has developed over the years is that it is somehow going to get choked out by the cannabis trade. There were all sorts of reports floating around immediately after Colorado and Washington became the first to legalize the leaf, suggesting that brewers, both large and small, were losing sleep at the thought of forfeiting so much as a sliver of their profits to weed. There were, of course, a handful of optimistic predictions, too. Some brew houses claimed that legal weed was actually creating a win-win situation for everyone involved. Many of these folks said there was enough action in the business of the buzz for both substances to live in harmony. And while this is undoubtedly true, we’re learning with each passing year that beer is taking a hit at the hands of legal weed. All we have to do is look to Canada, where cannabis has been legal for more than a year, to see the tale of the tape.

Some of the latest data from Beer Canada shows that the first year of legal weed in the northern nation sucked the life out of the local brew crews. Beer volumes dropped off nationwide by around 3%, the report shows, revealing a savage trend of decline that could buds over suds.

“This is far worse than the trends seen between 2014-2018, where beer industry volumes fell an average 0.3%,” Cowen and Co. market analyst Vivien Azer recently told Bloomberg News. And the drop-off, she says, appears to be largely attributed to the fact that legal marijuana is now available.

It’s not like this happened without any warning. In 2018, ahead of the official launch of retail pot sales in Canada, a report from the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC) revealed that the population could be expected to spend more of its money on legal weed than on alcoholic beverages. And despite the legal market having some trouble shining through as initially predicted, there is still enough action to shake the foundation of the brewing trade. The latest report shows that domestic beer volumes took a dive by around 4%, while imports experienced an uptick of 1.4%. It’s not that Canadians are necessarily making the switch from beer to weed, it just appears that more of them are consuming less alcohol in the wake of legalization.

The situation will likely get worse for alcohol before it gets better. Cowen says that after reviewing decades of trends related to alcohol and marijuana, it seems highly probable that alcohol sales will continue to slide for the next decade or so. “Since 1980, we have seen three distinct substitution cycles between alcohol and cannabis; we are entering another cycle,” Azer said in 2018.

Plummeting profits is just one of the reasons that alcohol producers have been looking to get into the cannabis trade. They are searching for ways to keep up with the times and make up some of the losses brought about by legal weed. Yet, this move hasn’t exactly been the saving grace that the booze slingers have hoped for. At least not at the moment. Constellation Brands, the maker of Corona, and incidentally, one of the biggest beer manufactures to get into the cannabis business, has invested around $4 billion in producing a line of THC-infused beverages. But the company’s third-quarter earnings, which were published on Wednesday, showed a $534 million decrease in that investment. It is, however, an improvement from the $839 million slap it experienced in the second quarter. Still, the company is not in any real trouble, according to business reports

In the United States, there is some evidence that people are using marijuana as an alternative to alcohol. We are in the midst of a non-alcoholic revolution, of sorts, one by which the Millennials and Generation Z are looking for ways to stay away from the drink. Some reports suggest that weed is now the go-to in many states where it is legal. Binge drinking rates are down in some of these areas, but not all. California and Nevada, for example, two hot spots where rock n’ roll and gambling continue to tickle the economic backbone, booze sales are still dominating over marijuana. Nevertheless, according to Cowen, we can expect to see the alcohol trade take more hits in the next several years as marijuana legalization continues to spread.

TELL US, are you making a conscious choice to smoke more cannabis rather than drinking alcohol?

The post Beer Sales Get Pummeled in Canada Post Legalization appeared first on Cannabis Now.

Thursday, January 9, 2020 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Thursday, January 9, 2020 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// New York Governor Renews Call For Marijuana Legalization In State Of The State Address (Marijuana Moment)

// Medical Marijuana Measure Officially Qualifies For Mississippi 2020 Ballot (Marijuana Moment)

// Owner of Corona beer chokes on marijuana company stake (New York Post)


These headlines are brought to you by Green Worx Consults, a company specializing in project management, workflow mapping and design, and Lean & 6 Sigma process. If you could use help making your business better at business, get in touch with Green Worx Consults

// New age limit for Quebec cannabis won’t stop use, say some 20-year-olds (CBC News)

// Passamaquoddy Tribe Applauds Mills’ Posthumous Pardon Of Don Gellers (Maine Public)

// KushCo Holdings Generates Q1 Revenue of $35 Million (New Cannabis Ventures)

// Harvest Health & Recreation Alleges Illegal Activities at Falcon International (New Cannabis Ventures)

// Alabama Attorney General writes letter to lawmakers opposing medical marijuana legislation (ABC 33 40)

// Federal Marijuana Reform Will Get Another Congressional Hearing Next Week (Marijuana Moment)

// Weedmaps drops thousands of unlicensed cannabis ads, but some illegal shops remain (Marijuana Business Daily)


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Wednesday, January 8, 2020 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Wednesday, January 8, 2020 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// Cannabis captures beer market share in first year of Canadian legalization (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Legalize marijuana amendment should be kept off the ballot Florida GOP leaders tell Supreme Court (South Florida Sun Sentinel)

// Portland puts off vote on marijuana licenses until at least March (Portland Press Herald)


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// Cannabis startup pulls out of CES tech show amid limits (ABC Fox Montana)

// FDA Gives Marijuana Testing Companies A Boost With New Exemption (Marijuana Moment)

// Analyst warns of shelved expansion restructuring as cannabis firms ‘teeter on edge’ (Marijuana Business Daily)

// These grey market cannabis brands are going legit (Leafly)

// Hearing to be held in Rhode Island on proposed flavored vape products ban (Boston Globe)

// Chart: Local approval in Michigan adult-use marijuana program creates uneven business opportunity (Marijuana Business Daily)

// Kiosk pot shop could skirt ‘direct sales’ of cannabis in cities (Daily Democrat)


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Monday, September 23, 2019 Headlines | Marijuana Today Daily News

Marijuana Today Daily Headlines
Monday, September 23, 2019 | Curated by host Shea Gunther

// House Marijuana Banking Vote Officially Scheduled For Next Week, Leadership Announces (Marijuana Moment)

// No Marijuana Banking Without Justice Reform Three Presidential Candidates Say (Marijuana Moment)

// 200 cannabis stores approved by Calgary, more than BC, Ontario, & Quebec combined (Marijuana Business Daily)


Today’s headlines are brought to you by our friends over at Eaze.com, California’s top one stop website for legal marijuana delivery. If you live in the golden state, swing over to Eaze.com to see if they are active in your area. With deliveries taking place in less than an hour, it’s never been easier to get legal California marijuana delivery. And of course, if you don’t live where Eaze delivers, you can still benefit from all the useful bits of industry insight and analysis they’ve developed using their properly aggregate and anonymized sales data stream.


// Former Federal Prosecutor’s Marijuana Legalization Measure Advances In South Dakota (Marijuana Moment)

// Wisconsin Senate leader snuffs medical marijuana bill that appeared to have some GOP backing (Journal Sentinel)

// Veto overridden on New Hampshire medical marijuana prescribing bill (WMUR 9)

// Cannabis Canada: Monthly pot sales in Canada surpass $100M for the first time (BNN Bloomberg)

// Colorado beer makers are expanding to cannabis beverages: ‘Down the road it could be as big as beer.’ (Colorado Sun)

// Bernie Sanders Talks Marijuana With Killer Mike, Danny Glover, And Ben & Jerry’s Founder (Marijuana Moment)

// Colorado marijuana companies are subject to federal labor laws despite being illegal, court rules (Denver Post)


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