A Whistle Stop Tour of the Cannabis Concentrates

The cannabis market has been booming over the last few years as more countries around the globe begin to accept the wonders of the plant. What once was an illegal, unacceptable drug, is now – slowly – becoming a legal medicine and even a legal recreational pastime. One of the more modern inventions inside the cannabis world is cannabis concentrates.

Whilst some have been around for centuries, others have been created more recently by the wonders of science. There are several different cannabis concentrates out there, so sometimes it’s hard to find the information you want. In this article, we’ll be taking you on a whistle stop tour of all of the main cannabis concentrates. And don’t worry – this tour is completely free of charge. Put your seatbelt on. Let’s begin.

Cannabis concentrates can be found on dispensary shelves, boasting names like shatter, butter, wax, resin, and more. Any specific cannabinoid can be concentrated, so regardless of whether you’re looking for delta-9 THC, delta-8 THCdelta 10THC-OTHCV, CBG, or something else, it can be found in concentrate form. This is great for delta-8 THC users, because it allows a concentrated form of this alternate form of THC which doesn’t cause anxiety like half-brother delta-9, and which leaves users with a clear head and energy, while having a similar medical profile. We’ve got great deals for delta-8 THC and many other compounds, so take a look, and try ’em out!

What are Cannabis Concentrates?

Once someone has total control over the marijuana plant, there are many ways to transform and eventually consume it. Cannabis can be placed in oils, edibles, the usual buds and even synthesised concentrates. It all depends on the creation process. But before we discuss how they’re made, let’s first truly understand what they are. And, as always, there’s never a better places to find complex definitions than wikipedia

“A cannabis concentrate (also called marijuana concentrate, marijuana extract, or cannabis extract) is a highly potent tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and/or cannabidiol (CBD) concentrated mass. Marijuana concentrates contain extraordinarily high THC levels that could once range from 40 to 80%, up to four times stronger in THC content than high grade or top shelf marijuana, which normally measures around 20%”

It’s in the name really, isn’t it? Cannabis concentrates are designed to be especially potent in comparison with cannabis buds or other products. By getting rid of any extra, unnecessary parts of the cannabis plant, cannabis concentrates are able to focus on what really matters: the terpenes and cannabinoids. It’s within these that the aromas and effects of cannabis are found – which is why people have spent years trying to find a way to harness them in the greatest possible way. That is why cannabis concentrates come in so many different shapes and sizes, and are made in a variety of ways. 

How are Cannabis Concentrates Made?

Cannabis concentrates is an umbrella term for many different substances; some are liquids, some are solids and some are a mix of both. There are two main ways of making cannabis concentrates and that is through solvent extraction, and solventless extraction. One uses chemicals, labs and science coats, whilst others are easier to make and more natural. Let’s figure out what these are. 

What is Solvent Extraction?

A solvent extraction is essentially when a chemical is used to separate the cannabinoids and terpenes from the cannabis plant. By introducing certain chemicals, as well as heat and pressure, into the equation – this separation occurs. However, there isn’t just one way of completing this process. Some use carbon dioxide, whilst others use butane; these are two of the most common ways of using solvent extraction to create cannabis concentrates. 

Carbon Dioxide Extraction 

Carbon dioxide extraction is complex because, obviously, co2 is a gas, not a solid. However, the amazing result of a beautiful cannabis concentrate makes the process worth it. The carbon dioxide is first placed in a chamber where it is pressured and turned into a liquid through low temperatures. The co2 is then reheated, which due to the nature of carbon dioxide, makes it a supercritical substance. This substance is then passed through a chamber containing the cannabis plant. The supercritical substance will extract the trichomes, which contains the pure and potent compounds desirable to create cannabis concentrates. The substance that is left after this process can then be used to create a variety of cannabis concentrates. 

Butane Extraction

Butane extraction is most popular for creatine hash oil. But how does it work? As mentioned earlier, any solvent extraction to make cannabis concentrates uses some sort of other chemical – which in this case, is butane. The cannabis is first covered with butane, in its liquid form. Butane happens to be a very easily liquefiable gas. Once this is done, heat and pressure is used, and yet again, what is left is a cannabis concentrate. This can be used to create hash oil, budder, shatter or crumble. 

What is Non-Solvent Extraction?

Non-solvent extraction is a far less complicated process, and one that doesn’t leave you scratching your head quite as much. However, that’s not to say that the result is any less wonderful. Non-solvent extraction is made, as you can imagine, without chemicals in the creation process.

For example, kief and hash would both be cannabis concentrates that are made with non-solvent extraction. But, yet again, there are a variety of ways that non-solvent extraction can take place. Kief is made through rolling the dry cannabis plant over a sieve, and allowing the whitey yellow thrichomes to collect. Trichomes also look a bit like mini snowdrops up close. These are hugely potent and hold all of the best compounds of the plant. 

Another example of a non-solvent extraction would be in the creation of hash. Hash is one of the oldest types of cannabis concentrates. In fact, a scientist called Gmelin first mentioned the substance in 1777. The process of creating hash can vary depending on technique. However, one way of making hash is in water. The cannabis plant is tumbled in icy cold water and is then filtered through a mesh. This substance is then dried and pressed into small blocks. The resin, which is what the substance is made out of, is very high in THC.

Why are Cannabis Concentrates Popular?

Before we take a whistle stop tour through some of the main and post popular cannabis concentrates, let’s first ask the question: why are they so popular? Well, it’s first important to realise that any connoisseur of any substance will always search for the most pure version of it. Think of pressed olive oil, some people will spend their lives searching for the first press because it will be the highest quality oil.

This is the same with orange juice, the first press of orange juice is considered to be the purest, healthiest and tastiest. Cannabis concentrates are no different to this. People who love cannabis and the effects of it, are always discovering new ways to enjoy it in its purest and most powerful form. As mentioned earlier, the average cannabis concentrate can have THC levels of over 60%. This is why cannabis concentrates are becoming more and more popular. 

The Cannabis Concentrates



Kief is a collection of resin trichomes. Kief is one of the easiest cannabis concentrates to make. In fact, some three-part grinders have a section at the bottom that collects fallen down kief over time, which can then be placed in a joint and smoked. It is golden in colour, and powdery. 


Hash is usually sold in brown blocks. Some are dark and some are light brown. Usually, a good way to tell if hash is good quality is to see if it burns like a candle. If it does, then your hash is excellent. Usually hash will be heated before consumption, so that small parts can be separated from the large block. These small parts of hash are then placed in the joint. 


Charas comes primarily from India and Jamaica. It looks quite similar to hash but is usually darker and sold in balls, rather than blocks. The difference between hash and charas is that the latter is made from the entire cannabis plant, whereas the former is made from dried trichomes. 



Shatter is an example of cannabis concentrate that is made from butane extraction. The substance is golden in colour and looks like shattered glass. It also looks quite a lot like frozen honey. 


Wax is very similar to shatter, except it’s slightly more liquidy. Whilst the aroma and potency of wax is almost identical to shatter, it’s the consistency that differs. Wax is opaque and malleable. In addition, wax is dabbed into a joint in order to smoke it. 


The average crumble has THC levels of anywhere from 60-90%. Again, there are many similarities between crumble and the rest of the solvent cannabis concentrates, however the look and consistency is different. Crumble literally crumbles in one’s hands. Crumble is also dabbed in order to use it. 

The Tour Is Now Over

So there you have it, that was a quick and concise whistle stop tour of the cannabis concentrates. There are many other cannabis concentrates that people might mention, and all of them are very slightly different to the next. Like any enthusiasts, cannabis-lovers like to invent and name new cannabis concentrates constantly – even if they look and feel the same as before. Nevertheless, there’s no doubt that cannabis concentrates are a highly potent and quite amazing substance. 

But what’s your favourite cannabis concentrate? Drop us a line in the comment section below!

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Bank of America Closes Cannabis Research Account

One of the nation’s most popularly used banks decided to close the account of one of the country’s DEA-approved cannabis and psychedelic research institutions.

The Bank of America suddenly closed the accounts of the Scottsdale Research Institute with very little notice or explanation last week. The Scottsdale Research Institution received a letter dated October 12, stating that the account would no longer be accessible in 21 days and fully closed within 30 days. The letter also states that the “this decision is final and won’t be reconsidered.”

Dr. Sue Sisley, a prominent, longtime researcher of medical cannabis (specifically for its efficacy as a treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder) is the President and Principal Investigator at the Scottsdale Research Institute. She posted on Twitter on October 15 about the situation. 

“Bank of America closes down account of Federally-licensed cannabis researcher. SRI conducts FDA approved controlled trials evaluating cannabis as medicine for treating pain/PTSD in military veterans & terminally ill patients this TRAGICALLY shuts down our research @BankofAmerica.” She also included a screenshot of an official document, entitled the Controlled Substance Registration Certificate, which was issued to the Scottsdale Research Institute by the DEA on June 29, 2021.

The Scottsdale Research Institute has federal permission to study both medical cannabis and psychedelic substances. Most recently, in May, the institute was one of three organizations who received approval from the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to cultivate cannabis for research purposes. 

“Pending final approval, DEA has determined, based on currently available information, that a number of manufacturers’ applications to cultivate marijuana for research needs in the United States appears to be consistent with applicable legal standards and relevant laws,” the DEA wrote in its release. “DEA has, therefore, provided a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) to these manufacturers as the next step in the approval process.”

Aside from its promising research results, Dr. Sisley and the Scottsdale Research Institute have also taken an active approach to push the industry toward legalization and descheduling cannabis. In Sisley vs. DEA, which was filed in May 2020, she alleged the Schedule I status of cannabis violated the constitution and that it should be descheduled. After a year and a half, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit dismissed the petition. However, one of the presiding judges, Judge Paul J. Watford, stated that the DEA may eventually be forced to reconsider reclassification under the Controlled Substances Act in the near future. 

“I agree that the petitioners in this case failed to exhaust their administrative remedies and therefore join the court’s opinion dismissing their petition for review,” Watford wrote. “I write separately to note that, in an appropriate case, the Drug Enforcement Administration may well be obliged to initiate a reclassification proceeding for marijuana, given the strength of petitioners’ arguments that the agency has misinterpreted the controlling statute by concluding that marijuana ‘has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.’”

This is just the most recent example of the continuing problem that all cannabis businesses, in nearly every aspect of the industry, are having with banking solutions. On September 21, the U.S. House approved the SAFE Banking Act as a part of the defense spending bill, which is the fifth time that cannabis banking legislation has been approved in the House. Whether this provision is approved by the Senate remains to be seen.

Cannabis businesses continue to struggle with legitimate banking solutions. It remains an issue to witness not just a dispensary or cultivation company, but a federally approved organization, having its account closed without any previous warning or reasoning. For now, Dr. Sisley said in a statement to Marijuana Moment that the Scottsdale Research Institute will be moving to a new banking solution with a bank that is supportive of “scientific freedom.”

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A Guide to Using LSD: How to Have a Good Acid Trip

With LSD making a cultural and scientific comeback, a guide to using LSD is needed to help steer first-timers in the right direction. Many people are yearning to experience the mind-altering effects of this elusive yet celebrated drug that has garnered an eclectic mix of fans from the likes of Michel Foucault to Steve Jobs. […]

The post A Guide to Using LSD: How to Have a Good Acid Trip appeared first on Latest Cannabis News Today – Headlines, Videos & Stocks.

Alabama Announces Medical Cannabis Licenses Won’t Be Available Until 2022

Regulators in Alabama said last week that medical marijuana likely will not be available for purchase in the state prior to 2023.

The Associated Press reported that the Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission “has plenty to do before people can apply for medical cannabis licenses, so it won’t push for a date that might allow sales next year.” 

The news comes after the regulatory panel had previously said that the start date for sales may be accelerated.

But according to Rex Vaughn, the vice chairman of the Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission, the panel has a full plate. He told the Montgomery Advertiser newspaper that “the group needed to address other duties, including rulemaking and physician training,” while also expressing “concerns that further legislative action—required to move the dates—could expose the medical cannabis law to attempts to weaken it.”

“At this point in time, we decided not to ask the Legislature to go back into digging up a legislative bill and opening it back up,” Vaughn said, as quoted by the Montgomery Advertiser. “We could lose what we’ve got.”

Lawmakers in Alabama passed a bill in May that legalized medical cannabis in the state for patients suffering from more than a dozen different qualifying conditions, including cancer, chronic pain, depression, sickle-cell anemia, terminal illnesses and HIV/AIDS.

The legislation was signed into law by Alabama Governor Kay Ivey, a Republican, about a week later.

“This is certainly a sensitive and emotional issue and something that is continually being studied,” Ivey said in a statement following the bill signing. “On the state level, we have had a study group that has looked closely at this issue, and I am interested in the potential good medical cannabis can have for those with chronic illnesses or what it can do to improve the quality of life of those in their final days.”

Getting the bill over the finish line was a multi-year effort for medical cannabis boosters in Alabama. Two years ago, lawmakers there failed to pass legislation that would have legalized the treatment. Instead, the legislature appointed a commission to research the policy via a series of public meetings.

At the end of 2019, the Alabama Medical Cannabis Study Commission voted to recommend that lawmakers pursue legislation permitting the treatment. 

The bill never got off the ground last year, but lawmakers got the job this spring. Now, it is down to regulators to put the new law into practice.

The Montgomery Advertiser noted last week that supporters “of the bill had hoped to see medical marijuana available by the fall of 2022,” but because the law only allowed “the commission to accept applications for licenses to grow or distribute medical marijuana on September 1, 2022,” it is “unlikely that any cannabis could be grown, processed and ready for transport before 2023.”

“If you start looking at the timelines for what it’s going to take to get rules and regulations approved, and the growth cycle and the 60 days that people have to get in business after they get the license, it starts adding up,” John McMillian, the executive director of the Alabama Medical Cannabis Commission, said last week, as quoted by the Montgomery Advertiser.

Once physicians are clear to start prescribing, cannabis “would be available as tablets, capsules, gummies, lozenges, topical oils, suppositories, patches and in nebulizers or oil to be vaporized. The law forbids smoking or vaping medical cannabis, or baking it into food,” the Associated Press reported.

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Sabor y Locura en Las Vegas con el Chimichurri Cannábico que Inventó un Argentino

Nota por Ulises Román Rodríguez publicada originalmente en El Planteo. Más artículos por El Planteo en High Times en Español.

Síguenos en Instagram (@El.Planteo) y Twitter (@ElPlanteo).

“Las Vegas es una ciudad construida sobre esperanzas, sueños y un poco de locura”, dijo una vez el famoso cantante de rhythm and blues Michael McDonald.

Hace 24 años, Pablo Rodríguez, un argentino soñador y esperanzado con mejores oportunidades llegaba a la meca del juego. También lo acompañaba una cuota de locura: no sabía hablar inglés, no tenía papeles y apenas unos pocos dólares para sobrevivir.

En sus mejores sueños figuraba el anhelo de tener su propio restaurante. Lo logró: Made in Argentina. Aunque ni en broma imaginó que no serían las empanadas con la receta de su mamá Olga ni los choripanes lo que atraería a la clientela, sino algo tan argentino como el chimichurri.

Eso sí, no cualquier chimichurri sino uno especial y único en los restaurantes de Estados Unidos hecho con aceite de marihuana.

Pablo Rodríguez frente al Allegiant Stadium, donde pronto se venderán sus empanadas argentinas.

¿El sueño americano?

Corría el año 1997. Bill Clinton cursaba su segundo mandato cuando Pablo Rodríguez, un pibe porteño de Belgrano que había curtido el skate, que clavaba Red Hot Chili Peppers en el walkman y fumaba Pedro Juan Caballero en la Plaza Alberti de su barrio (la misma a la que iba Juanse de Los Ratones Paranoicos) se jugaba la única ficha que tenía en la ciudad más grande del estado de Nevada.

Contenido relacionado: Lo Interesante y lo Delicioso: Qué Hay que Saber al Cocinar con Marihuana

“Primero vine y me quedé 3 meses. Me di cuenta que era mi lugar en el mundo, donde quería estar. Regresé a Argentina antes de quedar ilegal, volví a los 6 meses y acá me quedé. Estuve 7 años sin poder salir del país, hasta que pude conseguir mis papeles y acá estoy”, cuenta Pablo a El Planteo después de cerrar su local a 4 horas de diferencia horaria con Argentina.

Detrás de ese “acá estoy” hay experiencias que van desde estar de la cabeza en una fiesta de la revista Playboy y terminar a las 5 de la mañana en la casa de Mike Tyson hasta vender botellas de agua mineral por la calle con un cartel que decía “at will” (a voluntad).

“Cuando llegás acá te lo pintan como que esto es Disneylandia y te puedo asegurar que está muy lejos de ser el mejor país del mundo, pero si haces las cosas bien, te da las oportunidades que en Argentina no tenes”, dice Pablo.

chimichurri marihuana
Chorizos, morcillas y achuras. Todo bien argento.

En el imaginario colectivo y la idea que creó Hollywood de Las Vegas se resume en un desierto con edificios altísimos, casinos, diversión, noche, luces, descontrol, drogas, casamientos, Elvis, magos, delirios, más pánico y locura.

Contenido relacionado: La Yerba Mate Argentina con CBD que Triunfa en Miami

“Es todo lo que te venden las películas… unas 10 veces más. Es una ciudad donde podes venir a disfrutar de los mejores hoteles, espectáculos únicos, comer en los mejores restaurantes, pero también te encontras con lo peor: droga, prostitución, delincuencia. Hay muchas cosas que pasan y no salen porque sino se pudre todo, no viene nadie”, cuenta Rodríguez.

Todo por alcanzar un sueño

La gastronomía forma parte de la vida de Pablo desde la infancia. Cuando era niño su papá administraba el buffet del Club Defensores de Belgrano y de grande trabajó en varios restaurantes de Buenos Aires, entre ellos La Parolaccia de Puerto Madero.

Después de vender agua en la calle siguió con paltas que traía de California. Luego consiguió trabajo en un restaurante pero siempre hizo cosas paralelas.

“Tuve una compañía de reparaciones de casas, después me puse a estudiar para masajista, me recibí y abrí mi propio spa con el que pude juntar los fondos para cumplir mi sueño que es este restaurante: Made In Argentina”.

made in argentina
La fachada del restaurante de Pablo Rodríguez en Las Vegas.

El restaurante está justo atrás del Luxor (un hotel con forma de pirámide) y del Mandalay Bay, que es uno de los hoteles más famosos de Las Vegas.

Contenido relacionado: Gomitas de Marihuana: Datos Esenciales, Cómo Hacerlas y Orientación

“Es una zona caliente de la ciudad. A dos cuadras construyeron un estadio en menos de 2 años para 70.000 personas, algo monstruoso, espectacular”, cuenta emocionado.

Pablo se refiere al Allegiant Stadium donde el 27 de agosto tocarán los Guns N’ Roses y el 1 de noviembre los Rolling Stones. “Es una locura el lugar donde estoy y soy el único que vende choripán frente a la cancha, jajaja”.

Made in Argentina está pensado como un típico bodegón porteño con un menú en el que figuran: milanesas a la napolitana, canelones, ñoquis, parrillada, choripanes, flan con dulce de leche, milhojas, postre vigilante y las tradicionales empanadas.

“Las recetas originarias de las empanadas son de mi mamá y de mi abuela. Mi vieja es de Córdoba y las de carne originales eran con pasas de uva, dulces y fritas, pero, bueno, acá les saco eso, las hago especial solo para algún cordobés perdido”, explica.

Claro que Made in Argentina no se habría hecho tan famoso en Las Vegas de no ser por el “chimichurri cannábico”, una creación que se le ocurrió a Pablo Rodríguez.

Contenido relacionado: Hablamos Seriamente de Alfajores con El Catador de Alfajores

El autor cuenta que se trata del “típico chimichurri argentino que le ponemos al choripán con 2 o 3 gotas cada 1 onza. Lo hacemos con CBD pero la idea es empezar a usar THC para que sea un poquito más pegador”.

La idea nació porque Pablo tiene amigos que trabajan en la producción de cannabis. En el estado de Nevada, la marihuana es legal para consumo medicinal y recreativo pero no puede salir de su jurisdicción.

“Ahora estoy esperando que el gobierno me apruebe los permisos para empezar a producirlo en grandes cantidades pero tengo un problema: no consigo gente para trabajar”, asegura.

Pablo tiene 8 empleados en Made in Argentina y necesito 12 para ampliarse y producir el chimichurri cannábico para vender a otros restaurantes y negocios.

“Como desde que está Joe Biden el gobierno paga un subsidio de 800 dólares a las personas desocupadas, no consigo personal. Vengo pidiendo gente hace 2 meses y no pasa nada, no viene nadie o llaman y preguntan ‘cuánto pagas’ y te dicen si les puedo pagar en negro, pero en negro no puedo porque es ilegal”, relata.

Contenido relacionado: Cinco Lugares Realmente Increíbles para Bajonear en Buenos Aires

La otra pasión de Pablo es el Footgolf: un deporte en el que los jugadores patean una pelota de fútbol para introducirla en los hoyos en el menor número de golpes posible.

Footgolf. El deporte que practica Pablo en Las Vegas.

“Lo crearon en Holanda y fui el primero que hizo un campeonato acá en Estados Unidos, el primer torneo oficial que se jugó de ese deporte, se jugó acá en Las Vegas y fui uno de los organizadores”, dice Rodríguez.

Pero esa es otra historia. Una más de este emprendedor soñador que no baja los brazos y siempre va por más.

Fotos de cortesía.

The post Sabor y Locura en Las Vegas con el Chimichurri Cannábico que Inventó un Argentino appeared first on High Times.

There is No Such Thing as Boilerplate in a Cannabis Contract

If you’re still at the point where you are playing lawyer sometimes or all of the time with your cannabis business contracts, then this post is for you.

I grew up in rural Wisconsin with two parents who were raised in the wake of the Great Depression. My parents had a bunch of kids, and we did not have a lot of extra money beyond covering our necessities. I share this because when I talk to prospective cannabis clients who are worried about finances, I understand where they are coming from. They always want to know if we can discount our fees or sign off on a boilerplate contract they bought for $50 online or cobbled together from a few other contracts. Unfortunately for them – but also fortunately for them – we don’t work like that because nothing we do is boilerplate.

Lawyers and businesspeople talk about boilerplate in contracts, but hemp and marijuana business owners throw the term around differently than lawyers do. When business owners talk about boilerplate, they use the term to encompass any contract or contract term they think doesn’t matter very much. Often I hear, “We have already put together the business terms – you just fill in the boilerplate.”

I know that a lot of non-lawyers do not read every word of every contract they sign. When lawyers talk about boilerplate, we’re referring only to those parts of the contract that generally come at the end of the contract. That is the part of the contract that most non-lawyers never read and even some lawyers gloss over.

Good lawyers read every word, and they also know that every word in a contract matters. These traditional boilerplate sections can hide some very important contract terms, especially if you care about where you may end up litigating a business dispute, on what terms you can unwind a bad business deal, and who is going to be responsible for what types of breaches during the relationship:

  • Governing Law
  • Dispute Resolution
  • Attorney’s Fees
  • Representations and Warranties
  • Indemnity
  • Statute of Limitations

Many non-lawyers might not suspect this, but the definitions section of a cannabis contract is often the longest boilerplate section of a contract that can kill your business deal. These definition sections often run 10+ pages in larger deals, and those boring definitions often hide the most material business terms of the contract.

I once participated in a multi-million dollar deal with a post-closing adjustment to the purchase price that was in the definition section. We encouraged our client and the other side several times to ensure someone on their side had translated those words into actual figures on a spreadsheet. Both sides assured us they had done so, but guess what? The other side miscalculated the purchase price adjustment to the tune of over one million dollars. We got a panicked call from the other lawyer after the closing asking if we would agree to insert one more line of text into the final version of the agreement.

Good cannabis lawyers help you both represent your business terms accurately and also help you eliminate ambiguities from your contract (and therefore your business relationships). Ambiguity is bad because that is what people fight about. If the contract terms are clear when one party has beef with the other, then the dispute can often be settled fairly quickly without resorting to formal dispute resolution.

If you happen to be an inveterate DIY’er when it comes to your cannabis business contracts or want to look over your lawyer’s shoulder, then read the business terms and the definitions first. Make sure the definitions match the business terms. Then make sure those definitions are used consistently across the contract.

I have never seen a great cannabis contract that was written by a non-lawyer. I have seen some subpar contracts written by lawyers. Often these less than ideal contracts do not matter because both sides are reasonable and work together through any difficulties. But if you anticipate any friction now or later in your cannabis business relationships, you’re better off having your cannabis lawyer review the business terms and the boilerplate.


For related posts, check out the following:

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Bundling Up Seven Leaves: How Sami Bundlez Turned a Normal Grow Into a Proprietary Powerhouse

Part of what makes competing in today’s legal landscape so difficult is that it takes far more than just a quality product to attract consumers. While back in the medical days, many cultivators weren’t even branding their stuff, let alone designing flashy packaging, today, it’s essential for any producer who wants to see their consumer again, let alone generate any consistency. 

With major grows driving down the price per pound lower with every harvest, cultivators’ only hope to compete against the money guys is to develop a brand that will generate name recognition. One that the consumers come in and ask for, not just buy because it’s available. While there are many brands that have figured out how to generate a cult following that builds demand for their products even in states still facing prohibition, few are as tapped in as Seven Leaves.

You might not guess it, since you can find knock-offs of their mylars in just about any head shop across the country, but Seven Leaves wasn’t always the visibly hyphy brand it is today. In fact, while they’ve been cultivating stand-out flower since 2008, it wasn’t until the end of 2017 that the brand got its modern facelift. This facelift, as well as the curation of many of the strains the market is currently fiending for, like Zruntz for example, is thanks in no small part to the efforts of Sami Bundlez.

Meet Sami

Originally from Yonkers, but having moved to Sacramento at a very young age, Sami’s been running the plant since he was just a boy. Having gotten caught with weed for the first time in 1995, the year before the medicinal legalization of the plant, Sami fondly remembers the experience.

“I got caught with weed at school—a shitload of it too—and it was crazy, bro, because the security guard there was like, ‘Don’t even worry about it. This shit is going legal next year; just don’t fuck around.’” Sami said. “And sure enough it actually went legal, and that’s when my parents stopped tripping off me and weed. But I was never really attached to it; weed just always played a part because I was always into music.”

It was the music that built his network. Between rapping with friends and going to shows with Bay Area-legend the Jacka, who was one of Sami’s best friends before his tragic death, Bundlez built a rapport with many key players across Northern California. He credits much of his network and understanding to Jacka, who even kicked him down some verses for his own projects back in the day.

“This weed shit, and this music shit, go hand in hand. It’s always something I’ve always wanted to do,” Sami told me. “[Jacka] fucked with us in the long way, bro, like where we got phone calls before going out to shows like, ‘Hey I’m performing here, I want y’all to come with me.’ That’s how we built the face.”

Courtesy of Seven Leaves

Bundling Up

“From there, I got into throwing concerts. We brought everybody out—from Future to Uzi, Post Malone, Belly—bringing everybody to Sacramento. I just kept working with the weed shit like I was building my brand—the Sami Bundlez brand. Every time somebody would come to Sac, they would say, ‘Call Bundlez.’

“I know I got some fire-ass weed, and me branding myself as, you know, that guy,” he added. “The name stands for itself. People would always hit me up, but we weren’t branding it, like, on T-shirts or on packaging—nothing like that yet; it was just all an idea. Fieldz from Zkittlez was actually like, ‘Bro, you should start your own shit—just do it!’ But it was funny because once he said it, so many other people came and was like, ‘Yo, you should do this.’”

Understanding that he now had the network and know-how to not only source the products the market wanted, but to get them into the right hands, Sami began plotting his legal play.

“My boy [Brian Khem] hits me up, and he’s like, ‘Yo Bundlez, you know, I work for a company that has a significant amount of lights. And I think that if you came here, it’d be something you know, that you could do here.”

Although the deal certainly didn’t happen overnight, that company was Seven Leaves, and Brian was onto something…

Seven Leaves
Courtesy of Seven Leaves

The Next Level: Seven Leaves

Seven Leaves was founded by Mike B, Tyler Kerns and Gary nearly a decade ago in Sacramento. With a cultivation facility already producing solid work by this point thanks to Brian’s know-how, Sami was able to see a blueprint from their first meeting. 

“I gave [Brian] a list of what genetics I needed. I gave him a list of who I wanted to work with and what I wanted to do, and we moved forward.” Sami recounted. “I brought [former NBA athlete] Matt Barnes on, and the first thing we ever did was the Matt Barnes prerolls. That started everything.”

More than just attention, Sami quickly realized Seven Leaves would need a real brand voice and some help on the genetics side, to transcend. His efforts can be directly felt through the brand’s aesthetic. From the colors to the names, Sami mapped out everything. At one point, there was even a discussion about totally rebranding and running with a new name.

“They said, ‘You know, we’re down to try something new.’ But just to show them what I had to bring to the table, and what I could do, I was like, ‘Nah, we’re going to run with this’—and we RAN with it. I created the menu there that everybody knows. Blue Slush, Bon Bons, VoVo, Brainfood. 

“I brought on guys that I’ve been rubbing shoulders with my whole life, like Zkittlez, from Humboldt and Mendocino County.” He remembered fondly. “When me and Matt came on board, you know, we built Seven Leaves out to be a lifestyle brand—our lifestyle. We brought our lifestyle to this brand, and then we marketed it that way.”

Courtesy of Seven Leaves

Living the Lifestyle

For Sami, ‘lifestyle brand’ isn’t just a fun marketing term. Sami really lives it. In his own words, here’s the daily routine:

“First thing I do in the morning is roll me up a Lemon Slush and make some coffee. After that, I’ll go with the Blue Slush, boom. After my workouts, you know, later on in the day, I’ll smoke the Brain Food. Then, you know, I might roll up some Vovo. And then, absolutely not before 9 p.m., because it’ll ruin my day for real, I’m gonna smoke the Bon Bons because that shit right there is the insomnia killer. That shit will knock you out cold.”

“I followed the Jacka blueprint, the Berner blueprint.” Sami explained. “I followed the guys that came before me that really did this shit. I tip my hat to these guys. We tried to veer off as much as we can so we’re not mimicking nobody, but those are the people that gave me the inspiration to do everything that I wanted to do.”

Although it’s clear Sami’s happy to take the credit for ramping the brand up, he’s quick to admit he didn’t walk into a broken vessel.

“My boy Brian’s the man that made it all happen, like the head grower at Seven Leaves,” he explained. “I tip my hat to Mike and Tyler and Gary and everybody else who had a hand in Seven Leaves. My boy Hansel. And Brian—this dude is like a green thumb’s green thumb, bro. His shit is literally why everybody is talking about Seven Leaves right now. You know what I’m saying? Like, I just came in and put the shit on loudspeaker!”

Courtesy of Seven Leaves

A Rising Tide

With more attention and more consumers coming in by the day, the hype the brand has built, as well as the network Bundlez has amassed over his career, has afforded the brand more opportunities to collaborate and carve out its space within the industry. Through an expanded partnership with the Terp Hogz/Zkittlez team, Seven Leaves has now co-branded a few proprietary strains Sami considers to be among the greatest to ever grow. 

“I think the Zkittlez phenos and flavors, you know, that they’ve been working on for the past five to 10 years are going to be the next thing that’s going to be talked about for the next fucking 10 to 15 years,” Sami said. “Everything else has had its run, bro.”

But the collaborations don’t stop there. The first of many co-brands with musicians to come, Seven Leaves released Wowzers, Belly’s hand-selected personal strain, earlier this year. Bundlez was also able to mention that they’re currently working on something with Cozmo.

“It’s like Coca-Cola, bro! We’re by no means trying to compete, or compare with anybody. We’re just here to let everyone know what we’re doing. Show them what we have and let them experience what we got coming up on the market.”

Fan Leaves

With new flavors and partnerships in development, Sami has now set his sights onto expansion. Having started a skate team during COVID, and a street team on the East Coast, Bundlez has always prided himself on delivering the unexpected.

“I feel like we just got to touch on different shit; I don’t think we should just be staying in that box of you know, this is weed.” He tells me, “We’re working on doing more merchandise. Different designs—not always just the logo, or trying to make a quick buck. We’re doing skateboards. Everything that we do, we want it to be educational—lifestyle educational. You’re going to get something from this other than just high.”

It’s clear from talking to him how excited he is about what he’s doing. He gets just as excited as I do when I open each of the different bags to take a whiff. For someone who’s got the visibility across the industry that he does, despite the frustrations of the legal market, Bundlez remains grateful. In maybe the best example of this, before I leave, he asks me to include:

“I want to shout out the guys who helped me put all this shit together, for real. And, you know, our street teams everywhere. And everybody who fucks with us. Everybody who smoked Seven Leaves and posted it. Anybody who’s ever really took their time, and money, to buy and try seven leaves out, I want to thank those people. Other than that, like you know, shout out to Jay Bape and Jigs and… shit, that’s pretty much it.”

The post Bundling Up Seven Leaves: How Sami Bundlez Turned a Normal Grow Into a Proprietary Powerhouse appeared first on High Times.

Framing Flowers: Cannabis Photography At It’s Finest

Cannabis enthusiasts have long understood the visual allure of the plant. Images of vibrant green hues and stalks brimming with magnificent colas sprouting furry red, yellow and orange hairs, speckled throughout with otherworldly trichomes, can be just as exhilarating as an image of athletes  in motion or as thought-provoking and visceral as a war film montage.

Shayna Goldstein and Aaron Rogosin, the creative team behind the Oregon-based production company Outer Elements, have tapped into this niche. The pair mostly work on mainstream projects, including event photography for Red Bull sporting events and the annual South by Southwest music and art festival in Austin, Texas. But now, they also proudly boast a portfolio of cannabis photography.

“The Pacific Northwest is no stranger to cannabis cultivation,” says Rogosin, the lead photographer on the team. “We are lucky to call Portland, Oregon home, so it was through friends and local contacts that we first started documenting cultivations in Southern Oregon around 2014.”

But their affinity for shooting flowers was not always obvious. The duo initially kept cannabis work away from their professional portfolio out of fear that they might alienate themselves from potential opportunities. 

“Initially we didn’t include it in our portfolio in fear it may compromise our standing with current or potential commercial clients,” says Rogosin. “But one of our main objectives in work and life is to invest our time and skill sets into brands and people we believe in and care about. The people we’ve met in the cannabis market are great clients and friends. Now we’re proud to put the pictures that come out of those relationships in our portfolio.”

After breaking through the negative stigma of cannabis photography, the two began to appreciate the difference between photographing exotic plants and the human subjects they were accustomed to shooting.

“Plants don’t need lunch or bathroom breaks,” says producer and art director Goldstein. “The shooting location is more often than not at the farm or processor, so no need to pull shooting permits. The plants aren’t self conscious and they’re always easy to work with. For me, it’s really relaxing. Greenhouses are warm and you’re surrounded by plants and people who care for plants.”

Despite the fact that cannabis interacts with the camera differently compared to other subjects, the team strives to maintain a certain consistency throughout all of their work.

“[A good cannabis image] shares the same things we look for in all of our images, even clarity and exposure, tack sharp focus and narrative. We aspire that every one of our images tells a story. That goes for our work in cannabis as well,” says Rogosin.

Aaron Rogosin And Shayna Goldstein pose for a portrait.

With the subject now firmly embedded in Outer Elements’ repertoire, Goldstein and Rogosin have absorbed an impressive amount of insight into the plant, which they also happen to enjoy consuming.

“One of the many benefits to working with such knowledgeable people in this field is the education we’ve received,” explains Rogosin. “Knowing which terpene profiles and CBD to THC ratios work the best with our preferences has been significant for pain management, creativity, relaxation and wellness.”

“Make no mistake, anyone who works in production knows, you schlep stuff,” adds Goldstein. “It makes for sore backs and early mornings. We all need a little help sometimes and plant versus pill? You decide what’s best for you.”

Outer Elements’ portfolio seems to have come full circle, as their annual trip to South by Southwest now features conference panels dedicated to the future of cannabis culture and industries.

“For 10 days every March, we run all over Austin capturing the newest in music, tech, film, and as of last year’s inaugural track, cannabis,” Goldstein says. “Being at South by Southwest is like jumping into the future. It gives us so much inspiration and sight into what’s happening next.”

As for what’s next for Outer Elements, the team hopes to expand on their impressive works by incorporating a plethora of bold methods to bring cannabis imagery to life.

“How many ways can you tell the story of this plant? It’s given us opportunities to explore macro photography, extreme macro photography, image stacking, time lapse, animations, portable studio lighting and work to combine all the above in novel ways,” Rogosin explains. “Challenges are just opportunities to get creative.”

The post Framing Flowers: Cannabis Photography At It’s Finest appeared first on Cannabis Now.

2C-B: What Is It?

Drug use has been an integral part of human history, from peace pipes to Ayahuasca, we have benefitted from the gifts nature gives us. However, with the new scientific age we live in, so-called ‘designer drugs’ have been growing in popularity. Designer drugs are those that have been created by people themselves with the specific intention of giving us a high, trip or experience, think LSD in the 50’s and 60’s.

A newer designer drug that has been taking the drug scene by storm is 2C-B; a psychedelic and stimulant rolled into one. Sometimes known as ‘tripstacy’ or ‘seventh heaven’ – and described as crossing MDMA with LSD – this interesting drug has been dubbed ‘the scary party drug’. However, it’s also seen as a way to revolutionize partying; in general becoming the most popular novel psychedelic. So, what is 2C-B? where does it come from and what are its effects? As part of our What is: drugs series we’ll be delving into this tripstatic drug and figuring out just where it fits into the developing drug scene.

Party drugs like psychedelics are a big thing in the club scene, but they’re not for everyone. Some people prefer a more relaxing drug like cannabis. For the hardcode cannabis aficionados out there, there are more options available than ever. Take delta-8 THC for example, no one knew what this alternate form of THC was a few years ago, and now, this milder version, which doesn’t create the same anxiety, is available all over the place. We’ve got great deals for delta-8 THC along with delta-9 THCTHCVTHCPdelta 10HHCTHC-O, so go ahead, and check out our always-updated selections.

What is 2C-B?

According to the AAC, “2C-B, or 4-bromo-2,5 dimethoxyphenethylamine, is a hallucinogenic drug…whose effects are reportedly similar to MDMA, mescaline, LSD, and amphetamine”. It is a designer drug first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin in 1974, but became much more popular in the late 90’s and early 2000’s as MDMA was becoming more controlled around the world. With MDMA being made illegal, and concerns over the purity of MDMA pills sold through the illegal drugs trade, people were marketed 2C-B as a legal and potentially safer  alternative, but due to its more psychedelic effects it became very popular for its own reasons.

The drug is now one of the most popular designer drugs to take and can be found in most club scenes, in fact in a study conducted on frequent drug users in Spain, 2C-B was found to be the most popular ‘new psychedelic’ taken, even beating Ketamine and mephedrone. 2C-B is just one of the types of 2C drugs synthesized, which we will discuss further in the history of 2C-B section in this article. 2C-B is illegal in most countries, including the US and UK. The US counts it as a Schedule 1 drug and in the UK it is a Class A, the highest class of drug illegality. Possession and selling will result in conviction.

What Does It Look Like?

The drug can come in different forms, but most often it is taken as a pill or a capsule, much like MDMA. The pill is swallowed and usually after about half an hour you’ll be coming up, then feel the effects, both euphoric and psychedelic for about 2-3 hours. Alternatively 2C-B can be sold as a fine, white powder and snorted which will give a more rapid onset of effects, but with a lower intensity. 2C-B can be combined with other drugs, most famously MDMA and LSD. Taking MDMA and 2C-B together is called a party pack, heightening the euphoric elements of the drug and when mixed with LSD, called a banana split, heightening the psychedelic side. If a user so wishes, they can also vaporize 2C-B and inhale it.  

Ways to Have a Good Trip

The bristol drug project has compiled a great list on ways to reduce the chances of having a bad trip. Some of their tips include: ‘weighing out your dose’, ‘being considerate of your setting’ and even ‘considering a trip sitter’. The drug is powerful and users must be wary that it isn’t completely the same as MDMA. Strengths can vary and a small change in dose can create a very different experience. 

The History of 2C-B

2C-B was first synthesised by Alexander Shulgin in 1974. Shulgin was a scientist interested in synthesising drugs and is perhaps more famous for synthesising MDMA. Though the drug had already been discovered by a German Pharmaceutical company in the early 20th century, Shulgin’s work meant that the drug could be more easily made and produced. He even tried MDMA out on himself and gave it to psychiatrists to promote its ‘therapeutic effects’. Shulgin then went on to investigate creating a psychedelic drug with stimulant effects. He stumbled upon the 2C series. A group of phenylethylamines that include 2C-C, 2C-D etc. 

The name 2C comes from the fact that there are 2 Carbon atoms between the benzene ring and the amino group in its chemical structure. 2C-B was first marketed as an aphrodisiac sold under brand names such as ‘Erox, Nexus, Venus’ and easily picked up in head shops and adult shops as a way to alleviate impotency. The drug then made its way into the night club scene, and particularly when the US moved MDMA up to a schedule one, illegal drug in 1985. 2C-B was then itself made schedule one in 1994, but is still popular in night clubs across the world.

How Does It Feel?

2C-B gives the user a range of feelings and effects and especially, as discussed, gives both a feeling of euphoria and a psychedelic experience. When on 2C-B, you can feel energised, awake, your perception of colours and patterns can become heightened and you can hallucinate with a real connection to your surroundings. It’s a fantastic combination of some of the best parts of MDMA and LSD, though it is a little bit more intense than both alone because of this combination, so if you’ve never taken it before make sure you know your dosage. A small dose  of about 10 milligrams can create milder experiences, whereas increasing up to 20 mg will give a more intense hallucinatory trip. Even higher doses can give experiences similar to acid. A side note here to mention that Shulgin himself took a maximum does of 100mg and supposedly reported no harmful effects… we do not recommend this. 

Something to note is that, like MDMA, a user can experience a come down, feeling low and having troubles focussing and motivating in the week after taking the 2C-B. The comedown isn’t as bad as MDMA, but because the drug affects serotonin, you may still feel a little low.

What are the Psychoactive Effects?

So, where does 2C-B work in the brain? As you’d expect, much of 2C-B’s effects on the brain are very similar to MDMA, affecting Serotonin levels. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter linked to mood and is needed to regulate emotions, in particular happiness. Too little serotonin in the brain is what leads to depression and having lots of it, which is what happens after you take 2C-B leads to a sense of euphoria! 2C-B supposedly increases the level of Serotonin  in the brain making it a Serotonin agonist, this increase will also be linked to the hallucinatory effects of the drug as well.


2C-B is an incredible drug in that it brings together two very different drug experiences, the high of MDMA and the psychedelic experiences of  LSD. This is a huge positive for people looking to change up their drug taking habits or to experience something new in the club scene. 2C-B may also have some interesting effects on human emotional perception: 2C-B reduces feelings of anger and can even increase experiences of other’s emotions, read through facial expressions.This has lead some people to believe that drugs such as 2C-B could be used for some types of therapy. Shulgin himslef was an avid believer of the drug’s positive psychological effects.


As with any psychedelic there are risks to 2C-B. Anyone taking the drug has to be mindful of where your thoughts can go. 2C-B can cause anxiety, negative thoughts and the feared ‘bad trip’. Of course if you’re in the right setting and have good people around you, this can be avoided but it is something to think about. Another issue is that the purity of the drug is variable. There have been very, very few deaths linked to  2C-B and any that are because the user was given a pill mixed with other substances. Shulgin himself has expressed anger at the way ‘amateur chemists’ don’t care about purity and just want to make some money. All of this has to be considered as a risk of 2C-B, so make sure when you buy, you try safe and manageable doses first. 

My Own Experiences 

I’ve only taken 2C-B once and really enjoyed it. It wasn’t a huge amount of the drug but it gave me an incredible feeling of calm and contentment. I was with a group of close friends and we listened to classical music (Mahler 9) and it blew my mind. I didn’t experience too many hallucinations, but the lights were much more twinkly and fractal. Unfortunately, the night before I’d eaten some bad Oysters and woke up after a very peaceful and calm trip to projectile vomit across my friends carpet… but that was nothing to do with the 2C-B. I definitely want to try it again. 


2C-B is a fascinating drug which can really give someone a novel drug experience that perhaps they’d have never tried before. It can change the way we view stimulants and psychedelics and it could even potentially be used for therapeutic benefits. Of course, as with all drugs, 2C-B has to be taken safely, responsibly and in a good environment; but when done right it’s a brilliant drug.

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Teacher Arrested After Student Pulls Cannabis Edibles From Prize Box

A South Carolina elementary school teacher faces criminal charges and has lost her job after a pupil in her class pulled a package of cannabis edibles from a box of treats intended as prizes to reward students. Victoria Farish Weiss, 27, of Lexington County, South Carolina, was arrested on Friday morning after turning herself in to authorities, according to media reports.

Weiss allegedly told authorities that she had brought a bag of candy from a Dollar General store to the classroom to fill a box used as prizes for students, according to a report from the Lexington County Sheriff’s Department, as cited by a local television station. On September 23, two students were permitted to pull prizes from the box. One of the pupils selected a Dum Dums lollipop, while the other grabbed a package labeled “Stony Patch Kids,” believing they were Sour Patch Kids. 

Weiss told the student with the Stony Patch Kids to choose something else. However, the student still ended up with a pack of the marijuana gummies, according to a statement from Lexington County Sheriff Jay Koon posted to Facebook on Friday.

“Detectives confirmed during interviews that Weiss took the pack of edibles from the student and told him to pick something else from the box,” Koon said. “The student went back to the box and happened to grab another pack of edibles.”

After he received the prize, the unidentified student went to an after-school daycare program and asked a teacher to help him open the package of Stony Patch Kids. According to a police report, the daycare teacher noticed that the candy was not actually Sour Patch Kids, declined to open the package for him, and called the student’s school, Rocky Creek Elementary School, to report the incident instead.

The assistant principal at the school then went to Weiss’ classroom and found more of the marijuana edibles in the prize box. When the assistant principal confronted Weiss about the edibles, she became “hysterical,” according to the police report. 

“No student ate any of the products,” Koon noted.

Search of Teacher’s Home Reveals More Edibles

Deputies then obtained a search warrant for the teachers’ home, where “investigators found packs of edibles similar to those the student picked from the box in Weiss’ classroom,” Koon said. Each package of cannabis gummies contained 350 milligrams of THC, according to the product label.

Although much of the nation has enacted cannabis policy reforms, South Carolina is one of the few states that still have no provisions for legal cannabis, even for medicinal purposes. Additionally, the Lexington County Schools employee handbook specifies that workers are not permitted “to manufacture, distribute, dispense, possess, be under the influence of or use on or in the workplace any illicit drug such as a narcotic drug, hallucinogenic drug, amphetamine, barbiturate, marijuana or any other controlled substance.” According to school district officials, Weiss is no longer employed by the Lexington School District One as of October 13. 

“The safety of our students is our top priority,” said Dr. Greg Little, the superintendent of the school. “It is unacceptable for a staff member to potentially threaten the wellbeing of a child. We will continue to work to ensure all of our children have a safe environment to learn and grow. Rocky Creek Elementary has a sterling reputation which will not be tarnished by the actions of one person.”

After a warrant was issued for Weiss’ arrest, she turned herself in to the sheriff’s department on Friday. She was detained for a time at the Lexington County Detention Center before being released on a personal recognizance bond. Weiss has been charged with possession of a Schedule I drug.

The post Teacher Arrested After Student Pulls Cannabis Edibles From Prize Box appeared first on High Times.